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 Achlia Beach beach
 Agia Fotia beach
 Agia Galinibeach
 Agia Irini
 Agia Kyriakichurch
 Agia Lake
 Agia Marinabeach
 Agia Pelagia sitebeach
 Agia Roumelisitebeach
 Agia Sophiachurch
 Agia Sophia 2 church
 Agia Triada
 Agia Triada church
 Agia Triada churchsite
 Agia Varvara
 Agii Deka
 Agioi Asomatoichurch
 Agios Antonios beach
 Agios Dimitrios
 Agios Georgios beach
 Agios Georgios (w)
 Agios Georgios (e)
 Agios Ioannis cavechurch
 Ag. Konstantinoswindmill
 Agios Matheios church
 Agios Nikolaoschurchbeach
 Agios Nikolaos church
 Agios Pavlosbeach
 Agios Spyridon
 Alikambos church
 Alkianos church
 Almiros Beachbeach
 Almyrida sitebeach
 Ammoudara (e)beach
 Ammoudara (w) beach
 Amnissos churchsitebeach
 Analipsi (s) beach
 Analipsi (n) beach
 Acient Eleftherna churchsite
 Anidri  church
 Anissaras beach
 Anopolis (south)
 Anopolis church
 Ano Vianos
 Aptera site
 Argiroupoli churchsite
 Armeni site
 Armeni (Chania)
 Asprolithos beach
 Azokeramos church
 Bali beach
 Balos Beach beach
 Chersonissos beach
 Chora Sfakionbeach
 Damnoni Beach beach
 Deliana church
 Dermatos Beachbeach
 Diktamos Gorge
 Dytikos Beachbeach
 Eleftherna church
 Elounda windmillsitebeach
 Epano Episkopi
 Epano Sisi
 Episkopi Beachbeach
 Etia churchsite
 Exo Lakonia
 Exo Mouliana
 Exo Potami windmill
 Falassarna sitebeach
 Farmakokefalo site
 Fata Morganabeach
 Ferma sitebeach
 Gerani Cave beach
 Gialiskari Beach beach
 Gortis  site
 Goudouras beach
 Gournia site
 Gouves beach
 Ierapetra fortsitebeach
 Ilingas Beach beach
 Imbros Gorge
 Istro beach
 Izzedine fort
 Kalamaki (n) beach
 Kalamaki (s) beach
 Kalami (south east)
 Kalathas Beach beach
 Kali Limenesbeach
 Kalives beach
 Kalo Nero beach
 Kares (south)
 Kares (north)
 Karidi 2
 Karydi church
 Karteros Beachbeach
 Kasteli (east)church
 Kasteli (Her)
 Kastri Beachbeach
 Kato Episkopichurchfort
 Kato Saktouria
 Kato Poulia
 Kato Zakros sitebeach
 Kavros Beachbeach
 Kera Beachbeach
 Koimesis Churchchurch
 Kokini Chanisitebeach
 Kokkino Chorio
 Kokkinos Pirgos beach
 Kolimbari churchbeach
 Kommos   sitebeach
 Kontopoula church
 Kotsifou Canyon
 Koufi Petrachurch
 Koufos church
 Kounavi church
 Kouremenos beach
 Kournas Lake beach
 Koutelos Beach beach
 Kremasta church
 Lakki Beach beach
 Langada-Lagada beach
 Lasithi Plain windmill
 Livadia Beach  beach
 Loutro beach
 Lygaria Beachbeach
 Makrigialos sitebeach
 Maleme beach
 Malia sitebeach
 Mavros Kolimbosbeach
 Megala Chorafia
 Mesa Lasithi
 Mesa Mouliana
 Micro Amoudi beach
 Mirtos beach
 Moni Kapsachurch
 Moni Preveli church
 Nea Roumata
 Nikithianos windmill
 Nopigia churchbeach
 Ombros Gialosbeach
 Pachia Ammosbeach
 Palaiokastro (west)
 Palia Vrisi
 Panagia Kera church
 Papagiannades church
 Pazinos church
 Phaestos Area site
 Piskokefalo site
 Plaka (Chania)
 Plakias beach
 Platanias beach
 Platanos (west)
 Preveli Beachbeach
 Psari Foradabeach
 Rethimnon fortbeach
 Rizovigio Beach beach
 Rotonda church
 Samaria Gorge
 Sarakina Gorge
 Selinari church
 Sfinari beach
 Skaleta beach
 Sklavokampos site
 Sougia beach
 Spinalonga fort
 Stalos beach
 Stavros Beach beach
 Stylos church
 Sweet Water Beach beach
 Tersanas Beachbeach
 Tertsa beach
 Tholos beach
 Timpaki / Timbaki
 Topolia Gorge
 Triopetra beach
 Tripitos site
 Tsichliano Gorge church
 Tylissos site
 Vai Beach beach
 Varipetro church
 Vasiliki site
 Vathianos Kambos beach
 Vatos beach
 Vlacheronitissa site
 Vrises (west)
 Vrises (east)
 Vulismo Beachbeach
Spinalonga Spinalonga Spinalonga Spinalonga
pinalonga Spinalonga Spinalonga Spinalonga
The island of Spinalonga near Crete
Map of Crete Nederlands

The Venetians built a big fortress on this tiny island close to the town of Agios Nicolaos (in Crete). Here and in the villages of Elounda and Plaka you can find boats that visit the island for a daytrip. It's quite impressive. The fortress and the rest of the buildings are all in pretty good shape (there's also a renovation going on). Between 1903 and 1957 is was turned into a leper colony. Within the walls you will find the houses and the graves of the people that lived there and died there. The graves are small, about one metre by one metre, because after amputations not much was left of the inhabitants.

Spinalonga is an island off the coast of Crete, near Elounda and Agios Nikolaos. It is a connected to the mainland with a dam. The island Kalidonia, with its Venetian fortress, is part of Spinalonga. The fortress, where also once a leprosy colony was established, is a major tourist attraction in Crete. Kalidonia lies on the northernmost tip of Spinalonga, a few tens of meters separated from the peninsula.

Spinalonga has not always been an island. On the shallow seabed between Elounda and Spina Longa archaeologists have found remnants of the ancient Greek city Olous.

Spinalonga, Kreta, Crete Spinalonga, Kreta, Crete Spinalonga, Kreta, Crete Spinalonga, Kreta, Crete
Spinalonga, Kreta, Crete Spinalonga, Kreta, Crete Spinalonga, Kreta, Crete Spinalonga, Kreta, Crete
The island Kalidonia

Kalidonia is an island just before the east coast of Crete in the Bay of Elounda. It has a length of 500 meters and the maimum width measures 200 meters. It is often referred to as Spinalonga, but that is actually a bigger peninsula to which Kalidonia belongs. Kalidonia is located on the northernmost tip of Spinalonga, and is separated from the mainland by a hundred meters of water.

On the island is a Venetian fortress that was built in 1579. It has the reputation of being unconquerable. This story has its roots in the reality. When the Turks in 1670 conquered the mainland of Crete, Kalidonia still remained in the hands of the Venetians for 45 years. They gave the island only to the Turks in 1715, after an agreement was made with the Venetians for a free retreat. The Turks did not keep their agreement and killed all the men of Kalidonia and the rest sold as slaves. When the mainland of Crete was no longer under Turkish influence, Kalidonia remained in Turkish hands. The Greeks solved this by turning Kalidonia into a leper colony, after which the Turks left the island.

On the foundations of the fortress a village was constructed in that in the early 20th century was inhabited by lepers. To prevent the disease in Crete and in other parts of Greece the sick were eiled to the island. In the heyday around 2000 patients stayed on the island on the island. In 1957, the last leprosy patient was transferred to a hospital and the island became uninhabited. Kalidonia is now a tourist attraction with a dubious past. Boats to Kalidonia depart regularly from Agios Nikolaos, Elounda and Plaka.

Hans Huisman, 2014
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