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ANKARA, İSTANBUL, İZMİR PROFESSIONAL LEAGUES


The professionalism in football was accepted in September 1951, after a long preparation process.
İstanbul Regional league was the first to establish a professional league, right after the second half of 1951-52 season. All games were played in 1952, that's why the league was called 1952 league.
Ankara and İzmir professional leagues started both in 1955-56 season. TFF's Türk Futbol Tarihi book gives the start of the Ankara professional league as 1954-55. Most of the historians repeat the same season also as the start of date. Only Büyük Futbol Ansiklopedisi by Tercüman newspaper gave the start date as 1955-56. Recent studies at Maçkolik by Cem Pekin also proves the start date being 1955-56.


1951-52


İSTANBUL LİGİ
The dates : 05/01 to 25/05 - All in 1952

51-52 İstanbul P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Beşiktaş 26 26   14 12 2 0 35 10 3.50
Galatasaray 19 19   14 6 7 1 23 9 2.56
Fenerbahçe 19 19   14 8 3 3 28 18 1.56
Vefa 14 14   14 6 2 6 30 23 1.30
Beykoz 14 14   14 6 2 6 18 22 0.82
İstanbulspor 11 11   14 4 3 7 16 26 0.62
Kasımpaşa 5 5   14 2 1 11 12 33 0.36
Emniyet 4 4   14 1 2 11 13 34 0.38


1952-53


İSTANBUL LİGİ
The dates : 27/09 to 22/02

52-53 İstanbul P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Fenerbahçe 32 32   18 14 4 0 44 9  
Beşiktaş 29 29   18 13 3 2 53 18  
Galatasaray 23 23   18 9 5 4 30 18  
Vefa 22 22   18 8 6 4 35 18  
Adalet 19 19   18 7 5 6 23 18  
İstanbulspor 18 18   18 7 4 7 30 28  
Beykoz 15 15   18 5 5 8 22 22  
Kasımpaşa 13 13   18 5 3 10 22 33  
Beyoğluspor 9 9   18 3 3 12 19 47  
Emniyet 0 0   18 0 0 18 5 72  


1953-54


İSTANBUL LİGİ
The dates : 17/10 to 16/08

Some of the matches were postponed to August, since the national teamwent to the 1954 World Cup Finals. Fenerbahçe had 3, Adalet 2, Beykoz and Emniyet 1 postponed matches. They objected the postponement, but TFF didn't accept and the postponed games were awarded to the opponents.

53-54 İstanbul P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Beşiktaş 32 32   18 15 2 1 41 13  
Galatasaray 27 27   18 12 3 3 49 20  
Fenerbahçe 21 21   18 9 3 6 37 24 1.54
Vefa 21 21   18 9 3 6 36 30 1.20
İstanbulspor 21 21   18 8 5 5 32 27 1.19
Kasımpaşa 21 21   18 9 3 6 34 32 1.06
Beykoz 15 15   18 6 3 9 22 32  
Adalet 14 14   18 5 4 9 33 35  
Beyoğluspor 7 7   18 3 1 14 21 46  
Emniyet 1 1   18 0 1 17 7 53  


1954-55


İSTANBUL LİGİ
The dates : 28/10 to 23/04

54-55 İstanbul P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Galatasaray 30 30   18 14 2 2 40 13 3.08
Beşiktaş 30 30   18 13 4 1 46 19 2.42
Fenerbahçe 26 26   18 11 4 3 50 13  
Adalet 21 21   18 8 5 5 37 31  
Vefa 17 17   18 6 5 7 27 28  
İstanbulspor 15 15   18 5 5 8 15 25  
Emniyet 13 13   18 2 9 7 13 31  
Beykoz 12 12   18 3 6 9 17 34  
Beyoğluspor 9 9   18 1 7 10 17 47  
Kasımpaşa 7 7   18 2 3 13 14 35  


1955-56


UEFA started a lub competition called "European Champion Clubs' Cup". 16 clubs from 16 countries were invited to the tournament. Some countries like Turkey, Luxembourg, Northern Ireland also wanted to attend, but 16 club fixture was completed. UEFA promised those nations to accept their clubs the following year.
Turkey didn't have a national competition, yet and they decided that the İstanbul Lig champion would represent Turkey at the next edition of the tournament.

Ankara and İzmir professional leagues started this year.

ANKARA LİGİ
The dates : 08/10 to 16/05

55-56 Ankara P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Hacettepe 22 22   14 10 2 2 28 15  
Ankara Güneşspor 20 20   14 9 2 3 33 14  
Ankaragücü 19 19   14 9 1 4 29 16  
Gençlerbirliği 17 17   14 8 1 5 25 20  
Ankara Demirspor 12 12   14 4 4 6 18 20  
Ankara Yolspor 10 10   14 3 4 7 14 23  
Otoyıldırım 8 8   14 3 2 9 14 24  
Hilal 4 4   14 1 2 11 10 39  

İSTANBUL LİGİ
The dates : 05/10 to 04/07

55-56 İstanbul P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Galatasaray 29 29   18 12 5 1 52 19  
Fenerbahçe 26 26   18 10 6 2 30 14 2.14
Beşiktaş 26 26   18 10 6 2 45 22 2.05
İstanbulspor 20 20   18 6 8 4 32 25  
Adalet 18 18   18 6 6 6 31 26  
Beykoz 18 18   18 6 6 6 24 21  
Vefa 13 13   18 4 5 9 20 28 0.71
Kasımpaşa 13 13   18 5 3 10 20 38 0.53
Beyoğluspor 10 10   18 3 4 11 18 40  
Emniyet 7 7   18 2 3 13 12 51  

İZMİR LİGİ
The dates: 08/10 to 10/06

55-56 İzmir P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
İzmirspor 33 33   18 15 3 0 56 23  
Altay 25 25   18 11 3 4 61 23  
Karşıyaka 22 22   18 9 4 5 43 28 1.54
Kültürspor 22 22   18 9 4 5 32 25 1.28
Göztepe 20 20   18 8 4 6 38 30 1.27
Izmir Demirspor 20 20   18 7 6 5 34 28 1.21
Yün Pamuk Mensucat 17 17   18 7 3 8 34 37  
Ülküspor 11 11   18 4 3 11 23 45  
Altınordu 6 6   18 2 2 14 22 49  
Egespor 4 4   18 1 2 15 8 63  


1956-57


UEFA decided that the clubs competing should be a national champion not a city or a regional champion.
There were no national competition in Turkey, so TFF decided to held a temporary national cup competition to select the club to represent Turkey at this tournament.

ANKARA LİGİ
The Dates: 22/09 to 07/04

56-57 Ankara P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Ankaragücü 24 24   14 11 2 1 43 12  
Ankara Demirspor 19 19   14 7 5 2 31 17  
Ankara Güneşspor 18 18   14 7 4 3 32 18  
Gençlerbirliği 17 17   14 7 3 4 32 23  
Hacettepe 13 13   14 4 5 5 19 17  
Ankara Yolspor 11 11   14 4 3 7 19 20  
Otoyıldırım 8 8   14 4 0 10 14 36  
Hilal 2 2   14 0 2 12 10 57  

İSTANBUL LİGİ
The dates : 12/09 to 30/04

İstanbul 2. Lig started with 12 clubs

56-57 İstanbul P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Fenerbahçe 29 29   18 14 1 3 51 14 3.64
Galatasaray 29 29   18 13 3 2 44 19 2.32
İstanbulspor 24 24   18 9 6 3 32 21  
Beykoz 19 19   18 8 3 7 30 25 1.20
Beşiktaş 19 19   18 8 3 7 33 30 1.10
Adalet 18 18   18 6 6 6 29 26  
Vefa 14 14   18 5 4 9 20 26  
Kasımpaşa 10 10   18 3 4 11 13 35 0.37
Beyoğluspor 10 10   18 4 2 12 15 41 0.37
Emniyet 8 8   18 1 6 11 15 45  

İZMİR LİGİ
The dates: 03/10 to 23/04

56-57 İzmir P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Altay 31 31   18 14 3 1 42 17  
İzmirspor 24 24   18 10 4 4 33 18 1.83
Altınordu 24 24   18 10 4 4 32 19 1.68
Göztepe 23 23   18 10 3 5 34 18  
Kültürspor 18 18   18 8 2 8 35 27  
Izmir Demirspor 16 16   18 5 6 7 26 30  
Yün Pamuk Mensucat 14 14   18 5 4 9 21 28 0.75
Karşıyaka 14 14   18 4 6 8 19 27 0.70
Ülküspor 13 13   18 5 3 10 13 30  
Egespor 3 3   18 1 1 16 12 53  

FEDERASYON KUPASI
The dates: 26/09 to 30/06

One match knock-out style elimination rounds until the Group Stage. Tie-breaker is a second match.
Adana clubs Demirspor and Milli Mensucat played their games in Ankara

  1. Kademe                      
  1. Ön Eleme                      
Ankara Ankaragücü   1 0         Ankara Yolspor
  Gençlerbirliği   4 1         Hilal  
İstanbul İstanbulspor   4 1         Emniyet
  Beşiktaş   2 1         Beyoğluspor
İzmir Altınordu   2 1         İzmirspor
  İzmir Demirspor   1 0         Karşıyaka
  2. Ön Eleme                      
Ankara Adana Milli Mensucat   1 0         Ankara Demirspor
  Ankara Güneşspor   1 0         Adana Demirspor
  Hacettepe   2 1         Otoyışdırım
  Gençlerbirliği   3 0         Ankaragücü
İstanbul Beykoz   3 1         Adalet
  Galatasaray   1 0         Vefa  
  Fenerbahçe   6 0         Kasımpaşa
  Beşiktaş   1 0         İstanbulspor
İzmir Göztepe   3 3   2 0   Yün Pamuk Mensucat
  İzmir Kültürspor   8 0         Egespor
  Altay   2 0         Ülküspor
  Altınordu   1 0         İzmir Demirspor
                         
  2. Kademe                      
Ankara Adana Milli Mensucat   2 1         Ankara Güneşspor
  Gençlerbirliği   3 2         Hacettepe
İstanbul Galatasaray   3 2         Fenerbahçe
  Beşiktaş   3 2         Beykoz
İzmir İzmir Kültürspor   1 0         Altınordu
  Altay   4 1         Göztepe
                         
  Final Grubu                      
                     
FİNAL P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Beşiktaş 17 17   10 8 1 1 23 6  
Galatasaray 14 14   10 6 2 2 22 8  
Altay 10 10   10 4 2 4 19 17  
Gençlerbirliği 9 9   10 4 1 5 15 12 1.25
İzmir Kültürspor 9 9   10 4 1 5 13 26 0.50
Adana Milli Mensucat 1 1   10 0 1 9 5 28  


1957-58


TFF forgot to send Beşiktaş's name to Avrupa Şampiyon Kulüpler fixture draws and Turkey was not represented in 1957-58.

ANKARA LİGİ
The dates : Dates : 14/09 to 26/03

Ankara 2. Ligi started with 9 clubs

Hilal became Şeker Hilal

57-58 Ankara P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Hacettepe 20 20   14 9 2 3 30 17  
Ankara Demirspor 18 18   14 6 6 2 33 15 2.20
Ankara Güneşspor 18 18   14 8 2 4 24 16 1.50
Ankaragücü 17 17   14 7 3 4 32 15  
Gençlerbirliği 13 13   14 5 3 6 17 21 0.81
Otoyıldırım 13 13   14 4 5 5 16 22 0.73
Ankara Yolspor 12 12   14 6 0 8 22 25  
Şeker Hilal 1 1   14 0 1 13 8 51  

İSTANBUL LİGİ
The dates : 28/08 to 27/03

57-58 İstanbul P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Galatasaray 31 31   18 14 3 1 48 10  
Fenerbahçe 27 27   18 12 3 3 39 13  
İstanbulspor 23 23   18 9 5 4 22 14  
Beşiktaş 22 22   18 9 4 5 34 18  
Vefa 17 17   18 7 3 8 23 28  
Beykoz 14 14   18 6 2 10 22 24  
Adalet 13 13   18 6 1 11 28 35 0.80
Beyoğluspor 13 13   18 4 5 9 14 37 0.38
Kasımpaşa 12 12   18 4 4 10 17 30  
Emniyet 8 8   18 2 4 12 15 53  

İZMİR LİGİ
The dates : 21/09 to 08/05

57-58 İzmir P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Altay 26 26   18 12 2 4 44 23  
İzmirspor 25 25   18 10 5 3 32 14 2.29
Karşıyaka 25 25   18 9 7 2 29 19 1.53
Kültürspor 21 21   18 9 3 6 36 18 2.00
Ülküspor 21 21   18 8 5 5 37 29 1.28
Altınordu 16 16   18 5 6 7 36 34  
Izmir Demirspor 15 15   18 4 7 7 27 31 0.87
Yün Pamuk Mensucat 15 15   18 6 3 9 23 40 0.58
Göztepe 12 12   18 3 6 9 29 33  
Egespor 4 4   18 2 0 16 11 63  

FEDERASYON KUPASI
The dates : 09/11 to 29/06

  1. Kademe                                  
  1. Ön Eleme                                  
İstanbul Emniyet   2 0         Hasköy            
  Beyoğluspor   1 0         Sarıyer            
  Adalet   6 0         Süleymaniye        
  Kasımpaşa   5 0         Davutpaşa          
  Vefa   4 1         Beylerbeyi          
  Beşiktaş   8 2         Feriköy            
İzmir Ülküspor   3 2         Göztepe            
  Karşıyaka   0 0   3 1   İzmir Kültürspor      
  2. Ön Eleme                                  
Ankara Ankara Güneşspor   3 0         Ankara Yolspor      
  Ankaragücü   2 0         Otoyıldırım          
  Gençlerbirliği   2 0         Şeker Hilal          
  Ankara Demirspor   3 2         Hacettepe          
İstanbul Beykoz   2 0         Taksim            
  Galatasaray   10 0         Anadolu            
  İstanbulspor   7 1         Eyüp              
  Fenerbahçe   3 0         Galata              
  Kasımpaşa   1 0         Karagümrük        
  Beşiktaş   1 0         Yeşildirek          
  Adalet   3 1         Emniyet            
  Vefa   5 4         Beyoğluspor        
İzmir Altınordu   2 0         Egespor            
  Altay   1 0         Yün Pamuk Mensucat
  İzmir Demirspor   3 2         İzmirspor          
  Ülküspor   2 1         Karşıyaka          
                                     
  2. Kademe                                  
  Beşiktaş   3 2   4 1   Gençlerbirliği        
  Kasımpaşa   1 1   1 3   Ankara Güneşspor    
  Ankara Demirspor   1 0   1 0   Adalet            
  Vefa   2 1   2 0   İzmir Demirspor      
  Altay   0 0   2 2   İstanbulspor       3.maç : 0-3
  Ankaragücü   0 1   2 4   Galatasaray        
  Beykoz   2 1   0 0   Altınordu          
  Ülküspor   0 4   2 7   Fenerbahçe        
                                     
  3. Kademe                                  
Kırmızı Grup P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Beşiktaş 10 10   5 5 0 1 14 5  
İstanbulspor 6 6   3 3 0 3 9 8 1.13
Ankara Demirspor 6 6   3 3 0 3 6 11 0.55
Beykoz 2 2   1 1 0 5 6 11  

Beyaz Grup P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Galatasaray 9 9   4 4 1 1 14 5  
Vefa 7 7   2 2 3 1 4 3  
Fenerbahçe 5 5   2 2 1 3 7 7  
Ankara Güneşspor 3 3   0 0 3 3 4 14  

  Final                
  Beşiktaş   1 0   1 0   Galatasaray


1958-59


Finally, the process for the national league began.
It was decided that the Regional league will start playing with a condensed fixture and finalize at the end of the first half of season. 16 clubs will qualify to the national league called "Milli Lig".
16 clubs will play the first season of the Milli Lig in two groups and the group winners will play each other to become the league champion.
There will be no relegation from Milli Lig and 4 more clubs will get promoted to Milli lig after Promotion Play-offs.

ANKARA LİGİ
Dates : 06/09 to 11/01

Top four clubs will get promoted to Milli Lig

58-59 Ankara P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Ankara Demirspor 21 21   14 9 3 2 31 15  
Ankaragücü 18 18   14 5 8 1 27 17  
Gençlerbirliği 16 16   14 6 4 4 16 12 1.33
Hacettepe 16 16   14 5 6 3 18 15 1.20
Otoyıldırım 12 12   14 4 4 6 18 25  
Şeker Hilal 10 10   14 3 4 7 23 20 1.15
Ankara Güneşspor 10 10   14 3 4 7 10 20 0.50
Ankara Yolspor 9 9   14 3 3 8 21 40  

İSTANBUL LİGİ
Dates : 27/08 to 15/02

Karagümrük promoted this year replacing the relegated Emniyet club.

Top eight clubs will get promoted to Milli Lig.

58-59 İstanbul P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Fenerbahçe 32 32   18 14 4 0 47 7  
Galatasaray 30 30   18 13 4 1 50 9  
Karagümrük 21 21   18 9 3 6 27 25  
İstanbulspor 19 19   18 6 7 5 19 19  
Beşiktaş 18 18   18 8 2 8 28 26 1.08
Beykoz 18 18   18 6 6 6 23 29 0.79
Adalet 15 15   18 5 5 8 16 31  
Vefa 14 14   18 3 8 7 23 29  
Kasımpaşa 8 8   18 3 2 13 15 45  
Beyoğluspor 5 5   18 2 1 15 13 41  

İZMİR LİGİ
The dates : 30/08 to 08/02

Top four clubs will get promoted to Milli Lig.

58-59 İzmir P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Karşıyaka 28 28   18 11 6 1 35 8  
Altay 25 25   18 11 3 4 40 14  
İzmirspor 23 23   18 9 5 4 33 13  
Göztepe 22 22   18 9 4 5 21 14  
Kültürspor 21 21   18 8 5 5 26 20  
Ülküspor 18 18   18 5 8 5 28 20 1.40
Altınordu 18 18   18 8 2 8 28 29 0.97
Izmir Demirspor 12 12   18 4 4 10 24 28  
Yün Pamuk Mensucat 12 12   18 3 6 9 17 34  
Egespor 1 1   18 0 1 17 4 76  


MİLLİ LİG


16 clubs qualified to Milli Lişg and they were placed into two groups called Kırmızı and Beyaz Groups.

Kırmızı Grup
Ankara : Ankara Demirspor, Gençlerbirliği
İstanbul : Adalet, Galatasaray, Karagümrük, Vefa
İzmir : Göztepe, Karşıyaka
Beyaz Grup
Ankara : Ankaragücü, Hacettepe
İstanbul : Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe, Fenerbahçe, İstanbulspor
İzmir : Altay, İzmirspor

More info 1959 Milli Lig