What are the benedictions / blessings / prayers for Passover / Pesach as well as the Torah readings and Haftarah readings for Passover / Pesach ?

Note: Regarding all dates on this Passover Prayers / Blessings - Pesach Prayers / Blessings web page, see the footnote near the bottom of this web page.

Special prayers, blessings, benedictions, Torah readings, and readings from the Book of Prophets for the Jewish festival of Passover/Pesach are recited on different days during the Passover/Pesach festival. The recitation of prayers, blessings, benedictions, Torah and Prophetic readings for the Passover festival will vary between Jews of Central and Eastern European descent (Ashkenazic Jews) and Jews who descend from Spanish and Portuguese Jews (Sephardic Jews). There are also variations in readings from those listed below, but the ones listed below represent the most common readings. The word "parshiyot" means "readings" in Hebrew.

Passover prayers, blessings, and benedictions and their explanations for the Passover Seder, such as the Kiddush, Birkat HaMazon, HaMotzi, Al Achilat Matzah, Shefoch Hamatcha and other blessings can be found on our Passover Seder page, and on our Passover Haggadah page, as the Passover Haggadah is the "instruction manual" for the Passover Seder. The following lists the special Passover prayers and Passover blessings as well as the readings from the Torah, Maftir, and Haftorah for the Jewish festival of Passover where applicable in the morning prayer services ("Shacharit" or "Shaharit" in Hebrew), afternoon prayer services ("Mincha" or "Minchah" in Hebrew), and evening prayer services ("Ma'ariv" or "Arvit" in Hebrew):

The following are Passover Prayers, Blessings, Benedictions, Torah Readings, Maftir Readings, and Haftorah Readings for Jews who celebrate Passover both for 7 days and for 8 days (the 2nd day and the 8th day of Passover readings are reserved for those who celebrate Passover for 8 days I.E. Diaspora Jews):

Note: if Erev Pesach ("the day before Passover" in Hebrew) falls on the Sabbath or Shabbat (this is the case for Passover in 2008, and it was also the case for Passover in 2001 and Passover in 2005, and it will be the case for Passover in 2021 and Passover in 2025, in addition to a few more years beyond 2025 in the 21st century), then one must usher out the Sabbath on the first evening of Passover by reciting the Havdalah prayer during the recitation of the Kiddush ("sanctification" in Hebrew, as in the sanctification of G-d) prayer. Havdalah means either "separation", "distinction", "differentiation", "division", "to separate", "to distinguish", "to differentiate", or "to divide" in Hebrew. Havdalah is a prayer that formally marks the end of Shabbat or the Sabbath. It also serves to affirm the "distinction" between the holiness and sacredness of the Sabbath and the secularism of the other days of the week, since G-d blessed the 7th day of the week (Shabbat) and made it holy and thus set apart from the rest of the week as a result. The Havdalah prayer is part of a small ceremony that ushers out Shabbat. According to tradition, one must first see three stars in the sky before performing the Havdalah ceremony which will indicate that evening has arrived. An intertwined, or braided candle, a cup of wine, and a box of sweet spices are used as part of the Havdalah ceremony. When the Sabbath "ends", a blessing is said over the wine, which is a symbol of joy. A blessing is then said over the box of sweet spices in order to comfort the soul at the loss of the Sabbath (and to comfort oneself because of the loss of one's "Sabbath soul"). Finally, an intertwined, multi-wicked candle is lit (usually two wicks), to demonstrate that the Sabbath has officially ended and that fire can be created again (you guessed it: no fire can be created on the Sabbath). The sweet box of spices is also smelled by the participants in the ceremony as part of comforting oneself because of the loss of one's "Sabbath soul", and the cup of wine is also filled until it overflows to symbolize the sweetness of the Sabbath overflowing into the ordinary week to come. Finally, the candle is then extinguished in the wine.

Footnote regarding the dates on this Passover Prayers / Blessings - Pesach Prayers / Blessings web page: all dates discussed on this website are based on the modern Gregorian calendar, however, these dates are but one secular scholarly deduction; there are many other secular scholarly deductions as well as traditional Jewish chronological dates in addition to modern Hebrew/Jewish calendar dates regarding the timeline of events in Jewish history. To see a table of some important events in Jewish history discussed on this website and their various dates deduced from traditional Jewish sources, the modern Hebrew/Jewish calendar, and secular historical timelines, check out our Jewish History Timeline web page.

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