Rules and Regulations of Little League Baseball
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Select the first letter of the word from the list above to jump to appropriate section of the glossary. If the term you are looking for starts with a digit or symbol, choose the '#' link.
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F Fly, Flyout
FAIR BALL a batted ball that settles on fair ground between home and first base, or between home and third base, or that is on or over fair territory when bounding to the outfield past first or third base, or that touches first, second or third base, or that first falls on fair territory on or beyond first base or third base, or that, while on or over fair territory touches the person of an umpire or player, or that, while over fair territory, passes out of the playing field in flight.
SIMPLY PUT: If a ball lands in the infield between home and first base, or between home and third base, and bounces out-of-bounds it is a foul ball. If a fly ball lands on or beyond first or third base and then rolls out-of-bounds, it is a fair ball. Foul lines and poles are in fair territory.
NOTE: A fair fly shall be adjudged according to the relative position of the ball and the foul line, including the foul pole, and not as to whether the fielder is on fair or foul territory at the time such fielder touches the ball.
FAIR TERRITORY is that part of the playing field within, and including the first base and third base lines, from home base to the bottom of the playing field fence and perpendicularly upwards. Home plate, first base and third base and all foul lines are in fair territory.
Fastball Count Refers to a situation where a batter can expect to get a good pitch to hit because the pitcher is behind in the count and needs to throw a strike. Examples of hitter's counts are 2-0, 3-0, 3-1. Often times, a hitter will receive a fastball in a situation where there is a hitter's count because it is the easiest pitch for most pitchers to put in the strike zone. Thus, a hitter's count is often referred to as a fastball count.
Also referred to as hitter's count
FC Fielder's Choice
a field where baseball is played, usually having the layout of a baseball diamond.
synonyms: playing field, diamond, grounds, ball field, field, baseball field, lot, green cathedral
Field verb to play a defensive position on the field.
example: He will be coming in to field for the injured player..
FIELDER any defensive player.
Fielder's Choice The act of defensive player who, after fielding a ground ball, attempts to put out a preceding player rather than the batter-runner. The term may also be applied when a player manages to steal a base because of the indifference of the defensive team.
Fielding the skills and
techniques required to be an effective fielder, including catching
Fielding Percentage A statistic which represents a player's fielding ability. Refer to the statistics page for the proper formula to calculate this statistic.
FIREMAN A team's closer
First Base The first of the bases in
the infield, counterclockwise from home plate. The fielding
position occupied by the first baseman.
First base is shown below
synonyms: first base (1B), first, initial sack
The first baseman wears a larger glove called the first baseman's mitt due to the high number of throws he or she must accept from infielders to force runners at first base.
First Baseman's Mitt A large glove with rounded corners designed to help the first baseman scoop poor throws while providing greater range when receiving throws.
FF Scorer's notation for foul fly
Fly Out An out which results from a fly ball being caught before it hits the ground.
Scorer's notation for Foul Out,
Force Out An out which resulted from the defensive player touching the base in a force play.
A force out occurs when a runner must move to the next base as a result of the batter becoming a runner, and is then putout by the fielder with the ball touching the base the runner is trying to advance to.
See force play for the conditions under which a runner may be forced out.
Force Play A play in which a baserunner must try to advance to the next base because a batter becomes a runner.
A force play occurs when a runner must move to the next base as a result of the batter becoming a runner. The runner who must move may then be put out by a fielder (who has the ball) touching the base the runner must move to before the runner reaches it. A play is no longer a force play if the batter-runner is put out.
Example (force play): With a runner on first base, the batter hits the ball to the shortstop. The runner at first base must then advance to second base as the batter is running to first base. If the shortstop then touches second base before the runner moving to it reaches it, then that runner is out.
Example (not a force play): With a runner on first base, the batter hits the ball to the first baseman who touches first base causing the batter to be out. The force is removed at that moment and runner advancing to second must be tagged. If there had been a runner on third or second, and either of these runners scored before the tag out at second, the run counts. Had the first baseman thrown to second and the ball then had been returned to first, the play at second was a force out, making two outs, and the return throw to first ahead of the runner would have made three outs. In that case, no run would score. Example: Not a force out. One out. Runner on first and third. Batter flies out. Two out. Runner on third tags up and scores. Runner on first tries to retouch before throw from fielder reaches first baseman, but does not get back in time and is out. Three outs. If, in umpire's judgment, the runner from third touched home before the ball was held at first base, the run counts.
FORFEITED GAME is a game declared ended by the umpire-in-chief in favor of the offended team by the score of 6 to 0, for violation of the rules. (Tee Ball: There shall be no forfeits in Tee Ball)
Forkball A forkball is a sinking pitch
A pitch thrown with the trajectory of a fastball that breaks sharply downward as it gets closer to the batter. This pitch is gripped by splitting the middle finger and index finger and moving them down toward either side of the baseball. When the middle finger and index finger are moved all the way down to the center of the sides of the baseball, the pitch breaks downward more severely, and is called a fork ball.
also referred to as split-finger fastball
NOTE (1): A foul fly shall be judged according to the relative position of the ball and the foul line, including the foul pole, and not as to whether the fielder is on foul or fair territory at the time that fielder touches the ball.
NOTE (2): In Tee Ball, the ball is foul if it travels less than 15 feet in fair territory from home plate. The ball is also foul if the batter hits the tee with the bat.
A foul ball is a batted ball that that is not hit fair. A fair ball is defined as a batted ball that:
lands in fair territory between home and first base, or between home and third base, or
is on or over fair territory when headed into the outfield past first or third base, or
touches first, second, or third base, or
touches a player or umpire, or
first falls in fair territory on or beyond first or third base
passes out of the playing field in flight while over fair territory ball.
Fair territory is the part of the playing field between and including the first and third base lines, and from home base to the bottom of the playing field fence and perpendicularly upwards. If a ball lands on a foul line it is still a fair ball.
The area where a ball is foul is shown below in yellow:
Foul Line One of two marked, chalk lines extending from the upper corners of home plate to the outfield fence. One foul line extends up the third base side of the infield and ends at the base of the left field fence, while the other foul line extends up the first base side of the infield and ends at the base of the right field fence. The foul lines separate fair territory from foul territory, and any ball that lands on either foul line is actually a fair ball.
Foul Out An out caused by a fly ball being caught in foul territory.
Foul Pole One of two yellow poles attached to the outfield fence at the ends of both foul lines. The foul poles mark fair and foul territory for balls hit over the fence; a ball passing to the right of the right field pole is foul, and a ball passing to the left of the right field pole is fair. A batted ball that hits either of the poles is a home run
Foul Territory The territory outside
the area enclosed by the lines running from home plate to the
left-field and right-field foul poles.
FOUL TIP a batted ball that goes sharp and direct from the bat to the catchers hands and is legally caught. It is not a foul tip unless caught and any foul tip that is caught is a strike, and the ball is in play. It is not a catch if it is a rebound, unless the ball has first touched the catcher's glove or hand.
FULL COUNT a count of three balls and two strikes on a batter.
synonyms: full count, long count, three-two count, three-and-two count
A fly ball hit for fielding practice by a player who tosses the ball up and hits it on its way down with a long, thin, light bat. [Origin unknown.]
1. A long, skinny, lightweight bat used to hit ground balls and fly balls. The fungo is not used when batting against a pitcher. When using a fungo, the hitter begins with one hand on the fungo, then tosses the ball in the air, puts the other hand on the bat, establishes a normal hitting grip and then hits the ball. Due to its size, the fungo is easy to control and provides coaches and players with an efficient way to give fielders practice on ground balls and fly balls.
2. A ball hit with a fungo bat.
NOTE: You can simply perform this task with a regular baseball bat in reference to FUNGO terms used in this site as in our DRILS PAGE, etc.
FUNGO BAT Bat used to hit fungo. Usually longer and thinner than a regular back.
Four-Seam Fastball A pitch thrown by gripping the ball with the middle finger and index finger together across the ball's horseshoe-shaped portion and the thumb tucked underneath. The four-seam fastball is the basic fastball; it's easiest to control and can be thrown with the most velocity.
FP Fielding Percentage
to "Freeze" To catch a batter looking for a pitch other than what the pitcher just threw. Typically, pitchers will freeze batters with a nasty curveball when the batter is expecting a fastball.
FULL COUNT When a batter has three balls and two strikes on him or her during an at-bat.
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