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deeep.bmp (2102 bytes) SUKRAATI (DEEPAVALI) deeep.bmp (2102 bytes)


Amavasya: New Moon
Deep : Earthen Lamp
Yama: The Death God
Pradosh: Early evening














BACK (festivals)


Sukarati, a deformation of Shukharatri (Night of Pleasure), is mainly the festival of lights. It is celebrated on Kartik Amabasya (falling at pradosh or evening hours). Previous day, when every one has gone to bed, a lone earthen lamp(deep) is lighted at the door step of the house, called Yamak-deep (Lamp of Yama). Male members are prohibited to see this. Dhanteras, when people purchase new utensils and falling two days prior to Diwali, was not prevalent in Mithilanchal, but is slowly getting acceptance due to intermingling of cultures. So is the pooja of Ganesh and Laxmi., bursting of crackers and the practice of gambling as a ritual. Of course earthen lamps are lighted as at all other places.

In Mithilanchal Diwali  is celebrated more as Kali Pooja than Laxmi pooja. Kali Pooja is performed in the late night hours of Amavasya. Hence it is possible that Divali(Pradosh) and Kali Pooja fall on different dates. Kartik Amavasya is a suitable period for Tantrik rituals, hence people get initiated in Tantrik Mantra Deekha.

Every family performs the special pooja of  Gosaun (family Deity) known as "Gosaun Ghar Karab" (leading the goddess inside) and is performed by a lady. A special Alpana is used symbolizing the path taken by goddess to enter. Pan, Makhan, Coconut, Bananas  and sweets are offered as prasad. In the early morning Soop is beaten in all nook and corner of the house by the lady  who has performd the pooja to drive out Daridra (poverty)

There is another ritual (Ulka) in which persons brandish   lighted torches made up of straw and hemp stem.

A few lamps are also lighted  in the night next to Divali, but no other rituals are performed..