EURO 2020
Format of the Finals
Format of the Qualifiers
Erdinç Sivritepe


24 nations will start the competition at a Group Stage.
There will be 6 groups with 4 clubs each. Top two in each group and four best third placed nations will progress to the next round and the rest of the competition will be completed with knock-out rounds.
The knock-out rounds will be the Last 16 Round, Quarter Finals, Semi Finals, and the Final.

EURO2020 introduces a competition with multiple country hosting and starting from the Groups Stage and ending at Quarter Finals, the competition will be held in 12 different cities from 12 different countries. Semi Finals and the Final will be played in London (one of the host cities).

Group Formation
No host countries will directly start at the EURO2020 Finals.
Assuming that all 12 hosting countries may qualify to the Finals, they are paired with one another and each pair is assigned to one of the six groups.
If a host country qualifies to the Finals, they are placed in a group assigned to them. They will play their games in their city. If the other host country in the same group also qualifies a draw will decide which one will host the match of the host.

The Draw for the Groups:
Upon the completion of the EURO2020 Qualifiers, an overall standing of the Qualifiers will rank the nations.
This ranking will decide the nations to be seeded for the Finals and the pots.

The Qualifiers will be completed on November 19th, 2019 and the draw will be held on December 1st, 2019.
At the time 20 finalists will be known but the remaining 4 finalists will be decided after the Play-Off Finals on March 31, 2020. That's why the four entries will go into the draw as play-off winners 1 through 4.
If any of the host nations are in the qualifying play-offs, and there are groups which cannot be finalised at the time of the final tournament draw, another draw will be held after the play-offs on 1 April 2020.

Group Matches:
Four nations play each other once within the group. 3 points are awarded for a win and 1 for a draw.
Nations are ranked according to their points earned at group stage.
If two or more teams are equal on points on completion of the group matches, the following tie-breaking criteria are applied:
1.Higher number of points obtained in the matches played between the teams in question;
2.Superior goal difference resulting from the matches played between the teams in question;
3.Higher number of goals scored in the matches played between the teams in question;
4.If, after having applied criteria 1 to 3, teams still have an equal ranking (e.g. if criteria 1 to 3 are applied to three teams that are level on points initially and these criteria separated one team from the other two who still have an equal ranking), criteria 1 to 3 are reapplied exclusively to the matches between the teams who are still level to determine their final rankings. If this procedure did not lead to a decision, criteria 5 to 10 apply;
5.Superior goal difference in all group matches;
6.Higher number of goals scored in all group matches;
7.Higher number of wins in all group matches;
8.If on the last round of the group stage, two teams are facing each other and each has the same number of points, as well as the same number of goals scored and conceded, and the score finishes level in their match, their ranking is determined by a penalty shoot-out. (This criterion is not used if more than two teams are tied.);
9.Fair play conduct (1 point for a single yellow card, 3 points for a red card as a consequence of two yellow cards, 3 points for a direct red card, 4 points for a yellow card followed by a direct red card);
10.Position in the European Qualifiers overall ranking

The third placed nations to proceed to the Round of 16 are also decided using the criteria above (omitting Criteria 2,3,4 naturally)

Assigning the third placed teams to the Round of 16:
Using the criteria above, six third placed nations are ranked and the top four proceed to the Round of 16.
Third placed teams progressing to the Round of 16 will play 4 group winners - the winners of the groups B,C,E and F.

The table below shows all combinations of 4 third placed nations proceeding to Round of 16 and their opponents.
You will find the 4 third placed nation in the left part of the table and the right part will show which group winners they will play.

              B C E F
A B C D       A D B C
A B C   E     A E B C
A B C     F   A F B C
A B   D E     D E A B
A B   D   F   D F A B
A B     E F   E F B A
A   C D E     E D C A
A   C D   F   F D C A
A   C   E F   E F C A
A     D E F   E F D A
  B C D E     E D B C
  B C D   F   F D C B
  B C   E F   F E C B
  B   D E F   F E D B
    C D E F   F E D C

Let's say the third placed nations to play at Round 16 are from the groups B,C,D,F. then Round of 16 pairings are - B3-F1 C3-E1 D3-C1 and F3-B1.

The knock-out rounds:
The nations play each other only once at knock-out rounds. If they tie at the end of the match, 30 minutes of extra time is played. If they still can not break the tie, the penalty kicks will decide the winners.
The nations are allowed to substitute a fourth player at extra time.
EURO competitions do not have a third place match.