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  1. Crow tribe facts.
  2. Crow Fair.
  3. Buffalo pastures info.

Facts about the Crow Tribe.





Crow Fair.

The Crow Fair Powwow, Rodeo and Race Meet is the largest Northern Plains Indian celebration in Montana, and one of the biggest powwows in the country. Held each Summer in Crow Agency by The Apsáalooke people of the Crow Indian Reservation just South of Hardin, Montana. Crow Fair, also known as the "Teepee Capital of the world", always begins on the third Thursday in August and routinely attracts more than 45,000 spectators and participants from the four corners of the world.

A village of 1000 white teepees spread along the banks of the Little Bighorn River. Children race their ponies through the grass and water them in the river. A Colorful morning parades wind their way through the campgrounds on a daily basis. During the afternoons an All Indian Rodeo is held at the nearby racetrack arena, while The evenings are reserved for the Powwow dance contests, which continue until the crack of dawn.

Crow Fair is held each August for the reunion of family clans, and the celebration of their culture. The Crow Reservation is in South-central Montana about 46 miles East of Billings. Take Interstate 90 from Billings to Hardin, and it's a few miles South of Hardin.

If you want to know more about the Crow People, visit Crow visions. This is a wonderful site, with great graphics, music, and an excellent narrative on the Crow People. This site was created by "White-Horse" the granddaughter of BlackHair, with the intent to acquaint the viewer with the Crow, from the beginning with "Old Man Coyote" the Creator, to present day on the Crow Land in Montana.

Buffalo pastures.

With the arrival of the horse, the Apsaalooke began moving with the buffalo, living in tipis, and abandoning all previous horticultural pursuits except tobacco planting. The buffalo provided meat for food, bones and horns for tools, dung for cooking fuel, and hides for clothing, robes, tipi covers, and rawhide containers.

Even today, over hundred years after the passing of the great roaming herds, the buffalo still holds a position of great prominence among the Apsaalooke people. Although the buffalo is no longer part of the daily diet, the tribe maintains a small herd. Occasionally one of the animals is killed and it’s meat is served at public gatherings, such as a tribal inauguration or a post Sundance feast.

In the Sundance lodge of today the mounted head of a buffalo, hung from the center pole, still nurtures and sustains the Apsaalooke in spirit, if not in body. As in the distant past, the buffalo serves as the vision guide for many participants in the Sundance.

In the early 1930's, the Crow Tribe received buffalo from Yellowstone National Park and from the National Bison Range. But in the late 1950's, the original Crow buffalo herd ran into some problems. The buffalo were found roaming into other areas and during the 1953 harvest, many animals tested positive for brucellosis.

Political pressure mounted over the next couple of years and after review by the U.S. Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife it was determined that the only practical solution was to eliminate the herd, which was done from 1962-1964.

The Crow Tribe reintroduced buffalo in 1971 with approximately 400 head. Today the Crow Tribe has the largest buffalo herd in Indian country exceeding 1,500 head. The present day buffalo pasture, approximately 14,300 grazable acres over an area of 22,000 acres, is located in the Big Horn Mountains south of Ft. Smith, MT. The Crow Tribe joined ITBC in 1992, and with funds received, were able to fence their pasture on the south side, which keeps the buffalo from straying onto the remainder of the Big Horn Mountains. They also aid other Tribes in starting or expanding their buffalo herds.

The Crow word for buffalo is Bi'Shee. The Crow Tribe has been fortunate in that they have been able to preserve their cultural ways and language, and realize the importance of maintaining and managing a buffalo herd,