Farsi poetry Hindi
Can you solve these riddles
Here is a sampler of Khusrau's Hindvi
Pahelis collected from various sources. Although their answers are also
given here, many riddles carry
the answers/clues within. See how many of them you can solve without
seeing the answers.
In these riddles you will find certain
symbols that Khusrau is obsessed with, for instance naar (woman)
which in Arabic/Persian also means fire. He plays around with both meanings
of this and many other such words in various ways. If you know Urdu/Hindi
and Persian well, you will discover many such word-acrobatics in these
guni nay yeh gun keena,
Hariyal pinjray mein dedeena;
Dekho jadoogar ka kamaal,
Daalay hara, nikaalay laal.
performed this trick,
Inserted a (green) parrot into the cage;
Oh, what an act the sorcerer shows,
Puts in green, takes out red !
Bheetar chilmun, baahar
chilmun, beech kaleja dhadkay,
Amir Khusrau yun kahay woh do do ungal sarkay.
A screen inside,
a screen outside, a pounding heart in between,
Says Amir Khusrau, its moving inch by inch.
Ujjal ateet moti barani,
paayi kabnt diyay moye dharani,
Jahaan dhari wahan nahin paayi, haat bajaar sabhay dhoondh
Aye sakhi ab keejay ka? Pi maangay to deejay kya?
He found some
beautiful, sparkling pearls,
and gave them to me to keep,
But alas, I cant find them now where I kept,
Have searched every corner, even in the bazaar;
What to do, Oh my friend?
What will I give, when the beloved asks?
Apnay samaye mein ek naar
Tuk dekhay aur phir chhup jaaye;
Mohey achambha aawat aisay,
Jal mein agni basat hay kaisay.
see a woman,
She peeps in and then disappears.
I get amazed
How can water contain such fire in it?
(Note the double meaning of the word naar -
in Hindvi, a woman and in Persian/Arabic: fire)
purukh hay sunder moorat, jo dekhay woh usi ki soorat;
Fikr paheli paayi na, boojhan laaga aayi na.
is beautiful like an idol,
whoever sees him, looks like him;
Havent understood this riddle,
am guessing but cant figure out.
(Note: The last two words aayi na have the answer in them.)
Bani rangeeli sharam ki
baat, bay mausam aayi barsaat ;
Yehi achambha mujh ko aaye, khushi ke din kyon roti jaaye.
up colourfully, a little shy; but a rain without the season,
This is what baffles me, what makes her cry on a happy day?
Gupt ghao tan main lagyo
aur jiya rahat bechayn,
Okhad khaaye dukh badhey, so karo sakhi kachu bayn.
My body is inflicted
with an invisible wound, my heart is restless,
The medicine (Okhad) only increases the pain,
do something oh my dear.
Ek naari mein jab nar jaaye,
Kaala munh kar ultaa aaye;
Chhati ghaao apni sahay,
Man ke bachan par aaye kahay.
When this man
goes into the woman,
Comes out with a tarnished (blackened) face,
Even the chest has to tolerate the wounds,
But at least, the words of the heart get expressed.
Bidhna nay ek purkh banaya,
Tiriya di aur naeh lagaya;
Chook huee kuch wa say aisee,
Des chod hua pardesee.
Provided him body and soul;
But alas the man committed a mistake,
Had to leave home and be a foreigner.
Nar naari kehlaati hai,
aur bin warsha jal jati hai;
Purkh say aaway purkh mein jaai,
na di kisi nay boojh bataai.
Is known by
both masculine and feminine names,
And lightens up (or burns up) without rain;
Originates from a man and goes into a man,
But no one has been able to guess what it is.
is full of puns and various interesting clues playing around
with the gender of the object. Knowledge of Hindi, Urdu would
be helpful in solving it. Note, for instance, the word jal
of the jal jaati hai in second line could mean burning
as well as water in Hindi. Similarly, if you read the first
two words in the last line together, you might get the answer
to this riddle.)
Ek naari kay sir par hai
Pi ki lagan main khadi laachar;
Sees chuve aur chalay na jor,
Ro ro kar woh karay hai bhor.
A woman carries
fire on her head,
Hopelessly waiting for her lover;
Her body melting, cant seem to control herself.
Crying, crying till its dawn.
Pawan chalat weh dehe badhavay
Jal peevat weh jeev ganvavay
Hai weh piyari sundar naar,
Naar nahin par hai weh naar.
With the blow
of wind she flares up,
And dies as soon as she drinks water;
Even though she is a pretty woman,
Shes not a woman, though shes feminine.
(both Arabic and Hindi meanings of word Naar apply here)
tha jab sab ko bhaaya
Bada huva kachu kaam na aaya,
Khusrau keh diya uska naav (naam)
Arth karo nahin chaado gaanv.
he was loved by everyone,
Grew up, and was of no use;
Khusrau has already told his name,
Guess it, or leave the town.
(Answer is hidden in the third line.)
Saawan bhaadon bahut chalat
Maagh poos mein thodi,
Amir Khusrau yun kahay,
Tu boojh paheli mori.
It moves mostly
in the rains,
Not much in winter, summer;
So says Amir Khusrau,
You solve this riddle of mine.
(Again, the last word in the last line is the clue)
ka sir kaat liya,
Naa maara naa khun kiya.
It has beheaded
twenties of people,
But neither killed nor shed any blood.
(Two words in the second line, if put together, have the answer)
You will soon see more riddles
of Khusrau here. In fact if you know any rare Khusrau Paheli, you could
contribute it. Even new creative
Pahelis based on Khusrau's formulae would be welcomed. Did you check
out the Dosukhnay, and Keh Mukarnis of Khusrau?
[ Khusrau's Hindvi - An Academic Riddle ] [ Riddles in Devanagri ]
© Yousuf Saeed,