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"Founding Fathers"

(24 pages)
Writer: Doug Wheeler
Artist(s): Tom Yeates, with special thanks to Ken Hooper and Mark McMurray
Colorist: Tatjana Wood
Letterer: John Costanza
Assoc. Editor: Art Young
Editor: Karen Berger
Swamp Thing Created by Len Wein and Bernie Wrightson

Cover:John Totleben (painted, signed)


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In the month before this issue was published, Swamp Thing began a series of guest appearances in the Elemental War story in FIRESTORM #90-93. A footnote on the first page of FIRESTORM #90 indicates that it takes place after SWAMP THING #92.

2:3 defines "Ordovician" as "Of or belonging to the geologic time, system of rocks, or sedimentary deposits of the second period of the Paleozoic Era, characterized by the appearance of primitive fishes."

2:4 The caveman Rheelai gave Swampy the seeds in last issue.

3:1 According to the theory of continental drift, Earth originally had a single continent, Pangaea, which split into Laurasia (which became North America, Asia and Europe) and Gondwanaland (which became the rest of the continents).

4:1 These three members of the Parliament of Trees (Eyam, Tuuru and Yggdrasil) will be introduced after a few pages.

5:1 The TV is powered by the DieHard car battery next to it.

5:6 The cajun people of Louisiana refer to the mainstream population of America who visit them as tourists as "Anglais".

6:6 The boy Etienne first appeared in the backup story in Annual #4 ("Traiteur"), gathering ingredients for Labo.

7:1 "Labo" LaBostrie, the village healer, first appeared in #64.

7:2 "jeune" = young. "Tu es jeloux" = "You are jealous."

7:3 "Merci. C'est time pour his nap" = "Thank you. It is time for his nap."

7:5 "J'suis certain"="I am certain"

9:3 At the bottom we see the "Holy Grail" and the Cro-Magnon people seen in last issue.

9:4 I wrote about Joseph Campbell's explantion about Tuuru and the shamans' nests in the annotations for last issue.

10:2 "Sarga" means "creation" in the Sanskrit, the ancient Hindu language.

10:5 Swamp Thing has been propelled back through time by this mysterious piece of amber.

10:6 Swampy left a crib formed from one of his cast-off bodies in #81. The grey webs in the corner represents the threat of Mantango, a fungus-entity whom Swamp Thing met in Annual #4.

11:3 The message "See you soon" was given on page 9 of issue 80.

11:5 Ygdrasil is the name of the World Ash Tree in Norse mythology, which links heaven and hell and shelters all worlds.

11:6 Swampy first visited the river Tefé, part of the Amazon River, when he met the Paliament of Trees in issue 47. Tefé will be the name of Swamp Thing's daughter, who stars in her own series in the year 2000, also titled SWAMP THING.

12:1 Genesis chapter 2, verse 9:

And out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

12:6 One of these images shows Swamp Thing wrestling an alligator. This resembles the cover of issue 32. The image at the top shows a door an eyeball and "E=MC2", which are from the opening sequence of the 1960's television series "The Twilight Zone".

13 At the 11 o'clock position we see Alec Holland's death from the first SWAMP THING series #1. At the 12 o'clock position, Alec's body is resurrected as our Swamp Thing. At the 1 o'clock position we see Abby's uncle Anton Arcane fighting Swampy. At the 2 o'clock position, as in the cover of issue 21, Swampy confronts General Sunderland, after discovering his true origin. At the 3 o'clock position, Swampy meets the Parliament of Trees (including the elemental of the left who looks like the Man-Thing from Marvel comics!). At the 5 o'clock position, Batmanfaces Swampy in 53. At the 6 o'clock position, Swampy and Abby commune using his edible tubers (as first demonstrated in 34. At the 7 o'clock position, we see John Constantine. At the 8 o'clock position, we see the spirit of the next Swamp Thing ("the Sprout"), who first appeared in #65. At the 10 o'clock position, we see the "Claw of Elk Hound", which held the amber crystal which ST followed throughout his time journey from issue #82.

15:1 On June 3, 1989, hundreds of civilians were killed by the Chinese army during a protest in Tiananmen Square in Beijing. In that same month there was a similar incident in the city of Chengdu, and while details of that massacre have been suppressed, some believe that it was as bloody as the Tiananmen tragedy. Dennis Rea's book "Live at the Forbidden City" claims to be the only firsthand account.

15:2 On July 1, 1997, Hong Kong, which had been a British Crown Colony, was handed over to the People's Republic of China under Premier Minister Li Peng, as part of an agreement the countries made over 100 years ago.

15:2 Margaret Thatcher was the prime minister of Great Britain. Alf Garnett was an obnoxious, right-wing, bigoted character on the 1965-1975 BBC television series Till Death Do Us Part. In the popular American version of the series, All in the Family, that character was Archie Bunker.

Frank Fat's is a popular oriental restaurant in Sacramento, but they have never had a location in Vancouver, as seen here.

15:3 US President George Bush (the elder) called for a "kinder, gentler" country in his 1989 inauguration speech. The "separatist movement" seeks to make French-speaking provinces like Quebec independent from Canada.

15:4 The cave painter was killed in issue #88.

16:3 The real life television reporter, Gerlado Rivera was seen in issue #53.

17:5 Swampy expanded his brain like this once before in issue #75.

20:1 Swamp Thing travelled to distant planets in issues #56-#62.

20:2 Swampy restored fertility to Rann in issue #58.

20:6 Swampy was called Duality in #69?????.

24:1 On March 24, 1989, the Exxon oil tanker Valdez ran aground off the coast of Alaska, causing what was perhaps (up until that time) the biggest manmade enviromental disaster ever. Estimated deaths: 250,000 seabirds, 2,800 sea otters, 300 harbor seals, 250 bald eagles, up to 22 killer whales, and billions of salmon and herring eggs. That was 41 million litres of oil. The 2010 breaking of the BP offshore drilling site in the Gulf of Mexico has spilled more than 160 to 380 million litres in the first three months. BP was also partially responsible for failing to contain the Valdez spill. Remember what Exxon and BP did, next time you're looking for a gas station.

24:3 Earth First! is an environmental activist group.

24:5 "Mais bien sure" = "but of course"

COMMENT: This continues the time-travel story arc, which was thrown off course when writer Rick Veitch's "Swamp Thing Meets Jesus" issue was censored, prompting him to quit. Now that DC is beginning to reprint the issues written by Veitch, there are hopes that he will finally be allowed to write his own end to this storyline.

Comment: This issue is cover dated November 1989. There was no October 1989 issue of this monthly series because of the situation mentioned above.

Comment: Issues #82 and beyond have not yet been reprinted in a trade paperback.

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