. Iadalbaoth A Hebrew god who appears in Gnosticism below the High God as the creator of the world.

Iba The omnipotent and invisible supreme god and creator of the earth, sky, and mankind. Snakes and lizards, his servants, bring the rain when invoked by the shaman. The Shipibo (Chama), Western Brazil

Ibmel A name for the sun. The supreme god and creator, a sky god. Some apply this name to various of the higher gods. An abstract concept. The Lapps, Northern Norway, Sweden, Finland, Kola Peninsula.

Ibofanga The supreme deity, also called Hisagitaimmisi, created the world and all things. The Creek, Alabama, Georgia

Ichimokuren One-eyed god invoked to produce rain during droughts. Japan

Ida Hindu goddess of the earth, prayer and devotion, abundance in food, and nourishment.

Ida-Ten Guardian of the law. Symbolizes legal victory, justice. Japan

Idioci The remote and indifferent sky and creator god who manifests himself in the thunder and sends the rain. The Macheyenga, Peru

Iduna Goddess of eternal youth. She symbolizes youth, longevity, fertility, and death. Scandinavia

Ifilici W’acinaci A title of the supreme being and creator. The Arawaks, Guiana

Iguanchi The benevolent and friendly chief spirit of the Jivaro who ”takes account of all the important acts of life.” Peru

Igwe The god of the bright sky was associated with oracles and with oath taking. The Ibo, the Igbo, Nigeria

Ihoiho The god of the beginning. Society Islands, Polynesia

Iju The sky god of the Margi. Same as Ba-Chi. Nigeria

Ikanam The creator of the universe, a beneficent god who perfected the creation of man inadequately started by Italapas. The Chinook, Oregon/Washington

Ikhekhu ”’dusk’ is occasionally personified.” Egypt

Ilai ”The Torajas recognize two supreme powers: Ilai, ‘the man,’ and Indara, ‘the Maiden;’ these formed men, but not animals or plants.” The first represents the sun, the second, the earth. Celebes, Indonesia

Ilanzi ”God and Sun”—an older name than Leza. The supreme god and creator. The Wafipa, Tanzania

Ilat The god of rain is believed by some to be the supreme deity and ”lord of life and death.” The Suk, Kenya

Ilat, Allat The sun goddess and mother goddess of South Arabia was invoked for success on journeys or in battle, and for good weather.

Ilem The heaven god of the Ostiaks, Siberia

Ilkwang The Sun Buddha. Korea

Illalei The supreme being and creator and the ”father of men.” Also called Waq. The Burji-Konso tribes, Ethiopia

Ilma God of air. Symbolizes element of Air, the element of wind. Finland

Ilmatar The primordial mother creatress of the universe, existed in the sea. Mother of Vainamoinen. Finland

Ilmatecuhtli "The Old Princess". Aztec mother goddess. During her winter festival, a woman's heart was cut out and the severed head carried during a procession. She can also be invoked for fertility.

Ilu Immensity—Father of PO (night) and Ao (day). Samoa, Polynesia

Ilyuba The supreme god, ”identified with the sun,” created the earth and brings life and prosperity. The Pimbwe, Tanzania

Im, U Husband of Arinna, goddess of the lands. As a primeval pair they were the sky and earth deities. He was god of the storm. Hittite, Near East

Imana The beneficent supreme god and creator is all that is sacred—unapproachable; no sacrifices are made. He is also a god of fertility, protective of the cattle. Among the Warundi he governs life and death, good and bad fortune. Among the Banyaruanda he controls the weather, and with the Ha he is a remote and uninvolved deity. In Burundi he is manifest as a white lamb, in Ruanda as a calf. Myth has him trying to save men from death in this tale. He was chasing after death one day, and a human woman let Death hide under her dress. Imana was so angry at this betrayal that he left Death to do what he would. Had this not happened, man would be immortal. Ruanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda

Imberombera Creator goddess of the Northern Territory, Australia. Same as Waramurungundju.

Imhotep God of healing. He was raised from mortality to god status. Egypt

Imra, Amra, Yamri Supreme god and creator of Kafirstan in Hindu-Kush. India

Imseti God who protects the liver of the dead. Egypt

Ina Near Eastern god of pestilence, takes delight in destroying humans. Babylon

Inada Dao The goddess who created the world is the mother of Lowalani and Latura Dano. South Nias, Indonesia

Inahitelan, Ginagitelan A name of the supreme being meaning ”Supervisor.” A celestial god and omniscient to man’s activities. The Koryaks, Siberia

Inanna "Queen Moon". Near Eastern queen of heaven. She ruled over the stars, planets, water, and light. Also symbolizes love, destruction of the indestructible, health, the moon workings. Sumaria

Inapirikuri The primordial god, but not the creator, who drew mankind from the ground and gave them their moral precepts. The Baniwa, Venezuela

Inari God of rice, business, merchants, prosperity. Could also be a goddess, and shape shift into a fox when in the female form. As a god, foxes were his messengers. Japan

Inchin Temaga A goddess of the heavens, daughter of Singalang Buron. The Sea Dyaks, Borneo

Indagarra The supreme being and god of judgment after death created a man and a woman. Under him is Ryangombe. The Wa-Twa, Burundi

Indara The Maiden, the earth. With Ilai, the sun, they are the supreme powers of the Torajas. They created mankind, but not plants and animals. Celebes, Indonesia

Indeesa, Indeza, Ileesa, Ilaansi The powerful and beneficent supreme being and the creator of the world. The Fipa, Tanzania

Indra In India he was the mid-day sun, the god of heat and light and as such a vegetation/agricultural deity. However he was primarily a god of the atmosphere and of weather, and as the bringer of rains a god of fertility. He was a god of war as well. He appears as an androgyne ”when as the result of a curse, he is marked with a thousand yonis.” He also takes the form of ”a man among men, and a woman among women.” Also known as a storm god. Air element, fertility.
"Highest of the immortals light,
God of gods by lofty might
He before whose prowess high
Tremble earth and upper sky
He is-- mortals, hear my verse—
Indra, lord of the universe!"


Indra In Mongolia he was the god of the sun and of light, associated with the east.

Ineb The sky deity of the Makooa. Mozambique

Ingalit A sky god invoked in healing ceremonies. Another name of the Sagangan. The Tinguians, Philippines

Inhu-Ankulu Sky god of the Kafir. South Africa

Inhungaraing The sun god of Aneiteum. New Hebrides, Melanesia

Ini Anda A god of the heavens, son of Petara. The Sea Dyaks of Sarawak, Borneo

Ini Andan A goddess of the heavens, a bringer of good lick, She is invoked particularly at the ”Feast of the Whetstones” before the clearing of the land, is protective of all aspects of farming and blesses with abundance. The Dyaks of Sarawak, Borneo

Init-init The god of the sun of the Tinguians. Philippines

Inkfwin-wetay The creator god and ruler of the universe. The Hare Indians (Dénés), British Columbia

Inkisatana A sky deity who is manifest in the rainbow and the lightning. The Bantu-Swazi, Namibia

Inkosazana A goddess of the heavens manifest in the rainbow and the rain. She is also a goddess of agriculture and of women. The Zulu, South Africa

Inkosikasi A supreme being, a beneficent sky goddess. The Zulu, South Africa

Inkosi pezulu A sky god who is a god of weather and of all celestial phenomena. The Zulu, South Africa

Inmar A god of the sky who is a god of agriculture. The Votiaks, Siberia

Innen Nom A god of heaven of the Ostiaks, Siberia

Innini The goddess of the planet Venus was an early goddess of light, a mother-and earth-goddess. Later she was considered a goddess of battle and identified with Ishtar as a goddess of war. She was also a goddess of water and associated with serpents and vegetation. Sumero/Babylonian, Near East

In-Shushinak The supreme god of the Elamites. East of Babylonia

Inti (1)The Incan sun god from whom they claim descent. He also was called Apu-Panchau or P’oncaw, the daylight. Tiahuanaco and Altiplano, Peru and Bolivia (2)The Aymara of Bolivia also called him wilka or lupi and do not worship him as highly as the Incas. His sister/wife is Mama Quilla, the moon. (3)Also worshipped by the Quechua.

Inû The sun god of the Jan Hwamba. Also the sun god and the supreme being of the Kona. Nigeria

Inyan The Rock, who existed before all else—”the primal source of all things.” He was omniscient, omnipresent, omnipotent, yet ”he was soft and shapeless like a cloud.” He created Maka (Earth) from a part of himself and gave her a spirit. His powers were in his blood (blue) and in creating Maka he opened his veins and his blood flowed out from him and became the blue waters; and he ”became hard and powerless.” He created Wakinyan, the Winged One, ”to be his active associate.” Inyan had two sons: Ksa, the God of Wisdom, which power he abused, and was demoted to Imp of Mischief; and Iya who was ”utterly evil and the chief of all evil beings,” As the Spirit of Rocks Inyan was invoked more then any other god. The Lakota, Plains Indians

Inyangba ”Inyangba herself is Obatala. The two are one, or in other words, Obatala is an androgyne, representing the productive energy of nature, or the generative principle, as distinguished from the creative power of God.” West Africa

Inzak, Enzak The principle god of Dilman. Bahrain, Arabia

Io The self-existant and eternal beneficent supreme god whose name is very taboo. His cult is that primarily of the priests and higher classes, not public. He has numerous descriptive names, all beginning with Io-; as omniscient, Io-te-wananga; as all seeing, Io-matanui; as the Vigilant, Io-mata-Kana. He created the universe, light and darkness, the gods and mankind. The Maori, New Zealand

Iocauna The supreme being and sky god. Variant names: Guamaonocon, Jocakuvague, Yocahu, Vague, Naorocon. His mother also had numerous names: Attabeira, Mamona, Guacarapita, Iella, Guimazoa. The Antilles, West Indies

Iopotari akuru An Omnipresent beneficent and supreme power ”whose name is not known even to the piaiyen….He is called iopotari akuru (‘boss spirit’).” The Caribs, British Guiana

Ioskeha The benevolent chief god of the Huron/Iroquois. He was the twin of Tawiscaron (Tawiskara). They were considered by some as the sons of Aataentsic, by others as grandsons. He was known also as Teharonhiawagon, Hamendiju, and Hawenniyo. Eastern United States

Ipalnemohuani A name of Ometéotl, Tloque Nahuaque, the supreme god as the ”Giver of Life” and of movement to all things, and ”regulates the motion of the moon and stars.” Aztec, Mexico

Ipu The supreme deity of the Milanows (Malanau). Borneo

Irik A primeval creator spirit, in the form of a bird, who created the earth; with Ara, created mankind from clay. The Sea Dyaks of Sarawak, Borneo

Irioba, Iriuba, Enokwe The sun, the sky, the only real god of the Kuria who ”created the world and all that it contains.” Kenya, Tanzania

Irma An early coastal name of the creator god. Peru

Iruwa The sun god of the Chagga. Kenya and Tanzania

Isahi The supreme being of the Logoli. Kenya

Isakakate The supreme being of the Crow. Plains Indians

Isewahanga The creator god of the Zinza. Tanzania

Isha Hanga, Isha Wahanga, Ishwanga The supreme god of the Haya, the Bahaya, of the east coast of Lake Victoria. Tanzania. Also called Rugaba, Kazoba

Ishikori-Dome Smith goddess, created the first mirror, which is said to be 8-sided and hidden. No one can see it, but many temples have a facsimile of it held important to them. Japan

Ishoye, Ishoko The High God, the Sun, whose wife is Haine, the moon. He is invoked for successful hunting and ”for protection from wild animals and diseases.” The Hadzapi, Tanzania

Ishtar The goddess of Venus is the Queen of Inanna, called Ishtar by the Babylonians. She is the goddess of sex and passion in love and war. She appeared as a beautiful lady in the company of lions. Her counterpart is the moon god Nanna. When they are in agreement, there is great mirth, happiness, and celebration. She will bestow a worthy bride upon any man who is deserving and makes a proper sacrifice. Her symbol is the eight or sixteen pointed star, and her sacred number is 15.
Praise the Goddess, most awesome
of the Goddesses, Let one revere the mistress of the
people, the greatest of the Gods.
Praise Ishtar, the most awesome of
the Goddesses,
Let one revere the Queen of Women,
the greatest of the Gods.

-Babylon text, circa 1600 BCE. Assyria

Isis Mother goddess of day and moisture. It was Isis who retrieved and reassembled the body of Osiris after his murder and dismemberment by Seth. Because of this she took on the role of a goddess of the dead and of funeral rites. Isis impregnated herself from the corpse and gave birth to Horus. She gave birth secretly and hid the child from Seth in the papyrus swamps. Horus later defeated Seth and became the first ruler of a united Egypt. Isis, as mother of Horus, was revered as the mother and Protectress of the pharaohs. The relationship between Horus and Isis may have been an influence on the Christian relationship between Jesus and Mary. Icons of Isis holding the infant Horus as he suckled are quite reminiscent of such images of Jesus in Mary's arms. Statues of Isis and Horus were gradually disallowed by the Christian churches.
Oh Isis, Great Goddess,
Mother of God, and Creator of Life
You reign over Philae and all other lands.
Oh Mighty Goddess, Queen of Philae
You rule over the celestial bodies
And give the stars their place.

-A Hymn to Isis. Egypt

isivsanen The deity of the Universe, the World. The Karuk, California

iso kamuy ”Over and above all the deities in the Ainu pantheon, the bears, or iso kamuy (Ursus arctos collaris), occupy the throne of the supreme deities. Their power…is a generalized one, providing food and looking after the general welfare of the Ainu.” Sakhalin

Istanu A Hittite sun god who may be Protohattic. He was named in treaties as a god of justice. Asia Minor

Ithuwa The sun and the creator. Some consider him a separate deity. Others consider Kyumbi, Ithuwas and Mrungu as one god. The Wapare, Tanzania

I-ti Chinese god of wine.

Itpomu The mother goddess, creator of all things. Her husband is Débu. The Lapchas, Sikkim

Itukoviche The remote high god who accounted for ”the existence of the world.” The Terena, Brazil

Itzamna Mayan sky god and the father of the gods; humankind's creator. Lord of day and night. Omnipotent, remote, and impersonal. Personified the rising sun, light, life, knowledge, and the east. His sign was a red hand. Depicted as a cross-eyed, toothless old man with a lizard body. Animal totems were the lizard and the jaguar. Founder of Mayan religion. Invoke for healing, art, drawing, letters, crops, fertility, water, regeneration, and medicine. His wife was Ixchel. Mexico and Guatemala

Itzeti Mara Edutzi The sun god of the Araona. Bolivia ,BR>
Itzpapalotl Beautiful Aztec female demon with symbols of death on her face. Balance of sensuality and evil. Invoke for destiny, fate, agriculture, and cosmic matters, especially with the stars.

Iusaaset As the female counterpart of Tem (Tum) she must be a solar goddess. He represents the setting sun, but is also associated with the rising sun. Egypt

Iutri-bogh Slavic god of the morning.

Ixchel "Lady Rainbow". Mayan goddess of childbirth, pregnancy, domestic arts and matters, floods, spinning, and weaving. Generally portrayed as being destructive, deathly, and demonic.

Ixchup Mayan moon goddess, married to a sun god.

Ixtcibenihehat The supreme being, the source of life and of all power is considered by some to be the creator of all things, though Earthmaker also plays a role. The Gros Ventres, Montana

Izanagi, Izanagi-no-Mikoto Creator god, father god, man of men. Symbolizes magic. Japan

Izanami Mother goddess, the female counterpart to Izanagi. Japan

Izuwa, Izua, Izuva The sun god and the High God is invoked ”for children and increase of cattle…[and] to guard them against darkness and magick.” The Pare, the Taveta. The creator god among the Wasu. Identified with Kyumbi and Mrungu. Izua is the sun god among the Gogo. Tanzania


Gods and Goddess

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