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Mithila Panchang


The Maithil Calendar

The day is reckoned from sunrise to sunrise.  Festivals, however, are performed according to Tithi.Tithi  may start anytime during the day and may last for 20 to 26 hours. Day and night have 4 prahars each.

For month both lunar and solar systems are followed. Lunar months end on full-moon day. Solar months are reckoned with Sankranti. Sankranti match with dates of Gregorian Calendar.

There are several New Years: Starting on 1 Chaitra, Chaitra Amavasya (Vikram), Mesha sankranti (Shakabda), 1 Savan (Sal). By convention, the last one is prevalent in Mithilanchal i.e. Shravan to Ashadh.


Nakshtra Durations

Given below are the commencing dates on which Sun enters a particular Nakshtra, commonly referred to as Nakshtra period:

Aswini        13/4 Bharani      27/4 Kritika    11/5   Rohini      24/5 Mrigshira.    7/6   Ardra          22/6  
 Punarbasu   6/7          Pushya       20/7  Aslesha   3/8  Magha 17/8    P.Falguni   31/8 U.Falguni    14/9
Hasta          28/9 Chitra          11/10 Swati          24/10 Bishakha    7/11 Anuradha    20/11 Jyestha       3/12
Mool          16/12 P.Asadha   29/12  U.Asadha 11/1     Shravana    24/1 Dhanistha  6/2 Satbhisha    19/2
P.Bhadra    4/3 U.Bhadra   17/3  Rewati         31/3      

Tithi Determination

Tithi is time period in which Moon traverses 12 degrees relative to Sun. It is geocentric, i.e., occurs at the same time throughout the world. Here we have used the Indian Standard Time(GMT +5.30) for Tithi duration  and sunrise at Darbhanga (Long. 85o.57) for "day". Correction has to be made depending on the time of the place under consideration. It is, thus, possible that the Tithi-day is different in London or New York from that shown here. Convert the given IST to the local standard time to find the Tithi duration. Now get the local sunrise time for the day on which the Tithi is effective for the particular festival  considering the following directions:

1. The Tithi at sunrise, udayatithi, is taken as the tithi for the day for most of the festivals. Determine the  Standard times corresponding to the IST given. The tithi at sunrise of the place will be the tithi for the day.

2. Evening (Pradosh)/Night  festivals are celebrated in the Tithi falling at that hour. Chauth-Chandra, Kojagara, Deepavali, Shiva Ratri,  Holika dahan (night) are some of these. 

3. The Tithi at noon is taken for shraddha karma e.g. barshi etc.


Festivals this year 1422 Saal (13 July 2014- 31 July 2015)

Festival Date

Tithi Duration IST Hours

Remarks
From To
Mauna Panchami    Madhushravani begins 16 Jly (15/7)0718 (16/7)0501 In Mithila newly married girls
perform this pooja.
Madhushravani ends 30 Jly (29/7)0654 (30/7)0847 Special day for newly married
Nag Panchami 1 Aug   (31/7)1025 (1/8)1139  
Raksha Vandhan 10 Aug (10/8)0134 (11/8)0006  
Krishnastami 18 Aug (17/8)1038 (18/8)1006  
Hartalika (Teej) 28 Aug (27/8)2219 (28/8)2337  
GaneshChauth
ChauthChandra
29 Aug  
29 Aug;
(28/8)2337  (30/8)0026 Morning pooja of Ganesh on 29
Pradosh pooja of Chandrama on 29
Karma Dharma Ekadashi 5 Sep (4/9)1918 (5/9)1712  
Anant Caturdashi 8 Sep ( 7/9)1226 ( 8/9)0959  
Pitri Paksha begins 9 Sep (8/9)0959 (9/9)0736  
Jimutbahan Brat (Jitia) 16 Sep (15/9)2228 (16/9)2257 Mothers  fast on this day for the welfare of their sons. Parna after Sunrise on 17/9
Vishwakarma Pooja 17Sep      
Matri Navami 17 Sep (16/9)2257 (17/9)2354  
Pitri Paksha ends, Mahalaya 24 Sep ( 23/9)0911 (24/9)1054  
Kalashsthapan 25 Sep (24/9)1054 (25/9)1215  
Mahastami 2 Oct ( 1/10)1004 ( 2/10)0515  
Maha Navami 2 Oct ( 2/10)0515 ( 3/10)0610  
Vijaya Dashami 3 Oct ( 3/10)0610 ( 4/10)0352  
Kojagara 7 Oct (7/10)1824 (8/10)1624 Pooja in Pradosh(evening)
Dhanteras 21 Oct (20/10)2251 (22/10)0026  
Chaturdashi(ChhotiDivali) 22 Oct (22/10)0026 (23/10)0149  
Deepavali 23 Oct (23/10)0149 (24/10)0245 Pooja in Pradosh(evening)
Bhratridwitiya 25 Oct (25/10)0308 (26/10)0300 Sisters perform 'naut' to brothers
Chhath (Sandhya) 29 Oct (28/10)2351 (29/10)2204 Kharna on previous day and parna on next
Akshyay Navami 1 Nov (31/10)1745 ( 1/11)1523  
Devotthan Ekadashi 3 Nov ( 2/11)1259 ( 3/11)1039  
Kartik Poornima 6 Nov ( 6/11)0445 ( 7/11)0322 Sama Bisarjan/ Guru Nanak Jayanti
Six month Ravi vrat arambh 23 Nov     Sunday
Makara Sankranti
Teela Sankranti
15 Jan
 
    Tusari begins
Naraknivaran chaturdashi 19 Jan (18/1)2252 (19/1)2120 Pradosh
Basant Panchami 25 Jan (24/1)1029 (25/1)0812  
Mahashivaratri 17 Feb (17/2)1032 (18/2)0824 Fast for the day, Mahadeo pooja in pradosh
Poornima/Holika dahan(Fagua) 5 Mar (4/3)2044 (5/3)2248 Holika dahan on 5 Evening
 Fagua in Mithila & Dol in Bengal
Holi (1 of Chaitra) 6 Mar (5/3)2248 ( 7/3)0054 Also a new year day
Vikram Sambat 2072 21 Mar     Begins at
Ram Navami 28 Mar (28/3)0513 (29/3)0556  
Mesha Sankranti (Satua) 14 April     Shaka 1936 begins
Jurishital 15 April      
Akshaya Tritiya 21 Apr (20/4)2035 (21/4)1919  
6 Month Ravi Brat Ant 3 May     Sunday
Vat Savitri 17 May (16/5)1253 ( 17/5)1053  
Hari Sayan Ekadashi 27 Jul (26/7)2018 ( 27/7)2030  
Guru Poornima 31 Jul (30/7)1808 (31/7)1632  

*Pradosh : First half prahar (1/8 of duration of night) i.e.about first 1.5 hours of evening is known as pradosh. Chauth Chandra, Kojagra, Deepavali, and Shivaratri  pooja are performed within this hour.If the tithi traverses pradosh on two days, the  pooja has to be performed on later day.

Address query, if any, to: drj_mishra@yahoo.co.in.I am not an astrologer, so I cannot be of much help in deciding dates.

Auspicious Dates this year                            

  Marriage:   (Saurath Sabha: June4-July 12, 2015) Upnayan Dwiragman Mundan Grih arambh Griha pravesh
July 14            
August 14         14  
October 14            
Nov 14 19,20,23,24,26,27   24,27,28 24,27,28 28  
Dec 14 1,3,5,14   1,3,5,7,8,10   3,6 1,3
January 15 18,21,22,25,26,29,30 30   22,23,26,30   26
February 15 6,8,9,11,15,16,20,25,26,27 23 19,20,22,23,26,27 9,23,27   27,28
March 15 4,6,11,12,13 1,29,30,31 1,2,8,9   7 2
April 15 16,19,22,23,27,29,30 23,29,30 22,23,26,29,30 23 30 25,29,30
May 15 1,3,4,8,10,11,18,20,24,25,27,28,29,31 20,22,28,29 1,3,4,6,8 1,6,7,20,22,28,29 4 1
June15 1,3,4,7,8,11,12          
July 15       7 27 20,22,23,27,29

 

Acknowledgment: Based on following Panchangs:
1. Vidyapati Panchang published by Pustak Bhandar Publishing House, Govind Mitra Road, Patna - 800 004 INDIA
     (Priced $10 by air), Phones :.+ 91-612-2301 341

2. Vishwavidyalaya Panchang published by Panchang Vibhag, K.S.D.S.University, Darbhanga 846003 INDIA 

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