The Coasters Web Site
The Great R&B Pioneers

   
.. and More About .. the Great R&B Pioneers
 

.. and More About ..
Edited by Claus Röhnisch (updated JUöly 2, 2011)


 THE GREAT RECORDS
by THE GREAT
R&B PIONEERS


Below you´ll find  the Great R&B Pioneers with a short presentation and the most valuable recordings with all R&B Top Ten Hits listed first, followed by other notable classics. Several artists are presented with links to other web sites! All #1 Hits are noted in bold; with number of weeks at #1 position. Titles hitting any of Billboard´s three national R&B Top Ten Charts (Best Seller, Juke Box, Disc Jockey) are listed.
Tip: Check the links to
All music guide. and Wikipedia - and to the other links too.
All presentations edited by Claus Röhnisch.


JOHN LEE HOOKER
The World's Greatest Blues Singer
Session Discography and JLH Time-Line plus Ultimate CDs


From THE Blues Giants of the 1950s

The Great
Vocal Groups

 
The DominoesThe CloversThe "5" Royales | The Midnighters

The Flamingos | The Moonglows | The Drifters | The Platters
The Cadillacs | The Coasters | The Isley Brothers
  The ImpressionsThe Miracles | The Temptations
   


Juke Blues
 

R&B Pioneers
 

City Blues
 

Early Rock Idols
 

Soul Pioneers
 

John Lee Hooker
Muddy Waters
Lightnin´ Hopkins
Jimmy Reed
S  B  Williamson
Howlin´ Wolf
Elmore James
Little Walter

 

Lionel Hampton
Louis Jordan

Buddy Johnson
Wynonie Harris
Charles Brown
Amos Milburn

Johnny Otis
Ruth Brown

 

T-Bone Walker
Joe Turner
Roy Brown

B.B. King
Lowell Fulson
Ike Turner
Bobby Bland
Junior Parker

 

Fats Domino
Jesse Belvin

LaVern Baker
Bobby Day
Chuck Berry
Bo Diddley
Little Richard

Lloyd Price

 

Clyde McPhatter
Sam Cooke
Jackie Wilson
Little Willie John
Etta James

Brook Benton
James Brown
Marvin Gaye

 

Atlantic Records
Atlantic Soul Stars

 
King Curtis

Ray Charles | Chuck Willis | Solomon Burke | Joe Tex
Rufus Thomas 
|
Wilson Pickett |
Otis Redding | Aretha Franklin
    

  
All the links above are internal!
Try the external ones below too!
  

Johnny "Guitar" Watson

The 4 essential early Watson CDs: "The Very Best of.." (Rhino), "Space Guitar" (Varèse), "Hot Just Like TNT" (UK Ace), and "Gangster of Love" (Collectables).
Reading: The Gangster of Love - Johnny "Guitar" Watson - Performer, Preacher, Pimp (by Vincent Bakker - US 2009)-

Johnny "Guitar" Watson | Gatemouth Brown | Richard Berry | Young Jessie - (disco) | Ernie K-Doe | The Dells | The Five Keys
Wikipedia:  Watson | Gatemouth | Berry | Jessie | K-Doe | Dells | Five Keys
  All music guide.  on Johnny Watson | Gatemouth Brown | Richard Berry  |  Young Jessie Ernie K-Doe  |  The Dells  |  The Five Keys


"The Very Best of John Lee Hooker" on Rhino R2 71915."The Best of John Lee Hooker 1965-1974" on MCAD-10539."The Very Best of Lightnin´ Hopkins" on Rhino BluesMasters R2 79860."Muddy Waters - His Best 1947-1955)" on MCA/Chess 50th Anniversary Collection CHD 9370."Muddy Waters - His Best 1956 -1964" on MCA/Chess 50th Anniversary Collection CHD 9380.
"Sonny Boy Williamson - His Best" on MCA/Chess 50th Anniversary Collection CHD 9377."Howlin´ Wolf - His Best" on MCA/Chess 50th Anniversary Collection CHD 9375."The Sky is Crying - The History of Elmore James" on Rhino R2 71190."Little Walter - His Best" on MCA/Chess 50th Anniversary Collection CHD 9384."The Very Best of Jimmy Reed" on Rhino BluesMasters R2 79802.
The "musts" for a Juke Blues Beginner´s Collection!

Check the best blues catalog:
Roots and Rhythm
Find out about: John Lee Hooker
(as presented by Claus Röhnisch)
All music guide. on John Lee Hooker


LIGHTNIN´ HOPKINS  "The Very Best of Lightnin´ Hopkins" on Rhino BluesMasters R2 79860.
Extremely productive singer/guitarist with several recordings for different labels and foremost modern exponent of traditional "unspoiled" Texas country blues. Worked in Texas, California and Mississippi, later New York and Houston again. Inactive during the latter part of the ´50s. "Rediscovered" in 1959 by Sam Charters. Born: Sam Hopkins, March 15, 1912, Centerville, Leon County, Texas (some files say March 15, 1911 - others point to March 12, 1912). Died of cancer January 30, 1982, Houston, Texas. First recordings: Los Angeles November 4, 1946 Katie Mae Blues / That Mean Old Twister - Aladdin 167. Records for: Aladdin 46-48, Gold Star 48-50, RPM 1951, Sittin´ In With 1951, Mercury 1952, Decca 1953, Herald 1954, Folkways and Tradition 59-60, Bluesville 60-63, Arhooolie 64-67, Jewel 65-70
.
Essential CD:
The Very Best of Lightnin´ Hopkins - Rhino R2 79860 (16 great tracks);
or: Mojo Hand - The Lightnin´ Hopkins Anthology (2CD) - Rhino RHCD2-71226
and: His Blues (2CD) - Ace CDCH2 1259 (great anthology issued in 2010)
For collectors: The Best of Lightnin' Hopkins - Prestige PRCD 5711 (great Prestige/Bluesville recordings of the 1960s)
Reading: Lightnin Hopkins - His Life And Blues by Alan Govenar (Chicago Review Press, US 2010)
and The Big Book of Blues by Robert Santelli (Pavilion, UK 1994)
Google.com Search on Lightnin' Hopkins
Lightnin' Hopkins at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Lightnin' Hopkins
Hopkins at The Blues Database

  R&B Top 10 Hits:
1949     "T" Model Blues
1950     Shotgun Blues
1952     Give Me Central 209 (Hello Central)
1952     Coffee Blues
Other Essential Songs:
1946     Katie Mae Blues
1947     Short Haired Woman
1951     Black Cat Bone
1952     Bald Headed Woman
1956     Walking The Streets
1960     Wimmen From Coast To Coast
1960     Blues For Gamblers (with Sonny Terry, Brownie McGhee and Big Joe Williams)
1960     Mighty Crazy
1960     Mojo Hand
1960     Mr. Charlie (Candid Rec.)
1961     War Is Starting Again
1961     Got Me A Louisiana Woman
1964     I Asked The Bossman
1965     Gambler´s Blues
1965     I´ll Be Gone
1965     Fishing Clothes

MUDDY WATERS  "Muddy Waters - His Best 1947-1955)" on MCA/Chess 50th Anniversary Collection CHD 9370."Muddy Waters - His Best 1956 -1964" on MCA/Chess 50th Anniversary Collection CHD 9380.
"King of Chicago Blues" - "Dreamy Eyes" - Singer/guitarist and Chicago bar blues patriarch, who heavily influenced the British blues boom of the early ´60s. Switched from the harmonica to guitar in the early ´30s. Was stationed in Clarksdale during the ´30s and arrived in Chicago in 1943 calling himself "Muddy Water" (withouth the s-ending). Was introduced to the Chess brothers Leonard and Phil by "Bluebird" pianist Sunnyland Slim. Muddy modernized (and internationalized) the pre-war Delta country blues, first with his Hoochie Coochie Men in the ´50s and later internationally with his Chicago Blues Band. Some important members: Little Walter, hca; Jimmy Rogers, gtr; Otis Spann, pno: and later James Cotton, hca; George Smith, hca; Pat Hare, gtr; James Madison, gtr; Sammy Lawhorn, Luther "Georgia Boy" Johnson, gtr; and Pinetop Perkins, pno. Muddy toured heavily and several of his band members were regular session men for other Chicago acts or made a career as soloists. Some pressings of "I'm Your Hoochie Cooche Man" titled "I'm Your Hoochie Kooche Man" (and later retitled "Hoochie Coochie Man"). Born: McKinley Morganfield, April 4, 1913 (not April 14, 1915 as stated earlier), Issaquena, near Rolling Fork, Miss. Died: April 30, 1983, Chicago, Ill. First recordings: Stovalls Plantation near Clarksdale, 1941 Country Blues / I Be´s Troubled - Library of Congress AAFS 18. First in Chicago: 1946 Mean Red Spider with James Carter - 20th Century 20-51B; and late 1947 Gypsy Woman - Aristocrat 1302 (as Muddy Waters with Sunny Land Slim). First Chess: February 1950 Rolling Stone - Chess 1426. Records for: Aristocrat 47-50, Chess 50-75, Blue Sky 76-80.
 
Muddy's harp players on stage:
Before 1947: Little Johnny Jones and later Jimmy Rogers; 1947-1952: Little Walter;  1952: Little Junior Wells; 1953: Big Walter "Shakey" Horton; 1953-1954: Henry "Pot" Strong; 1954: Little George "Harmonica" Smith; 1955: Junior Wells and later Elgie "Little Sonny" Willis; 1956-1959: James Cotton, who stayed with Muddy for several dates up to the mid´' 60s - sometimes substituted by Little Walter. Other stand-ins - 1959: Willie Anderson; 1960-1966: George "Mojo" Buford; New players - 1966-1967: George Smith;  1967-1971: Paul Oscher with 1968 and 1970 stand-in Birmingham Jones; 1970 and early 70s: Carey Bell with stand-ins James Cotton and Mojo Buford; 1974-1980: Jerry Portnoy.

The Complete Muddy Waters Session Discography (ctsy Blues & Rhythm magazine - pdf)

Muddy at YouTube

Essential CDs: His Best 1947-1955 - MCA/Chess CHD 9370
and His Best 1955-1964 - CHD 9380 (a total of 40 great tracks);
or: The Chess Box (3CD) - MCA/Chess CHD3-80002;
or: The Anthology (2CD) - Chess 112649 (50 great chronological tracks)
For Collectors: Rollin´ Stone - The Golden Anniversary Collection (1947-1952) - MCA (2CD) 088 112301-2
and Hoochie Coochie Man - The Complete Chess Masters, Volume Two (1952-1958) - Hip-O Select B (2CD) 0002758-02
(the two above include all Muddy's Aristocrat and Chess recordings with unissued alternates).
Authorized Bootleg - Geffen/Chess B0012650-02  or 2517-98291 (live recordings with his band from 1966 feat. George Smith, hca)
- you simply have to purchase the above - it'äs prob the best ever live record!!!!!

Breakin' It Up, Breakin' It Down - Waters, Winter, Cotton - Epic CD 07283 (great new-found live stuff from BlueSky)

Editor´s choise: The Complete Muddy Waters 1947-1967 (9CD) - Charly CD RED Box 3
and: The Chronological Muddy Waters 1941-1947 - Classics 5008.
Reading: Muddy Waters - The Mojo Man by Sandra B Tooze (ECW Press, 1997)
and Can´t Be Satisfied - The Life and Times of Muddy Waters by Robert Gordon (Little, Brown and Co, 2002)

Google.com Search on Muddy Waters
Muddy Waters at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Muddy Waters
Muddy at
The Blues Database
| Muddy Waters Web Site (official) | more on Muddy Waters |
Hoochie Coochie Man live audio 1960 | Got My Mojo Working 1970

 
R&B Top 10 Hits
1951     Louisiana Blues
1951     Long Distance Call
1951     Honey Bee
1951     Still A Fool
1952     She Moves Me
1953     Mad Love (I Want You To Love Me)
1954     I´m Your Hoochie Cooche Man
1954     Just Make Love To Me
            (I Just Want To Make Love To You)
1954     I´m Ready
1955     Manish Boy (Mannish Boy)
1956     Trouble No More
1956     Forty Days And Forty Nights
1956     Don´t Go No Farther
1958     Close To You
Some of His Other Best Songs:
1941     Country Blues (as McKinley Morganfield)
1946     Hard Day Blues (as McKinley Morganfield)
1947     Gypsy Woman
            (as Muddy Water with Sunny Land Slim)
1948     I Can´t Be Satisfied
1948     I Feel Like Going Home
1949     Screaming And Crying
1950     Rolling Stone
1950     You´re Gonna Need My Help (I Said)
1955     Sugar Sweet
1956     Rock Me
1957     Got My Mojo Working
1958     She´s 19 Years Old
1959     South Bound Train
1959     Take The Bitter With The Sweet
1960     I Got My Brand On You
1962     You Shook Me
1963     Five Long Years
1963     My Home Is In The Delta
1964     The Same Thing
1964     You Can´t Lose What You Ain´t Never Had
1966     Making Friends
1966     Black Night
1971     Who´s Gonnna Be Your Sweet Man When I´m Gone 

"Rollin' Stone - The Golden Anniversary Collection".
  
The limited edition Hip-O Select  (Volume Two)

 

 Muddy´s original LPs
 
  Chess 
  1427  The Best of Muddy Waters
  1444  Muddy Waters Sings Big Bill Broonzy
  1449  Muddy Waters At Newport
  1483  Folk Singer
  1501  The Real Folk Blues
  1507  Brass And The Blues
  1511  More Real Folk Blues
  1539  Sail On (reissue of 1427)
  1553  They Call Me Muddy Waters

  2-127  Fathers And Sons  (reissued on 50033)
  50012  Live At Mr. Kelly´s
  50023  Can´t Get No Grindin´
  60006  McKinley Morganfield AKA Muddy Waters (2-set)
(reissued as LP 203)
  60013  The London Muddy Waters Sessions

  60026  London Revisited (with Howlin'  Wolf)

  60031  "Unk" In Funk
(reissued on 915313)
  60035  The Woodstock Album

  4006    Muddy Waters Vol. 2 (UK)
  4015    Muddy Waters Vol. 3 (UK)

  6-80002  Muddy Waters (6-LP box)
  8202  Rolling Stone 
(MCA 9101)
  9180  Rare & Unissued

  9291  Trouble No More
 
 
Cadet
  314    Electric Mud
  320    After The Rain
 
  BlueSky
  34449  Hard Again
  34928  I´m Ready
  35712  Muddy "Mississippi" Waters Live
  37064  King Bee
  

SONNY BOY WILLIAMSON  "Sonny Boy Williamson - His Best" on MCA/Chess 50th Anniversary Collection CHD 9377.
"Little Boy Blue" - SBW II - "The Harmonica Wizard" - "Sonny Boy" -  Harmonica player and bar and "juke joint" blues singer with true roots in the Mississippi and Arkansas Delta, where he worked with Robert Johnson, Robert Jnr. Lockwood, the young Elmore James, and the Howlin´ Wolf. Influenced and "tutored" James Cotton, Junior Wells, Junior Parker, and Little Walter. Worked with his own radio show at KFFA, Helena, Arkansas from 1941 or 1942. Lived in West Memphis during 1949-1951 where he also was making radio shows (out of Belzoni in Mississippi - and at KWEM in West Memphis. Spread rumors he made his recording debut for United Artists in 1947. Recorded for Lilian McMurray in Jackson, Miss. from the early ´50s, went to Detroit - arrived in Chicago in 1953 and later settled in Milwaukee, Wisc. (with stints in Cleveland and St. Louis). Joined Chess/Checker in 1955, soon backed by such greats as Otis Spann and Lafayette Leake, pno; Robert Jnr. Lockwood, gtr; and Fred Below and Odie Payne, dms. A major harp stylist, who adopted the legendary John Lee Williamson´s name before that artist was murdered in Chicago in 1948. Became a legend during his life-time, spending several periods in Europe. Born: Aleck (Alex) "Rice" Miller (later also known as Willie Williams and Willie Williamson in official papers - his mother was Millie Ford who later married Sonny's father Miller). Birthdate according to his passport was April 7, 1909 (he sometimes gave his birth as December 5, 1897 - other files say March 11, 1908 - and the years 1899, 1910 and 1912 are also listed), in Glendora, Tallahatchie County, Miss. From Lonesome Cabin website/Bill Donoghue: "His brother Willie was the one who was born in 1897 and whose identity he stole along with Sonny Boy Williamson I's stage name. Born Glendora MS probably December 5, 1912 Died Helena AR May 25, 1965. Yes, he WAS only 52 when he died". Died: May 25, 1965, Helena, Ark (his headstone erroneously gives his date of death as June 23, 1965). First recordings: Jackson, Miss Jan 4, 1951 and re-cut on March 12 Eyesight To The Blind / Crazy About You Baby - Trumpet 129. Records for: Trumpet 51-54, Checker 55-64, Storyville-Denmark 1963. Sonny Boy's Checker singles of 1955-1956 were issued as "Sonny Boy" Williamson.
Essential CDs: His Best - MCA/Chess CHD 9377 (20 great chronological tracks);
or: Essential Sonny Boy Williamson (2CD) - MCA/Chess CHD2-9343
and Blues Masters - Storyville STCD 8012 (17 great European November, 1963 tracks)
Editor´s choise: The Chess Years (4CD) - Charly RED Box 1
plus: King Biscuit Time - Arhoolie CD 310 and Goin´ In Your Direction - Trumpet AA-801
or: Eyesight To The Blind 1951-1954 - Acrobat ACRCD 210 (25 tracks)
For Collectors: Eyesight To The Blind - Blue City BCCD 811 (30 Trumpet tracks)
or: Cool Cool Blues (4CD) - The Classic Sides 1951-1954 - JSP 7766  (alos incl Elmore, and more Trumpet artists)
Reading: Fessor Mojo´s "Don´t Start Me To Talkin´" by William E. Donoghue (US, 1997)
and Spinning Blues Into Gold - The Chess Brothers and the Legendary Chess Records by Nadine Cohodas (US 2000)


Sonny Boy Williamson - Keep it to yourself
Uploaded by oublierleracismeskyblog. - Watch more music videos, in HD!
 

Google.com Search on Sonny Boy Williamson
Sonny Boy at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Sonny Boy
Sonny Boy at The Blues Database
| Visit Sonny Boy´s Lonesome Cabin Sonny Boy |
| Sonny Boy | More on Sonny Boy and audio |
| Great Biography & Discography | The story of SBW II |
Super Fan Site
 


You Tube Videos:
Nine Below Zero  |  Your Funeral and My Trial



I'm A Lonely Man

 

R&B Top 10 Hit:

1955     Don´t Start Me Talking
More of His Very Best Songs:
1951     Eyesight To The Blind
1952     West Memphis Blues
1953     Mighty Long Time
1953     Gettin´ Out Of Town
1954     No Nights By Myself
1956     Keep It To Yourself
1956     The Key To Your Door
1957     Fattening Frogs For Snakes
1957     I Don´t Know
1957     Born Blind (Eyesight To The Blind)
1957     Ninety Nine
1958     Your Funeral And My Trial
1959     It´s Sad To Be Alone
1959     Cool Disposition
1959     The Goat
1959     I Never Do Wrong
1960     Checkin´ Up On My Baby
1960     Open Road
1960     Too Close Together
1961     Down Child
1962     Nine Below Zero
1963     Got To Move
            (Please Let Me Come Back Home)
1963     Help Me
1963     One Way Out
1964     (I Want You) Close To Me
1965     I Can´t Be Alone
1965     Bring It On Home
1965     Don´t Send Me No Flowers
   
  Sonny Boy's original Chess LPs


  The Charly Chess 4CDbox "The Chess Years" covering almost every recording done by SBW for Checker/Chess.  Charly's great 4CD-box

  Down And Out Blues - LP 1437 (1959)
  The Real Folk Blues (In Memorium) - LP 1503 (1965)
  More Real Folk Blues - LP 1509 (1966)
  Bummer Road - LP 1536 (1969)
  This Is My Story - 2LP 2CH50027 (1972)
  One Way Out - CHV 417  (1975)
  Sonny Boy Williamson - 2LP 2ACBM-206 (1976)
  Sonny Boy Williamson Vol 2 -  2LP CXMD 4012 (1976 UK)
  



Sonny Boy CDs featuring the Chess recordings (the last one - public domain - also some Trumpet tracks).


HOWLIN´ WOLF  "Howlin´ Wolf - His Best" on MCA/Chess 50th Anniversary Collection CHD 9375.
"The Mighty Wolf", "Big Foot", "John D" - Electrifying guitarist/harmonica player and Delta/Chicago blues singer, who modernized the pre-war country blues traditions of the Delta. Learned the guitar from Charley Patton and the harmonica from Sonny Boy II in Mississippi and Arkansas. Started his own band in West Memphis in 1948 - the Houserockers. Worked as a DJ and was introduced to record makers by Ike Turner in 1951. Recorded in Memphis for Sam Phillips (who leased the masters to Chess), and in West Memphis for the Bihari brothers (issued on RPM). Nowadays there is material enough for three full-packed CDs covering Wolf's early period - and a truly powerful one!. Moved to Chicago and Chess in 1953. Some famous members of his Chicago band of the ´50s and early ´60s: Willie Johnson,gtr (who also worked with him in Memphis/West Memphis); Hubert Sumlin, gtr; Hosea Lee Kennard and later Henry Grey and Johnny Jones,pno; and Earl Phillips and later S.P. Leary, dms (some blues fans even think Wolf's band was better than Waters').One of the Chess labels´ important blues legends´ "The Big Four" (Muddy, Wolf, Little Walter, and Sonny Boy). Born: Chester Arthur Burnett, June 10, 1910, White Station (4 miles northeast of West Point), Clay County, Miss. Died of cancer January 10, 1976, Hines VA hospital, Chicago, Illinois. First recordings: May 14, 1951 Baby Ride With Me (aka Ridin'  In The Moonlight) and How Many More Years - unissued at the time w. Sam Phillips, producer sent to Chess);  Memphis, Tenn same session or June, 1951 (audition acetate from Sam Phillips) Baby Ride With Me aka Riding In The Moonlight and How Many More Years (sent to RPM/Modern); Memphis July, 1951 Moanin´ At Midnight / How Many More Years - Chess 1479  - issued on August 15 (this session, produced by Phillips); and West Memphis September, 1951 Riding In The Moonlight / Morning At Midnight - RPM 333 (plus Dog Me Around and Keep What You Got - all four produced by Joe Bihari). First in Chicago: March, 1954 No Place To Go - Chess 1566. Records for: RPM and Chess 51-52, Chess 53-75.
Essential CDs: His Best - MCA/Chess CHD 9375 (20 great chronological tracks);
and His Best Vol. 2 - Chess 12026
or: The Chess Box (3CD) - MCA/Chess CHD3-9332
and: The Back Door Wolf - MCA/Chess CD CHD 9358 (his great last Chess sides prod by Ralph Bass).
Editor´s choise: The Complete Recordings 1951-1969 (7CD) - Charly RED Box 7

(including all 54 Chess/Phillips Memphis recordings)
and: Howling Wolf Sings The Blues (all the RPM-Modern-Crown recordings 1951-1952) - Ace CDCHM 1013
or its pre-issue Howling Wolf Rides Again - Ace CDCHD 333
For Collectors: Memphis Days: The Definitive Edition Vol 1 and Vol 2 - Bear Family BCD 15460 AH and 15500 AH
(40 of the Chess/Phillips tracks; also found on the first two volumes of "The Complete" above). Wolf''s Memphis recordings are simply terrific!
Reading: Moanin´ At Midnight - The Life and Times of Howlin´ Wolf by James Segrest & Mark Hoffman (Pantheon, 2004);
Chicago Breakdown by Mike Rowe (Edison Bluesbooks, 1973)
Google.com Search on Howlin' Wolf
Howlin' Wolf at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Howlin' Wolf
Wolf at The Blues Database
| HowlinWolf.com | (official)
| More about The Howlin´ Wolf |
| Photos |

 
R&B Top 10 Hits:
1951     Moanin´ At Midnight (as The Howlin´ Wolf)
1951     How Many More Years
1956     Smoke Stack Lightnin´
1956     I Asked For Water
Some of the Very Best Classics:
1951     Ridin´ In The Moonlight
            (as The Howling Wolf on RPM)
1952     House Rockin'  Boogie (Crown, 1961)
1952     Brownskin Woman (Crown)
1952     Bluebird
1952     Come Back Home
1954     Evil Is Going On
1954     Forty Four
1955     I´lll Be Around
1957     The Natchez Burnin´
1957     Tell Me
1957     Sittin´ On Top Of The World
1958     I´m Leaving You
1958     Howlin´ Blues (I´m Going Away)
1959     Howlin´ For My Darling
1960     Back Door Man
1960     Spoonful
1961     The Red Rooster
1961     Goin´ Down Slow
1961     I Ain´t Superstitious
1962     Tail Dragger
1963     Built For Comfort
1964     Killing Floor
1965     I Walked From Dallas
1973     Coon On The Moon
  
  Wolf's original Chess LPs

 
  Moanin' In The Moonlight - LP 1434
  Howlin'  Wolf ("Rocking Chair") - LP 1469
  The Real Folk Blues - LP 1502
  More Real Folk Blues - LP 1512
  Evil - LP 1540 (reissue of 1434)
  Change My Way - LP 418
  The Howlin'  Wolf Album - Cadet 319
  Message To The Young - LP 50002

  Live And Cookin'  - LP 50015
  The Back Door Wolf - LP 50045
  The London Sessions - LP 60008
  A.K.A. Chester Burnett  - 2LP 60016
    (reissued as LP 201)

  Chess Masters – 2LP CXMD 4004 (UK)
  Howlin'  Wolf, vol. 3 - 2LP 4014 (UK)
  Muddy Waters & Howlin'  Wolf:
    London Revisited - LP 60026
 

"Howling Wolf Sings the Blues" with 18 great Wolf t(Mem+his/West Memphis) tracks plus 2 Joe Hill Louis,Memphis Days vol 1 with 21 great tracks.Memphis Days vol 2 with 19 great tracks.A Proper introduction to Howlin'   Wolf - the Memphis Days on Proper CD.
Howling Wolf Sings The Blues - covering all his recordings for RPM/Modern
and three CDs of Howlin'  Wolfs Memphis Days for Sam Phillips (the Proper issue has 25 tracks).


ELMORE JAMES  "The Sky is Crying - The History of Elmore James" on Rhino R2 71190.
"King of Slide Guitar" - Guitarist/Delta blues singer and the most important slide guitar stylist and disciple of the legendary Robert Johnson. Toured with Sonny Boy II and Robert Jnr Lockwood in the Delta during the ´30s. Worked in Missisippi, Arkansas and came to Chicago in 1952. Debuted recording in Jackson, Miss 1951 and later was recorded by Ike Turner for the Biharis, (led by Joe Bihari, who also recorded him in the South, Chicago, L.A. and N.O.). Bad health kept Elmore from recording more than he did. His famous band were the Broom Dusters, featuring members of the legendary Tampa Red´s band: Little Johnny Jones, pno: J.T. Brown, sax; Odie Payne, dms. Joined Bobby Robinson's labels in 1959 (redording in Chicago, New York and Jackson, Miss. Born: Elmore Brooks (stepfather James), January 27, 1918, Richland, Miss. (near Canton). Died May 24, 1963, Chicago, Ill (heart attack). First recordings: Jackson, Miss August 1951 Dust My Broom - Trumpet 146; and Chicago, October 1952 I Believe / I Held My Baby Last Night - Meteor 5000. Records for: Meteor 1952, Checker 1953, Flair 53-56, Chief 1957, Chess 1960, Fire/Fury/Enjoy 59-63.
Essential CD: The Sky Is Crying - The History of... - Rhino R2 71190 (21 great tracks)
Editor´s choise: The Classic Early Recordings (3CD - the Modern years) - Ace ABOX 4
and: King of the Slide Guitar (4CD Chess-Fire 1952-1963) - Charly CD RED Box 4
For Collectors: Blues After Hours - Ace CDCHM 1043
(reissue of Crown LP plus bonus tracks)
Reading: The Amazing Secret History of Elmore James by Steve Franz (BlueSource Publ, 2003);
Record Makers and Breakers - Voices of the independent rock 'n' roll pioneers by John Broven (US 2009)
Google.com Search on Elmore James
Elmore James at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Elmore James
Elmore at The Blues Database
| More on Elmore | Elmore James Discography |
| More Elmore |

 
R&B Top 10 Hits:
1951     Dust My Broom (as Elmo James)
1953     I Believe
Other Important Gems:
1952     Please Find My Baby
1953     I Held My Baby Last Night
1953     Whose Muddy Shoes
1953     Hawaiian Boogie (instr)
1954     Make My Dreams Come True
1954     Sho´ Nuff I Do
1954     Sunnyland
1954     Standing At The Crossroads
1955     Late Hours At Midnight
1955     Blues Before Sunrise
1956     Long Tall Woman
1957     The Twelve Year Old Boy
1959     The Sky Is Crying (as Elmo James)
1960     Madison Blues
1960     Stormy Monday Blues
1960     Fine Little Mama
1961     Anna Lee
1961     Look On Yonder Wall
1961     Shake Your Moneymaker
1962     I Need You (Baby)
1963     Mean Mistreatin´ Mama
1963     It Hurts Me Too
1963     Something Inside (Of) Me

"Dark & Dreary" - an Italian 2CD featuring 56 of the RPM recordings (iuncluding alternates - you may find all of the tracks on the Ace3CD-set which has more recordings).
"Dark & Dreary"
2CD on Italian Universe.


LITTLE WALTER  "Little Walter - His Best" on MCA/Chess 50th Anniversary Collection CHD 9384.
"King of Harmonicas" - The most influental harmonica player and a successful Chicago Bar Blues singer and sometimes guitarist. Worked with Jimmy Rogers and Baby Face Leroy and joined Muddy Waters during the late ´40s. Arrived in Chicago in 1946 after stints in New Orleans and Helena, Arkansas. Started his own band in 1952 - the Night Cats - later famous as the Jukes, featuring brothers Louis and David Meyers, gtrs; and Fred Below, dms (who actually were Junior Wells´ "Little Muddy Waters" band). Was later accompanied by a.o. Robert Jnr. Lockwood and Luther Tucker, gtrs. Continued to back Muddy Waters on several occasions during the ´50s (especially on most of Muddy´s hit records). Inducted into thee Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2008. Born: Marion Walter Jacobs, May 1, 1930, Marksville, Louisiana (or 1928 or 1929 or poss. – but not likely - May 2, 1931). Raised in Alexandria, Louisiana. Died: February 15, 1968, Chicago, Ill. (injures from street fight, shot).
First recordings: Chicago 1947 I Just Keep Loving Her - Ora Nelle 711; Checker: May 12, 1952 Juke - Checker 758. Records for: Checker 52-66.

Walter's pre-"Juke"-recordings
Little Walter J - Chicago 1947
vcl/hca with Othum Brown and prob Jimmy Rogers, gtrs
711B   I Just Keep Loving Her  - Ora nelle 711/Chance 1116  (flip by Othum Brown)
711B   I Just Keep Loving Her (alt) - unissued
Sunny Land Slim  And Muddy Water - Little Walter vocal - Chicago,  May 14, 1949
vcl/hca with Sunnyland Slim,pno; Muddy Water(s),gtr; Leroy Foster, gtr; Elga Edmons,dms
1002A  Blue Baby - TempoTone 1002
1002B  I Want My Baby - Tempo Tone 1002
Little Walter Trio - Chicago January, 1950 (for Herald, also incl recordings by Foster)
vcl/hca-1/gtr with Muddy Waters and prob. Jimmy Rogers,gtrs; Leroy Foster,dms
H 511   Just Keep Loving Her -1 (for Herald) - Parkway 502/Herald 403
H 517   Moonshine Blues - Parkway 502
R1356  Muskadine Blues (aka Take A Little Walk With Me) - Regal 3296
R1357  Bad Acting Wman - Regal 3296
Muddy Waters - Chicago October 23, 1950
hca with Muddy Waters, gtr, Big Crawford,bs
U 7276  Evans Shuffle - Chess 1441 (flip by Muddy Waters)
Note: Walter also did several sessions as sideman for
Jimmy Rogers, Muddy Waters, Johnny Shines, Eddie Ware, and Floyd Jones
prior to his "Juke" recording.

Essential CDs: His Best - MCA/Chess CHD 9384 (20 great chronological tracks);
or:  Essential Little Walter (2CD) - MCA/Chess CHD2-9342
Editor´s choise: The Chess Years, 1952-1963 (4CD) - Charly CD RED Box 5
or more recently: The Complete Chess Masters (1950-1967) (5CD) - Hip-O Select 126360-2
For collectors: Blues with a Feeling (2CD with rare Chess) - MCA CHD2-9357
Reading: Blues with a feeling - The Little Walter Story by Tony Glover, Scott Dirks & Ward Gaines (Routledge, 2002)

| Updates on book |

  
Google.com Search on Little Walter
Little Walter at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Little Walter
Little Walter at The Blues Database
Little Walter Discography  |  Little Walter
| More on Little Walter | Little Walter story and audio |

  
R&B Top 10 Hits:
1952     Juke (instr)     8w
1952     Mean Old World
1952     Sad Hours (instr)
1953     Tell Me Mama
1953     Off The Wall (instr)
1953     Blues With A Feeling
1953     You´re So Fine
1954     Oh, Baby
1954     You Better Watch Yourself
1954     Last Night
1955     My Babe     5w
1955     Roller Coaster (instr)
1956     Who
1958     Key To The Highway
Other Best Of...
1948     Blue Baby
            (Sunnyland Slim & Muddy Water)
1950     Muskadine Blues
1951     Evan´s Shuffle (by Muddy Waters)
1952     Boogie (instr)
1952     Tonight With A Fool
1952     Driftin´
1952     That´s It (instr)
1953     Quarter To Twelve (instr)
1954     I Gotta Find My Baby
1954     Mellow Down Easy
1954     Big Leg Mama
1956     Hate To See You Go
1956     Just A Feeling
1957     Everybody Needs Someboday
1958     Everything´s Gonna Be Alright
1959     You´re Sweet
1960     Just Your Fool
1960     Blue Midnight (instr rec 1952)
1961     You Don´t Know
1963     Dead Presidents
    
  Little Walter's Original Chess LPs

 
 
"The Best of Little Walter, vol 2. - issued in the ealrly 1980s).
 
  The Best of - Chess LP 1428 / Checker 3004 (1958)
  Hate To See You Go - LP 1535 (1969)

  Boss Blues Harmonica - 2LP 60014  (1972)
    (reissued as 2LP 202, 1976)
  Confessin'  The Blues - LP 416  (1975)
  Little Walter Vol 2 - 2LP 4011 (1976 UK)
  The Best of, vol. 2 - MCA/Chess  LP 9292
(1986)
 

JIMMY REED  "The Very Best of Jimmy Reed" on Rhino BluesMasters R2 79802.
"Boss Man of the Blues" - "Cousin Peaches". Popular and distinctive guitarist/harmonica player and Chicago blues singer in the Down South Louisiana/Mississippi "swamp" style. Came to Chicago from Mississippi in 1948 (after having lived in Chicago before the war and returned to Leland after military services), and settled in Gary, Indiana in 1949. Worked with San Francisco as base from 1970. Especially worked with Eddie Taylor, Lefty Bates and later Phil Upchurch and Wayne Bennett, gtrs; Earl Phillips and later Al Duncan,dms in Chicago. Was Vivian Bracken-Carter´s (of VeeJay) most consistent act, produced by Jimmy Bracken and Calvin Carter and later by manager Al Smith. Became the most successful of the blues singers during the late ´50s and early ´60s. Born: Mathis James Reed, September 6, 1925, Dunleith, Miss. (near Leland). Died from epileptic seizure August 29, 1976, Oakland, Calif. First recordings: as hca-playing sideman (with Eddie Taylor) on John Brim's Gary Stomp (instrumental)/Tough Times - Parrot (1953); himself: Chicago June 6, 1953 High And Lonesome / Roll And Rhumba - Chance 1142/VeeJay 100. Records for: VeeJay 53-65, Bluesway 66-68, Bluestime 69-70.
Essential CD: Blues Masters/The Very Best of... - Rhino R2 79802   (17 great tracks);
or: Best of the Vee-Jay Years - Shout!Factory 8266631063
or: Boss Man (2CD) - Recall (UK) SMCD 232 (36 great Vee-Jay tracks in chronoorder)
Editor´s choise: The Vee-Jay Years (6CD 1953-1965) - Charly CD RED Box 9
For Collectors:
Jimmy Reed at Carnegie Hall - Shout!Factory (Vee-Jay) VF 826663-10645)
Reading:
 Big Boss Man - The Life and Music of Bluesman Jimmy Reed by Will Romano (Backbeat, US 2006)
Google.com Search on Jimmy Reed
Jimmy Reed at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Jimmy Reed
JImmy Reed at The Blues Database
JImmy Reed Singles  at Soulful Kinda Music
| Jimmy Reed |

 
R&B Top 10 Hits:
1954     You Don´t Have To Go
1955     Ain´t That Lovin´ You Baby
1956     Can´t Stand To See You Go
1956     You Got Me Dizzy
1957     Little Rain
1957     Honest I Do
1958     I´m Gonna Get My Baby
1959     Baby What You Want Me To Do
1961     Bright Lights Big City
More for Your Enjoy:
1953     High And Lonesome
1955     I Don´t Go For That
1958     Goin´ To New York
1959     Take Out Some Insurance
1959     Hush Hush
1960     Big Boss Man
1961     What´s Wrong Baby (Baby What´s Wrong)
1962     Too Much
1962     Down In Mississippi
1963     I´ll Change My Style
1963     Shame Shame Shame
1964     Wear Something Green
1964     I´m Going Upside Your Head
1965     I´m The Man Down There
1966     Crazy ´Bout Oklahoma
1968     Down In Virginia

  

"Boss Man" 2 CD on Recall.

Jimmy's original Vee-Jay albums:
1004 - I'm Jimmy Reed (1957)
1008 - Rockin' With Reed (1958
1022 - Found Love (1959)
1025 - Now Appearing (1960)
1035 - At Carnegie Hall (1961)
1039 - The Best Of (1961)
1050 - Just Jimmy Reed (1962)
1067 - T' Ain't No Big Thing (1963)
1072 - Sings The Best of The Blues (1963)
1073 - Plays 12 String Guitar Blues (1963)
1080 - The Bossman of The Blues  with More of the Best (1963)
1095 - At Soul City (1964)
8501 - The Legend, The Man (1965)
7303 - Blues Is My Business (1976)
705 - Speak the Lyrics to Me, Mama Reed (1993)

 
  Listen to Jimmy's great original Vee-Jay albums!
   (12 great LPs, mostly in full-length audios - ctsy Vee-Jay Records)
  

LOUIS JORDAN
"King of the Juke Box" - Altosaxophonist and East Coast jazz/blues jive styled singer and a dean of jump blues linking pre-war jazz bands with post-war R&B combos with his Tympany Five (who almost never where just five - more like seven) - and holding the Billboard´s Race/R&B charts´ #1 spot for a total of 101 weeks between 1942 and 1950. Jordan was innovative and extremely popular during the war years and the birth of R&B. The later famous Bill Doggett arranged and played piano on several Jordan songs. Worked in Arkansas and came to Philadelphia in 1930. Arrived in New York 1936. Born: July 8, 1908, Brinkley, Ark. Died of heart attack February 4, 1975, Los Angeles, Calif. First recordings: with the Jungle band for Brunswick in 1929; with Clarence Williams in New York early ´30s; with Chick Webb 1936-38; for Decca 1938 with his own band - first hit after 30 issues in 1942 Knock Me A Kiss/ I´m Gonna Move To The Outskirts Of Town - Decca 8593. Records for: Decca 38-54, Aladdin 54, Vik 55-56, Mercury 56-58,Tangerine 62-65, Pzazz 68-69..
Essential CD: Five Guys Named Moe: 1942-1952 - MCA MACD 10503.
CDs for Collectors: Jivin´ With Jordan (4CD) - Properbox 47 (102 great tracks 1938-1951)
or: Louis Jordan ans his Tympany Five (5CD) - JSP 905 (130 tracks)  check it
or  Let The Good Times Roll: The Complete Decca (8CD+1LP 1938-1954) - Bear Family BCD 15557 IH
also: Rock ´N´Roll - Mercury 838219-2
Reading: Let The Good Times Roll - The Story of Louis Jordan & His Music by John Chilton (US, 1994)
Google.com Search on Louis Jordan
Louis Jordan at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Louis Jordan
Jordan at The Blues Database

| Louis Jordan web site |
official

  R&B # 1 Hits (of his 54 Top Tens):
1943   What´s The Use Getting Sober  1w
1944   Ration Blues 1w
1944   G.I. Jive 1w
1945   Mop Mop 1w
1945   Caldonia Boogie (aka Caldonia) 7w
1946   Buzz Me 9w
1946   Don´t Worry ´Bout That Mule 1w
1946   Stone Cold Dead In The Market 5w
1946   Choo Choo Ch´Boogie 18w
1946   Ain´t That Just Like A Woman 2w
1947   Ain´t Nobody Here But Us Chickens 17w
1947   Texas And Pacific 2w
1947   Jack, You´re Dead 7w
1947   Boogie Woogie Blue Plate 14w
1948   Run, Joe 2w
1949   Beans And Corn Bread 1w
1949   Saturday Night Fish Fry 12w
1950   Blue Light Boogie 7w
Some Other Classics:
1943   Five Guys Named Moe
1945   Salt Pork, West Virginia
1946   Beware
1946   Let The Good Times Roll
1947   Open The Door, Richard
1948   Barnyard Boogie
1949   Baby It´s Cold Outside (with Ella Fitzgerald)
1951   How Blue Can You Get
1956   Beware Brother Beware
1957   Got My Mojo Working

BUDDY JOHNSON Pianist and bandleader Buddy Johnson.
"The Walk ´Em Rhythm Man" - Qualitative and popular band-leader at the Savoy Ballroom, vocalist and great composer. Started to play the piano at age of four. Came to New York in 1938 and formed a 16-pice big band (which lasted longer then all the other swing bands - Johnson toured one-nighters with his orchestra into 1964 (although in later years the band was not that large anymore). Went with the Cotton Club Revue to Europe. Sister Ella Johnson (born June 22, 1923 and a truly great vocalist - hailed by critics as the equal of Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald -, who sang on most of Johnson's hits; died in February, 2004) joined the band in 1940. Balladeer Arthur Prysock joined in late 1943 and Buddy also had a vocal group on his revue called The Bee Jays. Born: Woodrow Wilson Johnson January 10, 1915 in Darlington, South Carolina. Died of brain tumor (cancer) - after serveral years of being a minister- on February 9, 1977. First recordings: New York November, 1939 with The Mack Sisters Jammin' in Georgia / Stop Pretending on Decca 7864. Records for: Decca 1949-1952, Mercury 1953-1958, Roulette 1958 and later Old Town.
Essential CD: Walk ' Em - Ace CDHCD 623 (with 24 great Decca recordings 1940-1952).
For Collectors: Buddy & Ella Johnson 1953 - 1964 (4CD) on Bear Family BCD 15479-DH (all Mercury and post-Mercury recordings).
Google.com Search on Buddy Johnson | Buddy & Ella
Buddy Johnson at Wikipedia (not yet)
All music guide. on Buddy Johnson
Buddy at The Blues Database
| More on Buddy |

   R&B Top 10 Hits:
1943   Let's Beat Out Some Love
1943   Baby Don't You Cry
1944   When My Man Comes Home   1w
1945   That’s The Stuff You Gotta Watch
1946   They All Say I'm The Biggest Fool
1950   Because, Pts 1 & 2
1953   Hittin' On Me
1954   I'm Just Your Fool
1956   Bring It Home To Me
More Super-Greats:
1941   Boogie Woogie's Mother-in-Law
1941   Please Mr. Johnson
1944   Fine Brown Frame
1945   Walk 'Em
1946   Since I Fell For You
1955   Bitter Sweet
1957   Rock On

T-BONE WALKER  "The Very Best of T-Bone Walker" on Rhino CD.
"The Blues Guitar Wizard" - Texas "territory band" influenced guitarist and blues singer. A true giant of blues - legendary - and creator of modern blues. Pioneer in developing the electric guitar sound. Inspirer of the modern exponents of "industrial guitar blues sounds". Toured with medicine shows - dancing and playing banjo - during the ´20s. Worked with Cab Calloway and Milt Larkin during the ´30s. Worked in Oklahoma and in the ´40s in California, Detroit and Chicago, and settled in Los Angeles. Some of his important backing musicians: Bumps Meyers, tenor sax; Willard McDaniel, pno; Oscar Lee Bradley, dms. Was produced by the legendary Ralph Bass (for Black & White - the masters soon bought by Capitol) and later by arranger - tenor saxophonist Maxwell Davis (for Imperial), and Nesuhi Ertegun (for Atlantic). Had severe problems with his stomach from the ´50s on and sometimes inactive. The Earl Hines/Billy Eckstine recording of "Stormy Mnday Blues" of 1942 is a complete different song than T-Bones's "Call It Stormy Monday". Born: Aaron Thibeaux Walker, May 28, 1910, Linden,Texas. Died of pneumonia March 16, 1975, Los Angeles, California. First recordings: Dallas, Texas December 5, 1929 as Oak Cliff T-Bone Wichita Falls Blues / Trinity River Blues; Los Angeles with Les Hite Orch c:a June, 1940 T-Bone Blues - Varsity 8391; Hollywood with Freddie Slack, pno July 20, 1942 Mean Old World / I Got A Break Baby - Capitol; Chicago October 10, 1944 Sail On Boogie / Im´ Still In Love With You - Rhumboogie 4000. Records for: Black & White 46-48, Comet/Capitol 1949, Imperial 50-54, Atlantic 55-59, Bluesway 67-68.
Essential CD: Blues Masters: The Very Best of.. - Rhino R 2 79894 or:
You’re My Best Poker Hand – The Essential Selection (3CD) – Fantastic VoyageFVTD099 (featuring a.o. Capitol/Imperial/Atlantic - issued 2011)
Editor´s choises: The Complete Capitol/Black & White Recordings (3CD) - Capitol 829379-2;
The Complete Imperial Recordings (2CD) - EMI CDP7 96737-2;
T-Bone Blues - Atlantic 8020-2;
The Chronological T-Bone Walker 1929-1946 - Classics 5007.
For Collectors: The Original Source (4CD) - Properbox 38
(90 great early tracks with a 44 page booklet)
Stormy Monday Blues - the essential collection - Spectrum/MCA HMNCD 039 (the Bluesway sessions)
Reading: Stormy Monday - the T-Bone Walker Story by Helen Oakley Dance (Da Capo, 1987)
Google.com Search on T-Bone Walker
T-Bone Walker at Wikipedia
All music guide.on T-Bone Walker
T-Bone at The Blues Database
| More on T-Bone Walker | Even more on T-Bone |
T-Bone Discography 1929 - 1951 (from Properbox)

     R&B Top 10 Hits:
1946     Bobby Sox Baby (Blues)
"The Complete Recordings of T-Bone Walker 1940 - 1954" (6CD-set on Mosaic Records with all of T-Bone's recordings (incl the alternates - mostly from Black & White/Capitol and Imperial).
1948     Call It Stormy Monday (But Tuesday Is Just As Bad)
1948     Long Skirt Baby Blues
1948     I´m Waiting For Your Call
1948     West Side Baby
1949     T-Bone Shuffle
Other Essential Songs (The Very Best):
1940     T-Bone Blues (with Les Hite)
1942     Mean Old World (with Freddie Slack)
1944     I´m Still In Love With You
1945     T-Bone Boogie
1946     I´m In An Awful Mood
1947     T-Bone Jumps Again (instr)
1948     That´s Better For Me
1949     Hypin´ Woman Blues
1949     I Wish You Were Mine (LP 1963)
1949     Plain Ole Down Home Blues"The Original Source" - a 4CD set on Proper Box (90 tracks)- simply great, featuring T-Bone in chronological order 1929 - 1951.
1949     I Want A Little Girl
1950     Strollin´ With Bone (instr)
1950     Travelin´ Blues
1951     Welcome Blues
1951     Cold Cold Feeling
1951     I Got The Blues Again
1952     Street Walkin´ Woman
1952     Blue Mood
1953     My Baby Is Now On My Mind
1954     Bye Bye Baby
1954     Pony Tail
1954     Strugglin´ Blues
1955     Papa Ain´t Salty
1955     T-Bone Blues (Atlantic)
1956     Blues For Marili (instr)
1957     Evenin´
1959     Two Bones And A Pick (instr)
1966     Takes A Lot Of Know-How
1968     Goin´ To Funky Town (instr)
 

The first of several T-Bone Walker chronological CDs on Classics: T-Bone Walker 1929-1946, featuring T-Bones first 23 recordings."The Complete Capitol/Black & White Recordings" (1940-1949) on Capitol 3CD-set (75 tracks including alternates)."The Complete Imperial Recordings, 1950-1954" on Imperial/EMI 2-set CD - 52 tracks."T-Bone Blues" - the complete Atlantic Recordings 1955-1957 (originally issued in 1959) on Atlantic with 15 great tracks.


CHARLES BROWN
"The Blues Crooner" - Pianist/singer and foremost exponent of West Coast Texas influenced Club Blues. Worked in Baytown (Texas), Arkansas and San Francisco and settled in Los Angeles in 1943. Joined Johnny Moore´s Three Blazers as lead vocalist in 1944, who capitalized on Nat Cole Trio´s successes. Turned solo in late 1948. Highly active up to his death. Born: September 13, 1922 (not 1920), Texas City, Texas; died January 21, 1999. First recordings: Los Angeles 1944 as pianist with Johnny Moore´s Three Blazers featuring Frankie Laine for Atlas; and in March 1945 with Moore Johnny´s Boogie / You Taught Me To Love You - Exclusive 205 (Brown vocal on the B-side); first record as solo artist: L.A. November 11, 1948 Get Yourself Another Fool - Aladdin 3020. Recordings for: Exclusive (with Johnnny Moore), 45-48, Modern 46. Solo: Aladdin 48-56, Ace 59-60, King 60-68, Bluesway 1969.
Essential CD: Driftin´ Blues - The Best of.. - EMI CDP7-97989-2
or: Hard Times & Cool Blues - Sequal NEXCD 133

For Collectors - with Johnny Moore´s Three Blazers: Drifting & Dreaming - Ace CDCHD 589
Reading:
Blue Rhythms - Six Lives in Rhythm and Blues by Chip Deffaa (US 1996)
The Real Rhythm and Blues by Hugh Gregory (Blandford, 1998)
Google.com Search on Charles Brown
Charles Brown at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Charles Brown
Charles Brown at The Blues Database
| More Charles Brown |

   Important Hits with
Johnny Moore´s Three Blazers:
1946   Drifting Blues
1946   Sunny Road
1947   New Orleans Blues
1947   Merry Christmas Baby
R&B Top 10 Hits (solo):
1949   Get Yourself Another Fool
1949   Long Time
1949   Trouble Blues   15w
1949   In The Evening When The Sun Goes Down
1949   Homesick Blues
1950   My Baby´s Gone
1951   Black Night   14w
1951   I´ll Always Be In Love With You
1951   Seven Long Days
1952   Hard Times
More Yum-Yum:
1955   My Heart Is Mended
1955   Fools Paradise

1959   I Want To Go Home (with Amos Milburn)
1968   Merry Christmas Baby

JOE TURNER
"Big Joe" - "The Boss of the Blues" - Jazz/blues singer - the original and ultimate Blues Shouter with roots in Kansas City and an important link between R&B and R&R. Moved to L.A. in 1941. Recorded in Kansas, New York, L.A., Texas, and N.O. Made his debut with pianist Pete Johnson, with whom he worked during several terms, and later worked with several band constellations. Was on the decline when Atlantic´s Herb Abramson (who had produced him for National) "picked him up" and re-introduced him with Harry Van Walls billed at the piano. Several mid ´50s records billed as Joe Turner & His Blues Kings (using legendary N.O., Chicago and N.Y. jazz and blues musicians). Is considered a true Giant Blues Singer. Billed "Big Joe Turner" on several LPs. Born: Joe Vernone Turner May 18, 1911, Kansas City. Died of heart attack November 24, 1985, Inglewood, Calif. First recordings: Live at Carnegie Hall, NYC December 23, 1938 It´s All Right Baby (aka Roll ´Em Pete) / Low Down Dog - issued on Vanguard in 1959. N.Y. December 30, 1938 Roll ´Em Pete / Goin´ Away Blues - Vocalion 4607; June 30, 1939 Cherry Red Vocalion 4997; first post-war rec N.Y. February 1945 S.K. Blues - National 9010. Records for: Vocalion 1939, Decca 40-44, National 45-47, Aladdin 1947, Freedom 49-50, Imperial 1949, Atlantic 51-62, Bluesway 1967, Kent 1970.

Essential CD: Big, Bad & Blue-The Big Joe Turner Anthology (3CD) - Rhino R2 71550
or: The Definitive Blues Collection (2CD) - Rhino 122748
For Collectors
: All The Classic Hits 1938-1952 (5CDbox) - JSP 7709
or The Essential '40s Collection (2CD) - Acrobat ADDCD 3069
or Rocks - Bear Family BCD 17215 AR
Reading: Honkers and Shouters - The Golden Years of Rhythm & Blues by Arnold Shaw (Collier Books, US 1978)

Google.com Search on Joe Turner
Big Joe Turner at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Joe Turner
Big Joe at The Blues Database
| More on Big Joe |
Joe Turner Singles Discography at Soulful Kinda Music
  

Two original Atlantic LPs on one Collectables CD.
 

     R&B Top 10 Hits:
1946     My Gal´s A Jockey
1950     Still In The Dark
1951     Chains Of Love
1952     The Chill Is On
1952     Sweet SixteenBig Joe´s 2CD-set on Rhino with 30 chronological tracks (The Definitive Blues Collection).
1952     Don´t You Cry
1953     Honey Hush    8w
1953     T.V. Mama
1954     Shake, Rattle And Roll    3w
1954     Well All Right
1954     Flip, Flop And Fly
1955     Hide And Seek
1956     Corrine Corrina
1956     Morning, Noon And Night
1956     The Chicken & The Hawk
1956     Lipstick Powder And Paint
Other Essential Songs:
1938     It´s All Right Baby (with Pete Johnson)
1939     Cherry Red (with Pete Johnson)
1940     Piney Brown Blues
1941     Blues On Central Avenue
1944     Rebecca
1945     Johnson & Turner Blues
1947     (New) Wee Baby Blues
1948     Tell Me Pretty Baby
1949     Blues Jumped A Rabbit
1953     Married Woman
1954     You Know I Love You
1954     In The Evening
1956     Roll ´Em Pete
1957     Feeling Happy
1957     Red Sails In The Sunset
1958     (I´m Gonna) Jump For Joy

WYNONIE HARRIS
"Mr. Blues" - Blues shouter and risqué styled lady-killer and self-taught some-times drummer. Worked as dancer and comedian. Hired by Lucky Millinder in 1944. Was semi-retired during 1953 - 1960, but regarded as a true R&B pioneer. Born: August 24, 1915, Omaha, Nebr. Died of cancer June 14, 1969, Los Angeles, Calif. Worked in Omaha, Kansas City, arrived in Los Angeles 1941 and also worked in New York - back to Los Angeles in 1945, and came back to New York in 1947. First recordings: NYC early 1945 with Lucky Millinder Who Threw The Whiskey In The Well /Hurry Hurry - Decca 18674; Los Angeles July 1945 with Johnny Otis Around The Clock Blues - Philo/Aladdin 103; L.A. August 2, 1945 with Illinois Jacquet Wynonie´s Blues - Apollo 362. Records for: Apollo 1945, Aladdin 46-47, King 47-57.
Essential CD: Bloodshot Eyes: The Best of.. - Rhino R2 71455
or: Jukebox Hits 1946-1954 - Acrobat ADMCD4315
For Collectors: Rockin' The Blues (4CD) - Properbox 20 (81 tracks 1944-1950)
Reading: Rock Mr. Blues - The Life and Music of Wynonie Harris by Tony Carlins (Big Nickel, 1995)
Google.com Search on Wynonie Harris
Wynonie Harris at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Wynonie Harris
Wynonie at The Blues Database

     R&B Top 10 Hits:
1945   Who Threw The Whiskey In The Well
          (with Lucky Millinder)    8w
1945   Around The Clock Blues  (with Johnny Otis All Stars)
1946   Wynonie´s Blues (with Illinois Jacquet)
1946   Playful Baby
1948   Good Rockin´ Tonight   1w
1948   Lolly Pop Mama
1949   Grandma Plays The Numbers
1949   I Fell That Old Age Coming On
1949   Drinkin´ Wine Spo-Dee-O-Dee
1949   All She Wants To Do Is Rock   2w
1949   I Want My Fanny Brown
1950   Sittin´ On It All The Time
1950   I Like My Baby´s Pudding
1950   Good Morning Judge
1950   Oh Babe!
1951   Bloodshot Eyes
1952   Lovin´ Machine

AMOS MILBURN
With roots in Texas, Navy services between 1942-45, Milburn became a West Coast R&B pioneer - pianist/singer - linking club and dance hall blues styles, with arrangements by Maxwell Davis, featured on tenor sax. First worked in Houston and came to Los Angeles in 1945. Was labeled "with His Aladdin Chicken Shackers" during the peak of his career and had several classic "drinking" hits. Highly popular during the early years of R&B and was faithful to Eddie Mesner´s Aladdin Records for a long period. Worked with Charles Brown during their declining years in the late ´50s. Suffered his first stroke in 1970. Born: April 1, 1927, Houston, Texas. Died of stroke January 3, 1980, Houston, Texas. First recordings: L.A., California September 12, 1946 After Midnight/ Amos´ Blues - Aladdin 159. Records for: Aladdin 46-57, King 60-61, Motown 62-64.
Essential CD: Down The Road Apiece (Aladdin) - EMI 827229-2
or: Blues & Boogie: His Greatest Hits (Aladdin) - Sequel NEX CD 132
or: Amos Milburn Rocks - Bear Family BCD 16926 AR
CD For Collectors: The Chicken Shack Boogie Man (2CD) - Proper PVCD102 (1946-1951)
or: One Scotch, One Bourbon, One Beer (4CD anth) - EMI TOCP7 2585-88
or: Blues, Barrelhouse and Boogie Woogie 1946 - 55 (3CD) - Capitol CDP 36879
Google.com Search on Amos Milburn
Amos Milburn at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Amos Milburn
Milburn at The Blues Database

     R&B Top 10 Hits:
1948  Chicken-Shack Boogie 5w
1948  It Took A Long, LongTime
1948  Bewildered 3w
1949  A&M Blues
1949  Hold Me, Baby
1949  In The Middle Of The Night
1949  Roomin´ House Boogie 2w
1949  Empty Arms Blues
1949  Let´s Make Christmas Merry, Baby
1949  Real Pretty Mama Blues
1950  Walking Blues
1950  Sax Shack Boogie
1951  Bad, Bad Whiskey   3w
1951  Let´s Rock A While
1951  Tears, Tears, Tears
1952  Thinking And Drinking
1953  Let´s Have A Party
1953  Let Me Go Home Whiskey
1953  One Scotch, One Bourbon, One Beer
1954  Good Good Whiskey
More Memorable Songs:
1946  After Midnight
1947  Down The Road Apiece
1947  Amos Boogie Woogie
1955  House Party (Tonight)
1956  Every Day Of The Week

JOHNNY OTIS
"Godfather of R&B"- Bandleader/ drummer / vibraphonist (and sometimes singer) and one of the most important figures of pioneer R&B - with roots in the Kansas City / Omaha tradition, inspired by Lionel Hampton. Worked with several early LA artists, like Charles Brown (and played drums on his famous "Driftin´ Blues" in 1946), Wynonie Harris, Joe Swift et co. Co-owner of L.A. blues clubs "The Barrelhouse" and later "The Oasis". Johnny changed from playing drums to vibes after an accident in 1949. The Johnny Otis Rhythm & Blues Caravan / Revue / Show skyrocketed many original R&B stars: the Robins, Little Esther, Marie Adams; and included several top musicians: Pete "Guitar" Lewis and later Jimmy Nolen, gtr; Devonia "Lady Dee" Williams, pno; and Leard Bell, dms. Was billed on records as Johnny Otis, His Drums & Orchestra during the early years for Leon and Otis René (Excelsior often with a big band) and as Johnny Otis Quintette - sometimes Orchestra - (with Ralph Bass as producer for Savoy) during the early ´50s. When the quintet was enlarged to a small orchestra it also included several talents of L.A´s horns and accompanied early Etta James, Big Mama Thornton, Little Esther again, Johnny Ace and Little Richard a.o. Born: John Veliotes (Caucasian, Greek parents), December 28, 1921, Vallejo, Calif. Died in Altadena, California January 17, 2012. First recordings: Los Angeles July 1945 as drummer with Wynonie Harris Around The Clock Blues - Philo/Aladdin 103 and September 13, 1945 My Baby´s Business with Jimmy Rushing, and Harlem Nocturne - Excelsior 141 and 142. Records for: Excelsior 45-48, Modern 1949, Savoy 49-51, Mercury 51-52, Peacock 52-55, Dig 56-57, Capitol 57-59, King 61-62, Kent 1968.
Essential CD: The Johnny Otis Rhythm & Blues Caravan (3CD) - Savoy/Atlantic 92859-2 (reissued on Savoy Jazz CD 17059)
and  The Chronological 1945-1947  - Classics (21 tracks) plus The Chronological 1949-1950 - Classics 5067
For Collectors: Midnight At The Barrelhouse (5CD) - JSP 7713 (featuring the Otis Congregation 1945-1951)
Special Little Esther CD: Early Hits 2949-1954 (2CD) JSP 4223
Reading: Midnight at the Barrelhouse - The Johnny Otis Story by George Lipsitz (US 2010)
and Upside Your Head! - Rhythm & Blues on Central Avenue by Johnny Otis (US, 1993)
Google.com Search on Johnny Otis
Johnny Otis at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Johnny Otis
Johnny Otis at The Blues Database
| Johnny Otis World | (official)

   R&B Top 10 Hits:
1950     Double Crossing Blues    9w     (with Little Esther & the Robins)
1951     Mistrustin´ Blues     4w     (w Little Esther & Mel Walker)
1950     Misery     (w Little Esther)
1950     Cry Baby     (w Mel Walker)
1950     Cupid(´s) Boogie     1w      (w Esther-Walker)
1950     Deceivin´ Blues     (w Esther-Walker)
1950     Dreamin´ Blues     (w Mel Walker)
1950     Weddin´ Boogie    (w Esther-Walker)
1950     Faraway Blues (Christmas Blues)    (w Esther-Walker)
1951     Rockin´ Blues     (w Mel Walker)
1951     Mambo Boogie
1951     Gee Baby     (w Mel Walker)
1951     All Nite Long  (Otis and band vocal)
1952     Sunset To Dawn     (w Mel Walker)
1952     Call Operator 210     (w Mel Walker)
1959     Willie And The Hand Jive     (Otis, vocal)
Other Golden Ones:
1945     My Baby´s Business    (with Jimmy Rushing)
1945     Harlem Nocturne
1946     Omaha Flash
1947     Good Boogdie Googie    (with George Washington)
1948     Midnight In The Barrelhouse    (feat Guitar Lewis)
1948     Alimony Boogie     (with Cathy Cooper)
1948     The Jelly Roll     (with Lem Tally)
1948     Alligator Meat    (with Joe Swift)
1949     Thursday Night Blues
1949     Boogie Guitar     (feat Guitar Lewis)
1949     Get Together Blues (with "Little" Esther Jones)
1949     I´m Not Falling In Love With You    (with Devonia Williams)
1950     The Turkey Hop    (with The Robins)
1952     Doggin´ Blues     (with Linda Hopkins)
1956     The Midnight Creeper     (feat Jimmy Nolen)
1957     Ma He´s Making Eyes At Me    (with Marie Adams)
 
    
Johnny Otis Pre-Savoy Years
- only Excelsior (Otis Rene) and Modern (Joe Bihari) issues listed.
All recorded in Los Angeles, California.

Johnny Otis, His Drums & Orchestra

Sept 13, 1945

(Teddy Buckner, Billy Jones, Loyal Walker, Harry Parr Jones,tpts: Henry Coker, Eli Robinson, John Pettigrew, Jap Jones, tbns; Rene Bloch, Bob Harris, Paul Quinichette, James Von Streeter, Leon Back, reeds; Bill Doggett,pno; Bernie Cobbs, gtr; Curtis Counce,bs; Johnny Otis, dms; Jimmy Rushing, vcls-1)
Excelsior 141  My Baby´s Business -1 b/w Preston´s Love Mansion
Excelsior 142  Jimmy´s Round-the-clock blues -1 b/w Harlem Nocturne
ca Febr 1946

(Lester Current, Loyal Walker, Eddie preston, Billy Jones,tpt: John pettigrew, Jap Jones, Sonny Durham-152, George Washington, tbns; Kent Pope, Bob Harris, Paul Quinichette, James Von Streeter, Leon Beck,reeds; Gene Gilbeaux,pno-152, Henry Owens,pno; Bernie Cobbs, gtr; Curtis Counce,bs; Johnny Otis,dms)
Excelsior 152  Omaha Flash b/w Jeff-Hi Stomp
Excelsior 156  Miss Mitchell b/w Ultra-Violet
Excelsior 157  Sgt Barksdale Pt. 1 & Pt. 2
Johnny Otis & His Orchestra (or Johny Otis Orchestra)
ca Dec
1946
(Eddie Preston, Walter Williams, Lester Current, Billy Jones, tpts; John Pettigrew, Herb Mullins, George Washington,tbns; Preston Love, Buddy Colette, Paul Quinichette, James Von Streeter, Lemuel Tally,reeds, Lee Wesley Jones,pno; Bernie Cobbs,gtr; Joe Comfort,bs; Johnny Otis,dms; Washington, vcls-1)
Excelsior 518  Love´s Nocturne b/w Good Boogide Googie -1
Excelsior 519  My Old Flame b/w La Bohéme And Beans
Late 1947 or poss. early 1948

(John Anderson,tpt; George Washington,tbn; Big JayMcNeely,tensax; Lemuel Tally,barsax; "Darby Hicks" (prob. Devonia Williams),pno; Pete Lewis,gtr-5, Mario Delagarde, bs; Johnny Otis,dms; Cathy Cooper,vcls-1; Bardu Ali, vcls-2; Lemuel Tally,vcls-3; "Darby Hicks" vcls-4; The Four Bluebirds, vcls-6)
Excelsior 536  Midnight In The
Barrelhouse -5  b/w Barrelhouse Stomp
Excelsior 536  Happy New Year Baby -1,3  b/w Barrelhouse Stomp   (reissue)
Excelsior 537  Alimony Boogie -1,3  b/w  Hog Jaws
Excelsior 540  My Baby Done Told Me -6  b/w  Court Room Blues -3,4
Excelsior 541  The Jelly Roll -3  b/w  Pay Day Blues -1,2
August, 1949

(orchestration similar to above featuring Pete Lewis and Devonia Williams plus reeds and brass; no vibes; "Little" Esther Jones,vcls-1)
Modern 20-715  I Gotta Guy -1  b/w  Thursday Night Blues
Modern 20-748  Mean Old Gal -1  b/w  Good Ole Blues

Listen to "Little Esther"
Check "Midnight at the Barrelhouse" 5CD -set
(on JSP label)


RUTH BROWN
"Miss Rhythm" - Original blues & rhythm thrush and a regular chart-topper establishing Atlantic Records as the most important R&B label of the ´50s. Started out in Virginia and later worked in Detroit. Sang for a month with Lucky Millinder in 1946 and was later spotted by Duke Ellington, who in Washington, DC presented her to Herb Abramson and Ahmet Ertegun of Atlantic. Was hospitalized several months (after a car accident) until she was able to debut her recording career. Was directed on several early recordings by saxophonist Budd Johnson and closely worked with Willis Jackson (to whom she was married for a while) - and with arranger Jesse Stone at Atlantic. Was billed with Her Rhythmakers on several mid ´50s records. Had acting roles in TV shows in later years, and several Broadway and Las Vegas musicals, also acted in movies. Born: Ruth Alston Weston January 12 (not 30), 1928, Portsmouth,Virginia. First marriage to Texas Johnny Brown mid ´40s. Ruth died in a Henderson, Nevada hospital on November 17, 2006 (after a heart attack and stroke). First recordings: New York City April 6, 1949 Rain Is A Bringdown (uniss at the time) and May 25, 1949 It´s Raining / So Long - Atlantic 879. Records for: Atlantic 49-61, Philips 61-62, Decca 1964, Solid State 68-69, Fantasy 1980-.
Essential CD: The Definitive Soul Collection (2CD) - Rhino
122684  or: The Essentials - Rhino R2 76162
or: Rockin´ In Rhythm-The Best of... - Rhino RHCD 2-72450
Editor´s choises: Miss Rhythm-Greatest Hits and More (2CD) - Atlantic 7 82061-2
and: The Chronological Ruth Brown 1949-1950 - Classics 5003
Reading: Miss Rhythm - The Autobiography of Ruth Brown by Ruth Brown with Andrew Yule (US, 1996)
Blue Rhythms - Six Lives in Rhythm and Blues by Chip Deffaa (US 1996)
Google.com Search on Ruth Brown
Ruth Brown at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Ruth Brown
Ruth Brown at The Blues Database
| Ruth Brown |
Ruth at Wikipedia |
Ruth Brown Singles   at Soulful Kinda Music

    R&B Top 10 Hits:
1949     So Long
1950     Teardrops From My Eyes    11w
1951     I´ll Wait For You
1951     I Know
1952     5-10-15 Hours   7w
1952     Daddy Daddy
1953     (Mama) He Treats Your Daughter Mean     5w
1953     Wild Wild Young Men
1953     Mend Your Ways
1954     Oh What A Dream     8w
1954     Mambo Baby     1w
1955     I Can See Everybody´s Baby
1955     As Long As I´m Moving
1955     It´s Love Baby (24 Hours A Day)
1955     Love Has Joined Us Together (with Clyde McPhatter)
1955     I Wanna Do More
1956     Sweet Baby Of Mine
1957     Lucky Lips
1958     This Little Girl´s Gone Rockin´
1959     I Don´t Know
1960     Don´t Deceive Me
Listen To Some More:
1950     Sentimental Journey (with the Delta Rhythm Boys)
1951     Standing On The Corner
1958     Why Me
1959     Papa Daddy
1959     I Can´t Hear A Word You Say

ROY BROWN
"The Mighty Mighty Man" - "Good Rockin' Brown" - New Orleans-based singer (sometimes pianist) and originator of the "crying blues" - later regarded as the main influence for Rhythm & Soul. He formed a gospel group as a teenager, and became a professional boxer. Started secular singing after the war (working especially in Texas) and became one of the most important originators of the New Orleans R&B sound with his "Mighty, Mighty Men" and "taught" the crying to such greats as B.B. King, Clyde McPhatter, Jackie Wilson, Little Richard, Elvis Presley, and many others. Started his hit career on the Braun brothers DeLuxe (who were stationed in New Jersey but made records in New Orleans) which was bought up by Syd Nathan´s King Records in August, 1948 - who reissued all the early DeLuxe tracks, originally in the 1000-series on a new 3000-series - the most famous being remasterings and recut versions of Miss Fanny Brown c/w Mighty Mighty Man (originally issued on DeLuxe 1128 in late 1947 and reissued in the new versions on DeLuxe 3128 in early 1949 - these two great recuts are sure improvements and are not on any of Brown's late Rhino, Classics, Collectables or Ace CD compilations, but can be found on the CD "Hard Luck & Good Rocking"). Nathan also recorded Brown in Cincinnati, Ohio. Roy later also worked in Memphis and moved to California during later years of his "ups & downs" career.  Born: Roy James Brown September 10, 1925, New Orleans, La. Died May 25, 1981, Los Angeles, Calif. First recordings: Houston,Tex 1947 Deep Sea Diver / Bye Baby Bye - Gold Star 636 and New Orleans July 1947 Good Rockin´ Tonight / Lolly Pop Mama - DeLuxe 1093. Records for: DeLuxe 47-48, DeLuxe/King 49-51, King 52-55, Imperial 56-58, King 1959, Bluesway 67-68.

Essential CD: Good Rocking Tonight - The Best of... - Rhino R2 71545
or:
Rockin' At Midnight - The Very Best of .. Collectables COL 2882 (25 chronological tracks)
Editor´s choises: The Chronological Roy Brown 1947-1949 - Classics 5021
and:
1950-1951 - Classics 5036 or: Blues DeLuxe (1950-1951) - Charly CD 289
and:
1951-1953 . Classics 5090
(the Classics CDs cover the complete recordings of Roy Brown between 1947 and 1953 in chronological order)
For Collectors: Hard Luck & Good Rocking 1947-1950 - EPM Musique CD 16017

Mighty Mighty Man! - Ace CDCHD 459 (1953-1960)
Good Rockin' Brown - Ace CDCHD 1072 (1947 DeLuxe acetates incl 17 unissued)
Saturday Night! (1952-1957) - El Toro R&B 112

 
Google.com Search on Roy Brown

Roy Brown at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Roy Brown 
Roy Brown at The Blues Database
| Roy Brown |
Roy Brown Singles Discography at Soulful Kinda Music
 

Ace CDCHD 1072-





  

  
R&B Top 10 Hits:
1948    ´Long About Midnight     1w
1949     ´Fore Day In The Morning
1949     Rainy Weather Blues
1949     Rockin´ At Midnight
1949     Miss Fanny Brown
1949     Please Don´t Go
1949     Boogie At Midnight
1950     Hard Luck Blues     3w
1950     Love Don´t Love Nobody
1950     Long About Sundown
1950     Cadillac Baby
1951     Big Town
1952     Bar Room Blues
1957     Let The Four Winds Blow
Other Worthwhile Classics:
1947     Good Rockin´ Tonight
1947     Mighty, Mighty Man
1949     Butcher Pete
1950     Good Man Blues
1951     Beautician Blues
1952     Good Rockin´ Man
1953     Laughing But Crying
1953     Bootleggin' Baby
1953     Travelin´ Man
1954     Fannie Brown Got Married
1954     Worried Life Blues
Roy Brown's DeLuxe session dates
with repr. recordings
New Orleans:
July 1947 - Good Rockin' Tonight (w. Bob Ogden´s orch)
Sept 1947 - Special Lesson No 1 & Roy Brown Boogie  (w. Bill Jones, gtr)
Oct 1947  - Mighty Mighty Man (w Earl Barnes' orch)
Oct 1947 - Miss Fanny Brown (w his Mighty Mighty Men)
Dec 1947 - Long 'Bout Midnight (w Leroy "Batman" Rankins)
Oct 1948 - Roy Brown Boogie & Miss Fanny Brown Returns
Jan 1949 - recuts of Miss Fanny Brown/Mighty Mighty Man, plus Rockin' At Midnight
March 22, 1949 (unissued rec. w members of Lucky Millinder's orch)
July 1949 - Please Don't Go
Dallas Sep 29, 1949 - Boogie At Midnight (w Johnny Fontenette)
Cincinnati:
Nov 2, 1949 - Buther Pete (w Leroy Rankins)
Apr 19, 1950 - Hard Luck Blues (w Buddy Griffin)
June 15, 1950 - Love Don't Love Nobody (w Leroy Rankins & Edgar Blanchard)
June 22-23, 1950 - Bar Room Blues & Double Crossin' Woman
Jan 16, 1951 - Good Rockin' Man & Big Town  (w Red Prysock)
Sep 27, 1951 - Brown Angel (w Johnny Fontenette)
Note: Aftrer this sesion Roy continued recording directly for King Records in New Orleans, Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Miami up to 1956 when he was contracted to Imperial. Roy went back to King in 1959.

"Good Rockin´ Tonight - The Best of.." on Rhino CD."Mighty Mighty Man!" on Ace CD CHD 459 with 22 late King tracks."Good Rockin´ Brown Back In Town" with live recordings."Greatest Hits" with 8 King hits."Rockin' At Midnight - The Very Best of Roy Brown" on Collectables 2882."The EPM Musique CD" featuring the recut versions of "Fanny Brown" and "Mighty Mighty Man".


B. B. KING
"The Beale Street Blues Boy" - "King of the Blues" - "Bee Bee". The most famous and internationally successful blues singer/guitarist and the greatest of the "industrial" city blues guitar stylists. King mixed the traditions of Texas and Mississippi (with origins in Blind Lemon Jefferson, Lonnie Johanson, T-Bone Walker; his three most favorites; and  Lowell Fulson, and Roy Brown - all last three partly Indian descents). Was also influenced by Charlie Christian, Django Reinhardt, and Bukka White (a distant cousin). Started his career, singing gospel, in Indianola, Miss and came to Memphis, Tenn in 1948. Had his own radio show in Memphis during 1949-50 and formed The Beale Street Blues Boys, featuring Johnny Ace, pno; and Earl Forest, dms. His early RPM recordings produced by Sam Phillips, and soon by Ike Turner. Later toured the South with Bill Harvey´s Band (featuring Evelyn Young and George Coleman, saxes; Floyd Jones,tpt, Connie Mack Booker,pno; George Joyner and James Walker,bs; Ted Curry and sometimes also Earl Forest, drums, and Charles Crosby,congas) and recorded in Houston. The last session with Harvey's band is of uncertain date, but there is a session noted February 6, 1954 (at Universal Recorders, Hollywood), featuring "The Woman I Love", "Everything I Do Is Wrong", "Whole Lotta Meat", and "Whole Lotta Love" of which "Everything..." really sounds like Harvey's band - although the other three songs most probably are Maxwell Davis-aranged tracks - Maxwell even wrote "Whole Lotta Love". Some of the Houston-sessions were brought to Los Angeles studios for editing/mastering. From 1954 he mostly made his studio recordings in L.A. led by Maxwell Davis (with Willard McDaniel on piano and Bumps Myers on tenorsax) starting with the great session done at Capitol Studios in L.A. March 2, 1954 featuring the re-recording of "Take A Little Swing With Me" as "Love You Baby", the second (jump) recording of "Don't You Want A Man Like Me", "When My Heart Beats Like A Hammer" and the hit "Everyday I Have The Blues" (The next session in August, done at Modern's own studios, featured "You Upset Me Baby"). Billed as B.B. "Blues Boy" King & His Orchestra from his mid ´50s RPM releases through 1957 (the first single: "Love You Baby"). Early members of the B.B. King touring Orchestra from 1955 were recruited from the Harvey band - Coleman, Joyner, Curry and Forrest, and probably also Crosby. Pianist Millard Lee became bandleader in the first line-up. Other original band members were Kenny Sands and Calvin Owens, trumpets (Owens later became band leader), Lawrence Burdine and Floyd Newman, baritone saxes. Soon also Johnny Board, tensax joined and later Pluma Davis, tbn; Bobby Forte, tenorsax; Sonny Freeman, dms; Duke Jethro, pno; Hugh McCracken and Milton Hopkins, gtrs; and Cato Walker, altosax (who had been bus driver and "extra tour manager"). The Maxwell Davies orchestra during 1954-1957 variously comprised: Davis, Bumps Myers, Charles Waller, Lorenzo Holden, Maurice Simon, Jack McVea, Floyd Turnham, and Jewel Grant (saxophones), Jake Porter (tpt), McDaniel (pno), Ralph Hamilton, Billy Hadnot, and Red Callender (bass), Jesse Sailes and Jessie Price (drums). King worked in Texas, California, Chicago and later New York, settling in Los Angeles during the late 1960s. King switched from Kent to ABC in 1962 but made his last session for Kent on December 28, 1965 ("Rock Me Baby" may have been recorded March 18, 1964). During the early/mid ´60s Kingäs band was for a while reduced to Sands,tp; Bobby Forte,ts; Duke Jethro,pno; Wilbert Freeman,bsg; and Sonny Freeman,dms. Born: Riley B. King, September 16, 1925, Berclair (near Itta Bena and later moved to Kilmichael), Mississippi (although B.B. calls Indianola, where he lived during the early 40s his home). First recordings: Memphis late 1949 Miss Martha King and Take A Swing With Me - Bullet 309 and 315; September 1950 B.B. Boogie - RPM 304. Records for: RPM 50-57, Kent 58-62 (possibly longer) plus one session 1965, ABC/Bluesway 62-74, from 1980 MCA.
Essential CDs: The Vintage Years (4CD) - Ace ABOXCD 8 (the legendary RPM and Kent recordings)
and: King of The Blues (4CD) - MCA D4-10677 (mostly ABC/MCA recordings)
For Collectors: Singing The Blues/The Blues - Ace CDCHD 320 (also on Flair V2-86296);
The RPM Hits 1951-1957 - Ace CDCHD 712;
The Best of the Kent Singles 1958-1971 - Ace CDCHD 760;
The Modern Recordings 1950-1951 - Ace (2CD-set) CDCHM2 835.
(Ace in U.K. have reissued the old Crown LPs on CDs with bonus tracks)
Live at the Regal - MCA MCAD-11646
Reading: The Arrival of B.B. King - The Authorized Biography by Charles Sawyer (US 1980, UK 1981)
and Blues All Around Me - The Autobiography of B.B. King by B.B. King & David Ritz (US, 1996)
and The B.B. King Treasures by B.B. King with Dick Waterman and Charles Sawyer (Bulfinch 2005 incl a 16-track CD)
and Blues Boy - The Life and Music of B.B. King by Sebastian Danchin (University Press of Mississippi, 1998)
and Every Day I Sing The Blues: The Story of B. B. King by David Shirley (US, 1995)
and
Lives In Music - B. B. King: There Is Always One More Time by David McGee (Backbeat, US 2005)
and The B.B. King Reader by Richard Kostelanetz (1997 & 2005)
Google.com Search on B. B. King
B. B. King at Wikipedia
All music guide.on B.B. King
B.B. King at The Blues Database
B.B. King Singles Discography at Soulful Kinda Music
The B.B. King Juke Box

| B. B. King Web Site (official) | B. B. King (official) | King BluesClub, N.Y. (official) |
| B. B. King´s home page | B. B. King BluesClubs
| B. B. King |

     R&B Top 10 Hits:
1952     3 O´ Clock Blues     5w
1952     You Know I Love You      2w
1952     Story From My Heart And Soul
1953     Woke Up This Morning
1953     Please Love Me     3w
1953     Please Hurry Home
1954     When My Heart Beats Like A Hammer
1954     You Upset Me Baby     2w
1954     Whole Lotta´ Love
1955     Every Day I Have The Blues
1955     Ten Long Years
1956     Bad Luck
1956     Sweet Little Angel
1956     On My Word Of Honor
1958     Please Accept My Love
1960     Sweet Sixteen
1960     Got A Right To Love My Baby
1960     Partin´ Time
1961     Pease Of Mind
1966     Don´t Answer The Door
1968     Paying The Cost To Be The Boss
1970     The Thrill Is Gone
1970     Chains And Things
1973     I Like To Live The Love
Some Other Important Ones:
1949     Take A Swing With Me
1950     B.B. Boogie
1951     Don´t You Want A Man Like Me
1951     She´s Dynamite
1955     Crying Won´t Help You
1956     Sneakin´ Around
1957     You Don´t Know
1957     Troubles Troubles Troubles
1958     Why Do Everything Happen To Me
1959     Sweet Thing
(LP -  issued on single in 1971)
1961     Baby, Look At You
(rec earlier)
1961     I´m King
1962     Gonna Miss You Around Here
1962     Easy Listening Blues
1962     Blues At Midnight 
- ABC
1963     Downhearted (How Blue Can You Get)
- Kent
1963     Down Now
- Kent
1964     Rock Me Baby (R&B # 12, Pop # 34
) - Kent
1964     Never Trust A Woman
1965     Got Em Bad
- Kent
1968     I´m Gonna Do What They Do To Me
1968     Lucille
1969     Why I Sing The Blues
1971     The Thrill Is Gone
1973     To Know You Is To Love You

 
Ace CDCHM2835Ace CDCHD320Ace CDCHD712Ace CDCHD760.
"The Vintage Years" Ace Box set.
B. B. King at Ace Records, UK
 
 
  B.B. King´s original Crown and Kent LPs
  The Crown albums were issued between late 1956-1963 and the
  Kent LPs during tha latter part of the ´60s and early ´70s.
  The reissues are on Custom and United

  (issued during the ´70s - Custom 10xx / United 77xx)

   The Ace CDs include 8 bonus tracks each (897 has 10).

   Kent 5016(516) is by Lowell Fulson.

  Crown
  5020  Singin´ The Blues  (1071 / 7726)
Ace CDCHM 1041
 
5063  The Blues  (1077 / 7732) Ace CDCHM 1084
 
5115  B.B. King Wails  (1049 / 7711 as I Love You So)
Ace CDCHM 882
  5119  Sings Spirituals  (1059 / 7721 as Swing Low Sweet Chariot)
  Ace CDCHM 1093
  5143  The Great B.B. King  (1073 / 7728) 
Ace CDCHM 1049
  5167  King Of The Blues  (1075 / 7730) 
Ace CDCHM 897
  5188  My Kind of Blues  (1069 / 7724) 
Ace CDCHM 881
  5230  More B.B. King  (1046 / 7708 as Blues For Me) 
Ace CDCHM 1034
  5248  Twist With B.B. King (not on Custom/United)
not on Ace
  5286  Easy Listening Blues  (1043 / 7705) 
Ace CDCHM 1011
  5309  Blues In My Heart  (1040 / 7703 as A Heart Full Of Blues)
Ace CDCHM 996
  5359  B. B. King  (1052 / 7714 as The Soul Of B.B. King) 
Ace CDCHM 986

  Kent
  5012  Rock Me Baby - 14 Great Hits (7733)
  5013  Let Me Love You  (7734)
  5015  Live On Stage  (7736)
  5021  The Jungle  (7742)
  5029  Boss Of The Blues  (7750)
  2-533  From The Beginning (2-set with dubbed brass)
  9011  Anthology of The Blues - B.B. King 1949-1950 (7788 as Original Folk Blues)

  539  The Incredible Soul Of BB. King  (7756)
  548  Turn On To B.B. King  (w. extra rhythm)  (7763 as Turn On With ..)
  552  The Greatest Hits of Vol 1  (7766)
identical to first half of 2-533
 
561  Better Than Ever  (7771 reissue of  5167 +"That Evil Child")
  563  Doing My Thing, Lord (reissue of 5119)
  565  B.B. King Live (reissue of 515)  (7772)
  568  The Original Sweet 16  (7773 -reissue of Rock Me Baby)

  
 
Note: Later Kent issued
  Kent 2002  Just Sweet Guitar (Spotlight on Lucille)

   - which was originally
(circa 1973) intended for United 7792
 

Below are listed the tracks of the 2-set album by B.B. which has his old hits and some new ones with overdubbed brass and rhythm (directed by Maxwell Davis):
KST 2-533 - From the Beginning - B.B. King [1967/68] Album 1: Please Love Me/Rock Me Baby/Everyday I Have the Blues/Woke Up This Morning/My Own Fault/5 Long Years//You Upset Me/Blue Shadows/The Woman I Love/You Know I Love You/Sweet Little Angel/Treat Me Right. Album 2: Sweet Sixteen/Eyesight to the Blind/Beautician Blues/Bad Luck/Troubles Troubles/Sneakin' Around//Sweet Thing/3 O'Clock Blues/The Jungle/Let Me Love You/The Worst Thing in My Life/Shot Gun Blues.


BOBBY BLAND
"Big Bobby Blue" - "The Man" - "The Voice" - "The 3 B Blues Boy" - "Lion of the Blues" - Down South singer and main creator of the modern soul-blues sound, mixing gospel with blues and R&B. Sang gospel in Memphis during the late ´40s. Worked loosely with B.B. King (as a valet in the early ´50s and on tours during the ´80s) and with Rosco Gordon and Earl Forest. Extremely popular in Black America during the ´60s and ´70s. Moved from Memphis to Houston, Texas after his military service in 1955. Toured heavily with an orchestra led by Bill Harvey, tenorsax and shared stage with Junior Parker's Blue Flames for several years. Had Pat Hare, later Clarence Holliman, and then Wayne Bennett on guitar. Billed "Bobby Blue" and later Bobby "Blue" Bland during the ´50s (Bobby Bland during the late sixties and on). Recorded mostly in Houston, but also among other places several recordings in Chicago. Born: Robert Calvin Brooka (mother re-married to Leroy Bland in 1936), January 27, 1930, Rosemark (Shelbyt County), Tenn. Died in Memphis June 23, 2013. First recordings: Memphis as Robert Bland October 16, 1951 Love You Til The Day I Die (flip of Rosco Gordon's Chess version of Booted - Chess 1487), ca November 1951
Crying All Night Long - Modern 848; December 4, 1951 Crying - Chess 1489; for Duke in Memphis 1952: I.O.U. Blues / Lovin´ Blues - Duke 105; first for Don Robey (Duke) Houston: February 22, 1955 It's My Life Baby - Duke 141.  Records for: Duke 52, and 55-72, ABC 73-78, MCA 79-82, Malaco 1985-.
Essential CDs: The 3B Blues Boy 1952-59 - Ace CDCHD 302
and The Voice 1959-69 - Ace CDCHD 323
or: Bobby Blue Bland - The Anthology (2CD) - MCA 088-112-596-2
or: It's My Life, Baby - The Singles As and Bs (2CD) - Jasmine JASCD 564
Reading:
Bobby "Blue" Bland - Soul of the man by Charles Farley (Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2011),
Urban Blues by Charles Keil (Chicago Press, 1966)
Google.com Search on Bobby Bland | Bobby "Blue" Bland
Bobby Bland at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Bobby "Blue" Bland
Soul of the man  (great official web site)
Bobby Bland at The Blues Database
Bobby Bland Discography

      R&B Top 10 Hits:
1957   Farther Up The Road   2w
1958   Little Boy Blue
1959   I´ll Take Care Of You
1960   Lead Me On
1960   Cry Cry Cry
1961   I Pity The Fool   1w
1961   Don´t Cry No More
1961   Turn On Your Love Light
1962   Ain´t That Loving You
1962   Yield Not To Temptation
1962   Stormy Monday Blues
1963   That´s The Way Love Is       2w
1963   Call On Me
1964   Ain't Nothing You Can Do
1964   Share Your Love With Me
1964   Ain't Doing Too Bad (Part 1)
1965   These Hands (Small But Mighty)
1966   I´m Too Far Gone (To Turn Around)
1966   Good Time Charlie
1966   Poverty
1967   You´re All I Need
1967   That Did It
1960   Chains Of Love
1970   If You´ve Got A Heart
1972   Do What You Set Out To Do
1973   This Time I´m Gone For Good
1974   Ain´t No Love In The Heart Of The City
1975   I Wouldn´t Treat A Dog
Some Other Favorites:
1955   Itäs My Life Baby
1963   Sometimes You Gotta Cry A Little
1968   Drifting Blues
1976   Let The Good Times Roll (with B.B. King)

LITTLE JUNIOR PARKER
"Blue Flame" - "Junior" - Talented singer /harmonica player popularizing modern Memphis blues sounds. Worked with the Howlin´ Wolf and with the Beale Streeters, also with the Johnny Ace Revue. Later toured in packages with Bobby "Blue" Bland  (Blues Consolidated) with his own band. Dropped his pre-fix "Little" from 1964 and worked mostly in Memphis, Houston (from 1954) and Chicago. Born: Herman Parker, Jr. March 27, 1932, West Memphis, Ark (some files say Clarksdale, Mississippi). died of brain tumor November 18, 1971, Blue Island (Chicago), Ill. First recordings: West Memphis April 1952 You´re My Angel /Bad Women Bad Whiskey - Modern 864; Memphis June 18, 1953 Feelin´ Good /Fussin And Fightin´ Blues - Sun 187 as Little Junior´s Blue Flames. Records for: Sun 53, Duke 53-66, Mercury 66-69, Capitol 1960-.
Essential CD: Junior´s Blues: The Duke Recordings Vol 1 1954-1964 - MCA MCAD 2CD-10669
CD for Collectors: The Mercury Recordings -Collectables COLCD 5624
Google.com Search on Junior Parker
Junior Parker at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Junior Parker
Little Junior at The Blues Database

      R&B Top 10 Hits:
1953   Feelin´ Good  (as Little Junior´s Blue Flames)
1957   Next Time You See Me
1961   Driving Wheel
1961   In The Dark
1962   Annie Get Your Yo-Yo
More of the Best:

1958   Sweet Home Chicago
1965   Crying For My Baby
1966   Man Or Mouse
1969   Worrried Life Blues
1971   Drowning On Dry Land

LOWELL FULSON
"Tulsa Red" - Leading and versatile guitarist /singer, one of the great, and often underrated legends - keeping the Texas blues traditions alive. Started out in Oklahoma, moved to Gainerville, Texas and came to Oakland, California in 1943. Busy in the studios during great parts of his career. Had four major career stages: 1. The DownBeat/SwingTime Oakland phase (1946-1953), 2. The Checker Texas/Chicago/LA phase (1954-1963), 3. The "Fulsom" Kent/Maxwell Davis LA phase (1964-1969), and 4. The Legend (1970-1999). Worked with pianist Lloyd Glenn - and with Ray Charles during the early ´50s - produced by Jack Lauderdale on his early hits. After his Checker years he joined Kent Records (owned by the Biharis; and was produced by Maxwell Davis). Manager in later years: Fats Washington. Sometimes worked with the prolific Jimmy McCracklin during his successful Kent era, stationed in Los Angeles. Billed Lowell Fulsom from 1965 and into the ´70s. Born: March 31, 1921, Tulsa, Oklahama, died of kidney failure March 6 (or 7), 1999 in Long Beach, Calif. First recordings: Oakland 1946 Crying Blues / You´re Gonna Miss Me - BigTown 1068. Records for: Big Town/Down Beat 46-47, SwingTime 49-53, Aladdin 1953, Checker 54-63, Kent 64-69, Jewel 69-70.
Essential CDs: Tramp / Soul - Ace CDCHD 339 and
Juke Box Shuffle - Proper CD 2042
For collectors: The Tramp Years - Ace CDCHD 755
and: Lowell Fulson 1946 to 1953: The Early Recordings - JSP (4CD BOX) JSPCD7728 (113 tracks - simply great)
Google.com Search on Lowell Fulson | Lowell Fulsom
Lowell Fulson at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Lowell Fulson
Fulson at The Blues Database
| Fulson Obituary |

    R&B Top 10 Hits:
1948     Three 0´Clock Blues
1950     Everyday I Have The Blues
1950     Blue Shadows     4w
1950     Lonesome Christmas
1950     Low Society Blues (instr with Lloyd Glenn)
1951     I´m A Night Owl
1954     Reconsider Baby
1967     Tramp
Some Other Goodies:
1947     San Francisco Blues (as Fulson Trio)
1952     Guitar Shuffle (instr)
1953     There Is A Time For Everything
1955     Loving You
1956     Trouble Trouble
1956     Tollin´ Bells
1958     That´s All Right
1960     I Want To Know
1960     Blue Shadows (Checker Rec.)
1964     Baby
1964     Everytime It Rains
1965     Black Nights
1967     Year Of 29
1967     Tomorrow
1969     Sleeper
1969     Price For Love
1970     My Baby
1970     The Ol´ Blues Singer

IKE TURNER
"King of Rhythm" - "Father of Rock ´n´ Roll" - Pianist/guitarist (and sometimes singer) of the Mississippi Delta blues tradition. Started out in Clarksdale and played a vital role in the early Memphis post-war blues scene (from 1950 and worked with Robert Nighthawk). Settled in St. Louis in 1954 and was an important member of the 1960s chitlin´ circuit - north and south. Became famous with the hits of Ike & Tina Turner (and produced hits by his female back-upers The Ikettes. Was "married" to Tina during 1958-1976. Ike, who learned the piano from Pinetop Perkins in Clarksdale, started his Kings of Rhythm in around 1950, featuring a.o. tenor saxophonists Raymond Hill and Jackie Brenston (Brenston sang on the "Rocket 88" hit). Produced and worked with B.B. King, the Howlin´ Wolf, Elmore James, and several other Memphis and Delta blues singers during the early ´50s. Jailed for drug conviction during the ´90s, but back and in full bloom these days, working with Los Angeles as a base with his "The Ike Turner Revue" (included as one of several famous "guests" to John Lee Hooker recordings). Born: November 5, 1931, Clarksdale, Miss. Died at home in San Marcos, California December 12, 2007 (heart failure). First recordings: Memphis March 3, 1951 Heartbroken And Worried / I´m Lonesome Baby - Chess 1459; March 5, 1951 as pianist on Jackie Brenston´s Rocket "88" - Chess 1458. Records for: Chess 51, RPM/Flair 52-55, Federal 57, Cobra 58-59; as Ike & Tina Turner: Sue 60-63, Blue Thumb 65-70, Liberty 70-71, United Artists 71-75.
Essential CDs:  I Like Ike-The Best of... - Rhino R2 71819;
The Ike & Tina Turner Story 1960-1975 Time/Life (3CD) TL 19300
or: Proud Mary-The Best of Ike and Tina Turner - EMI CDP7-95846-2
For the Collector: The Chronological 1951-1954 - Classics 5176
Reading: Takin´ Back My Name - The Confessions of Ike Turner by Ike Turner with Nigel Cawthorne (Virgin, 1999)
and
Ike Turner - King of Rhythm by John Collis (The Do Not Press, Uk 2003)
soon coming: Dynamite! - Ike Turner's Recorded Legacy by Fred Rothwell (Music Mentor Books).
Google.com Search on Ike Turner
Ike Turner at Wikipedia
All music guide.on Ike Turner | Ike & Tina
Ike Turner at The Blues Database
| The Ike Turner Revue | official
Ike Turner Discography

   R&B Top 10 Hits by Ike & Tina Turner:
1960    A Fool In Love
1960    I Idolize You
1961    It´s Gonnna Work Out Fine
1961    Poor Fool
1962    Tra La La La La
1971    Proud Mary
Some Good Un´s without Tina:
1951    Rocket 88 (by Jackie Brenston)      5w
1954    I Miss You (by Dennis Bender)
1955    Matchbox (instr)
1956    Trail Blazer (instr)
1965    The New Bread (instr)
One Important One with Tina:

1964    River Deep-Mountain High

CONTINUE TO PAGE 2 of the Great R&B Pioneers
 

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