The term Huguenot is thought to have been derived from Besacon Hugues, a Swiss religious leader. In respect of those who were converted from Catholicism in France is actually a catchall, much like the word "Protestant" is today. It encompasses a number of groups that came into salvation during the 1500's-1700's, and who "searched the scriptures" to determine what was truly apostolic doctrine. The Camisards, whose name is derived from ancient French for "night attack," or an Italian or French word that speaks of the type of "shirts," which were worn, were actually "Huguenots," living in the Cevennes.

The encyclopedia states of the Camisards:

From camisade, obsolete Fr. for a night attack, from the Ital. camiciata, formed from cam-ic-ia Fr. chemisea shirt, from the fact of a shirt being worn. over the armour in order to distinguish friends from foes), the name given to the peasantry of the Cevennes who, from 1702 to 1705 and for some years afterwards, carried on an organized military resistance to the dragonnades, or conversion by , and confiscation of property, by which, in the Huguenot districts of France, the revocation of the edict of Nantes was attempted to be enforced. The Camisards were also called Barbets ( water-dogs, a term also applied to the Waldenses), Vagabonds, Assemblers (assemble was the name given to the meeting or conventicle of Huguenots), Fanatics and the Children of God.

God said "In blessing I will bless you, and this was certainly true of Huguenot believers in France, who subdued kingdoms and took whole cities for God. In southern France, they were in control of no less than two hundred towns, located mainly in the south of France. What did they believe? The Camisards testified that they spoke in tongues, and this outward manifestation of God's Holy Spirit is the evidence of the Baptism in the Holy Spirit, promised by Jesus in Mark 16:16-18, to all believers. (See: Acts 2:38, Ats 8:16, Acts 10:46-48, Acts 19:5) The promise is to us and our children as it was to them, and their children predicted the imminent return of Christ to establish an earthly kingdom. There was a group in France called the Jansenists, who were said to have uttered unintelligible expressions in an unconscious state, in 1731.

So great was the spread of the faith, that even members the monarchy were converted to Christ, such as Louis de Bourbon. He was a hunchback, brought up among Huguenots, he was married in 1551 to Éléonore de Roye, a Huguenot herself. He served in Henry II’s armies in the campaigns of 1551-57, but won no favour. On Henry II’s in 1559, he came forward as the military leader of the Huguenots. Other Huguenot leaders include Anthony King of Navarre, Louis I de Bourbon de Conde, and Admiral Gaspard de Coligny.

When the southwest of France became a refuge for the French Huguenots, Jeanne d' Albret, daughter of Henry d'Albret and Marguerite de Navarre, (king and queen of Navarre) had been strongly supportive of religious reformers, as her mother had before her, becoming active in Bern. In 1560, Jeanne publicly announced her adherence to the Christian faith; and became one of the leaders of the Huguenots.

The Huguenot cross which the world has come to recognize as a sign of this reformation group and it's descendants, is the Cross of Languedoc. It is reputed to have been fashioned by a metal artisan of Nimes, to commemorate the es of two couples who were given the choice to recent their Christian faith or die at the stake. They chose to die rather than deny their faith. This particular design was discovered by the Reverend Andrew Mailhet in the province of Languedoc, France, and dates from at least the 18th century. The 4 arms of the cross testify of the Gospel of Yeshua haMashiach/the Lord Jesus Christ, and the 8 points signify the 8 Beatitudes of Matthew 5:3-10. When Henry III established the Order of the Holy Spirit in 1518, members were awarded the cross on a blue ribbon, with these called "Cordon Bueus."

Religious persecution in past centuries has proved to be a prosperous business venture for ones adversaries. The army of King Louis, XIV of France would steal the belongings of Huguenot families to line his pockets, and the pockets of the court nobles, with the riches of the Huguenot ancestors. In the war against the Huguenots, France lost over 500,000 of her best subjects. These French citizens formed the very heart of France and her economy.

The Huguenot nobility were wealthy, their merchants and craftsmen were prosperous people, and even the poor among their ranks were moral and hard working people. Huguenot immigrants included bankers, doctors, men of letters, scientists. The scriptures speak of business people who were holy men of God. Jesus Christ himself worked as a carpenter in his early years.

The Bible contains numerous examples of professional tradesmen. This is not to say that a life of this sort is without trials. But it's just amazing It's amazing where God will take you. But God works with us and makes us more than conquerors if we look to Him by faith, as over-comers through Mashiach/Christ, and He saves to the uttermost them that come to Him by Mashiach/Christ Jesus.

When converted from Catholicism to haMashiach/Christ, the arts and crafts of the Huguenots became their "tent-making" ministries. In the scripture, Apostle Paul's co-workers Aquila and Priscilla were tent-makers by trade, (Acts 18:3) and this term "tentmaker" has come to mean those occupations which believers engage in, enabling them to live for Mashiach/Christ as missionaries, cross-culturally involved in local or international business. These are committed believers intentionally contributing (at varying levels) to the creation of a strategic platform for the purpose of establishing worshipping communities of the Yeshua haMashiach/Lord Jesus Christ.

As a Christian worker of this sort, you'll be expected to know how to do those necessary tasks which you've been hired to perform. Pretending expertise in an area but not truly having it can undermine the credibility of your work and cause others to question your integrity. Tent makers have to be willing to work. You must possess a desire to minister and witness to the people of a region through a Biblical theology of vocation, quality work and high ethical dealings that equals the commitment for open Bible study, evangelism, and church planting.

Many of the Huguenots were skilled silversmiths trained at the French court, and they fled into Germany, the Netherlands and Scandinavia. Some 10,000 went to Ireland. Apart from those who were ex-soldiers, these were predominently merchants or craftsmen. Some of these who were talented designers in silver, crossed the Channel to England, and their influence on English silver of the period has long been recognized. The Huguenot contribution to silver made in England suggests that the Huguenots were significantly responsible for the flowering of style and technique in English silver between 1680 and 1760. Old church-silver, was melted down and refashioned into useful objects after cities, provinces, and entire nations became Protestant.

Huguenot refugees flocked to Shoreditch, London in large numbers. They established a major weaving industry in and around Spitalfields, and in Wandsworth. Another excellent example of Huguenot craftsmanship following their exit from France after the Duke of Alv'a brutal suppression of the Huguenots, is seen in the number of talented maiolica potters who settled in Haarlem, Middelburg and Rotterdam. This partially accounts for the proliferation of the tin-glaze technique throughout Holland and England in the late 16th century, and asisting in Holland becoming a centre for tin-glaze tile manufacture in northern Europe.

Raw silk imports from Persia and elsewhere fed the looms of Huguenot refugees from France who settled mainly in the Spitalfields area of London and at Canterbury. Huguenot refugees fled Tours, France virtually wiping out the great silk mills they had built. Some of them brought their skills to Northern Ireland and were responsible for the founding of the great Irish linen industry.

We see the arts spoken of in scripture, and God is the originator of these divine patterns. There is scarcely a trade which is not represented.

Yeshua/Jesus promised that believers would be endued with power, (Acts 1:8) after the Holy Spirit came upon them, and that the biblically mandated manifestations of the Holy Spirit were in evidence among the French Huguenots, is even today attested to by the Catholic Encyclopedia which says: "Much has been written on the "prophets" of the Camisard uprising. Fléchier and Brueys believed in a school of prophets, wherein Du Serre gave a systematic training, chiefly to young recruits."

In the year 1562, 1200 people attending a service in a barn were massacred by 200 armed men, led by the Duke of Guise, and shouting her to give her daughter Margaret in marriage to Henry of Navarre, who was known as a substantial leader of the Huguenots, in order to keep the peace. As time passed, Catherine wanted see the growing Protestant influence on her son dissolved. With the marriage of her daughter, Catherine saw another opportunity, for with so many of the Huguenots in France arriving for the wedding festivities she could utilize the situation for her own devices. With the House of Guise at her side Catherine sent out Catholic Swiss mercenaries to Gaspard de Coligny. The plot failed however and the Huguenots vowed revenge against the Catholics. Under the influence of his mother, Charles IX ordered the massacre of the Hugguenots beginning with Gaspard de Coligny.

"Beginning at Paris, the French soldiers and Roman Catholic clergy fell upon the unarmed people, and blood flowed like a river throughout the entire country." [2] Upon the kings go ahead his guard gathered round the castle and France in order to "protect him from the Huguenots’ wrath." The guard was instructed to kill every group of Protestants that they found. The Catholic masses found the Protestants efficient scapegoats for the rising prices for food, fuel and shelter; they were only too happy to do away with them.

The Huguenots, especially in the Lanquedoc area of southern France, later (beginning about 1700) referred to themselves as living in "The Desert" which they likened to the ancient Israelites living in the desert. The Huguenot shield had a burning bush in the middle, with God's name written in Hebrew. Languedoc encompassed the southern third of France between Garonne and the Rhone, including Toulouse. The influence of the reformation was mightily observed in the troubadours, whose influence is present today in the praise songs called "laudi spirituali" of Italy and Sicily. History records that St. Francis of Assisi (1182-1226) is also said to have wished that his congregation sang praises to God "tamquam joculatores Dei" like God's minstrels (Hughes). Evidence also exists that troubadours influenced the Dutch rederijkers and the Hungarian joculatores (Falvy and Van der Werf).

Since the Huguenots of France were in large part artisans, craftsmen, and professional people, they were usually well-received in the countries to which they fled for refuge when religious persecution caused them to leave their native land. Many Huguenots went to hide in remote mountain villages of southern France. Most fled to Germany, the Netherlands, and England, or South Africa.

Many of our French ancestors emigrated to countries within Europe, Britain and some came to the north American continent. This meant that they had to go to places where they could board ships to these areas. Ports were located in Europe at such places as Rotterdam, Hamburg, Marseille, LeHavre, Genoa, Antwerp, Trieste, and Odessa. Or in Londonderry, Dublin, Liverpool and Belfast in Britain. What were they allowed to bring with them? Here are some quotes: "I only had a suitcase with me. That's all I had." And "I didn't have a suitcase. I had a little basket, like a trunk." One person said they brought "some cheese" which didn't require refrigeration.

The French attempted to colonize Florida, with Jean Ribault (a Huguenot leader) landing a party near the Saint Johns River (now in north Florida at Jacksonville) in 1562. By 1600, the first wave of emigrants arrived in America, and they engaged in trappng beaver and other animals whose pelts they could sell. Most of these planned to return to Europe. From the 1600s - 1700s, America was a colony of the British Empire. English colonies of North America --Huguenots settled primarily Massachusetts, New Rochelle, New York; Rhode Island, and South Carolina. If they entered America as French Canadians, having immigrated to Acadia first, they tended to settle in the mill and factory towns of New England. In 1776, the American Revolution broke out between the colonists and their British rulers, and this war went on for 7 years, but the colonists won their independence.

The Dutch East India Company assisted Huguenots in emigrating to Africa, because of their shared religious beliefs, and the fact that they were highly skilled farmers and crafts people. The first French citizens to have emigrated to South Africa were a group of Huguenots who had firstly moved to Holland due to the uncertainty of their situation in France. Potential emigrants enroute to Africa were allowed to take only necessary baggage. Upon arrival, they were expected to work as farmers, or tradesmen.

The first Huguenot to arrived at the Cape in 1671 was François Villon (later written Viljoen). In 1686, the brothers Guillaume and Francois du Toit arrived. The main immigration of Huguenots, some 150 persons, arrived here during 1688 and 1689 when Simon Van der Stel was the Governor of the Cape colony. At that time they comprised approximately one-sixth of the free burgher population. Further individual arrivals continued sporadically until the termination of state-subsidised emigration in 1707. Governor Jan de la Fontaine in 1731 undertook the first complete census of the 3157 inhabitants of Cape Town.

Africa has been significantly impacted by the craftsmanship of the Huguenot population. One example is French naturalist and explorer (1753-1824), François Le Vaillant, who studied natural history in Paris, traveled to South Africa where among others, he produced 165 watercolour paintings of wide-ranging local specimens, and is most famous for his book Natural history of African birds. He is honoured today by having the Cape Town-based French school named after him.

We see the Spirit of God at work even under the most adverse conditions. In the Nazi period French Protestants had an admirable record of defending Jewish refugees. Today, of France's 38,000 towns & villages, almost 35,000 have no regular evangelical church as a witness of Mashiach/Christ. In the Centre & Southwest, evangelical churches are few & far between." The church of Yeshua haMashiach/Jesus Christ is still "The Church In The Wilderness. As the Prophet Isaiah proclaimed "I heard the Spirit of the Lord saying: Whom can I send and who will go for us? And I answered "Here am I, Lord send me." (Isaiah 6:8-9)

Abiding in the Shadow of the Almighty

91He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide [1] under the shadow of the Almighty. 2 I will say of the Lord, He is my refuge and my fortress: my God; in him will I trust. 3 Surely he shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler, and from the noisome pestilence. 4 He shall cover thee with his feathers, and under his wings shalt thou trust: his truth shall be thy shield and buckler. 5 Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night; nor for the arrow that flieth by day; 6 Nor for the pestilence that walketh in darkness; nor for the destruction that wasteth at noonday. 7 A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand; but it shall not come nigh thee. 8 Only with thine eyes shalt thou behold and see the reward of the wicked.

9 Because thou hast made the Lord, which is my refuge, even the most High, thy habitation; 10 There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. 11 For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. 12 They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone. 13 Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: [2] the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet. 14 Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, because he hath known my name. 15 He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honour him. 16 With long [3] life will I satisfy him, and shew him my salvation.

Tom & Alana Campbell are of French descent. During WWI Alana's father fought for France. He was 19, and was wounded at the Battle of Marne. He left his memoirs of fighting at St. Michel, Aisne, Chateau Thierry, Marne, in a diary. Alana is a Huguenot descendant through both Johann Jonas Fortineux, and his son Jean Henri Fortineux. (Fortineux name varients-Nortney/Fortne/Fortin/Fortier) The surname with it's variations appears in Huguenot records in Mialet, Vivarais, Lyon, Loire, Dauphine.



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"Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord." (Col. 3:16-KJV)
"Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord." (Eph. 5:19-KJV)

In scripture, the revelation of who God is forms the very basis for worship. "Hear O Israel, the Lord your God is one Lord." (Deut. 6:4) This distinction that "God is one," set the Hebrews apart from all of the polygamous nations of the world. The New Testament counterpart is seen in Jesus Christ's words "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord, and you shalt love the Lord with all of your heart, mind, souland strength." Jesus was/is a fountain-head of revelation, concerning the Godhead, and we do well to learn from Him. His disciples is fulfilling his command to baptie in the name (singular) of Father, Son and Holy Spirit, (not titles plural) baptized converts "into the name (singular) of Jesus Christ," at Pentecost in Acts 2:38, with the Samaritans in Acts 8:16, the Gentiles Acts 10:46-48, and Ephesians in Acts 19:5.

God Himself chose a sacred or holy place for His name, and it was His people, Israel, for the land of Israel was consecrated because of the initial relationship between God and the man Abraham. (Gen. 12:1-3) God and the man Moses, to whom God revealed Himself as "I Am," and who in meeting together with Moses caused the very ground on which they stood to be holy ground. As we focus upon God's presence among us and His eternal and unchanging word, we will see through "spiritual eyes," that it was God who put a difference between holy and profane, in His desire to hve a people for His name.

God identified Himself as "the God who brought Israel up out of the land of Egypt." In like manner, the covenant at Mt. Sinai, was the vehicle by which God established Israel as His most cherished possession." (Exod. 19:5) The singing of psalms by the Israelites, originated in their desert places, where they sang psalms of praise to God for their deliverance from out of the house of bondage. (Exod. 15:1-21)

In Moses confrontation with the magicians of Pharaoh's court, who worshipped the moon god Thoth, the magicians attempted to duplicate certain of the divine signs and wonders God sent. (Exodus 7:8-13) But the power of Almighty God was greater by far, and God disarmed the strong man by his outstretched arm. The original sin was the result of the human heart losing it's focus. Likewise, Cain's sin involved his choise of worship. (Gen. chapter 3-4) The highways to Zion begin first in the human heart, for the worshipper is first "a seer" who has had a divine encounter with God. The Hebrew term darash which is translated "worship," means to seek or inquire." (Ezra 4:2, Psalm 24:6)

In life there are things which we desire, and are willing to work very hard to see produced within our lives, and families. The scriptures teach that the commands of the Lord must be stored within the heart. One's ear must be turned to wisdom. There must be an applying of the heart to understanding. But this seeking, this searching after God produces in man "a treasure-trove of understanding of the fear of the Lord which is the beginning of wisdom and knowledge." When true wisdom comes, it bestowed as the "gift of God," and God will be a shield to the one who has desired to know God in this way. (Prov. 2:1-6)

The prophetic gift originates in it's authentic form in praise and worship. The Hebrew term for psalms, is mizmor,"meaning melody or psalm. Another related word is maskil, meaning a contemplative poem, or song. In the Old Testament the song of Moses was sung as a testimony of renewal of the covenant relationship with God. (Deut. 31:19, 31:30,32:47) King David created guilds of prophtic music, and set them ove the Temple worship. (1 Chron. 6:31-32, 25:1-31) As the sweet singer of Israel, David's praise, worship and prayers, were the atmosphere in which he received his psalms, "by revelation." David would pour out his heart to God, and the Lord would literally "open" a dark saying, and by doing this, God was teching David, and the generations to come. The New Testament says: Teaching and exhorting one another in psalms, hymns and spiritual songs."

I will incline mine ear to a parable: I will open my dark saying upon the harp. (PSALMS 49-4) I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old. (PSALMS 78-2)

The French Camisards had "prophets" who are sometimes referred to as "inspired ones" who claimed Spirit-given revelations, and called their charismatic group of Huguenots "the children of God". Vast numbers of Huguenots met death in local French prisons or were executed on the torture wheel. Others were shipped off to sea to serve as galley slaves, in the galleys of the Royal French Navy. Not many survived. In the Cevennes, which was the ancient stronghold of this branch of Huguenots, they went into battle chanting Marot's version of the sixty-eighth psalm, "Let God arise, and His enemies be scattered, and it's been said that every man became a lion.

Et 1'on verra dans un moment Abandonner la place ; Le camp des enncmics epars, Epouvante de toutes parts, Fuira devant sa face.


In many of the psalms concerning Mashiach/Christ, the people of God are invited to sing praise to God; such as in Psalms forty seven, sixty eight, and the ninety fifth, and in many of the prophesies of Isaiah it is declared, that not only the watchmen, and ministers of the word, "should lift up the voice, and with the voice together sing;" but that believers "should break forth into joy, and sing together." (Isa. 52:7-9; see Isa. 26:1, 35:1, 2, 54:1) Music in ancient Israel, and even in New Testament times, was partof family gatherings and celebrations. (Gen. 31:27, Luke 15:25) It was used to celebrate military victories in Exodus 32:17-18. The Hebrew people sang praise to God as they worked in Isaiah 16:10. Music was also part of life in the king's court. (1 Chron. 15:16, 23:5; 25:6-7)

Moses and Miriam, and the women together with her, sang songs of praise on the shores of the Red Sea, after God miraculously delivered His peole Israel. Deborah sang with Barak; and Jeremiah prophesied that "women" should come dancing, and young men and old men together and "shout for joy in the heighth of Zion." They will rejoice in God's bounty, even the young of the flocks and herds. (Jer. 31:8-12)

The strength of the French Huguenots was the result of their belief that God was sovereign in every area of life, and that He had made them more than conquerors through Christ.

In the sixteenth century the Huguenots of France were known for their psalm singing. They drew inspiration from the Psalter, and it's psalms became their battle cry. They sang as they ate their meals, or as they engaged themselves in work, as well as when they worshiped. They sang as they rows in the galleys of ships in which they were imprisoned, and they sang in the fires of persecution, through charred lips. They sang when they went out into battle. When in the midst of battle, the psalms were chanted whenever sentries took their posts. The chanting of certain psalms signified certain things. Chanting Psalm 3 was a signal for danger. Whenever a Huguenot heard this psalm, he knew an attack by the enemy was imminent.

James speaks of praising God when he says, "I will pray with the Spirit, and I will sing with the Spirit also. (1 Cor. 14:15). When Paul and Silas were in prison, they both prayed and sang praises to God. (Acts 16:25).

The hymn "All Hail The Power," often called the "National Anthem of Christendom." The hymn first appeared in the November, 1779, issue of the Gospel Magazine, edited by Augustus Toplady, author of "Rock of Ages". The song's text has been translated into almost every language where Christianity is known. The hymn's author, Edward Perronet was born at Sundridge, Kent, England, in 1726. He was a descendant of a distinguished French Huguenot family who had fled to Switzerland and later to England because of the religious persecution in France.

God wants us to know Him as our holy Father, and Provider, who is providing for us faithfully even when circumstances seem like our needs are going unmet. He longs to see us mature into people who believe, by faith, that all our suffering is to Him a "beautiful censor" which sends forth the fragrance of our living sacrifice, as a sweet-smelling odour to Him.

Paul wrote to the Philippians in Philippians 3:10, stating:

"That I may know Him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of His sufferings..."

(a) All believers who are redeemed through the atoning sacrifice of Yeshua/Lord Jesus, will suffer persecutions! When He was on the cross, we were "on His mind" as the old song says. We were in Him, and one with Him. His sufferings and death were our sufferings and death. "The world is crucified unto me and I unto the world" We are crucified with Mashiach/Christ, risen with Him, and seated with Him in glory. (b) We enter into participation or fellowship with Christ when we honour God by loving Him with all of our heart, mind and strength. He lived to do the will of the Heavenly Father. We glorify God when we "esteem the reproach of Christ greater riches that the treasures, honor, and glory of this world" Identifying with Yeshua/Jesus and His Gospel, we will find ourselves despised, rejected of men, persecuted and scorned for our belief and our witness of Christ and the Gospel. But we must "count it all joy" to suffer for His name, for if we suffer with Him we shall also reign with Him. (c) There is a fellowship of we have with other like minded believers who also suffer for His name here on this earth. Who suffer for His glory and according to His Divine will and purpose in order that they may minister called the people of God. The Apostle Paul wrote "The God of all comfort comforts us in all our troubles and tribulations, that we may be able to comfort them which are in any trouble, by the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God." (II Corinthians 1:3)

Suffering for God is the highest privilege which can be accorded as His creation. The Philippians knew this by experience, for they were graciously granted not only to believe on Christ, but to suffer for His sake. (1:29)

In the words of Reuben Saillens:

Stand up, stand up for Jesus, ye soldiers of the cross; Lift high His royal banner, it must not suffer loss.
From victory unto victory His army shall He lead, Till every foe is vanquished, and Christ is Lord indeed.

Stand up, stand up for Jesus, the solemn watchword hear;
If while ye sleep He suffers, away with shame and fear; Where’er ye meet with evil, within you or without, Charge for the God of battles, and put the foe to rout.

Stand up, stand up for Jesus, the trumpet call obey; Forth to the mighty conflict, in this His glorious day.
Ye that are brave now serve Him against unnumbered foes;
Let courage rise with danger, and strength to strength oppose.

Stand up, stand up for Jesus, stand in His strength alone;
The arm of flesh will fail you, ye dare not trust your own.
Put on the Gospel armor, each piece put on with prayer; Where duty calls or danger, be never wanting there.

Stand up, stand up for Jesus, each soldier to his post, Close up the broken column, and shout through all the host:
Make good the loss so heavy, in those that still remain, And prove to all around you that death itself is gain.

Stand up, stand up for Jesus, the strife will not be long;
This day the noise of battle, the next the victor’s song. To those who vanquish evil a crown of life shall be; They with the King of Glory shall reign eternally.

Tom & Alana Campbell 5214 South 2nd Avenue, Everett, Wa 98203-4113 Telephone (425) 252-2981

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