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Mithila Panchang


The Maithil Calendar

The day is reckoned from sunrise to sunrise.  Festivals, however, are performed according to Tithi.Tithi  may start anytime during the day and may last for 20 to 26 hours. Day and night have 4 prahars each.

For month both lunar and solar systems are followed. Lunar months end on full-moon day. Solar months are reckoned with Sankranti. Sankranti match with dates of Gregorian Calendar.

There are several New Years: Starting on 1 Chaitra, Chaitra Amavasya (Vikram), Mesha sankranti (Shakabda), 1 Savan (Sal). By convention, the last one is prevalent in Mithilanchal i.e. Shravan to Ashadh.


Nakshtra Durations

Given below are the commencing dates on which Sun enters a particular Nakshtra, commonly referred to as Nakshtra period:

Aswini        13/4 Bharani      27/4 Kritika    11/5   Rohini      24/5 Mrigshira.    7/6   Ardra          22/6  
 Punarbasu   6/7          Pushya       20/7  Aslesha   3/8  Magha 17/8    P.Falguni   31/8 U.Falguni    14/9
Hasta          28/9 Chitra          11/10 Swati          24/10 Bishakha    7/11 Anuradha    20/11 Jyestha       3/12
Mool          16/12 P.Asadha   29/12  U.Asadha 11/1     Shravana    24/1 Dhanistha  6/2 Satbhisha    19/2
P.Bhadra    4/3 U.Bhadra   17/3  Rewati         31/3      

Tithi Determination

Tithi is time period in which Moon traverses 12 degrees relative to Sun. It is geocentric, i.e., occurs at the same time throughout the world. Here we have used the Indian Standard Time(GMT +5.30) for Tithi duration  and sunrise at Darbhanga (Long. 85o.57) for "day". Correction has to be made depending on the time of the place under consideration. It is, thus, possible that the Tithi-day is different in London or New York from that shown here. Convert the given IST to the local standard time to find the Tithi duration. Now get the local sunrise time for the day on which the Tithi is effective for the particular festival  considering the following directions:

1. The Tithi at sunrise, udayatithi, is taken as the tithi for the day for most of the festivals. Determine the  Standard times corresponding to the IST given. The tithi at sunrise of the place will be the tithi for the day.

2. Evening (Pradosh)/Night  festivals are celebrated in the Tithi falling at that hour. Chauth-Chandra, Kojagara, Deepavali, Shiva Ratri,  Holika dahan (night) are some of these. 

3. The Tithi at noon is taken for shraddha karma e.g. barshi etc.


Festivals this year 1421 Saal (23 July 2013- 12 July 2014)

Festival Date

Tithi Duration IST Hours

Remarks
From To
Mauna Panchami    Madhushravani begins 27 Jly (26/7)1605 (27/7)1502 JM In Mithila this day is celebrated
as Nag Panchami.
Madhushravani ends 9 Aug (9/8)0438 (10/8)0459 Special day for newly married
Nag Panchami 11 Aug   (11/8)0446 (12/8)0405  
Raksha Vandhan 21 Aug (20/8)0930 (21/8)0725  
Krishnastami 28 Aug (28/8)0340 (29/8)0504  
Hartalika (Teej) 8 Sep (7/9)1659 (8/9)1612  
GaneshChauth
ChauthChandra
9 Sep  
8 Sep;
(8/9)1612  (9/9)1516 Morning pooja of Ganesh on 9
Pradosh pooja of Chandrama on 8
Vishwakarma Pooja 17Sep      
Karma Dharma Ekadashi 15 Sep (15/9)0242 (16/9)0019  
Anant Caturdashi 18 Sep (17/9)1957 (18/9)1809  
Pitri Paksha begins 20 Sep (19/9)1640 (20/9)1537  
Jimutbahan Brat (Jitia) 27 Sep (26/9)1928 (27/9)2128 JM Mothers  fast on this day for the welfare of their sons. Parna after Sunrise on 28/9
Matri Navami 28 Sep (27/9)2128 (28/9)2240  
Pitri Paksha ends, Mahalaya 4 Oct ( 4/10)0601 ( 5/10)0559  
Kalashsthapan 5 Oct ( 5/10)0559 ( 6/10)0518  
Mahastami 12 Oct (11/10)1723 (12/10)1557  
Maha Navami 13 Oct (12/10)1557 (13/10)1337  
Vijaya Dashami 14 Oct (13/10)1337 (14/10)1122  
Kojagara 18 Oct (18/10)0504 (19/10)0427 Pooja in Pradosh(evening)
Dhanteras 1 Nov (31/10)1959 (1/11)1955  
Chaturdashi(ChhotiDivali) 2 Nov (1/11)1955 (2/11)1922  
Deepavali 3 Nov (2/11)1922 (3/11)1819 Pooja in Pradosh(evening)
Bhratridwitiya 5 Nov (4/11)1655 ( 5/11)1508 Sisters perform 'naut' to brothers
Chhath (Sandhya) 8 Nov (8/11)0832 ( 9/11)0608 Kharna on previous day and parna on next
Akshyay Navami 11 Nov (11/11)0132 (11/11)2333  
Devotthan Ekadashi 13 Nov (12/11)2150 (13/11)2027  
Kartik Poornima 17 Nov (16/11)1857 (17/11)1929 Sama Bisarjan/ Guru Nanak Jayanti
Six month Ravi vrat arambh 17Nov     Sunday
Makara Sankranti
Teela Sankranti
14 Jan
 
    Tusari begins
Naraknivaran chaturdashi 29 Jan (29/1)0829 (30/1)0609 Pradosh
Basant Panchami 4 Feb (3/2)1745 (4/2)1827  
Mahashivaratri 27 Feb (26/2)2053 (27/2)1831 Fast for the day, Mahadeo pooja in pradosh
Poornima/Holika dahan(Fagua) 16 Mar (15/3)2108 (16/3)2222 Holika dahan on 16 Evening
 Fagua in Mithila & Dol in Bengal 16
Holi (1 of Chaitra) 17 Mar (16/3)2222 (17/3)2311 Also a new year day
Vikram Sambat 2070 31 Mar     Begins at 2258 IST
Ram Navami 8 Apr (8/4)0256 (9/4)0503  
Mesha Sankranti (Satua) 14 April     Shaka 1936 begins
Jurishital 15 April      
Akshaya Tritiya 2 May (1/5)1040 (2/5)1119  
6 Month Ravi Brat Ant 11 May     Sunday
Vat Savitri 28 May (27/5)2251 ( 28/5)2254  
Hari Sayan Ekadashi 8Jul (8/7)0047 ( 9/7)0000  
Guru Poornima 12 Jul (11/7)1912 (12/7)1702 JM  

*Pradosh : First half prahar (1/8 of duration of night) i.e.about first 1.5 hours of evening is known as pradosh. Chauth Chandra, Kojagra, Deepavali, and Shivaratri  pooja are performed within this hour.If the tithi traverses pradosh on two days, the  pooja has to be performed on later day.

Address query, if any, to: drj_mishra@yahoo.co.in giving (i) Time diff. with respect to IST (ii) sunrise time of the place (iii) question (iv) name and email address.I am not an astrologer, so I cannot be of much help in deciding dates.

Auspicious Dates this year                            

  Marriage:   (Saurath Sabha: June29-July 07, 2013) Upnayan Dwiragman Mundan Grih arambh Griha pravesh
July 13         24,25  
August 13           12
October 13            
Nov 13 18,20,24,25,28,29   18,21,22 20,22 13,20,22 9,11,13,14
Dec 13 1,4,6,8,12,13   4,6,8,9,12,13 9,12,13 12 9,12
January 14 19,20,22,23,24,26,31     17    
February 14 3,5,6,9,10,17,19,24,26,27 2,4,9,10 16,17,19,20 6,10,19,20 17,20  
March 14 2,3,5,7,9 3,5,11,12 2,3,5,9,10,12 5,12 12 7,8,10,12
April 14 16,17,18,20,21,23,24 4,9,10 16,17,18,20 16 16,18  
May 14 1,2,8,9,11,12,18,19,21,25,26,28,29,30 4,9,11 1,2,9,11,12 12,30 10 5,9,10,12
June 14 4,5,8,9,12,13,18,22,25 2,8,9   2,9,30    
July 14       7   4

 

Acknowledgment: Based on following Panchangs:
1. Vidyapati Panchang published by Pustak Bhandar Publishing House, Govind Mitra Road, Patna - 800 004 INDIA
     (Priced $10 by air), email: pbph@sancharnet.in, pat_siyarams@dataone.in Phones :.+ 91-612-2301 341

2. Vishwavidyalaya Panchang published by Panchang Vibhag, K.S.D.S.University, Darbhanga 846003 INDIA 

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