AN ONLINE GOTHA





SECTION I.
 

 


Albania


Anhalt


Austria


Baden


Bavaria


Belgium


Bonaparte


Brazil


Bulgaria


Denmark


France


Great Britain


Greece


Hannover


Hesse


Hohenzollern


(Schleswig-)Holstein


Italy


Liechtenstein


Lippe


Luxemburg


Mecklenburg


Monaco


Montenegro


Netherlands


Norway


Oldenburg


Parma


Portugal


Prussia


Reuss


Romania


Russia


Saxony


Schaumburg-Lippe


Spain


Sweden


Tuscany


Two Sicilies


Waldeck


Württemberg


Yugoslavia

 

 

 

Special Note regarding Mexico: Over the years several people have suggested that I should add to the Online Gotha the Iturbide family, as the former Imperial family of Mexico. I had not done so for a couple reasons. First, the Online Gotha is meant to cover European royalty and nobility; while it is true that the Imperial family of Brazil is included, the fact is that that family would be included anyway as being parts of the French and Portuguese royal families. Second, I never had a really good genealogy of the Iturbide family. A correspondent has recently sent me a good genealogy of the family, but almost at the same time a new website has been launched regarding the Iturbide family. Instead of adding them to the online Gotha, then, I am adding this link to that website:  Click here for a page on the Iturbide family, the imperial house of Mexico

NEW! GENEALOGIES OF EARLIER GENERATIONS OF FAMILIES – See Below, after Section II

 


SECTION II.

Those houses which have traditionally been designated as Mediatized Houses are marked with an asterisk.
 
 

 

Abercorn

Abrantès

Alburquerque

Antici Mattei

Arenberg*

Argyll

Atholl

Audiffret-Pasquier

Auersperg*

Baena

Bagration/Imeretinsky/Georgia

del Balzo

Barberini

Bariatinsky

Batthyány-Strattmann

Bauffremont-Courtenay

Beaufort

Beaufort-Spontin

Beauvau-Craon

Bedford

Belmonte

Belloselsky-Belozersky

Bentheim*

Bentinck*

Berwick/Alba de Tormes

Béthune-Hesdigneul

 

Biron von Curland

Bismarck

Blacas d'Aulps

Blücher von Wahlstatt

Boncompagni-Ludovisi

Borghese/Aldobrandini/Salviati

Borromeo

Broglie

Buccleuch & Queensberry

 

Cadaval

Caraman/Chimay

Caracciolo

des Cars

Castell*

Chigi della Rovere Albani

Chilkov

Clary u.Aldringen

Clermont-Tonnerre

Collalto u.San Salvatore

Colloredo*

Colonna

Corsini

Cossé-Brissac

Croy*

Crussol d'Uzès

Czartoryski

Davout d'Auerstedt

Decazes de Glucksbierg

Demidov/Lopukhin-Demidov

Devonshire

 

 

Dietrichstein/Mensdorff-Pouilly

Dohna

Dolgoruky

del Drago

Durfort

Erbach*

Esterházy v.Galántha*

Eulenburg u.Hertefeld

Faucigny-Lucinge

Fernández de Córdoba

Festetics von Tolna

Fife

Fouché d'Otrante

Franco

Fürstenberg*

Fugger*

Gagarin

Galitzine

Giedroyc (Guédroitz)

Gortchakov

Grafton

Gramont

Hamilton & Brandon

Harcourt

Harrach*

Hatzfeldt

Henckel von Donnersmarck

Hochberg (Pleß)

Hohenlohe*

Imperiali

Isenburg/Ysenburg*

Jablonowski

Kassatkin-Rostovsky

Khevenhüller-Metsch*

Khovansky

Kinsky

Königsegg-Aulendorf*

Koltzov-Mossalsky

Kozlovsky

 

Kropotkin

Kuefstein*

Kurakin

La Force

Lannes de Montebello

Lannoy

Lante Montefeltro della Rovere

La Rochefoucauld

Leiningen*

Leinster

Leuchtenberg

Lévis-Mirepoix

Leyen*

Lichnowsky

Lieven

Ligne

Lobanov-Rostovsky

Lobkowicz*

Löwenstein-Wertheim*

Looz u.Corswarem*

Lopukhin

Loulé

Lubomirski

Lucchesi Palli

Luynes

Lvov

Lynar

Magenta

Maillé

Manchester

Marlborough

Massalsky

Masséna d'Essling de Rivoli

Massimo

Merode

Montrose

(Rochechouart-)Mortemart

Murat

Mystchetzky

di Napoli

Neipperg*/Montenuovo

Noailles

Norfolk

Northumberland

Obolensky

Odescalchi

Oettingen*

Orlov

Orsini u.Rosenberg*

Ortenburg*

Osorio de Moscoso

Paar

Pappenheim*

Paternò

Pironti

Platen Hallermund*

Polignac

Poniatowski

Pozzo di Borgo

(Choiseul-)Praslin

Pückler u.Limpurg*

Putbus

Putiatin

 

 

Quadt*

Radziwill

Rechberg*

Rechteren-Limpurg*

Richmond & Lennox

Rohan

Rohan-Chabot

Rospigliosi

Roxburghe

Ruffo

Ruspoli

Rutland

Sabran

Salm [-Salm, -Horstmar, -Kyrburg]*

Salm-Reifferscheidt*

 

Sanguszko

Sapieha

Sayn-Wittgenstein*

Schaesberg*

Schlitz gen.v.Görtz*

Schoenaich-Carolath

Schönborn*

Schönburg*

Schwarzenberg*

Shakhovsky

Solms*

Somerset

St.Albans

Stcherbatov

Starhemberg*

Stolberg*

Suchet d'Albufèra

Sulkowski

Sutherland

Swiatopolk-Czetwertynski

Thun u.Hohenstein

Thurn u.Taxis*

Toerring*

Torlonia

Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg*

Troubetzkoy

 

 

 

Ursel

Visconti di Modrone

 

Waldbott v.Bassenheim*

Waldburg*

Wellington

Westminster

Wied*

Windisch-Grätz*

Wolkonsky/Repnin

Wrede

Wurmbrand-Stuppach*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: Some updates to the genealogies of Italian families included here are based on information from Davide Shama's excellent site on Italian royal and noble genealogy, for which click  here .

Some information on Spanish families has been provided by Pedro Riquelmo.

 


GENEALOGIES OF SELECTED FAMILIES BEFORE THE MODERN ERA

Some of these are families since extinct in the male line; others are earlier generations of families whose more recent generations are included in sections above

WETTIN: 1; 2; 3; 4    WITTELSBACH [including Löwenstein]: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6   

WELF & ESTE: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9   HOHENZOLLERN: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7

NASSAU: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6   BRABANT/HESSE/PERCY: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10

HABSBURG: 1; 2; 3     LORRAINE: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6   HOHENSTAUFEN   BABENBERGER   

LUXEMBURG & SALM: 1-2; 3; 4; 5   ANHALT/BRANDENBURG/SAXE-LAUENBURG: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6

EARLY KINGS OF SWEDEN   VASA KINGS OF SWEDEN     EARLY KINGS OF NORWAY 

EARLY KINGS OF DENMARK   OLDENBURG/DENMARK: 1; 2; 3; 4   HOLSTEIN

IVREA (including Castile & Leon, Orange, etc.): 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10; 11    Old CASTILE; Asturias, etc.

BARCELONA & ARAGON: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9    BRITTANY   BAR, PFIRT, etc.  NAVARRE

CHAMPAGNE & BLOIS: 1; 2; 3; 4   CAPET (including Portugal): 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9    MONTFORT-l'AMAURY

ANJOU & PLANTAGENET: 1; 2; 3   NORMANDY: 1; 2   FLANDERS & HAINAUT: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9

EARLY SCOTLAND   STUART & FITZALAN: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10; 11    TUDOR

SAVOY: 1; 2; 3  HAUTEVILLE (Sicily)    FARNESE     GONZAGA   VISCONTI    SFORZA  MONTFERRAT   MEDICI 

PIAST (Poland, Silesia, etc.): 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6    LITHUANIA   HUNGARY, House of Arpad: 1; 2    BOHEMIA: 1; 2

RURIK (Russia): 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6

CRUSADER STATES  EARLY BALKAN HOUSES: 1-6; 7-11; 12-20    SOME BYZANTINE IMPERIAL HOUSES: 1; 2; 3-5; 6; 7-8      

BADEN: 1; 2; 3     LIPPE   HANAU   MECKLENBURG: 1; 2; 3    WÜRTTEMBERG: 1; 2    GÖRZ 

WALDECK THURINGIA  HOHENLOHE  HENNEBERG   OSTFRIESLAND   POMERANIA   OETTINGEN  

REUSS  SCHWARZBURG 1; 2   RUNKEL/WIED/LEININGEN-WESTERBURG    LIMPURG 

FÜRSTENBERG/FREIBURG   WALDBURG  SALM   SPONHEIM/SAYN-WITTGENSTEIN/ORTENBURG 1-2; 3; 4   

SOLMS: 1; 2; 3   STOLBERG  WINDISCH-GRÄTZ  LAMBERG   GIECH   STADION  METTERNICH 

MANSFELD  HONSTEIN  BARBY/LINDOW-RUPPIN

FOIX   ALBRET  RETHEL   NEVERS   LUSIGNAN     AQUITAINE/POITIERS/LUSIGNAN 2: 1; 2   ARMAGNAC  GENEVA

MELUN  BÉTHUNE-SULLY & -CHAROST    de COUCY: 1; 2     ARENBERG & LIGNE   CROY    COLIGNY

BORGIA: 1; 2   CHATILLON  COURTENAY  BRIENNE    IBELIN    ROHAN & ROHAN-CHABOT: 1; 2; 3; 4   

MONTMORENCY & LAVAL: 1; 2; 3; 4; 5  La TOUR d'AUVERGNE  TALLEYRAND  La TRÉMOÏLLE

 

Gotha Supplement: An assortment of families of the higher nobility which do not have princely or ducal rank, or who have not traditionally been listed as Mediatized Houses.  Click here.
 

 


Click Here For
 Royal News



    Welcome to my Online Gotha.

    Section I encompasses those families which have held hereditary sovereign status in European states, plus Brazil, since the Napoleonic era.

    Section II includes two somewhat overlapping groups of houses: those which hold Princely or Ducal rank, and those which have traditionally been considered as "Mediatized" Houses. Traditionally, the term "Mediatized" has been defined as describing those Houses of the former Holy Roman Empire which lost their sovereignty during the Napoleonic era. The most important thing which traditionally distinguished the "Mediatized" houses from other non-sovereign houses is that they have traditionally been considered to have been granted by the Congress of Vienna the status of equal birth with the sovereign houses. Not all houses usually designated as "mediatized" were actually sovereign at the beginning of the Napoleonic era or, for that matter, at any time. Some seem to have fallen into this category by accident or misunderstanding by scholars and historians. Other houses, which have as good historical claims to be considered mediatized as some who are traditionally included, have not even been listed in the Almanach de Gotha or among the Fürstliche Häuser of Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels. (For a discussion of these houses and the definition of "Mediatized", I refer the reader to a short essay  by William Addams Reitwiesner.) After carefully reviewing the situation and the somewhat arbitrary way in which certain houses came to be designated as "Mediatized", I have decided to dispense with that classification.

    I have begun a Gotha Supplement. This section will contain a small selection of houses of the upper nobility which do not fit into the criteria of Sections I or II.

    The advantage of an Online Gotha is that it can be instantly updated and corrected. A printed equivalent becomes obsolete as soon as it is published. Thus I welcome any additions or corrections which any reader may be able to supply, and will update the articles accordingly when I receive them. I am sure I have made some errors, and I am sure that I have missed some new events or have failed to find some old events which should be recorded. Please refer all such corrections and additions to me at my new email address: dptheroff@gmail.com.

    The Online Gotha is envisioned as a "Who's Who" among European royal families, showing who the members are at present and in the recent past. I do not claim to be an expert at the intricacies of various succession disputes, and do not intend the Online Gotha to be any sort of arbiter or judge of who the rightful claimant might be in any particular dispute.

    Originally I intended to use a format which showed only those members of families who are living today, plus enough of their ancestry to show relationships between closely related branches. This is the format used in Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels and in the original Almanach de Gotha. However, I have decided to include all members of the families in the generations shown. In most families all generations since the beginning of the Nineteenth Century are shown, though in some families the articles do not go back quite so far, and in some they go back considerably further.

    Within the individual articles I have chosen not to include all illegitimate issue, though I have included some. I have, however, included issue of morganatic marriages. These "morganauts" are generally shown in smaller font than the members not descended from morganatic marriages. In some modern houses it is not easy to determine who should be considered morganatic. I apologize to any persons whom I thus have misdesignated, and welcome further information about current morganatic status of various members of the Houses. I have added descendants of female family members to many of the articles. Generally only the descendants of females of the most recent three or four generations are included.

    My home page, containing the files on the descendants of King James I of England and of King Henry VII of England, as well as other projects, is here.

   My sources, for the original files and any new additions and corrections, include CEDRE and Gotha Nieuwtjes, several published works including volumes of Europäische Stammtafeln, Almanach de Gotha, Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Genealogisches Handbuch des in Bayern Immatrikulierten Adels, Koenig's Queen Victoria's Descendants, and works by Jacques Ferrand, Daniel Willis and others, various Usenet Newsgroup postings and magazines, as well as many correspondents who help me with information, especially William Addams Reitwiesner, R. Kenneth Sheets, Don Kuchison, Andrew Loughrey, José Verheecke, Michael Rhodes, Steven Lavallee, Hein Bruins, Stefan Höllriegl, Davide Shamà, and Lauren Strauss-Jones. The beautifully executed coats-of-arms displayed on this page were produced by Arnaud Bunel, who graciously authorized me to use them here. I also credit the many posters at Nobiliana (http://www.nobiliana.de) , formerly known as Royals Portal forums, where members post news covering a wide array of royal and noble families, for many updates to this site.

 

.......Paul Theroff

 

 

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