Thursday, 16 February 2006
The New Dark Ages
Slowly one by one the Lights of Liberty are being Extinguished on the European Continent
Hat Tip Little Green FootballNorway and Sweden Enforce Shari'a Norway Criminalizes Blasphemy?
Norway had its brief, shining moment of resistance. Not Sweden. Among the European leaders who have insisted firmly in recent days that their nations enjoyed free speech – only to insist even more firmly that that right must be exercised "responsibly" – was Swedish foreign minister Laila Freivalds, who, responding on February 9 to a Muhammed cartoon in the newspaper of the right-wing Swedish Democratic Party, didn’t just call for "responsibility" but enforced it, sending the Security Police to close down the party website. "It is frightful," she sniffed, "that a small group of Swedish extremists can expose Swedes to a clear danger" – as if it were the Swedish Democrats, and not Islamic extremists, who were threatening violence. Lately, many Europeans have sought to explain to enraged Muslims that democratic states cannot silence the free expression of ideas; Freivalds appeared determined to show that in Sweden, at least, this is no longer the case.
And so the Jackboots of Security Forces are heard marching to support of Facism. Free Speech is no more, only approved
Islam Online says Norway Criminalizes Blasphemy
Qaradawi called anew on the United Nations to adopt a resolution banning blasphemy to head off similar incidents in the future.
He also urged the European Union to criminalize blasphemy against any religion, including pagan religions.
The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) is pressing for a ban on religious intolerance to be part of the bedrock of a planned new United Nations human rights body.
Qaradawi pointed out that there is a difference between freedom of expression and freedom of insulting.
"Freedom of expression is all about expressing an opinion. In the cartoons case, there is no opinion or counter-opinion," he said.
The Norwegian delegation assured the renowned scholar that Article 135-A of the Norwegian Penal Code orders a maximum penalty of three years in jail for publishing articles mocking religions or ethnic groups.
So after a hiatus of how many Centuries the Inquisition returns to Europe.
Next I guess Apostasy will be Outlawed?
Will we Stone Heretics in the 21st Century Dark Ages or just Burn them at the Stake?
If Norway's Blasphemy Law is only used to prosecute those defaming Islam, but never Muslims defaming Jews or other Religions does that make Norway an Islamic State by Default?
Isn't That Their Job?
You hear the phrases these days, "Must Read", "Daily Read" applied to some Blog or Pundit.
Before Blogs and the Internet really took off I had Must Reads,and Daily Reads, for many years one of the major ones was Mike Royko
of the Chicago Tribune.
"His columns often targeted city hall, and other bullies who pushed around, as he put it, the people without clout. Information on his life and career.'
You can keep your Cronkites and your Rathers, Royko is the one I remember from that era.
A newspaper man of the Old Style, cigar chewing whiskey swilling shoot'em right between the eyes Mike Royko of the Chicago Tribune.
Mike could never be confused with Political Correctness, I recall after some public figure, I think it was Ann Landers got into a lot of hot water for using the word Polack and the current Pope in the same sentence, Royko who was of Polish descent himself wrote a BLISTERING article pointing out to the ignorant, that the Polish word for someone from Poland WAS Polack.
Of course in a time when MADD was coming into their own the whiskey swilling did have eventual consequences. Mike got himself a DUI.
Which was big news, an old style newspaper man had one too many.
So there came the day, the hearing and as Royko walked down the steps of the Court House, afterwards a perky little blonde media figure, cameras running, rammed a microphone in the direction of his face and asked, with a big bright smile,
"Mr Royko! Can you tell us what just went on in there?" (Like NO ONE watching had ANY idea?)
Mike looked down at her and replied.
"You are supposed to be a reporter, isn't that your job. Then walked right by leaving her standing there with her mouth open. ;-)
Alas there are not too many Mike Roykos left anymore, but there are plenty like the perky little media figure.
You know the ones I mean. You have seen them in Press Conferences. They don't ask questions, they make policy statements.
They sometimes seem like a flock of Chicken Littles running around flapping their wings cackling, "The Sky is falling, the SKY is FALLING!"
Then when it doesn't fall, they find something else to get hysterical about, in the certainty that the American People will not remember that they were hysterical about the complete opposite thing happening not to long before.
Recently instead of Chicken Little the Washington Press Corps has been acting like a flock of Broody Hens having a Hissy Fit, because someone hasn't given THEM the eggs. That is what reminded me of Mike Royko's famous statement, "you are supposed to be a reporter, isn't that your job?
It seems the VP was in a hunting accident and he did not rush to tell THEM. Instead a report was filed with the local Sheriff and a local News Paper was given the story! COVERUP!!!!!!!
Oh and Scott McClellan it turns out knew that one of the pellets entered a blood vessel and caused a cardiac problem and HE did not tell the Press!
Let me see if I understand this, the Press is demanding that a Government Spokesman deliver to them confidential medical information of a Private Citizen??
Oh and to add insult to injury the VP gave an exclusive interview to Brit Hume of Fox News,.
Now that was a real surprise wasn't it?
Michele Malkin has much more on this latest development in FOX DERANGEMENT SYNDROME
Wednesday, 15 February 2006
in the Liberty Bell
This will be more of a brief outline of my thoughts and I reserve the right to revise and extend my remarks at a later date.
There was once a company, whose policy was freedom of information and who in its beginning vowed never to censor Internet searches.
It's Motto was "Do NO Evil" and it was called Google.
Recently there was some amount of comment on Google's Cooperative agreement with the People's Republic of China to adjust their software so that the Chinese People would be protected from the results of Internet searches with such dangerous keywords as
Democracy, Tiananmen Square.
It was about this time that Google's Promise never to censor Internet searches disappeared from their websites.
Replaced by words like "In accordance with local laws etc etc"
That was their justification and indeed they had ALREADY abandoned their principles regarding freedom of information and freedom of speech at the bequest of the EU to censor searches in Europe for Neo-Nazi websites and other Fascist polemics.
Nobody much really likes Nazis or Fascists so no one really noticed or commented when that ethical Rubicon was crossed.
If they had they would still probably not thought the same restrictions should or would be applied to search terms like, Liberty, Democracy, Freedom.
Such are the results of compromise.
At the time I thought of writing an article as a warning of what could happen in the Future.
My concept was that if they were willing to censor searches coming out of China they might be willing to censor Internet searches ABOUT China.
I intended it as a warning about what could happen in the Future, since Google was willing to compromise
and abandon their original policy of no censorship of information searches.
It would appear I should have written this sooner, because Google is already censoring and filtering what we can search for with their software.
Just not at the behest of the PRC.
A few hours ago I read this on Little Green Football.It's In the Koran
Google Video (beta), like Angelfire, has submitted to radical Islam and removed it from view
You are now at one of the only remaining sites on the web
that will let you see it
Google won't let you see it. Probably they think it is not in our best interests.
Maybe they should change their name to Gaggle?
First they came to censor the Nazi Websites
And no one cared, because who likes Nazis?
Then they came to censor the Chinese Web searches
And they said some information was better than none.
Now they have come to censor what WE can search for.
Does anyone care?
In the very first post I ever made on this Blog I made the claim that the The Blogs were the 21st Century "Committees of Correspondence" in the Second American Revolution which would be one of Ideas.
Friends those words were never truer, It is WE who are the Guardians of Information.
Google has joined the side of the Forces of Suppression and Oppression.
Other websites on the Google Issue include
The English Guy He also has other information about Google so look at his main site and not just this post link
Tiger Hawk relates a very dangerous IMO legal reaction to the Google-Gap (a take off on Credibility-Gap and I think appropriate in these later days) in Don't regulate the search engines, except in one small way
"The subcommittee's chairman, Representative Christopher H. Smith, Republican of New Jersey, plans to introduce legislation by week's end that would restrict an Internet company's ability to censor or filter basic political or religious terms ? even if that puts the company at odds with local laws in the countries where it now operates."
I must agree with Tiger Hawk Trashing the First Amendment is no way to perserve Liberty and Freedom.
Google is a private enterprise they can adjust the services they offer any way they want,
I DO support public awareness of their censorship and support of Totalitarian and Oppresive Regimes.
Another poster points out a even greater danger, one that to my eyes Yahoo is already guilty of,
"I only have one problem with your counterproposal, but it's a big one: What's to prevent China from responding by ordering Google et al not to comply with the new law if they want to keep doing business in China? (Remember, suppressing information is just half of the point of political censorship. The other half is maintaining the illusion that the apparent lack of dissent is not the result of censorship, but simply because there's no dissent to be found.) Once that happens, everyone involved is back to square one.
By Joshua, at Wed Feb 15, 09:35:09 AM
As for "Informancy is the worst transgression. China would pay for info on people's searches, and within China it would be legal, maybe even mandatory."
How do you know they are not doing that? Because they say so?
As I recall they USED to say that they would never censor internet searches.
That should tell you how good their word is.
And your word is not like a bone, once you break it, it never grows back stronger.
Monday, 13 February 2006
Ik Sta met Denemarken!
Now that ought to confuse some of my readers who only speak English. ;-) It is Dutch forI Stand with Denmark!
This is prompted by two things. The flood of Dutch readers who have graced my website recently via.The Dutch Disease Report
You are most welcome.
The other reason I discovered at No Pasarn!
in one of the comments about a a demonstration
on Saturday 25 February at Dam Square in Amsterdam.
I see No Pasarn! has also put up a post on thisWe (heart) Dutchmark
You are invited to a demonstration
on Saturday 25 February at Dam Square in Amsterdam.Directions
This information from Balder Blog
in English."Call for demonstration at Dam Square on Holland!?s Remembrance Day (Feb 25)
Compiled and translated from the weblog Nekklachten
Monument for fallen Dutch Resistance Fighters during the Nazi occupation of Holland.
Situated in the centre of Amsterdam a ten minutes walk from the main railroad station Centraal Station. In the sixties a rendez vous point for flower power hippies, later a favourite spot for African and Arab drugdealers and hustlers.
Everybody who wants to support Freedom of Speech:
Come to Dam Square in the center of Amsterdam on Saturday February 25 at 13:00 o!?clock.
The purpose of the demonstration is to show the politicians that the Dutch are sick and tired of the religious frenzy around the famous Jyllands Posten Cartoons, and even more tired of the demands for restrictions of our Freedom of Speech.
We shall not tolerate as much as 1 millimeter of restrictions of our rights to free speech.
The demonstration will be a signal of solidarity with the people of Denmark, and is also a message to Xavier Solana that we will not accept that the EU top bowes down to Middle Eastern dictatorships in a so called !?dialog!? about freedom of speech. We have that freedom, and it we will keep it. That!?s final.
Demonstrators are being urged to bring Danish flags, and it is being discussed if books from H.C Andersen, the famous Danish storyteller, as well as the newly composed Danish / Dutch Solidarity flag in order to emphasize the support for Denmark and Jyllands Posten."
and in Dutch at Nekklachten
There are also comments on this on the website of the heroine Ayaan Hirsi Ali
We will be with you in Spirit if not in Body on that day.
You will be supported by some and reviled by others.
Do not despair, you are not alone.
We too in the Past of our Republic had those who would prefer to place their necks under the Heel of Oppression, rather than to face it.
One of our Founding Fathers Samuel Adams had this to say to such persons.
"If ye love wealth greater than liberty, the tranquility of servitude
greater than the animating contest for freedom, go home from us in peace.
We seek not your counsel, nor your arms. Crouch down and lick the hand
that feeds you; May your chains set lightly upon you, and may posterity
forget that ye were our countrymen."
I STAND WITH DUTCHMARK!
In the struggle for Freedom of Speech.
Sign the Petition NOW!
Rasmsussen Rechecking Math?
It is almost 5:00PM CST.
The Rasmussen website states "Updated Daily by Noon Eastern"
So why does the Bush approval rating text say--"President Bush Job Approval
Updated Daily by Noon Eastern Bush Job Approval
Strongly Approve 25%
Somewhat Approve 24%
Somewhat Disapprove 13%
Strongly Disapprove 36%
Sunday February 12, 2006--Forty-nine percent (49%) of American adults approve of the way George W. Bush is performing his role as President. Fifty percent (50%) disapprove.
The President's ratings have been higher over the past week than they were for the week before. However, it is impossible to determine if the current peak reflects lasting change or merely statistical noise."
Particularly when I could SWEAR that earlier today I saw TWO days at the top of the chart with
Bush Job Approval
49 Approve 50 Disaprove
Where did Monday Feb 13 go to? I mean I saw it earlier, and it is about 6 hours after it is supposed to be up.
Maybe Rasmussen wanted to recheck his math?
I also recall last week there was one day where Bush's Approval Rating was 50%
and the Disapproval Rating was 49%.
I'll just bet you did not hear THAT reported in the Legacy Media!
In other News the Hillary Meter
"February 9, 2006--Support for Hillary Clinton's Presidential bid has slipped over the past month to the lowest levels recorded in two dozen surveys over the past year.
Today, just 27% of Americans say they would definitely vote for the former first lady while 43% would definitely vote against. Still, 59% of Americans believe it is somewhat or very likely that she will be the Democrat's nominee in 2008.
Among Democrats, the number who would definitely vote for Clinton dropped 11 percentage points over the past two weeks.while 43% would definitely vote against."
Let's See Bush's Approval Rating is 49%
Hillary's is 38%.
And this is not News.UPDATE
While I was putting this up the Monday figures came back online.
"Monday February 13, 2006--Forty-nine percent (49%) of American adults approve of the way George W. Bush is performing his role as President. Fifty percent (50%) disapprove.
The President's ratings have been higher over the past week than they were for the week before. However, it is not clear if the current peak reflects lasting change or merely statistical noise"
Don't you just Love this part?
"it is not clear if the current peak reflects lasting change or merely statistical noise"
You know? I could be mistaken, but I don't ever recall seeing verbage like that when Bush's Approval Rating goes donwn
The Open Trackback Alliance XIV
For your listening pleasure while you browse
"Der er et yndigt land" (There Is A Lovely Land)
Words by: Adam Gottlob Oehlenschlager
Music by: Hans Ernst Kr?yer
"Derer et yndigt land" was first performed for a large gathering of Danes in 1844, and became popular quickly with the Danish people. It was adopted later that year by the Danish government as a national anthem, but not the sole national anthem. This anthem is on equal status with "Kong Christian",which is both the national and royal anthem.
When the Danish anthem is usually performed or sung, the first verse is played in its entirety, then it is followed by the last four lines of the last verse. (This is true whether the lyrics are sung or not
Recentlty I have been posting music to Illustrate the Diversity of America, this week I have a different motive to express Solidarity with DENMARK
I maintain my Support of Denmark, and will later today, post links to and my thoughts about a Danish Editorial "We are being pissed upon by Per Nyholm "
I think I shall title my Post, "There is no "But" in "Freedom of Speech".
When I first started upon my journey through the blogverse I created a Statement of Purpose
Now upon reading it, one can realize that I did not hold to every detail of that original statement, but from it's basic premise, I have never swayed, in my belief that the Blogs are in fact the Committees of Correspondence of the Second American Revolution.
And that it is a Revolution of Information, no longer can we afford and allow elite gateways to control what we can see, hear and discuss.
For I believe that those bloggers who find their way, here and in particular from the Blogs associated with Sam.
HAVE SOMETHING TO SAY.
Some of us are more Serious, some of us are more lighthearted and some post the common ordinary things that make one smile and recall that Life without the simple things to treasure is meaningless.
And it is important that all have a platform from which to speak.
As I understand this process you can link to this post and trackback to this post on ANY subject or post you think important. It is open. I will repeat this every Monday.
The Committees of Correspondence welcomes your intelligent comments. And also welcomes you to join the
OPEN TRACKBACK ALLIANCE
This week I also have shortened my usual introduction for a more inportant message.
In it's struggle for Freedom of Speech.
Sign the Petition NOW!
30956 Total Signatures 8:27 AM CST 13 February, 2006 We can do better pass the word~!
Blogs that Trackback to this Post:
Because you can doesn't mean you should from Mark My Words
Y'al come back now, Y'heah? ;-)
Sunday, 12 February 2006
They are Provoking US!
I am at a complete loss for words.
During a demonstration of some 4000, two lone figures stood up for Freedom of Speech and with the Danish Flag.
You HAVE to read this and watch the video!
From No Pasarn! Islamic Protesters in Paris Come Face to Face with an Unexpected Counter-Protest
"An eye for an eye! A tooth for a tooth!". Protesting Denmark's cartoon scandal and wearing all kinds of costumes from the Middle East and the Muslim world, 4,000 Islamic demonstrators marched through Paris denouncing the cartoons and the alleged lack of respect towards Islam.
When they arrived at La Nation, they were met with two figures wearing slightly different costumes and slightly different signs.
One, in red and white, was silently wearing a sign with the Danish flag saying "Support Denmark, Support free speech". Besides silently wearing a sign reading "Free Cartoonist" on it, the other, the founder of the BAF protest-warrior-type organization, was holding a (fake) severed hand, a pen among its fingers.
READ the Article, you don't have to Wait for the Movie, they have a link to the video!
I can only say, "Shai Dorsai!"
(The phrase, "Shai Dorsai!" ("real" or "true Dorsai"), is a salute to those who embody the Dorsai ideal of the ethical warrior,)
Many more photos and information at
The BAF (Brigade for the money of the French Taxpayers)
(note the English version is underneath the French language version)
Linked toSunday's Best at Don Surber
The Valentine Jihad
Hat Tip The Politburo Diktat with Islamic Values in KashmirDukhtaran-e-Millat activists burn Valentine’s Day cards in Kashmir"Nearly two dozen black-veiled Muslim women stormed gift and stationery shops Friday in Kashmir, burning Valentine’s Day cards and posters to protest a holiday they say imposes Western values on Muslim youth.
No one was hurt in the half-dozen or so incidents, and police cordoned off the area to prevent the women from marching through Srinagar’s main shopping district to continue their ransacking.The women were from the Kashmiri Islamic group Dukhtaran-e-Millat, or Daughters of the Community, Kashmir’s only women’s separatist group, whose members are also known for their fiercely conservative social views.
“We will not let anyone sell these cards or celebrate Valentine’s Day,” said Asiya Andrabi, the group’s leader, as she held a burning poster in her hand. “These Western gimmicks are corrupting our kids and taking them away from their roots.”
You know, I really do not care what other's believe or what Holidays they wish to celebrate, unless
they decide to tell ME
which ones I get to celebrate or what I have to believe.
Some have made the claim that we must go to extreme measures not to offend.
Where does this all end?
Where is the definitive list of items we must avoid?
The List is in the Quran of course. All we have to do is say the Shadada
Submit it Islam and the Mullahs will be happy to tell us what to do think and believe.
We could Submit to the Pact of Umar
and again the Mullah's will be happy to tell us what to do think and believe.
Is an Assault on Valentine's Cards an Attack on Western Civilization?
As petty as it may sound the answer is Yes.
It would seem there is no area of thought, belief or action that Salafah Islam
does not feel it has the right to decide for all.
But never fear, we are told, the Quran is a perfect way of life, and includes instructions for all and for everything.
Those who do not believe and submit? Why once their heads are severed from their bodies they will not utter any objections.
As for me? I choose NOT to Submit. Here is my Valentine's Card for all of you.
Pass it on. Awesome Cards
As usual Michele Malikin is on the cutting edge of this topic with NEXT, THEY CAME FOR VALENTINE'S DAY
OTA Weekend And Open Thread at The Crazy Rants of Samantha Burns
Saturday, 11 February 2006
The Return of the Worship of Molech.
While reading the events concerning the recent Cartoon Jihad a passage in Captain's Quarters
caught my eye and stuck in my mind."The police finally withdrew and allowed the crowd to burn down the Danish embassy. Although they set the building alight, they had time and the forethought to bring a large banner to place on the building before it burnt down, announcing that the protesters were ready to offer their children in sacrifice to Mohammed."
Now Human Sacrifice, is not unknown in History, the Sacrifice of Children is not unknown, particularly in that region, though it has been almost 3 millennium since it reared it's ugly head and it was considered an abomination by all Cultures save the ones who practiced it.
The Adherents of Molech"Molech was a fire-god and many things were sacrificed to him by burning. Ancient sources mention food and drink, birds and animals, and of course, humans occasionally. However, the practice most spoken of was the sacrifice of young children to the fires of Molech. This practice was especially abhorred by the ancients, and not just the Jews. The Greeks and Romans also mention this inhuman rite in derogatory terms. "
The Bitter Irony of this all is that the very rationale for the fanatic response by Salafah
Islam to these Cartoons rests in part on an iconoclatic
world view that rejects totally the deification of anything and anyone save Allah/God.
In all Cultures Children are considered precious to be cherished and protected. A Warrior will willing to lay HIS
life down to defend them because they are the Future. Only pallid things more like that found under a rotten log would be willing "to offer their children in sacrifice to" another Mortal.
We can have respect for the Man, but all religions reject the Deification of Mortals even those in the service of the Divine.
There is an old story of a sale of odd second hand goods. On one table was a battered and worn violin.
People picked it up, but it had no physical beauty and it was out of tune.
An old man lifted it, twisted a few knobs, and played music that was so lovely it transfixed all who heard it.
The lesson was, that even the most humble instrument in the Hands of a Master can play divine music.
The Glory is not to the instrument, but to the Master.
To Deify a Mortal is a Blasphemy in all Religions. To Sacrifice Children to such a one is an Abomination in all Religions, Islam included EXCEPT
The Worship of Molech, which is a Darkness not seen for some 3 millennium.
It would appear it has returned.
Linked to OTA Weekend And Open Thread at The Crazy Rants of Samantha BurnsMooseTracks Open Weekend Trackbacks. at The Bullwinkle Blog The *PIAPS Factor (Redux) Trackback Party & Linkfest: Weekend Edition at Stuck On Stupid Weekend Open Trackback Party! at The Uncooperative BloggerSaturday Open Trackbacks 02.11.06 at Gribbit's Word Pride: Open Trackback Post at the 7 Deadly SinsWeekend Open Trackbacks Downward Spiral Edition at Point FiveInto The Great Wide Open at Stop the ACLUWeekend Open Trackbacks at Right Wing Nation
Friday, 10 February 2006
?Culture, Civilization & Humanity?
. from the Pen of Tarek Heggy
Tarek Heggy, a renowned International Scholar brings a unique voice on MidEastern Issues.
I recently recieved this email from his office.
"To the recipients of Tarek Heggy’s articles, lectures and speeches.
Tarek Heggy gave, earlier t`is month, two lectures at the 38th Cairo International Book Fair. The first was on 21st January on the impact of the political and economic facets of globalization on Cultures. The second (1st February) was on his writings in English. The attached document is an extract from the second lecture.
N.B.: I shall forward to you soon Mr. Heggy’s article on the Islamic world reaction to the Danish cartoons. It is probably the only piece in Arabic that condemns the reaction with no single sympathy or justification. "
A complete word doc with images
___ The Archives of Tarek Heggy
This year, it was the first time that Egypt’s Minister of Culture to invite me at the 38th Cairo International Book Fair. During my second lecture (in which I covered ten subjects) one of the topics I touched upon was a comment on the title of my book “Culture, Civilization & Humanity”. The following is the English translation of what I improvised in Arabic concerning this particular point (Culture, Civilization & Humanity).
From Tarek Heggy’s lecture
At the Cairo Book Fair on
1st February, 2006.
The core idea of this presentation i.e. the relationship between Cultures, Civilizations & Humanity:
(1) At the bottom I put “Cultures”. And that is exactly where they should be. They are the foundations on which civilizations are built. But what is a culture? A culture is hard to define, but it involves social norms, taboos, literature, religion, expressive arts, folklore and the way people live. In my book that had the same title of this lecture, I explained that the great Muslim Andalusian Civilization was based on the proper interaction between Islamic and Judaic thinking with Aristotelian philosophy. Three different cultures that complemented each other or collided like sub-atomic particles do, not knowing that their quarrels will form atoms and release energy... The result was a great Civilization. But then came the Al Moawahed Dynasty from North Africa. Ibn Rush (Averoess) was (morally) persecuted for his views, and the Jews for being Jews. Two legs of the tripod that produced the glorious Muslim Civilization of the Iberian Peninsula, were knocked out. Civilization soon found itself limping in the once glorious Muslim Spain. Unfortunately, the problem with a limping Civilization is that; for fear of falling it can only look back. Progress is thus seen as dangerous. The result: Civilization arrest.
The same phenomenon was seen with the Copts who built a great culture on which a great Civilization could have been built (they could not build their own civilization since they were a subject Nation). But that cultural ascendance faltered after 451 AD, when the Copts repudiated a Byzantine religious dogma after the Chalcedon council of 451 AD. The tragedy is that they also proceeded to divorce themselves from all forms of secular Greek thinking. Moreover instead of being opened to Judaic culture (I am thinking not only of Philo, but of all the Rabbinic wisdom of Judaic Alexandria), the Copts became anti-Semitic “activists”. As a result the Universalism of the School of Alexandria could not and did not survive, and the School of Alexandria closed its doors, after fanatic Copts murdered Hypathia, the last woman philosopher.
Thus after institutionalization of anti-Semitism, the lynching of Hypathia in415 AD and the tragedy of Chalcedon in 451, Coptic Civilization was deprived of the Judaic and Hellenic limbs of its cultural tripods. Coptic civilization did not limp, it did worse: It closed itself in! The result: Civilization arrest.
(2) Civilization therefore is built on the proper use of superior cultures. But again what in the world is Civilization? The term itself seems to have its root in civics for a city citizen. That is why civilization is essentially urban, and comes to mean today a situation of urban comfort in which people experience refinement of thought and manners. But I prefer to call it an ideal for all citizens to live in a society that offers peace, prosperity, freedom of expression, freedom to worship, freedom to think, equal rights, as well as high cultural and technologic development.
But there is more to civilization than that. For example a society that does not offer good medical care, proper amenities, hygienic rules, cleanliness or discipline; may fall so low on the scale of civilization that it may be called uncivilized.
Kenneth Clark wrote a whole book (which he called “CIVILIZATION”) to answer the question of what is Civilization, but failed to give it a definitive answer. That is why we are free in some degree to define Civilization. That is also why we need to follow Voltaire’s advice, and define what it is before we discuss it. I have defined Civilization by describing its roots, and built a powerful argument that cannot reverse my symbolic pyramid because I crowned it with man (Humanity). And that was a logical way to define the indefinable.
(3) At the top I put HUMANITY i.e. MAN. That makes sense, especially if one espouse the view that man has been made steward of Creation who participate in the ongoing evolution of the world. But even without accepting that view, cultures come from man, and civilizations are built (or destroyed) for men and by men.
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