Bashiri Working Papers on
Central Asia

prepared by
Professor Iraj Bashiri

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Republic Overviews

  • Afghanistan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Tajikistan
  • Turkmenstan
  • Uzbekistan

    Autonomous Regions

  • Gorno-Badakhshan
  • Karakalpakistan
  • Republic Cities

  • Dushanbe
  • Khorog
  • Almaty
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  • Bishkek
  • Tashkent
  • Ashgabat

    Flags of the Republics:

  • Flags
  • Dushanbe, Tajikistan

    Tajik Gallery

    Prepared by
    Iraj Bashiri
    Copyright 1998

    The Tajik Gallery brings you a visual appreciation of various aspects of Tajik material culture as they become available. The opening sellection is a delightful look at the costumes of the Tajiks, especailly of Kuhistan and Badakhshan Kuhi. The original plates were prepared by Y. P. Gremyachinskaya in 1969 for the Institute of History in the Name of Ahmad Donish, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan. The Linguistic Map of Tajikistan was prepared originally by Iraj Bashiri to accompany his "Languages of Tajikistan in Perspective."
    The Gallery includes:
    1. Ethno-Linguistic Map of Tajikistan
    2. Costumes
    3. Tajik Headgear
    4. Jewelry
      Fabrics (in preparation)
      Painting (in preparation)
      Architectural Design (in preparation)

    Essays on Tajik Music
    and Literature

    Edited and Translated by
    Iraj Bashiri:
    Isamatov, Ma'ruf, The Musical Culture of Iran at the Beginning of the Middle Ages
    Rajabov, Askarali, Historical Traditions of the Time of Rudaki
    Ya'qubshah, Yusefshah, The Image of Funerary Dances on Sughdian Ossuraries
    Nurjanov, Nizam, Constructive Customs in the Music and Dance of the Tajiks
    Rahmanov, Rushan, The Role of Surud in the Mughul Dukhtar Legend
    Azizova, Faraqat, Some Shashmaqam Puzzles in Tajik Music

    Other features:

    Iraj Bashiri, Persian for Beginners
    (Russian Version)

    Writing System of Persian:
    1. NonConnectors
    2. Connectors
    3. Practice Readings
    4. Numerals
    1. Lesson One
    2. Lesson Two
    3. Lesson Three
    4. Lesson Four

    Tajik Identity

  • Iraj Bashiri, Samanid Renaissance and Establishment of Tajik Identity
  • Iraj Bashiri, Factors Affecting Tajik Identity
  • Iraj Bashiri, Tajik Ethnicity in Historical Perspective
  • Iraj Bashiri, The Languages of Tajikistan in Perspective
  • Iraj Bashiri, The Yaghnobis

    Kyrgyz Identity

  • Bashiri, Iraj, Kyrgyz National Identity
    1. Introduction
    2. The Roots of Kyrgyz Culture
    3. Education
    4. Ideology
    5. Regionalism
    6. Ethnicity
    7. Conclusion

  • Asankanov, Abilabek, Ethnic Conflict in the Osh Region in Summer 1990: Reasons and lessons

  • Bashiri, Iraj, The Kyrgyz Epic: Manas
    1. The Manaschi and His Audience
    2. The Role of Islam in the Epic
    3. Manas's Early Life
    4. Almambet's Story
    5. Manas Marries Kanikei
    6. Funeral Repast for Koketei Khan
    7. Manas's Death

    Portrait of Amir Alim Khan
    at the Sitara Mahi Khassa palace
    Bukhara, 1993

    1. Iraj Bashiri, The History of the Asharkhanid Rulers of Bukhara
    2. Iraj Bashiri, From the Manghits to a Democratic State

    Many of the difficulties that the newly established republics of Central Asia experience today are directly related to V. I. Lenin's 1924 national-administrative divisions of the region. In this regard, Rahim Masov's History of a National Catastrophe,translated here from Tajiki, is invaluable. The book is in two parts. In part one, Masov reveals the inequities in the system that allowed Soviet policy makers to take advantage of some groups at the expense of some others. The manner by which the Tajiks were gradually divested of their cultural heritage and economic rights by their Soviet brothers, especially those from Russia and Uzbekistan, is a case in point. In part two, Masov produces the rare archival materials that led him to his conclusions and, more importantly, to the realization that the story of Tajikistan in the 1920's must be told.

    More articles:

    • Sulhiniso Rahmatullaeva,The Peculiarities of Samanid Decorative Architecture

    • Sulhiniso Rahmatullaeva, Architectural Decoration in Ma Wara' al-Nahr During the Khujandi Era

    • L. Dodkhoudoeva & M. Sharif, Firdowsi and His Shahnamein Tajik Representational Art

    • The heroes of Firdowsi's Shahname, especially Rustam, have a special place in Tajik society and thought. To commemorate the exploits of Rustam, the Tajiks used to hold an annual celebration in which the champion and his retinue participated. Now that tradition is superseded by more modern concerns. Nizam Nurjanov's keen insight in Carnival Procession with Rustam fills the gap.

    • During its heyday, Tajik cinema boasted of great cinematographers like Davlat Khuda Nazar and Saif Rahimov as well as accomplished actors like Bensiyon Arievich Kimiyagarov. As a result of the contribution of such talented individuals, Tajik Film produced a number of worthy features, including an anthology depicting stories from Firdowsi's epic, the Shahname. Epic on the Screen by A. Ahrorov, deals with the specifics of this exciting period of Tajik cinema.

    • In the early 1990's if you stood next to Almaty's only mosque and asked passersby where the mosque was, most of the populace could not direct you to it. The situation, of course, has changed; cities like Almaty and Bishkek have refurbished their mosques to meet the need of their ever-increasing Muslim populations. The contribution of A. Bazarov and R. Majidov, entitled Islamic Survivals and the Ways to Overcome Them, is part of a longer study that harks to the days when Islam was under Soviet control and when strategies were being devised and implemented to eradicate it from the Soviet scene.

    • Iraj Bashiri's "Islam and Communism: Tajikistan in Transition" deals with regionalism and ethnic conflicts between the north (Khujand, formerly Leninabad) and the south (Kulab and Qurqanteppe). This paper was originally read at the conference entitled The Case of the Former Soviet Central Asian Republics, held at the University of Minnesota, April 11-13, 1996. It has been submitted to appear as part of the proceedings of that conference. The material is also being revised to be included in Bashiri's forthcoming Role of Russia in the Tajik-Uzbek Conflict: 1876-1996.

    • Iraj Bashiri, The Bukhara of Sadriddin Aini

    • Abdulhai Komili, Science in the Epoch of Firdowsi

    • Iraj Bashiri, Muslims and Communists Vie for Power in Tajikistan

    • Iraj Bashiri, Neither Tajiki Nor Uzbeki: Russian

    • D. Davudov, The Coins of the Time of Kamal Khujandi

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