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Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) or Discrete Trial Teaching (DTT) is based on the method used by O. Ivar Lovaas where he was able to "recover" 47% of the autistic children in his clinic, but ABA should not be mistaken as the exact same thing. B.F. Skinner used "operant conditioning" as far back as 1938 to help with a variety of disorders. Autism was first named and described by Leo Kanner in 1944 as "The mysterious disability of autism is characterized by a peculiar emotional and intellectual detachment from other people and the common human world."
ABA is a technique that is used to help overcome some of these problems.

ABA teaches tasks, however small or complex, by breaking them
into small steps that can be learned more easily.
For instance, unpacking a backpack when a child comes to school may seem simple to us, but to an Autistic child it requires about 12 steps that must be learned individually and then put together.

The best resources for setting up an ABA Program would be other families that have set up a therapy program and of course an experienced professional/consultant if you can find one.
Below you will find some links and books that may help.

During a therapy session, when a child gives a correct answer or completes a task correctly, they are given a reward or a "reinforcer." Inappropriate behaviors or responses are either corrected, ignored, or redirected. A reinforcer is anything the child wants and likes, such as: hugs, kisses, tickles, food, drinks, or a chance to play with their favorite toy. A desired behavior or response is always followed by this positive reinforcement. Andrew's best reinforcers are just a smile from you with a "You did it," or "Great Job," or just a hug. In the very beginning the therapists used a lot of food related reinforcers like goldfish or gummy bears.

The data on each learning trial is documented to help make adjustments in the child's program. Discrete Trial Teaching is really a subset of an ABA program.
We started with just trying to get Andrew to sit at a table and to look at the therapist (attending skills). We have moved away from pure ABA and are now trying to find fun ways of teaching self-help skills, social and play skills, which are also included in ABA curriculum and we use this as a guideline. Now the therapists spend a lot of time moving around the room using a variety of activities. We are low on money so we don't know how much therapy we will be able to provide Andrew.
When Andrew started this program on Halloween 2000, he had zero words. Now he has over 200, phrases and sentences. He can answer questions like "What is your name?", "How old are you?", "What is your mother's name (dad, sis, dog, teacher, etc.)?", "Do you have a brother?"

The therapists incorporate speech into everything they do.
They also work on self-help skills, communication skills, how to play appropriately so that he may be able to socialize with his peers, and to basically reach a level where he may be undetectable from others his age. It was only 1 year ago when Andrew would not let anyone touch him
(except Mom & Dad), and he could not tolerate others anywhere near him.

ABA may not be appropriate for every child. As parents, we know our children the best. My son's behavior was getting in the way of everything else and ABA helped him to concentrate and control the negative things he did. We incorporated a lot of sensory and gross motor movements into the sessions and also allowed for fun yet structured breaks throughout his 2 hour sessions. We are trying to bring in a lot of Verbal Behavior (Carbone and Sundberg-using Mands) to help with speech. We still need the ABA to help keep him focused and his behavior in check though. We are doing a consult with Vince Carbone to set up a personalized speech plan just for Andrew.

We started with only 8-12 hours a week. We have been having a hard time even getting that lately. I would love to have 20-30 hours a week but that does not seem possible at this time (2 hours in the morning, eat lunch, nap, 2 hours late afternoon). No matter what, in the evenings we do family things that keep him focused and verbal. We would like to get our hours closer to the 40 hour program that is recommended for recovery, but we are not able to afford it at this time.
We already have spent over $30,000's a year out of our pocket on this technique and you know that teachers and firefighters, as we are, do not make much money.

Andrew is really in therapy 24 hours a day 7 days a week because everyone in his life knows how to work with him and we try to incorporate it into his everyday life. He has to use words to request something (we have to prompt a lot) or he has to point to what he wants and say please and thank you. Of course this didn't happen right away because he had no language until he was about 29 months old. Now he can spontaneously request things he wants; "I want a cookie, I want bear movie, I want computer, I want go outside back yard." This has been a huge accomplishment. It is well worth the expense and sacrifices we have had to make. I cannot stress to other parents and caregivers the importance of working with your child. Having a therapist is great, but unless we do our part, our children's progress will be much slower and less meaningful. Parents are key to the therapy team.
We are the directors and evaluators. We are the ones to guarantee that what the child learns during sessions is generalized into the "real world." I think our work with Andrew is helping to re-wire his brain but I still urge all of you to pursue medical testing and treatment.

Language and behavior have been the biggest hurdles. We give him choices for mostly everything. "Do you want a cookie or a cracker?" He says, "I want cracker." In the beginning we would even just look for eye contact and then give him the one we knew he wanted. "Do you want a cracker or a carrot (he doesn't like carrots)?" After he mastered looking at us we would then require him to touch the object. After that we worked our way into pointing to the object, giving the first syllable, then the whole word, "Want cracker" and now "I want cracker please," and "I want more cracker please." We make vocabulary boxes and work on about 10 new words at a time. In the box we place a picture of the object and a couple of examples of the object. When he is not in session we make sure to use these words and point out any example of this object. For example a bed. We have a picture of a bed, a Barbie bed, and a Little People's bed. The therapist will phrase the questions in many ways: "What is this?" "Hand me the bed." "Give me bed" "Point to the bed" etc.. . We then point out his bed, sister's bed, Mom & Dad's bed, and any other beds we encounter (including a trip to the mattress store). After 6 months of therapy he had over 80 words and about 15 phrases that consist of 3-6 words each plus the "I want ... " phrases. He also understands a lot more. Now at 1 year of therapy he has over 200 words and he speaking a lot more spontaneously. At night I will say, "Night, Night, Andrew." He says, "Nigh, Nigh, Mama." I say "I love you." He says, "I love you too, Mama." He is interchanging the correct names along with these phrases, e.g.. "Nigh, Nigh, Daddy." "I love you too, Grandma." He is even starting to shake people's hands (this is huge for us because he never liked people to touch him). Every day is getting better but many things are still a struggle.

I use our digital camera a lot to take pictures of people, places, and things he needs to know. We put Velcro on the back of the pictures and stick them onto a felt board-homemade-I used a cheap blank picture canvas and then glued down the corners of the felt I bought at the hobby shop or even better buy the material that is used for headliners in vehicles at upholstery stores-attaching this to part of a
cardboard box would work as good. Andrew has mastered his people program and can identify others great (used the digital camera) so one of the therapists suggested we cross programs. We took pictures of the people in his life doing verb activities such as: Mom cooking, Dad throwing a ball, sister pushing a wheelbarrow, our dog running, Grandma walking, Granddad kicking a ball, therapist sleeping, therapist brushing their teeth, etc... . The verb program can be hard and we are always looking for ways to spice up the sessions (by the way he has learned about 40 verbs this summer). Our computer software programs add a lot to his language skills too. I use the Laureatte Software. A hint that I got at the Texas Autism Conference is to add words to all of these pictures (sort of like the PECS). To be able to read and write, he needs the concept that these things are words that contain letters that we can read and write. Turn on the closed caption on your TV's, label things around the house with spelled out words. Encourage them to draw and pretend writing things. You may want to find out what style of writing your child's school district uses to print so that you are teaching them the correct way from the beginning. You can use sentence strips and hand print on them or just take regular paper, print and then use a tape to attach that will come off clean.
Most of our children are very visual and this can really help.
Dollar Stores are great resources for books, party blowers, art supplies,
and more (and they are cheap).

One of Andrew's therapists has a preschool "class" once or twice a week here. She brings 2 non-autistic girls that are Andrew's and Kristen's age and includes Andrew and Kristen. In this 2 hour class, Andrew has 3 girls to model appropriate play, social skills, and proper conduct in school settings. This has been a real bonus to our in-home program. When watching a video of this session from a few weeks ago I could not believe what he is doing. He holds hands to walk places, gets his carpet square, participates in circle time, does hand motions to songs, and so much more. Our therapist introduces a new piece to a program every week such as "learning shapes." "Today our new shape is a triangle." They then do activities during class that will help reinforce this new concept. If anyone can do something like this, I would highly suggest it. Our therapist has a way of helping Andrew want to be with and like the other kids. There is a new awareness since we have started this weekly "class." One week I was hearing a lot of crying from the "classroom" during this group sessions. After class was over, the therapist said she had added sharing to the program. Andrew does not like to share and will take toys from others if he wants them. To help with this, she sat the kids in a circle and pulled out some of Andrew's favorite toys. Each child took a toy and she set the timer. When the timer goes off, each child then passes that toy to the right. This was huge for Andrew. They were all touching his favorite toys and then he had to give up the one he had and move on to what was passed to him. This is the child that a year ago could play with the same toy for days at a time doing the same motion over and over again.

One thing that really helped with Andrew's babbling was to teach him some children's songs. Many autistic children love music (especially those sing-a-long videos). So instead of repetitive sounds like "Dicka Dicka Dicka" that he went around saying all day, he would now sing "Row Row Your Boat"and other songs. A lot of his repetitive taking things off and on were helped by teaching him how to play appropriately with those toys. One of our therapists is an ex-special needs teacher who is a natural with pretend play. When I watch her, she resembles techniques of floor-time, son-rise, play therapy with a dash of ABA, into her own special therapy. Both of our in-home therapists are wonderful. One has a psychology degree and is working on her masters, the other is an ex-special ed elementary teacher, both with a lot of training in ABA, AVB, and have been working with special needs children for a while (with an emphasis on autistic children). The most important quality that they both possess is that they love Andrew and want him to achieve the most he can. They set high goals and work endlessly to overcome all of his issues. I don't get upset when I hear Andrew crying or tantruming (although I did in the beginning) because I know they are working through these hurdles and Andrew will come out better than before.

Below you can look at pictures of our "classroom," "sensory room," "playroom" and field trips. When we started our program on Halloween 2000 we were in Andrew's very small bedroom with the smallest Little Tikes table and 2 very small chairs. After about 4 months we were able to redesign the house to allow more room for his therapy (his sister really liked the changes too). Now my husband and I have a small bedroom for us to live out of. Our reasoning was that we have spent A LOT of money on therapy, so let's set it up the best we can.

There have been some set backs. Right now Andrew is really testing his boundaries and saying no to things. We just try to work as a team and redirect him. We have finished the first step in toilet training and it is an interesting experience. He stays in underwear all day except when he is sleeping. He has even gone on the toilet at McDonalds!! This is only for urinating though. He still requests a diaper to "Go Poop, Please."

We also like to play games. This can be very tough for Andrew because he has to wait for his turn, follow directions, hand-eye coordination, counting, colors, shapes and more. We don't always follow the directions because they are not always on our level-so be creative. Some of our favorite games are:

FP Barnyard Bingo
FP Barnum's Animals
MB Twister
MB Lucky Ducks
MB Hungry Hippos

MB Hi-Ho Cherry-OH
FP Pip & Pop Game (Bear in the Big Blue House)
Blues Clues Card Game (actions)

FP Go Fish!
FP Sesame Street Elmo's ABC Cereal Game
Potato Head - we have 3 different ones and after they are assembled and parts identified we have them do verbs - dance, jump, walk, climb, run, eat, sing, etc..

(FP-Fisher Price, MB- Milton Bradley)

We have started a reading program to coordinate with the lessons of the day and problems he is having such as: sharing, controlling anger, manners, holidays, numbers, alphabet, etc.. It can be hard for an autistic child to sit and attend while someone is reading a book out loud to them. I have been doing a lot of research into good books for our kids. The best ones to begin with will have limited words and contain a phrase that is repetitive throughout the book so the kids can anticipate this line and be more actively involved. The illustrations should be eye catching. Consider making props to go along with the book. Check back for a list of great books and ideas for props!

My suggestion is to try to build a team of people you trust and who love your child and want the best for them. Surround yourself with positive people that can understand what you are going through. Stay focused on what you have accomplished and not how far you have to go. Take care of yourself and the others in your family during the therapy sessions because the rest of the time is pretty much devoted to your special child or children. Good Luck and check back for more ideas and links.


Funding you may want to check into:

1. School District-check with other parents in your district. If you mention that you will bring a lawsuit against the school if they do not fund your program you will often hit a brick wall and not get much in the way of services. Many parents find this not to be worth the trouble as you will not get the money for years. There have been families that have won cases. Check out the links below to learn more.

2. Medical Assistance-Some states have a MA card and will pay the wages of your therapist (not very common). We use our In-Home Family Support Services money towards some of the ABA therapy but of course it does not pay for all of it.

3.College Students and volunteers and you the parent-check with your local colleges (post a "college student-needed to work with my autistic child" sign in the speech therapy, psychology, teacher education areas). Some colleges offer course credit if they work with your child so that it would be free or inexpensive to you after training them. Family members and neighbors are great resources. As parents we probably have the most impact on our children. Even if we choose not to be a "therapist," we need to be trained for those non-therapy time. I know we work with Andrew 24-7 no matter what.

4. Grants-some companies and organizations offer grants to help pay for programs such as these.

5.Insurance-not very common especially if your therapists are not certified.

6. Tax Deductions-you will need a copy of your diagnosis and a prescription from your doctor for the amount of hours you are giving him in ABA. You will need 1099's for all therapists and a signed contract stating that they are responsible for their own taxes. You will only be able to deduct the amount that exceeds 7.5% of your gross income. Check with your accountant for all of the details.

7. Donated money from family or coworkers-instead of birthday gifts, ask that the money be given to your child for their therapy. I felt uncomfortable with this but I did suggest gifts that we could use in his therapy. If you choose to let others know your child is autistic perhaps they could contribute a little every year (your church or work). They probably give to charities anyway. There are some people well versed in setting up a fund for this-seek them out to help you.

8. We have been working with In-home Family Support Services for financial help. They are a program under the Texas Department of Human Services that provides financial assistance to families with a child who has autism/pdd, mental retardation and maybe other disabilities, I am not sure. They can give you up to $3,600's a year, depending on your income as to your co-pay, and is renewable every year. They also have a one-time grant of $3,000's if you are in dire need of something regarding medical or therapy problems. This money can be used for ABA, respite, and few other things. Even if you think you make too much, request the application and fill it out. Maybe another program may open up and you will be able to qualify under new changes.

9. The ARC can get you on special state and government assistance lists that may be of help somewhere down the line. If you don't use the ARC, find someone who can help you fill out form for these programs (SSI, CLASS, Medicaid, etc.).

Even if you can't get funding and you must pay for it yourself, as I do, keep great records in case something comes up and we can be reimbursed. My therapists make about $15's an hour.
For the 40 hour recommended therapy that would be over $30,000's a year
(see why we cannot afford the "PROVEN" amount of hours???)!!!!!
This does not include consultants and training. We have spent thousands of dollars on therapy equipment and supplies. We do need help funding this.
Keep involved with your legislators and your local Autism Society.


ABA/VB e-groups
Connect with other therapist across the world.

You must join to read and post here. I really enjoy the ideas therapists post. and or

The ME list database:

Consulting Behavior Analyst (AVB specialization)
Has ideas and information on how to teach ABA or VB.

Association for Behavior Analysis

Dr. Vincent Carbone's Verbal Behavior Website

Family's Web Page in South Carolina

Yale Child Study Center Developmental Disabilities Clinic & Research Home Page

RSaffran's Web Site -very good page for anything dealing with Autism

A Maine Family's Early Intervention Program for Autism - PDD

John Wobus' Homepage

Wisconsin Early Autism Project
Replicated Lovaas' Treatment Findings-look at how great the in-home therapy kids did!!

The Lovaas Institute for Early Intervention
Is a research based Institute that specializes in teaching pre-school aged children with autism, pervasive developmental disorders, and related developmental disabilities. The behavioral intervention program was developed in the Psychology Department of UCLA under the direction of Dr. O. Ivar Lovaas. It is based on extensive clinical experience and more than 35 years of scientific research.

Behavior Analysis & Therapy, Inc.
A java-rich site with a lot of links and information

Preparation Classes & Supervision for the
Florida/National Behavior Analysis Certification Examination

by Behavior Analysis & Therapy, Inc.

New School for the Learning Sciences
A nonprofit, Internet-based institution offering advanced training in the learning sciences from scientists and scholars throughout the world, for parents, students and learners throughout the world, featuring courses such as: ***Behavior Analyst Certification Exam Preparation,
***Applied Behavior Analysis and the Treatment of Children.

Autism and ABA Resources
Comprehensive site for PA clinic

Empowerment Zone
Family's page offers information, ideas, and software.

Evie's Web Page from the UK

Recovery Zone

School Districts that pay for ABA Programs

Legal cases involving suits to pay for ABA Programs

Feat-information on funding

Gary S. Mayerson Sponsored Site-law information to help parents get funding.

Wrights Law on Special Education

Me List-Sign upand view the database on ABA drills, resources, and more

Ten Common Roadblocks When Beginning a Home Program

ABA Internet Course Department of Behavior Analysis, University of North Texas
BEHAVIOR PRINCIPLES I An Intro Course Available on the Internet
Introduction to applied behavior analysis. For enrollment information please contact Dr. June Powell by email: or web site:

TxABA website for workshop and ABA Trainers Group information:

Florida Association for Behavior Analysis- Home of behavior analysts in the Sunshine State.

Tennessee ABA- Tennessee's ABA affiliate.

Northwestern ABA- Behavior Analysis in Washington State and the region.

North Carolina ABA- Conference announcements for NC area behavior analysts.

Department of Behavior Analysis, University of North Texas- TxABA HQ,

B.S. and M.S. degrees in behavior analysis, including new autism special interest area.

Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies-
This Center disseminates information about
behavior analysis and sponsors conferences and workshops.

Behavior Analysis, Inc.
Commercial site in Florida with many links to behavior analysis
resources and other information of interest.

B.F. Skinner Foundation-
This site has a listing of Skinner's books available for sale, as well as
a complete bibliography of his writings.

B.F. Skinner: The Texas Years- A Texas Tall Tale.






The Mailbox

Hands on Crafts for Kids

The Mining Company Crafts for Kids

Arts and Craft Projects for Preschoolers

Wendy's World of Crafts Crafts for Kids

Kinderplanet Crafts

Camp Crafts


Crayola Craft Central

The Internet Craft Fair

Pack-o-Fun Free Projects

GuideZone Crafts

Hobby Lobby Project Sheets

Craftpals Crafts for Kids

Jim Speirs' Scouting Page

Squigly's Arts & Crafts for Kids

DLTK's Printable Crafts for Kids

Bozo's Crafts

Bizarre Stuff You can Make in Your Kitchen

Craftpage kid's craft links

Toddler Crafts

Art Links for Kids

KinderCrafts - Enchanted Learning Software

Pleasant Surprizes Crafts - Project Library - Kids Crafts

Danielle's Place

Eileen's Camp Crafts and Other Fun Things

The Mining Company Special Days Crafts

Azfamily crafts for kids

Fun For Kids by Jen

The Open Directory Preschool Arts and Crafts

Family.Com Craft Finder - Arts & Crafts

Home Arts: Rainy Day Projects

Kinder Planet

Kids Domain Crafts

GusTown: Craft Corner

ParentTime - Project Planner

Kids CRAFT - The Ultimate Kids Resource

Hafta Craft Arts and Crafts Links

Donna's Day Home Page

Yahooligan's Annotated Craft Links


Fifty Songs every child should know

Music and Movement

Nursery Rhymes

Musical Museum

Mother Goose


ATT Research Demo
This site will say in words what ever you type-can be lots of fun.

Games Kids Play

Games for Ages 7 and 8

Games for Ages 5 and 6

Noncompetitive Games

Group Games

Circle Time Magazine Activities

Creative Creations Web Site Activities


The Idea Box Craft Recipes

Dido's Play Dough and Craft Recipes

The Mining Company's Craft Recipes

Wendy's Craft Recipes Clay Time

Salt Dough from A to Z

Craft Recipes by Ellen Davis

Scouting Craft Recipes

Kids Craft Recipe Factory

The Kinderart Kitchen

Tactile Media Recipes

Bubble Girl's Recipe Page

Secret Solutions - Bubble-Mania!


The Idea Box Recipes

Galaxy cooking with Kids

Jell-O Kids' Cooking

Fun with Fruit and Vegetables

SOAR's Kid's Recipes

Recipes for Preschoolers

Easy Recipes for Kids

Whirlpool Really Cooking Kids Recipes

Father's World: Dads and Kids Cooking Together

Kowalskis Kid's Section

Kids's Kings of the Kitchen

Family Food Zone: Kids Cooking Tips

Kid's Cooking Club

Cooking With Kids for Dummies

Kitchen Kids Links

Roll the Can Ice Cream


Find out how to say most anything in ASL - the video clips actually demonstrate the sign.

Writing and discrete trial information.

This website was created to help teach play and social skills to children with autistic spectrum disorder. Has great links for play & pretend.

A fantastic site with helpful information, fun stuff, and links.

Farm Animal Crafts for kids to do-with parents help.

Circle Time
Ideas and links for kids.

PROGRAMS More Than Words - The Hanen Program for Parents of
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Interview with parent of a toddler with autism

Parent testimonials (long)

A chance to be heard

There is Hope

Intensive therapy...Louise

Donna's Story


Fairfax County, Virginia AutismProgram

Counting the Cost of Autism (Hamilton, Ontario)

Intensive therapy... (Seattle, WA)

Letters of Support for Bradley Murphy

Tommy (Anchorage, Alaska)

Maxie (Naples, Florida)

Early help... (Vancouver, BC)

Early Intervention... (Torrance, California)

The Virginian-Pilot and The Ledger-Star, Norfolk, VA

Treatment triumph in treating autism (Australia)

ABC News Nightline

Hannah's Story (documentary film)

Recovered kids (a mail group)

New York State Department of Health Clinical Practice Guideline

The Childhood Learning Center includes ABA curriculum,
links to parents groups, and a list of service providers.

Behaviour analysis at Athabasca University

Great Ideas for Teaching .


Mayer-Johnson Inc.

Pyramid Educational Consultants

Silver Lining Multimedia

Discrete Trial Trainer

FEAT has a collection of teaching programs on-line


Gaining Face teachs recognition of emotions and facial expressions

Labeling Tutor

Progressive Academic Learning System

ABBY for Windows

Log It!


Beyond Autism
A fantastic site with helpful information, fun stuff, and links.

Laureate Learning Systems
Has great software for learning language and other skills for children with disabilities.

Different Roads to Learning
Different Roads to Learning is an on-line catalog specializing in learning materials and playthings for children with developmental delays and challenges. This catalog puts together educational toys and materials that stimulate the skills leading to speech and language for challenged children ages 2 to 10.

Farm Animal Crafts for kids to do-with parents help. Check out the rest of for other autism articles.

Circle Time
Ideas and links for kids.

Photo CD Site-must purchase CD
Great pictures for all sorts of Autism teaching tools.

The Idea Box
Good ideas for play.

Crayola Web Site
Interesting activities from Crayola.

Creative Creations
Has some fun kids activities. Web Site
Part of Disney on-line.

COLORING WEB SITES,5903,,00.html


BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION FOR YOUNG CHILDREN WITH AUTISM: A Manual for Parents and Professionals (This is what we use for our curriculm).
Edited by: Catherine Maurice Coedited by Gina Green & Stephen C. Luce.

(1981) Write: Pro-Ed, 8700 Shoal Creek Blvd., Austin, TX 78757 Phone: (512) 451-3246 Internet Address:

LET ME HEAR YOUR VOICE.The reader may also be helped by reading a book written by a mother of an autistic child: Maurice, Catherine. Alfred A. Knopf, publisher, New York: 1993.

FACING AUTISM: Giving Parents Reasons For Hope And Guidance For Help: Hamiliton, Lynn M., WaterBrook publisher, Colorado: 2000.

AUTISM & PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER: A Mother's Story of Research & Recovery
Seroussid, Karyn. Simon & Schuster, publisher, New York: 2000.

ASPERGER SYNDROME AND DIFFICULT MOMENTS: Practical Solutions for Tantrums, Rage, and Meltdowns by Brenda Smith Myles, Jack Southwick (Paperback - June 1999).

TEACHING CHILDREN WITH AUTISM: Strategies to Enhance Communication and Socialization by Kathleen Ann Quill (Paperback).

RIGHT FROM THE START: INTENSIVE INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH AUTISM by Mary Jane Weiss, Ph.D., and Sandra Harris, Ph.D., both from the Rutgers University Center for Applied Psychology. (1998, Woodbine Press)


ACTIVITY SCHEDULES FOR CHILDREN WITH AUTISM: TEACHING INDEPENDENT BEHAVIOR by Lynn E. McClannahan, Ph.D., and Patricia J. Krantz, Ph.D. (Woodbine House, 1999).

TEACH ME LANGUAGE: A LANGUAGE MANUAL FOR CHILDREN WITH AUTISM, ASPERGER'S SYNDROME AND RELATED DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS by Sabrina Freeman, Ph.D., and Lorelei Dake, B.A. (British Columbia, Canada: 1996, SKF Books) SKF Books, 20641 46th Avenue, Langley, B.C., Canada V3A 3H8.

WHOLE CHILD, WHOLE PARENT by Polly Berrien Berends (New York: 1983, Harper & Row). Not a book on Autism but is a good book for parenting.


The 1987 Study: "Behavioral Treatment and Normal Educational and Intellectual Functioning in Young Autistic Children," O.I. Lovaas, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology #55 (1987), pg.s 3-9.

The 1993 Follow-up: "Long-term Outcome for Children with Autism Who Received Early Intensive Behavioral Treatment," J. McEachin, T. Smith & O.I. Lovaas, American Journal on Mental Retardation #4 (1993), pg.s 359-372.

"Criteria for Appropriate Treatments," a letter by Dr. Lovaas that "is intended to address the question of what constitutes an appropriate therapeutic intervention for a child diagnosed with autism." The document is dated 4/6/95 and is available from the UCLA Department of Psychology, Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1563.

"Case Study: Deterioration, Autism, and Recovery in Two Siblings," R. Perry, I. Cohen & R. DeCarlo, (1995). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, pgs. 232-237.

"Interview with Ivar Lovaas," Autism Society of America, Advocate #26, (1994) pgs. 13-15.

"Special Treatment Aids Autistic Children," Maine Sunday Telegram, 12/17/95, pg. 14B. "Intense Therapy Shows Signs of Helping Autistic Children," Washington Post, 1/24/95, Sec. WH, pg. 10.

"The Murdoch Early Intervention Program After 2 Years," J.S. Birnbrauer & D.J. Leach (1993). Behavior Change #10, pgs. 63-74.

"Autism: A New Behavioral Treatment," by Ivar Lovaas, Ph.D., Harvard Medical School Mental Health Letter, June, 1989. The Autism Research Institute publishes a quarterly newsletter and many information packs. ARI's director is Bernard Rimland, Ph.D. Autism Research Institute 4182 Adams Avenue San Diego, CA 92116.


This is where our ABA therapy takes place. We have centers (reading, construction, music, arts & crafts, and pretend play) that keep him moving. We often move in and out of this room during the two hour sessions for his breaks and sensory needs.

This is a great place for "breaks" and to help with transitioning. It helps him work off his "hyperness." In this room we have tunnels and tents to hide objects in for Andrew to find. We have a basketball hoop and trampoline to have him run and jump and follow commands. We have a ball pit to help calming. There are carpet squares for circle time and to sit on to play games. We have all sorts of sport's equipment such as: hoola hoops (use on the floor to jump in or out of), soft Frisbees, kids rackets, bats of all sorts with soft balls and gloves, and containers filled with beans, noodles and rice for sensory play (Andrew actually likes to sit in the big container of beans and he will move around and pore more beans over himself). Busy Bodies and Sensory Integration at Warm Springs really helped out side the home with these sensory needs he has.

In here we have the computer, play kitchen and house with lots of food and dolls,
the reading area, cars with tracks, an arts and crafts area, and the kid's TV/VCR.

When learning about places and the community, our therapist would take our "class" on field trips to places like the zoo, library, restaurant, playground, McDonalds, Chuck E Cheese, grocery store, and for a ride on the city bus. This helped his behavior, social, and sensory skills.


The information below is by no means a thorough listing of ABA help,
but I am hoping it will at least give you a place to start.

ABA Providers
(Just some that are listed)

United States


Applied Behavior Consultants School (ABC)
4550 Harlin Drive
Sacramento, Ca 95826
Phone: 800-435-9888 or 916-568-1111
Fax: 916-568-1112
Web site:

Austin Partnership
200 Marina Drive, Suite C
Seal Beach, CA 90740-6057
Phone: 562-431-9293]
Fax: 562-431-8386

Behavior Analysts, Inc/ S.T.A.R.S School (Strategic Teaching and Reinforcement System)
3329 Vincent Road
Pleasant Hill, CA 94523
Phone: 925-210-9378
Fax: 925-210-0436
Web site:

Behavior Therapy and Family Counseling Clinic
32123 Lindero Canyon Road, Suite 302
West Lake Village, CA 91361
Phone: 818-706-9913, ext. 4
Fax: 818-706-6093
Web site:

Center for Autism and Related Disorders (CARD)
2061 Business Center Drive, Suite 202
Irvine, CA 92612
Phone: 949-833-7736
Fax: 949-833-7566

Center for Autism and Related Disorders (CARD)
5677 Oberlin Drive, Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone: 619-558-4567
Fax: 619-558-9250

Center for Autism and Related Disorders (CARD)
23300 Ventura Boulevard
Woodland Hills, CA 91364
Phone: 818-223-0123
Fax: 818-223-0133
Web site:

Center Valley Autism Project
1518 Coffee Road, Suite C
Modesto, CA 95355
Phone: 209-613-7220
Fax: 209-578-4272
Web site:

Institute for Applied Behavior Analysis
5777 West Century Boulevard, Suite 675
Los Angeles, CA 90045
Phone: 310-649-0499
Fax: 310-649-3109
Web site:

Lovaas Institute for Early Intervention
2566 Overland Avenue, Suite 530
Los Angeles, CA 90064-3366
Phone: 310-840-5983 ext.100
Fax: 310-840-5987

UCLA Young Autism Project
Dept. of Psychology
1282A Franz Hall
Box 951563
Los Angeles, CA 90095
Phone: 310-825-2319
Fax: 310-206-6380
Valley Mountain Regional Center
P.O. Box 692290
Stockton, CA 95269
Phone: 209-473-0951
Fax: 209-473-0256


Innovative Developments for Educational Achievement (IDEA)
20 Washington Avenue, Suite 108
North Haven, CT 06473
Phone: 203-234-7401
Fax: 203-239-4348


Reaching Potentials, Inc.
7390 NW 5th Street, #9
Plantation, Fl 33317
Phone: 954-321-7393
Fax: 954-321-1019
E-mail: or
Web site:


Illinois Early Autism Project
Linden Oaks Hospital
852 West Street
Naperville, IL 60540
Phone: 630-718-0313
Fax: 630-718-0314

Community Services for Autistic Adults
And Children (CSAAC)
751 Twinbrook Parkway
Rockville, MD 20851-1428
Phone: 301-762-1650
Fax: 301-762-5230
Web site:


The May Institute
940 Main Street
P.O. Box 899
South Harwich, MA 02661
Phone: 508-432-5530
Fax: 508-432-3478
Web site:

The New England Center for Children
33 Turnpike Road
Southboro, MA 01772-2108
Phone: 508-481-1015
Fax: 508-485-3421
Web site:

The Association for behavior Analysis
213 West Hall
Western Michigan University
1201 Oliver Street
Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5052
Phone: 616-687-8341 or 616-387-8342
Fax: 616-387-8354
Web site:
This association deals with using ABA for
Autism as well as other disorders.
They can provide direction on finding
An ABA provider, and their Web
Site gives training guidelines for Qualified
ABA professionals.


Families for Effective Autism Treatment of
1821 University Avenue
Suite 324 South
St. Paul, MN 55104
Phone: 612-927-0017
Web site:


Early Children Autism Program
Department of Psychology / 296
University of Nevada
Reno, NV 89557
Phone: 775-784-1128
Fax: 775-784-1126

New Jersey

Alpine Learning Group
777 Paramus Road
Paramus, NJ 07652
Phone: 201-612-7800
Fax: 201-612-7710
Bancroft School
P.O. Box 20
Hopkins Lane
Haddonfield, NJ 08033-0018
Phone: 800-774-5516 or 856-429-0010
Fax: 856-429-4755
Web site:

Douglas Developmental Disabilities Center
Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey
25 Gibbons Circle
New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8528
Phone: 732-932-9137
Fax: 732-932-8081
Web site:

Douglas Outreach
Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey
30 Gibbons Circle
New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8528
Phone: 732-932-3902 Fax: 732-932-4469

Eden Family of Services
One Logan Drive
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone: 609-987-0099
Fax: 609-987-0243
Web site:

New Jersey Institute for Early Intervention
52 Haddonfield-Berlin Road,
Suite 4000
Cherry Hill, NJ 08034-3502
Phone: 856-616-9442
Fax: 856-616-9454

Partners in Therapy, Inc.
804 Park Avenue
Collingswood, NJ 08034-3502
Phone: 856-858-3673
Fax: 856--869-9469

Princeton Child Development Institute
300 Cold Soil Road
Princeton, NJ 08540-2002
Phone: 609-924-6280
Web site

Rutgers Autism Program
41 Gordon Road, Suite A
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Phone: 732-445-1141
Fax: 732-445-7970
Web Site:

New York

Center for Autism and Related Disorders
280 North Central Avenue, Suite 314
Hartsdale, NY 10530
Phone: 914-683-3833
Fax: 914-683-3836

Eden II Programs / Genesis School
150 Granite Avenue
Staten Island, NY 10303
Phone: 718-816-1422
Web site:

Fred S. Keller School
1 Odell Plaza
South Westchester Executive Park
Yonkers, NY 10701
Phone: 914-956-1152
Fax: 914-956-1419

North Carolina

Building Blocks Children's Group
1102 North Main Street, Suite 202
High Point, NC 27262
Phone: 336-886-8019
Fax: 336-886-8661

Center for Autism and Related disorders
3711 W. Market Street, Suite B
Greensboro, NC 27403
Phone: 336-855-1700
Fax: 336-855-1787

Meredith Autism Program
Meredith College- Department of
3800 Hillsborough Street
Raleigh, NC 27607-5298
Phone: 919-760-8080 Fax: 919-760-2303


Project PACE, Inc.
9725 SW Beaverton Hillsdale Highway
Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone: 503-643-7015 Fax: 503-641-3640
Web site:


The Childhood Learning Center
98 Fairview Street
Reading, PA 19605
Phone: 610-929-9459
Fax: 610-929-4066
E-mail: or
Web site:

Pittsburgh Young Autism Project
Intercare - Brentwood Office
4411 Stilley Road / Route 51
2nd floor, Suite 202
Pittsburgh, PA 15227
Phone: 412-881-3902
Fax: 412-881-3599

South Carolina

Autism Research Center, S.C.
P.O Box 1066
Anderson, SC 29622
Phone: 864-260-9005
Fax: 864-226-8902


Texas Young Autism Project
Department of Psychology
University of Houston
Houston, TX 77204-5341
Phone: 713-743-8610
Web site:

Terri Locke
Behavior Consultant, Parent Training,
Home & School Intervention,
Vocational & Functional Life Skills Training
Phone (published with permission)

Busy Bodies
Sue Selander
San Antonio, TX
Gross Motor Movements & skills with ABA approach,
Handwriting & School Help


Center for Autism and Related Disorders
5105-P Backlick Road
Annandale, VA 22003
Phone: 730-256-6383
Fax: 703-256-6384


Northwest Young Autism Project
Department of Psychology
Washington State University
P.O Box 644820
Pullman, WA 99164
Phone: 509-335-7750
Fax: 509-335-2522


Autism and Behavioral Consultants
349 Winnebago Drive
Fond du Lac, WI 54935
Phone: 920-926-1255
Fax: 920-921-1798

Families with Autism Counseling and Resource Center
49 Kessle Court
Madison, WI 53711
Phone: 608-231-300, ext. 350

Integrated Developmental Services
14 Ellis Potter Court
Madison, WI 53711
Phone: 608-441-0123
Fax: 608-441-0126

Wisconsin Early Autism Project (W.E.A.P)
272 East Walnut Street
Green Bay, WI 53711
Phone: 920-431-3380
Fax: 920-431-0256

Wisconsin Early Atuism Project (W.E.A.P.)
2433 North Mayfair Road, Suite 102
Wauwatosa, WI 53226
Phone: 414-479-9798
Fax: 414-479-9805


The Young Autism Project at UCLA
UCLA Dept. of Psychology
405 Hilgard Avenue
Los Angeles, California 90024-1563
310-825-2319 tel.
310-206-6173 fax

The Early Childhood Intervention Center, Inc.
2124 Broadway, #338
New York, NY 10023
212-606-2036, Fax 212-877-1276.

Rutgers Center for Applied Psychology
41 Gordon Rd.
P.O. Box 5062
New Brunswick, N.J. 08903-5062
phone: 732-445-7778
extension #18: Ellen Picollo

Ivar O. Lovaas
Note - Ivar Lovaas usually doesn't answer mail sent to this ID.

Center for Autism and Related Disorders, CARD.
CARD is run by Dr.Doreen Granpeesheh who did her PhD under Dr.Lovaas.
CARD does in-home workshops around the world.
CARD will come to your house within 3 weeks of contact.
Phone = 818-995-4673
Fax = 818-995-4679

Behavioral Intervention Associates (B.I.A.)
14 Crow Canyon Court, Suite 100
San Ramon, CA 94583
Tel: (510) 855-1350
The director of the program is Hilary Stubblefield

Project PACE in Beaverton, Oregon
(503) 643-7015.

The Wisconsin Early Autism Project (WEAP) provides in-home workshops around the United States. They are also a
replication site for Lovaas. Here is the address: Wisconsin Early Autism Project
Child & Family Psychological Services
2828 Marshall Court, Suite110
Madison, Wi 53705
(608) 233-1551 Sally Brockett, M.S., Director

Innovative Developments for Educational Achievement, Inc. (IDEA)
20 Washington Ave., Suite 108
North Haven, CT 06473

The May Center for Early Childhood Education
10 Acton Street
Arlington, MA 02174 Phone: (617)648-9260

33 Turnpike Road
Southboro, MA

Autism Partnership
Directors: Dr. Ronald Leaf & Dr. John McEachin
3346 Olive Avenue
Signal Hill, CA 90807
(310) 424-9293

Valley Mountain Regional Center
P.O. Box 692290
Stockton, California 95269-2290
209-473-0951 tel.

Alta California Regional Center
2031 Howe Avenue, Suite 100
Sacramento, California 95825
916-929-0500 tel.
Glen Sallows, Ph.D.

Wisconsin Early Autism Project
2828 Marshal Court, Suite 110
Madison, Wisconsin 53705

Eric Hamlin
Project PACE
Beaverton, Oregon
(503) 643-7015
(503) 641-3640 fax

Dr. Patty Matesky
Allegheny General Hospital

Dr. Carryl Navalta
Lovaas Study
May Institute
10 Acton Street
Arlington, MA 02174

Tristram Smith, Ph.D.
Washington State University
Pullman, Washington 99164-4820

Dr. John Mc.Eachin
Autism Partnership
3346 Olive Avenue
Signal Hill CA 90807
(310) 424-9293, ext. 306 for Dr. McEachin, ext. 375 for Dr. Leaf

Greg Buch, Ph.D.
3116D Oakroad, Suite 106
Walnut Creek, California 94596

Doreen GranPeesheh, PhD.
Center for Autism and Related Disorders (CARD)
15840 Ventura Boulevard, Suite 301
Encino, California 91436
818-995-4679 tel.

Keli Larson, M.A.
1508 8th Avenue, Northeast
Rochester, Minnesota 55906

The Center for Applied Psychology
Rutgers University
New Brunswick, New Jersey
908-445-7778 tel.

ABC, Applied Behaviour Consultants
Dr. Morro
Phone = 1-800-435-9888

Terri Locke
Behavior Consultant, Parent Training,
Home & School Invervention,
Vocational & Functional Life Skills Training
Phone (published with permission)
pager: 210-713-9533-San Antonio, Texas

Partners In Therapy, Inc.
804 Park Avenue
Collingswood, N.J. 08108

Sandra J. Rowan, M.A.
Comunidad Los Horcones
Apartado Postal #372
Hermosillo Sonora Mexico
CP 83000
Tel/Fax (62) 14 72 19

Ethel W. Hetrick, Ph.D. (Director)
Oak Forest Psychological Services
2834 Bill Owens Pkwy.
Longview, Texas 75605
Office: (903) 759-6588
Fax: (903) 759-4904


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