philosophy (from Greek), philosophia; from philos, love; or philia, friendship, affection, affinity for, attraction toward, + sophos, a sage, a wise one; or sophia, wisdom, knowledge, skill, practical wisdom or expereience, intelligence) a term with as many meanings as there have been philosophers engaging in it. Some basic definitions:
Pythagoras was the first to call himself a philosophos, a philosopher. Sophia meant for him the knowledge of the underlying reasons or causes for things as they appear to us, knowing the reasons why a thing is what it is. This entails an esoteric knowledge of mathematical forms that constitutes true reality as opposed to knowledge of everyday appearances.
|From "The Harper Collins Dictionary of Philosophy, 2nd Edition"|
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