1. In Love and Will by Rollo May, one of the subjects is Eros. Eros is a kind of love that is usually involved in a marriage. But, Eros is also like the Force. Rollo May says, "Eros is not a god in the sense of being above man, but the power that binds all things and all men together . . ." The Force binds the galaxy together.
2. Socrates believed that by doing evil, you actually do harm to yourself. In Apology by Plato, Socrates is being put to death by the jury though he has done nothing wrong. He tells the jury, " . . . .you will not hurt me so much as yourselves. . . ." This is just like in The Empire Strikes Back. Yoda sends Luke into the dark side cave. When Luke appears to have killed Darth Vader he actually killed himself. Therefore, by doing evil, that is, turning to the dark side, Luke has only harmed himself.
3. In Symposium also by Plato, Apollodros says that Aristodemos said that Phaidros said " . . . .no one is so base that Love himself would not inspire him to valour, and make him equal to the born hero." In other words, Love brings out the best in people. It can make a coward into a hero or a selfish person into a generous person. Han Solo wasn't a coward, but he wasn't exactly a hero either, and we know he was selfish. When He falls in love with Leia he becomes a better person. Even though Phaidros was talking about homosexual love, I think it still applies to heterosexual love as well. (The Greeks were appearently all gay.) Though, I think Han Solo's brotherly love for Luke also inspires him to be a better and less selfish person.
4. Also in Symposium by Plato, there is a character named Pausanias who believed that for two people to love each other eternally, they had to complete eachother, and therefore, they had to be different. In Star Wars, Han and Leia eventually fall in love, not because they are similar, but because they are different.
5. Hegel, a complicated German philosopher said, "The absolute is a process of its own becoming. The circle, which presupposes its end as its purpose and has its end as its beginning." I'm not exactly sure what that means, but it reminds me of when Darth Vader says "The circle is now complete. When I left you I was but a learner, now I'm the master." It's all about circles.
6. The prophecy in Star Wars says that the choosen one will bring balance to the Force. Many people believe that Anakin did fulfill that prophecy by bringing the number of Jedi down to the number of Sith. I do not agree. I think he brought balance to the Force by killing the Emperor and doing away with the Sith. You might think that doing this makes the Force unbalanced because there's all good guys and no bad guys. Where's the balance?
Aristotle's Doctrine of the Means can show us the balance. Many people misunderstand the Doctrine of the Means. They think he said that people should have a balance of good and evil in them. If that was what he said, it would in fact, support the idea that Anakin brought balance to the Force by killing most of the Jedi. However, what Aristotle said was that everything you do should be balanced, and if you do this, you are completely good. One simple example is courage. If you're too courageous, it can turn into stupidity. If someone puts one bullet in a revolver, spins it, points it at their own head, and pulls the trigger, that goes beyond brave and into stupidity. On the other hand, not having enough courage makes you a coward and that's not good either. Everyone must find their own balance for courage.
Back to Star Wars. Having no evil Sith Lords, the Force was good. Having that "good" led to a balance, which is kind of Aristotle's Doctrine of the Means in reverse, which says a balance leads to "good." balance <---> good.