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In jazz, a turnaround is a passage at the end of a section which leads to the next section. This next section is most often the repetition of the previous section or the entire piece or song. The turnaround may lead back to this section either harmonically, as a chord progression, or melodically.

Typical turnarounds are:

  • vi - ii - V - (I)
  • V/ii - ii - V - (I)
  • bIIIo7 - ii - V - (I)
  • vi - bVI7#11 - V - (I)

When used in a twelve bar blues pattern, the twelfth bar may end on the dominant (ibid) rather than the more conventional tonic. (Courtesy of Wikipedia)

Turnarounds are usually the last two bars of each eight bar section of a typical 32-bar AABA form song, the last two bars of a 12-bar Blues progression, or at the end of the chorus in a Verse/Chorus song form which sends you back to the beginning. Examples of commonly encountered jazz/standard turnarounds are shown below in the key of C.

Folk (I-V7) Progression Turnaround

C / / / G7 / / /

Jazz (I-ii7-V7) Progression Turnaround

C / / / Dm7 / G7 /

Standard (I-vi7-ii7-V7) Progression Turnaround

C / Am7 / Dm7 / G7 /

Ragtime (I-VI7-II7-V7) Progression Turnaround

C / A7 / D7 / G7 /

Diminished Cliche (I-#Io7-ii7-V7) Progression Turnaround

C / C#o7 / Dm7 / G7 /

Circle (iii7-vi7-ii7-V7) Progression Turnaround

Em7 / Am7 / Dm7 / G7 /

Circle (III7-VI7-II7-V7) Progression Turnaround

E7 / A7 / D7 / G7 /

Dameron (IMaj7-bIIIMaj7-bVIMaj7-bIIMaj7) Turnaround

Cmaj7 / EbMaj7 / AbMaj7 / DbMaj7 /

Joe Henderson's 1964 Isotope (I7-VI7-bV7-bIII7) Turnaround

C7 / A7 / Gb7 / Eb7 /

Click below for the best in free Turnarounds lessons available on the web.

Back Cycling Turnarounds (Guitar Made Simple)
Dameron Turnaround (MoneyChords)
Jazz/Standard Turnarounds (MoneyChords)
Learning Thy Turnarounds (WholeNote)
Minor Turnarounds (MoneyChords)
Turnarounds (
Turn-Arounds (Tomas Karlsson)
Turnarounds (Pete Thomas)

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