Overview: The 1900's has been a century of extremes. From the first flight of the Zeppelin airship to man's first step on the moon. From the first automobile speed trial held in England in 1900 to the first sonic boom breaking the sound barrier. Computers, atomic bombs, wars to end all wars, medical miracles, nuclear waste ... We have created and done things that were only imaginable in science fiction novels. Technology has taken a whole new meaning, radio, movies, television and now the Internet can bring the world to us in a matter of minutes. Cellular telephones allow people to be reached no matter where they are.
1900 - Jews are majority in Jerusalem as population grows to 46,500;
28,200 Jews, 8,760 Christians, 8,600 Muslims
1900 - Sigmund Freud marks the beginning of psychoanalysis.
1902 - Edward VII crowned King of England
1903 - Henry Ford founds the Ford Motor Company
1903 - Orville and Wilbur Wright make the first flight in a heavier-than-air plane at Kittyhawk, North Carolina.
1904 - British Invade Tibet
1904-1905 - The Russo-Japanese War
1905-1906 - Conquest of the North Pole
1910 - Death of Edward VII
1911 - Chinese leave Tibet
1912 - The Titanic sinks
1914-1918 - World War I
1918 - The worst flu epidemic the United States has ever known, which killed more Americans than all the combat deaths of this century combined.
1917 - Puerto Rico is made a United States territory.
1917 - The United States enters World War I on the side of the Allies.
1919 - The League of Nations formed at Versailles and failed to curb powerful aggressors or to protect its weaker members from attack.
1920 - Warren Harding elected President of the U.S.
1920 - Following ratification by the necessary thirty-six states, the Nineteenth Amendment is adopted giving women the right to vote.
1921 - Insulin was discovered in Toronto, Canada
1922 - Haj Amin al-Husseini is appointed Gran Mufti of Jerusalem. Population is 33,971 Jew, 13,413 Muslims and 14,699 Christians.
1923 - President Warren Harding dies suddenly of a heart attack.
1925 - Hebrew University is established on Mount Scopus in Jerusalem.
1927 - Charles Lindbergh flies solo, non-stop from New York to Paris in The Spirit of St. Louis.
1927-1929 - Mussolini seizes Libya
Oct. 29, 1929 - The New York Stock Market crashes to an all-time low (referred to as "Black Tuesday"), signaling the start of the Great Depression.
1929 - Jerusalem - Arabs riot against Jews; 133 Jews and 116 Arabs are killed.
1932 - Palestine Post (later Jerusalem Post) is established as first English daily in Palestine.
1936 - Germany invades the Rhineland (Austria).
1938 - Jerusalem - Hadassah Hospital on Mt. Scopus is erected, later to be evacuated after massacre of 78 doctors and nurses in 1948.
1939 - German armies invade Poland ...World War II begins
1940 - Germany invades France
1940-1945 - Development of radar
1941 - Hitler invades Russia, Japan bombs Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - U.S. officially joins the War
1943 - U.S., British and Canadian forces invade Sicily under the command of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower.
1943 - Penicillin is developed as the first antibiotic.
1944 - Invasion of Normandy by British and U.S. forces
1945 - U.S. drops atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan... Hitler commits suicide ...World War II ends
1946 - Nazi war criminals receive sentencing at the Nuremberg trials.
1947 - Partition of India
1948 - War of Independence - the State of Israel is created. Jerusalem is divided with East Jerusalem under Jordanian rule. Arab Legion capture the Old City and destroys the Jewish quarter, including 58 Jewish religious sites. Population is 99,320 Jews, 36,680 Muslims, 31,300 Christians.
1949 - Jordan defies armistice treaty that assured free access to the Western Wall.
1950 - The Korean War officially starts as North Korea invades South Korea.
1951 - King Abdullah of Jordan is assassinated by Muslim Arabs atop the Temple Mount.
1957 - United Church of Christ - the Congregationalist, the church of the Pilgrims that came over on the Mayflower. The congregation is the governing body of the church. As stated in the Mayflower Compact: "... mutually in the presence of God, and one of another, covenant & combine ourselves together into a civil body politic..." The word "covenant" was very significant, for it heralded a new order in both church and state. Here the "congregation" was covenanting or agreeing together to make its own laws, civil and religious. The modern UCC was founded in 1957 as the union of several different Christian traditions - the Evangelical and Reformed Church and the Congregationalists.
1957 - The Russians launch of the world's first artificial satellite, Sputnik
1958 - The Space Act which establishes NASA
1960 - John F. Kennedy elected President of the U.S.
1963 - Kennedy assassinated
1964 - John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop the BASIC [computer] programming language at Dartmouth College. BASIC is an acronym for Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.
1964 - Segregation is now abolished in the United States
1964 - Vietnamese forces attack an American Destroyer (USS Maddox).
1965 - Jerusalem - Teddy Kollek becomes Mayor, governing for 28 years.
1967 - Six Day War. Jerusalem is reunited under Jewish sovereignty. Knesset passes law for the protection of holy places of all faiths.
1968 - First ruins of Atlantis discovered off Bimini; Cultural Revolution reaches peak
1969 - American astronaut Neil Armstrong is the 1st human to walk on the Moon.
1969 - Watergate starts
1973 - The United States and Vietnam sign a peace treaty, ending the Vietnam War.
1974 - President Richard Nixon resigns as a result of Watergate.
1980 - Ronald Reagan elected President of the U.S.
1981 - Assassination attempt on Ronald Reagan
1981 - First Shuttle Launch
1984 - Gorbachev heads USSR and Perestoika begins
1987 - Final stage of Iran-Iraq war begins
1986 - Chernobyl disaster; Cold War ends
1988 - Soviet pullout from Afghanistan
1989 - U.S. Soviet friendship begins
1990 - Iraqi forces invade Kuwait.
1992 - The United States and Russia sign a treaty officially ending the Cold War.
1999 - Panama gains control of the Panama Canal from the United States.
December 31, 1999 - Boris Yeltsen resigns as president of Russia turning over the office to Vladimir Putin, a former KGB agent.
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