"A field is a structured social space, a field of forces, a force field. It contains people who dominate and others who are dominated. Constant, permanent relationships of inequality operate inside this space, which at the same time becomes a space in which the various actors struggle for the transformation or preservation of the field. All the individuals in this universe bring to the competition all the relative power at their disposal. It is this power that defines their position in the field and, as a result, their strategies. Economic competition between networks or newspapers for viewers, readers, or for marketshare, takes place concretely in the form of a contest between journalists. This contest has its own, specific stakes - the scoop, the 'exclusive', professional reputations, and so on. This kind of competition is neither experienced nor thought of as a struggle purely for economic gain, even though it remains subject to pressures deriving from the position the news medium itself occupies within a larger set of economic and symbolic power relations. Today, invisible but objective relations connect people and parties who may never meet - nevertheless, in everything these entities do, they are led, consciously or unconsciously, to take into account the same pressures and effects, because they belong to the same world!"
"On Television", by Pierre Bourdieu
"The ruling ideas, in every age, are the ideas of the ruling class, but also that the ruling ideas themselves reinforce the rule of that class, and that they succeed in doing so by establishing themselves as 'legitimate', that is, by concealing their basis in the (economic and political) power of the ruling class.
These propositions and analyses presuppose a theory of 'classes' and 'dominant groups' (fractions of classes or elites), both in the sense of a general conception of the division of societies into such groups and classes which results in the imposition of a 'culture' and in pedagogic action as symbolic violence, and further presupposes the establishment and maintenance of a society based upon such hierarchical power structures."
Pierre Bourdieu, in "Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture"
"Our magistrates have understood this mystery [of the consecration of societal power in the upper classes of any age]. Their scarlet robes, the ermine in which they swaddle themselves, the palaces where they preside, all this august apparel was most necessary; and if doctors had no cassocks and scholars no four-cornered caps, no spreading, four-pieced robes, they would never have fooled the world, which cannot resist such authentic display. Only men of war have not disguised themselves in this way, because their rule is indeed more essential: they establish themselves by force, the others with airs and graces."
Pascal, in "Pensees"
"But first there came a hierophant who arranged them in order; then he took from the knees of Lachesis lots and patterns of life, and mounting upon a high pulpit, spoke as follows: "Hear the words of Lachesis, the daughter of Necessity. Mortal souls, behold a new cycle of mortal life. Your genius will not choose you, but you will choose your genius; and let him who draws the first lot choose a life, which shall be his destiny (......) The chooser is answerable - God is justified.'"
Plato, in "The Republic"
"What you know, you don't need to learn; what you don't know, you can't learn, because you don't know what you need to learn."
"Needing other people is a character flaw, a mark of immaturity!"
"We give mankind Clint Eastwood, as a rugged, individualistic icon-hero, to emulate."
"Possessiveness in relationships is an illness."
"That an individual possesses the Bachelor's Degree may or may not prove that he knows, or once knew, something about Roman History and Trigonometry. The important thing about his degree is that it helps him to secure a position which is socially or economically more desirable than some other position which can be obtained without the aid of this degree. Society has misgivings about the function of specific items in the educational process and has to make atonement by inventing such notions as the cultivation of the mind!"
E. Sapir, 'Personality', in "Selected Writings of Edward Sapir in Language, Culture and Personality"
"The task of the teaching profession is thus to maintain and promote this order in people's thinking, which is just as necessary as order in the streets and in the provinces."
G. Gusdorf, in "Pourquoi Des Professeurs?"
"From our best qualities come our worst
From our urge to pull together comes our tendency to tear each other apart ("Familiarity breeds contempt!")
From our devotion to a higher good comes our propensity to the foulest atrocities (In the Name of God)
From our commitment to ideals comes our excuse to hate."
-Evil's Ability to Don a Selfless Disguise-
"The skeptron is passed to the orator before he begins his speech so that he may speak with authority (......). It is an attribute of the person who brings a message, a sacred personage whose mission is to transmit the message of authority."
E. Benveniste, in "Indo-European Language and Society"
"In any given social formation the cultural arbitrary which the power relations between the groups or classes making up that social formation put into the dominant position within the system of cultural arbitraries is the one which most fully, though always indirectly, expresses the objective [vested] interests (material and symbolic) of the dominant groups or classes."
Pierre Bourdieu/Jean-Claude Passeron, "Foundations of a Theory of Symbolic violence",
in "Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture"
"But a breed of so-called men of genius (apes of genius, rather) has insinuated itself under that sign [of the universitie]: speaking the language of minds exceptionally favoured by nature, they declare painstaking learning and research to be mere bungling, and claim to have grasped the spirit of all science in an instant but to dispense it concentrated in strong doses. This breed of men, [pronounciamento from their tenured chairs], like the race of quacks and mountebanks, is very deleterious to progress in scientific and moral culture when, from [its] the chair of 'wisdom', it dogmatizes on religion, politics or ethics in incontrovertible tones, like an adept or potentate, and so contrives to mask the poverty of its mind. What is one to do against them, except laugh, and continue patiently on one's way, with diligence, order and clarity, without glancing back at those tricksters?"
Immanuel Kant, in "Anthropologie in Pragmatischer Hinsicht (1798), "Sammtliche Werke", Leipzig, Voss, 1868
"Jealousy is a character defect."
"Mankind can control his own universe."
"A mature individual is a self-contained person who creates their own well-being."
"A healthy soul has an indestructible sense of self-worth."
"......There is a kind of circular, repetitive quality to these games that is hard to interrupt. And in explaining how to stop a psychological game, Berne [Eric Berne, "Games People Play"] spoke one of the only two great truths I know that is not a paradox. He said that the only way to stop a game is to stop. That sounds simple, but in fact it is extremely difficult. Just how do you stop?
Remember what it's like to play Monopoly? You can be sitting there and saying, 'You know, this is a really stupid game. We've been playing it for four hours now. It is really childish. I've got many better things I ought to be doing.' But then you Pass Go and say, 'Give me my two hundred dollars!'
No matter how much you might complain about it, as long as you keep collecting your two hundred dollars when you Pass Go, the game goes on. And if it is a two-player game, it can go on forever unless one player gets up and says, 'I'm not playing anymore!'
The other player might then say, 'But Joe, you just Passed Go. Here's your two hundred dollars.'
'No, thanks, I'm not playing anymore.'
'But, Joe, your two hundred dollars.'
'Didn't you hear me? I'm not playing anymore!'
The only way to stop a game is to stop."
M. Scott Peck, M.D.,
"Further Along The Road Less Traveled"
Professor Wangari Maathai, quoted on "The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer", 1/25/2005:
"Privitization of resources is contrary to Democracy and democratic principles. Empowering People is making those resources available to All!"
Aum, Peace, Amen!