Coasters Web Site
Bobby Nunn with The Robins start to make hit
records for Johnny Otis on Savoy Records in Los Angeles in December.
Late this year two young Jewish Los Angeles residents,
Jerry Leiber (born April 25, 1933 in Baltimore) and Mike Stoller (born March 13, 1933 in
Belle Harbor, Long Island), start to co-operate with distributor-agent Lester
Leiber-Stoller bring That´s What The Good Book
Says, their first studiorecorded song (and first record issue), to the Bihari Brothers´ Modern label in Los
Angeles where it is waxed by Bobby Nunn & The Robbins (sic - should be Robins)
on March 2. Carl Gardner (born April 29, 1928 in Tyler, Texas)
plans to leave his home-town (and Houston) where he had sung with Lasalle
Gunter´s territorial band to join his brothers Richard and Howard in Los
Leiber-Stoller publish "Kansas City"
and "Hound Dog".
Carl Gardner has
arrived in California and gets established in Los Angeles´ blues and jazz
clubs as a night club dance band vocalist, singing ballads and jazz
standards (often with jazz pianist Carl Perkins), and playing drums at "The
Oasis" (the new Johnny Otis club) in Watts. The Robins are contracted to RCA
Victor (with Grady Chapman as fifth singer) in January. Leiber-Stoller write
Ten Days In Jail
for the Robins on RCA (with Chapman lead singer). Leiber and Stoller and
their mentor and guide, Lester Sill, born in L.A. January 13, 1918 (who had
been sales manager for Modern Records, and later was manager of the original
Coasters), embark serious business partnership.
Carl Gardner joins The Robins as their new
lead singer around February-March and records "If Teardrops Were Kisses" for
Spark Records. The Leiber-Stoller composition "Riot In Cell Block #9" by The
Robins is a regional California hit during the Summer. Cornell Gunter creates The Flairs
with Richard Berry and Young Jessie. In New York Earl Carroll founds The Cadillacs, and
Ronnie Bright joins The Valentines.
Will "Dub" Jones forms The Cadets in
Los Angeles. The Robins with Gardner as lead hit with "Smokey Joe´s Cafe" on
Atco Records in November (recorded for Spark - possibly in January or around
August/September). The Coasters are formed via a Leiber-Stoller / ATCO Records deal on
September, 28 (as Gardner and Nunn leave The Robins). If one wants to pin-point a specific date for the birth of The Coasters it
is September 28, 1955.
The Coasters debut with "Down In
Mexico" on Atco Records in January (featuring lead Gardner, second tenor Leon Hughes,
baritone Billy Guy, bass Bobby Nunn, and guitarist Adolph Jacobs).
The Coasters are awarded a double golden disc
in August for the double-sided smash "Young Blood" (led by Gardner) b/w
"Searchin´" (featuring baritone lead Billy Guy). Atco Records issue their and
The Coasters´ first LP, "The Coasters", in November.
The Coasters move from California to New York
in January, and sell a million with "Yakety Yak" during the Spring (featuring
new-comers Cornell Gunter and Will "Dub" Jones - who replace Hughes and Nunn).
King Curtis is featured on tenorsax. Jimmy Norman joins Jesse Belvin´s Chargers.
The Coasters hit internationally with
"Charlie Brown" and "Along Came Jones" during the year and have a
fourth million seller with "Poison Ivy" in the Autumn. The Coasters second Atco
LP, "The Coasters´ Greatest Hits", is issued in October.
The group records an underrated, but wonderful
LP, "One By One", in June and waxes the magnificent "Shoppin´ For
Clothes" in July.
During the Summer "Little Egypt"
hits the U.S. Hot 30 and Earl Carroll (who had disbanded his Cadillacs) replaces Gunter by suggestion from the group's
manager Lover Patterson.
Thomas "Curley" Palmer joins The
Coasters as new regular guitarist around February. The Coasters´ third Atco LP is issued,
"Coast Along With The Coasters". Several of the tracks on the stereo edition of that album
turn out to be alternate and edited takes. Billy Guy starts to record as a solo artist - still recording
with the group for a further ten years.
Both Bobby Nunn and Cornell Gunter start to
compete with the original Coasters via their own separate new line-ups of
"Coasters". Leiber-Stoller leave Atco later that year.
The Coasters are featured on Atco Records´
"Apollo Saturday Night" LP.
The budget LP "That Is Rock &
Roll" is issued on the Atco subsidiary Clarion around January. The
group appears on the Shindig TV on February 10 with a live "What Is The Secret..."
(plus "Along Came Jones" and "Searchin'"). Billy Guy leads The
Coasters´ original recording of "Let´s Go Get Stoned" in April.
Lover Patterson dies.
The Coasters move from Atco Records to
Columbia´s subsidiary Date in November - renewing their collaboration with Leiber-Stoller
and around this time James Evans succeeds Patterson as manager.
The Coasters wax the original of "D.W.
Washburn" for Date Records in October (later reissued on King).
Ronnie Bright joins the Coasters - replacing
Will "Dub" Jones - in April.
The Coasters record for Lloyd Price´s
Turntable label (with Jimmy Norman the producer). Gardner, Guy, Carroll, and Bright appear
at the Boston Tea Party (ten live recordings from one of their shows there will surface on
the CD "Greatest Hits In Concert" in 2001).
Cornell Gunter´s "Fabulous
Coasters" are engaged in Dick Clark´s revival shows and Leon Hughes starts his
"Original Coasters" tribute group.
British Joy issue an LP by "The
Coasters", titled "Hungry" (which actually features 12 Billy Guy recordings
of 1962, which he had done for ABC and Lloyd Price´s Double-L). The German Stateside LP issue of
those recordings, titled "The Coasters", comprises all 16 Guy ABC/Double-L
recordings. Atco issue "Their Greatest Recordings - The Early Years", comprising
hits and alternates. Carl Gardner´s original and true Coasters hit the U.S. Hot 100 with
a re-rendition of "Love Potion Number Nine" on King Records in December (written
and produced by Leiber-Stoller).
The Coasters are featured in the movie
"Let The Good Times Roll". The last record with baritone Billy Guy as a member
of The Coasters, "The Coasters On Broadway" LP on King Records, is issued during
the latter part of the year.
Jimmy Norman now definately replaces Guy in
the line-up. The American release of Billy Guy´s "Hungry" LP is issued, now
titled "It Ain´t Sanitary", on Trip. Carl Gardner´s true Coasters wax ten
re-recordings of their hits, including "Love Potion #9", for Trip (issued in
1975 as "16 Greatest Hits" - with six "bonus" tracks from Guy´s LP).
Gardner´s Coasters (with Norman) again appear at the Boston Tea Party (and four new live
recordings are included together with Cornell Gunters´ Coasters of 1970 - featuring bass
Nat Wilson - on a New Rose bootleg CD several years later).
Billy Guy starts his luck as a producer and
comic story teller (aka "The Tramp") for All Platinum /Snake Eyes. Bill Millar
publishes his book "The Coasters" on Star Books in the U.K.
Leon Hughes and Bobby Nunn (together with
Grady Chapman and Jerome Evans) cut a single in Los Angeles, produced by Bumps Blackwell,
featuring newly recorded versions of "Searchin´" and "Young Blood".
The record is issued as by "The Coasters - Two Plus Two". Around the same time
Billy Guy is featured on another "Coasters" single, "You Move Me"
(actually Guy solo).
Carl Gardner and his true Coasters record a
single for Wilson Pickett´s Wicked label. Will Jones and Leon Hughes lead a
"Coasters" group on GAP/DJM, "The World Famous Coasters" (including
the Jones-led "If I Had A Hammer"), later reissued on a C5 CD as "Just
Billy Guy and Will Jones are featured on a
King-Starday "Coasters" session in Nashville. An LP, titled "Greatest
Hits" will be issued the following year. The session also produces the European
single "Jumbo Bwana" and the later so often reissued "One Foot
The true Coasters, now without new recordings,
have to settle for an Atlantic compilation issued in the U.K., "20 Great
Originals" (featuring stereo alternates of their Atco hits).
Bobby Nunn with Bobby Sheen, Billy Richards
Jr, and Randy Jones are featured on a disco-styled "Coasters" album on Salsa
Picante, titled "Coastin´". Earl Carrol, who had actged with The
Coasters since 1961 and had been on stage with them withouth Norman in the
very late 1970s, leaves The Coasters by the end of the
year (after more than 18 years with the group).
A true Coasters compilation on the Swedish Mr.
R&B label, titled "What Is the Secret Of Your Success?", comprising rare
Coasters Atco tracks is issued.
Earl Carroll reforms his Cadillacs
and Jimmy Norman returns to The Coasters.
A marvelous double-LP on Atlantic-DeLuxe,
titled "Young Blood", is issued in U.S. and Europe (featuring 21 original Atco
super-sounding mono tracks plus three bonus tracks from "On Broadway"). The
album has extensive liner-notes by Robert Palmer and a serious try at a session
discography (based on the discography Kurt Mohr and Norbert Hess had supplied to Bill
Grady Chapman (formerly of The Robins and
Bobby Nunn´s Coasters) tours with his own fake Coasters. Billy Guy & Will
"Dub" Jones perform with their combined "Coasters" group in Los
Angeles and Las Vegas. Several Atco Coasters albums are issued in Japan on the
Warner/Pioneer label (also featuring alternates) during the early 1980s.
Edsel in the U.K. issue "Thumbin´ A
Ride" with rare Atco tracks.
After 30 years of fame, and of late-coming
struggles, Gardner meets Veta, marries and moves to Florida.
Carl Gardner´s original and true Coasters
(featuring Norman, Bright and Palmer), now managed by Gardner´s wife Veta face new
regular bookings all over America. Warner (WEA in Europe) issue The Coasters´ very first
CD, "The Ultimate Coasters". Bobby Nunn dies in November, but Billy Richards Jr
(of The Robins) continues to tour with a West-Coast version of "Coasters".
Gardner, Guy, Jones and Gunter are inducted
into the Rock and Roll of Fame in January as the first vocal group receiving that honor.
The "On Broadway" LP is reissued on a Highway-DeLuxe CD titled "20 Greatest
Hits" (also featuring 8 tracks from the Guy-Jones Nashville session -
and reissued in 2006 on Gusto TeeVee).
The classic Coasters reunite for a
one-time-event to participate at Atlantic Records´ 40th Birthday concert at Madison
Square Garden in May (and do it again seven years later for Lester Sill). The original
four million records awards are completed with yet another two Golden Records - for
"Young Blood" and "Along Came Jones". The Coasters wax six live
recordings at Wolfman Jack´s "Little Darlin´s" rock ´n´ roll club in
Orlando, Florida (also issued on Video and on a great DVD on K-Tel in 2003).
Atco reissue "The Coasters´ Greatest
Hits" (comprising 12 super classics) again - they had done so several times before -
this time though on compact disc. The CD features "Poison Ivy" in the original
version - with no wood percussion. Gardner´s Coasters appear in the movie "Phantom
of The Ritz".
Cornell Gunter is shot to death in Las Vegas
in February - remnants of his group continue to tour.
The Coasters (with Carl Gardner) perform at
the New York Pops concert at Carnegie Hall in May.
The Coasters perform regularly at Wolfman
Jack´s rock´n´ roll club in Orlando, Florida. Rhino Records issue the double-CD
"50 Coastin´ Classics" (Atlantic had planned a CD, titled "Poison
Ivy" in their "The Best Of"-series in 1991, but that CD was withdrawn in
favor of the Rhino issue).
Gardner regularly faces the problem of
competing with fake and bogus line-ups of "Coasters" managed by Larry Marshak
(and others). At times there are as many as ten "Coasters"-groups active.
Several fake "Coasters" albums are recorded during the early 1990s (among others
a Leon Hughes video).
Rhino Records issue "The Very Best of The
Coasters". Gardner recovers after a short cancer treatment. "Sorry But
I'm Gonna Have To Pass" hits the British charts # 41 in August. Lester Sill dies in
The Leiber-Stoller musical "Smokey Joe´s
Cafe" hits Broadway and also hits internationally (featuring several Coasters
classics with new performers).
Carl Gardner records his solo CD "One
Cool Cat" in Florida in April.
The four original Atco Coasters LPs are
reissued on four British Sequel CDs, this time though all comprising several bonus tracks,
giving the buyer a total of 100 Coasters recordings, including alternate stereo tracks
and stereo masters of the original hits.
Alvin Morse joins The Coasters in November.
Billy Guy "leases" his name to Larry
Marshak´s fake Coasters (just after an agreement between Billy Richards and Carl Gardner
about the use of the Coasters´ name). Jimmy Norman leaves Gardner´s Coasters around
February to start a new reggae career - replaced by Carl´s son, Carl Gardner Jr.
"Yakety Yak" is
awarded a Grammy Hall of Fame. "The Coasters Web Site",
approved by Veta and Carl Gardner, is published; and Gardner´s Coasters are legally
recognized as the true Coasters.
Will "Dub" Jones dies in California
in January. Cornell Gunter´s sister Shirley "leases" Gunter´s name to
Marshak´s Coasters (right after Billy Guy´s agreement with Gardner). A phenomenal CD
with 1958 Atco studio recordings and studio chat is issued, titled "Charlie
Brown", not yet another compilation
but 24 superb true stereo Atco tracks, comprising unissued masters, the-never-before
issued "Crocodile", an alternate "Hey Sexy" with Gardner doing a
superb lead, new versions of "I´m A Hog For You", alternates
including studio chat, false starts and outtakes etc etc..
Veta Gardner and Claus Röhnisch start The
Coasters Fan Club and make it possible for Coasters-fans to buy Coasters merchandise
including a repackage of the 1958 studio CD. Two new official Coasters web-sites are
published. JW Lance replaces Gardner Jr in July.
Yet another Official Coasters Website is
published. On November 5, Billy Guy dies in his sleep at home in Las Vegas, Nevada (on the
day of Nunn´s death 16 years earlier). Carl
Gardner, Jr forms a Coaster´s Review in California.
Carl Gardner is 75 years old on April 29 - and
a huge celebration is held in early May. On December 26, exactly two
years after its recording, the DVD titled "Live from The Palace of Auburn Hills"
is issued, featuring the present Coasters. This is not the first Coasters DVD - earlier in the year K-Tel had issued
"The Best of The Coasters - live from Rock ''n' Roll Palace" with six
great classics with the Coasters at Little Darlin's in Orlando in 1988. We haven´t heard the last from The Coasters yet!
Carl Gardner celebrates 50
years of recording activities in February - debuted with "If Teardrops Were
Kisses" (lead for the Robins in February, 1954). In November Carl Gardner, Jr.
returns to his father's group after more than three years of working in California. In
December Collectables (oldies.com) reissue The Coasters' original ATCO LPs "The
Coasters" and "One By One" on one CD (which will be coupled in late 2005
with "Coast Along with The Coasters", featuring the alternate stereo takes).
On November 5
Carl Gardner Jr officially takes over lead vocals from his father, who semi-retires
(still the group's leader and coach).
The album "50 Golden Years with Carl Gardner & The Coasters" is issued,
featuring rare and unissued recordings. The story of The Coasters continues.
Carl Gardner's Autobiography "Yakety
Yak I Fought Back - My Life with The Coasters" is finally written down with
Veta Gardner and ready to be published.
Gardner's book is out for grabs
in July! On August 27 VarèseSarabande (VarèseVintage) issue all of The Coasters'
Date/King sides, titled "Down Home"
(CD 302066844-2). On December 12 a terrific 4CD-compilation on Rhino Handmade, "The
Coasters On Atco - There's A Riot Goinä On" is issued, featuring the complete Coasters Atco Recordings (113 tracks
on Rhino RHM2 7740). Rhino are also to issue a 2-set CD in their "The Definitive Soul Collection"
series, comprising 30 Coasters tracks in chronological order, featuring all
their Pop Hits.
The Coasters' touring schedule is steady and regular.
Rhino’s planned issue of a 2-set CD for their "The
Definitive Soul Collection" series, comprising 30 Coasters mono tracks,
featuring all their Pop Hits chronological, is still delayed(but Rhino
reissue "The Very Best of". Veta Gardner’s
thecoasters.com site decides to redirect visitors to The Coasters
Web Site. On April 29 Carl Gardner Sr. is 80. In October Alvin Morse is replaced by Primotivo Candelara.
- The Early Years
Will "Dub" Jones, guitarist Thomas Palmer, Carl Gardner,
Cornell Gunter, and Billy Guy in 1988 (at Atlantic´s 40th Birthday Concert).
RATTLE AND ROLL - Joe Turner (1954)
The exciting first years of Atlantic Records
(representative songs with master number, record issue, recording date, producer, chart-entry month / month of issue, R&B and Pop Chartings):
All recordings done by Atlantic in New York unless otherwise indicated. 1954-1955 recordings produced by Ertegun/Wexler unless otherwise indicated.
Original issue of Tweedle Dee spelled Tweedlee Dee.
1948-1953 | 1954 | 1955
Atlantic Records Discography
20, 1908 in Louisville, Kentucky. Raised in Birmingham and Chicago (where he started to
play drums - getting his first drum set in 1923). Moved to Los Angeles in 1927, where he
started to play with the Les Hite orchestra. He also worked with Reb Spikes´ band
in 1924 and recorded with Paul Howard´s Quality Serenaders in 1929/30 (playing drums and
two-finger piano). Continued to play with Les Hite and started his try with vibes on
October 16, 1930 (with Louis Armstrong) and met dancer Gladys Riddle, who became his wife
and business manager. Studied music and started his own band, which worked until 1936 when
he joined Benny Goodman, with whom he worked until 1940 - although he became a RCA Victor
record star from 1937 - with a total of 91, several classic, recordings featuring all star
jazz artists between February 8, 1937 and April 8, 1941. Formed his own big band in
September, 1940 and joined Decca, where he debuted on December 24, 1941. Became a super
star as Lionel Hampton & his Orchestra (now with his true own band).
Had 13 R&B (Harlem Hit Parade/Race) Top 10 Hits
between 1940 and 1950. Several famous R&B instrumentalists made music history with
Lionel Hampton. Here is a list of some of them: Illinois Jacquet, Dexter Gordon, Dinah
Washington (vocals), Bill Doggett, Joe Morris, Quincy Jones, Milton Buckner, Lamar Wright,
Earl Bostic, Al Sears, Arnett Cobbs, Benny Carter, Cozy Cole, and Wes Montgomery. Hampton
died in Washington, DC on August 31, 2002.
The Best of
1938 Muskat Ramble
1939 Early Session Hop
1939 Hot Mallets
1940 Central Avenue Breakdown (with Nat King Cole,pno)
1943 Flying Home (# 9) (Decca)
1944 Hamp´s Boogie Woogie (# 1)
1845 Bealuah´s Boogie (# 2)
1946 Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop (# 1)
1946 Pinetop's Boogie Woogie (with Bing Crosby)
1947 Hamp´s Walking Boogie
1948 Blow Top Blues (# 5) (with Dinah Washington - rec. 1945)
1948 Red Top
1948 Midnight Sun
1948 I Want To Be Loved (# 2) (with his Hamptonians)
1949 New Central Avenue Breakdown
1949 Chicken Shack Boogie
1949 Hamp´s Boogie Woogie No. 2
1949 Bealuah´s Sister´s Boogie
1949 Hucklebuck (# 12) (with Betty Carter)
1950 Rag Mop (# 4) (with the Hamptones)
most productive honker of the ´60s and the one with most of the innovative ideas. Roots
via stints with Lionel Hampton. Own band - the Noble Knights (later also billed as the
Kingpins), featuring Paul Griffin,pno; Ernie Hayes,organ; Al Casey and later Billy Butler,gtrs; Jimmy Lewis
and later Jerry Jermott,bass; Ray Lucas,dms. During his last years also Cornell Dupree
and Hugh McCracken played guitar in his band with Richard Tee,pno; Chuck
Rainey,bass and and often
Pretty Purdie,dms. Productive session man
(famous for his solo on the Coasters´ "Yakety Yak") and did a huge amount of
recordings as a tenor- and altosaxophonist and sometimes guitarist/singer. Also worked as
a producer at Atlantic by the end of his career. Born: Curtis Ousley July
2, 1934 Forth Worth, Texas. Died August 13, 1971 (stubbed to death outside his home) in
New York City. Worked in Texas, were he met Lionel Hampton and later came to Los Angeles,
but became stationed in New York in 1956. First recordings: Houston,
January 10, 1952 Bad Luck Baby (unissued Hummingbird); with vocalist/pianist
Melvin Daniels for RPM Forth Worth, Texas 1953 Boogie In The Moonlight /
I´ll Be There - RPM 383; first solo as King Curtis: New York, December, 1956 King´s
Rock / Dynamite At Midnight - Apollo 507; first for Atco February 5, 1958 Birth
Of The Blues / Just Smoochin´ - Atco 6114. Records for:
DeLuxe/King 56, RCA 57, Atco 58-59, Prestige /New Jazz/TruSound 60-62, Enjoy 61-62,
Capitol 62-65, Atlantic 1965 - up to his death.
R&B Top 10 Hits:
1962 Soul Twist
(w the Noble Knights) 2w
1967 Memphis Soul Stew (vocal)
1967 Ode To Billie Joe (as The Kingpins)
For Your Listening Pleasure:
1956 Movin´ On
1957 Steel Guitar Rag
1958 Jest Smoochin´
1959 Peter Gunn
1959 Lil Brother
1959 The Groove
1960 Soul Meeting (with Nat Adderley)
1961 Jivin´ Time
1961 But That´s All Right (vocal)
1961 Honky Tonk
1961 The Twist
1962 Groovin´ With The King
1962 Beach Party
1963 Do The Monkey
1963 Soul Serenade (Capitol)
1964 Night Train
1965 Send Me Some Lovin´
1965 Boss (Long Tall Sally)
1967 Green Onions
1968 This Is Soul
1968 Soul Serenade (Atco)
1969 Instant Groove
1971 Get With It (by Champion Jack Dupree)
Find out more about | Atlantic Records´ Early Stars | at ... and More About ...!
click for: | King Curtis | or | Atlantic´s Vocal Groups |
Below you´ll find the great Soul Stars of Atlantic Records´ successful Soul Era with a short presentation and the most valuable recordings with all R&B Top Ten Hits listed first, followed by other notable classics. All #1 Hits are noted in bold; with number of weeks at #1 position. Titles hitting any of Billboard´s three national R&B Top Ten Charts (Best Seller, Juke Box, Disc Jockey) are listed.
Genius" - "Father of Soul" - "Brother Ray" - Pianist - singer - altosaxophonist, mixing
blues-gospel-R&B-country, and trail blazer of modern black music. Grew up in Florida
(Greenville, St. Augustine, Jacksonville, and Tampa). Moved to Seattle, Washington in 1948
with Florida friend, guitarist Gosady McKee starting a trio - "The McSon Trio"
(adding Milton Garret, bs). Came to Los
Angeles in 1950. Roots in West Coast club blues from Nat Cole and Charles Brown, and later
the jump blues of Louis Jordan - soon mixed with gospel sounds. Worked with Quincy Jones
in Seattle (Quincy later playing trumpet with Lionel Hampton), saxophonist Stanley
Turrentine, and during 1950-52 with Lowell Fulson & his orchestra; and was bought out
from Jack Lauderdale by Ahmet Ertegun. Left Fulson and toured with Joe Morris´ band.
Later worked with Lloyd Lambert´s orchestra and Guitar Slim (producing his hit "The
Things That I Used To Do"). Formed his own band in Houston, Texas during July, 1954
with trumpeter/band leader Renald Richard plus Charles Whiely,tpt; A.D.
Norris,tens; Jimmy Bell,bass - during a West Coast tour David Newman joined. Married Bea in Houston, where
they had their home until they moved to L.A. in 1959. Some of his early and later members of the
orchestra: Joe Bridgewater and Ricky Harper, tpts; Dave "Fathead" Newman,
tenorsax (who he already had met with Lowell Fulson in 1952); Hank Crawford, sax (succeeding Renald Richard as band leader); Edgar Willis,
bass; Phil Guilbeau, tpt; long-time saxophonist Leroy Cooper (who turned
Ray's seven-piece-band into an 8-piece); Sonny Forriest,gtr; and
Billy Preston, organ. Long-time arranger/conductor: Sid Feller. Ray´s first girl
singer: Mary Ann Fisher. Ray later transformed Jesse Stones´ and Chuck Willis´ girl
group the Cookies into the Raelets (featuring Marjorie Hendricks who died
during the late sixties; Darlene McRae, Gwen Berry, and Pat Lyles); and later Susay Green;
sister of Little Willie John - Mabel John; and wife of Richard Berry - Dorothy Berry ).
Long-time manager (succeeding Jeff Brown in the early-mid ' 60ss) and business companion: Joe Adams. Another
friend (and sometimes producer): Quincy Jones. Born: Raymond Charles
Robinson September 23, 1930 (some files say September 30 and others give the year 1932),
Albany, Georgia. Moved very ealry on to Greenville, Florida. Died in Beverly Hills, California June 10, 2004. First
recordings: as The
Maxin Trio (with all three
musicians labeled; originally the McSon Trio) Seattle, Washington ca.
November, 1948 (issued in February 1949 Confession Blues / I Love You I Love You - DownBeat 171
(hitting the charts on April 9, 1949). Ray recorded four titles in Miama, Florida for
Henry Stone in 1951 (probably not earlier, even if Ray Charles has stated
they were done in Tampa in 1948 - prob. late 1951, some files say even
in October 1952 - information that these recordings
were done in Tampa, Florida before Ray went to Seattle has flourished several times): Baby
Let Me Hear You Call My Name (aka St. Pete Florida Blues or St. Pete´s
Blues or I Found My Baby There) issued probably late 1951 on Sittin In With 641 and on
SwingTime 300 (in 1952); (I´m) Wonderin´ And Wonderin´ and Walkin´ And
Talkin´ (To Myself) issued on Rockin´ 504 in ca 1952; plus I Can´t Do
No More (aka Why Did You Go) issued on SIW 651 (both SIW singles had flips
featuring instrumentals prob not including Ray). Records for: DownBeat
/SwingTime 49-52, Atlantic 52-59, ABC 60-66, ABC/Tangerine 66-73, Crossover 73-76,
R&B # 1 Hits (of 44 Top Tens):
1955 I´ve Got A Woman
(I Got A Woman) 1w
1955 A Fool For You 1w
1956 Drown In My Own Tears 2w
1959 What´d I Say 1w
1961 One Mint Julep (instr) 1w
1961 Hit The Road Jack 5w
1962 Unchain My Heart 2w
1962 I Can´t Stop Loving You 10w
1962 You Are My Sunshine 3w
1966 Let´s Go Get Stoned 1w
The Other R&B Top 10 Hits
of the 1950s:
1949 Confession Blues (as Maxin Trio)
1950 Baby Let Me Hold Your Hand
1952 Kiss Me Baby
1954 It Should´ve Been Me
1954 Don´t You Know
1955 Come Back (Baby)
1955 This Little Girl Of Mine
1956 Halleluja I Love Her So
1956 Lonely Avenue
1957 Ain´t That Love
1958 (Night Time) The Right Time
|Some More Great Ones:
1951 The Snow Is Falling (Gloom And Misery)
1951 Baby Let Me Hear You Call My Name
(St. Pete Florida Blues)
1951 Wonderin´ And Wonderin´
1952 The Sun´s Gonna Shine Again
1952 The Midnight Hour
1953 Mess Around
1954 Sinner´s Prayer
1954 Losing Hand
1956 Mary Ann
1956 Doddlin´ (instr)
1956 Rockhouse (instr)
1957 That´s Enough
1958 Yes Indeed
1958 I Had A Dream
1959 Let The Good Times Roll
1960 Georgia On My Mind
1961 I´ve Got News For You
1962 At The Club
1963 No One
1964 Smack Dab In The Middle
1967 In The Heat Of The Night
1967 If You Were Mine
Ray Charles´ original Atlantic R&B LPs
(no "true" jazz albums included)
1957 Halleluja I Love Her So - Atlantic 8006
1957 Yes Indeed - Atlantic 8025
1958 Ray Charles At Newport - Atlantic 1289
1959 What´d I Say - Atlantic 8029
1959 Ray Charles In Person -Atlantic 8039
1960 The Genius of Ray Charles - Atlantic 1312
1961 The Genius Sings The Blues - Atlantic 8052
1962 Twist with Ray Charles - reissed as:
The Greatest Ray Charles - Atlantic 8054
1963 The Great Hits of Ray Charles - Atlantic SD 7101
1963 The Ray Charles Story Vol 1 - Atlantic 8063
1963 The Ray Charles Story Vol 2 - Atlantic 8064
(two above reissued on Atlantic 2-900)
1964 The Ray Charles Story Vol 3 - Atlantic 8083
1965 The Ray Charles Story Vol 4 - Atlantic 8094
"The Sheik of
the Blues" and "The King of the Stroll" - blues balladeer and
prolific songwriter, who like Brook Benton wrote several hits for other R&B acts
(including the Cadillacs, Ruth Brown, LaVern Baker, the Five Keys, the Cardinals and the
Clovers). Mostly worked in Atlanta and later New York City. Born:
Harold Willis January 31, 1928, Atlanta, Ga. Died of peritonitis April 10, 1958, Atlanta,
Ga. First recordings: NYC January 26, 1951 Can´t You See -
Columbia 30238 and Be Good Or Be Gone /Let´s Jump Tonight - Okeh 6805. Records
for: Okeh 1951-56, Atlantic 56-58.
R&B Top 10 Hits:
1952 My Story
1953 Goin´ To The River
1953 Don´t Deceive Me
1954 You´re Still My Baby
1954 I Feel So Bad
1956 It´s Too Late
1957 C.C. Rider 2w
1958 What Am I Living For 1w
1958 Hang Up My Rock And Roll Shoes
These Are Also Nice:
1951 Be Good Or Be Gone
1957 The Train Has Gone
Search on Chuck Willis
Chuck Willis at Wikipedia
on Chuck Willis
Chuck Willis at The Blues Database
"Wonder Boy Preacher" -
"King of Rock & Soul" - "King Solomon" - singer and Bishop Dr. /Minister, who preached and
broadcasted from his own church, Solomon´s Temple in Phliadephia. later worked mostly in
New York City and Alabama. Possibly the greatest secular gospel-soul singer of all, and
the idol of many soul fans. "King Solomon" was contracted to Atlantic by Jerry
Wexler in late 1959 and became the most important of Atlantic´s Soul Clan, with
"Everybody Needs Somebody To Love" as the most famous classic. Born:
James Solomon McDonald (stepfather
Vincent Burke) March 21, 1936 (not 1940) in Philadelphia. Died at Amsterdam (Schiphol) Airport, the
Netherlands on October 10, 2010. First recordings: NYC December 1955
and To Thee for singles on Apollo Records. Records for: Apollo 55-57,
Singular 59, Atlantic 60-68, Bell 69, MGM 71-73, ABC 74, Chess 75, Amhearst 78, Savoy
R&B Top 10 Hits:
1961 Just Out Of Reach
1962 Cry To Me
1963 If You Need Me
1963 You´re Good For Me
1964 Goodbye Baby (Baby Goodbye)
1964 Everybody Needs Somebody To Love
1965 Got To Get You Off My Mind 3w
1965 Tonight´s The Night 3w
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Solomon Burke Discography
|More High Quality Stuff:
1956 You Can Run But You Can´t Hide
1962 Down In The Valley
1962 Home In Your Heart
1962 Send My Some Loving
1964 Yes I Do
1964 The Price
1966 Keep A Light In The Window
1967 Take Me (As I Am)
1967 It´s Just A Matter Of Time
1968 Party People
1968 I Wish I Knew
"The Original Rapper" - Underrated but prominent entertainer and
down south country influenced soul ballad and humor-laced dance blues singer with wild and
frantic stage shows. Sang with local gospel groups and won a talent and recording contract
at the Apollo in 1954. Produced by Buddy Killen from 1961 (who turned to Rick Hall´s
famous Muscle Shoals studios in 1964). Tex worked in Baytown and Houston, came to New York
in 1955 and later worked in New Orleans, Detroit (1960), Nashville (1961), Muscle Shoals,
Alabama and Memphis. Some notable members of his qualitative stage show (and session
musicians): Lee Royal Hadley,gtr; Clyde Williams,dms; and Eddie Williams, tenor sax/
arranger. Tex converted to Muslim faith and changed his name to Joseph Hazzies in July,
1972. Important member of Atlantic´s Soul Clan. Born: Joseph Arrington,
Jr. August 8, 1933, Rogers, Tex. Died of heart attack August 13, 1982, Navasota, Tex. First
recordings: NYC 1955 Davy You Upset My Home for King. Records
for: King 55-57, Ace 58-59, Anna 60-61, Dial/London 61-64, Dial/Atlantic 64-71,
Dial/Mercury 71-76, Epic 1977.
R&B Top 10 Hits:
1965 Hold What You´ve Got 2w
1965 You Got What It Takes
1965 I Want To (Do Everything For You) 3w
1965 A Sweet Woman Like You 1w
1966 The Love You Save (May Be Your Own)
1966 S.Y.S.L.J.F.M. (The Letter Song)
1966 I Believe I´m Gonna Maket It
1967 Skinny Legs And All
1968 Men Are Gettin´ Scarce
1969 Buying A Book
1972 I Gotcha 1w
1977 Ain´t Gonna Bump No More
More Funky And Soulful Ones:
1956 Another Woman´s Man
1961 Baby You´re Right
1965 One Monkey Don´t Stop No Show
1966 I´ve Got To Do It A Little Bit Better
1967 Show Me
1967 Woman Like That, Yeah
1967 A Woman´s Hands
1968 I'll Never Do You Wrong
1968 That's Your Baby
1973 Woman Stealer
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- "Crown Prince of Dance" - with roots from the Rabbit Foot Minstrels and
long-time DJ experiences at WDIA in Memphis. A true Memphis Soul Man - active up to
this day - with four major career stages: 1950s for different labels, early ´60s and the
"dog" craze, early ´70s with the "funky birds", and the revival tours
of the ´80s. Stationed in Memphis and in later years also worked in Los Angeles. Born:
March 26, 1917, Cayce, Miss. Died in Memphis, Tenn. December 15, 2001. First
recordings: Memphis 1950 I´m So Worried - Star Talent 807; May/June 1951 Night
Walkin´ Blues - Chess 1466; March 8, 1953 Bear Cat /Walkin´ In The Rain - Sun
181. Records for: Chess 51-52, Sun 53, Meteor 57, Satellite 59-61,
Stax/Atco 62-68, Stax 68-75.
R&B Top 10 Hits:
1953 Bear Cat (as Rufus Thomas, Jr.)
1963 Walking The Dog
1964 Jump Back
1970 Do The Funky Chicken
1971 (Do The) Push And Pull 2w
1971 The Breakdown
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Rufus Thomas at The Blues Database
Rufus Thomas singles at Soulful Kinda Music
Listen to These:
1951 No More Doggin´ Around
1959 ´Cause I Love You So (by Carla & Rufus)
1961 Did You Ever Love A Woman
1962 The Dog
1964 The Memphis Train
1968 Funky Mississippi
1971 Do The Funky Penguin
1974 Boogie Ain´t Nuttin´
Pickett" - Fierceful hard-singing gospel-influenced super star - the Tom Jones of
blacks. Moved to Detroit in 1955 and sang with the Falcons 1960 - 1963 ("I Found A
Love" not included in the BS above). Worked in Alabama, in Detroit 55 - later
Cincinnati. Came to NYC and Atlantic Records, recorded in Memphis and Alabama again, later
in Philadelphia and finally settled in NYC. It wasn´t until Jerry Wexler took Pickett to
Memphis and guitarist Steve Cropper, that his solo career took off in 1965. Most
succcessful member of the Soul Clan. Started his own record label in the ´70s. Born:
March 18, 1941, Prattville, Alabama; died at Reston Hospital outside his home in Ashburn,
Virginia on January 19, 2006 of heart attack. First recordings:
spirituals with the Violinaires for Gotham in Detroit, 1957 and of unknown date Call
Him Up /Christ´s Blood with the Spiritual Five for Peacock; secular with The Falcons
in Detroit September 16, 1960 Pow! You´re In Love - United Artists 289 and
unissued Flick/United Artists recording of Billy The Kid; first solo: Detroit 1962 Let
Me Be Your Baby - Correc-Tone 501. Records for: Double-L 1963,
Atlantic 64-72, RCA 73-74, Wicked 75-76, Big Tree, EMI 79-80, Motown 1987.
R&B Top 10 Hits:
1962 I Found A Love - The Falcons
1963 It´s Too Late
1965 In The Midnight Hour 1w
1965 Don´t Fight It
1966 634-5789 (Soulsville, U.S.A.) 7w
1966 Land Of 1,000 Dances 1w
1966 Mustang Sally
1967 I Found A Love (solo)
1967 Soul Dance Number Three
1967 Funky Broadway 1w
1967 I´m In Love
1968 She´s Lockin´ Good
1968 I´m A Midnight Mover
1970 Sugar Sugar
1970 Engine Number 9
1971 Don´t Let The Green Grass Fool You
1971 Don´t Knock My Love 1w
1971 Call My Name, I´ll Be There
1972 Fire And Water
Other Funky Ones:
1963 If You Need Me
1966 Ninety-Nine And A Half (Won´t Do)
1968 A Man And A Half
1970 Cole, Cooke & Redding
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Wilson Pickett at Wikipedia
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Wilson Pickett at The Blues Database
Pitiful" - "Crown Prince of Soul" - Legendary southern soul star, probably the most important figure in
shaping the down-home Memphis "Soulsville" sound. Worked in Macon, Georgia; and
later Los Angeles, but made his fame through the Stax studios in Memphis. The fatal plain
crash also took the lifes of four members of his road band, the Bar-Kays. He used Booker
T. & the M.G.´s with Steve Cropper (who produced his later recordings),
"Duck" Dunn and Al Jackson, Jr; supplemented by the Memphis Horns on most
recordings. Born: September 9, 1941, Terrell County
(Dawson), Georgia (family moved to Macon, Georgia in 1942). Died in a plane
crash in Lake Monona, Madison, Wisconsin December 10, 1967. First recordings:
L.A. 1960 She´s All Right for TransWorld; Athens, Georgia with Johnny Jenkins
& the Pinetoppers in 1960. Shout Bamalama for Confederate; Memphis
October 1962 . These Arms Of Mine /Hey Hey Baby - Volt 103. Records for:
R&B Top 10 Hits:
1964 Chained And Bound
1965 Mr. Pitiful
1965 I´ve Been Loving You Too Long
1966 My Lover´s Prayer
1967 Try A Little Tenderness
1967 Tramp (w Carla Thomas as Otis & Carla)
1967 Knock On Wood (Otis & Carla)
1968 (Sittin´ On) The Dock Of The Bay 3w
1968 The Happy Song (Dum-Dum)
1968 I´ve Got Dreams To Remember
1969 Papa´s Got A Brand New Bag
Other Very Best Of:
1963 These Arms Of Mine
1963 Pain In My Heart
1964 Your One And Only Man
1964 Come To Me
1965 Down In The Valley
1965 That´s How Strong My Love Is
1965 Rock Me Baby
1966 Hawg For You
1966 Fa-Fa-Fa-Fa-Fa (Sad Song)
"Lady Soul" -
"The Queen of Soul" - Hit making, strongly gospel styled
thrush - Dinah Washington was "The Queen of Blues", but Aretha is "The
Queen of Soul". Daughter of Rev. Cecil L. Franklin, pastor of New Bethel Church in
Detroit. Worked in Buffalo, in Detroit from 1951 and later in New York City and Memphis.
Dramatic turn of success when Jerry Wexler signed her to Atlantic. Was joined by her
sisters and other girls of the Sweet Inspirations. King Curtis arranged several of her
hits. Born: March 25, 1942, Memphis, Tenn. First recordings:
gospel behind her father Rev. C.L. Franklin in Detroit 1951 on Gotham; solo
Detroit, 1956 Never
Grow Old on JVB/Battle and Precious Lord on Checker. Secular in
New York City on August 1, 1960 Today I
Have The Blues on Columbia. Records for: Columbia 60-66, Atlantic
67-79, Arista 80-.
R&B #1 Hits (of Her 47 Top Tens):
1967 I Never Loved A Man
(The Way I Love You) 7w
1967 Respect 8w
1967 Baby I Love You 2w
1967 Chain Of Fools 4w
1968 (Sweet Sweet Baby)
Since You´ve Been Gone 3w
1998 Think 3w
1969 Share Your Love With Me 5w
1970 Call Me 2w
1970 Don´t Play That Song 3w
1971 Bridge Over Troubled Water 2w
1971 Spanish Harlem 3w
1972 Day Dreaming 2w
1973 Angel 2w
1973 Until You Come Back To Me 1w
1974 I´m In Love 2w
1976 Something He Can Feel 4w
1977 Break it To Me Gently 1w
1982 Jump To It 4w
1983 Get It Right 2w
1985 Freeway Of Love 5w
Other Important Ones:
1960 Today I Sing The Blues
1961 Try A Little Tenderness
1967 A Natural Woman
1971 Rock Steady
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Aretha Franklin at Wikipedia
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Aretha Franklin at The Blues Database
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