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Peru's Royal Incatrails
Peru's Royal Incatrails
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Peru's Royal Incatrails

Incatrails Roads


Information of places to trek and visit in Peru, with emphasis on information on trekking in the Inca Trail system, Cordillera Blanca, Huayhuash and other new routes in the Andes.
Our organization has dedicated to investigate new routes, the last 29 years, so you can have new places to visit. At the moment we have explored the following trails:.............. Yanahuanca - La Union, Huari - Yauya, Yauya - Pomabamba, Chavin - Huanucopampa and the Huarochiri - Yauyos trail. We have in project the Inca trail of the North Coast and the last part of the Chinchaysuyo trail. So if you are into adventure travel, let us know and perhaps you can join one of our future expeditions.

By Miguel Chiri Valle

El Camino Real del Inca

Around 500 years ago the Incas created the biggest empire of all the American civilization. It took them about three generations to build up an empire that started at the north in Colombia and ended in Argentina.
In order to keep this empire together the most important factor was their network of roads that went from north to south, forming El Camino Real. This road went through the Andes and part of the coast, having side roads that connected with the main artery.
These roads were known by the Inca culture, since they represented the government and its presence in the Tawantinsuyo (Inca Empire). The first Europeans who traveled in the Andes saw that the roads were bigger and better made than the ones used in Europe, even superior to the Roman roads. Some experts have said that this network of roads created by the Inca Empire is the major archaeological monument in the Americas.
The Incas organized the construction of the roads through a system called LA MITA, an obligation of the population to work a couple of weeks a year in state constructions. The maintenance of the roads was continuous to keep them in good condition and prevent erosion and damage from frequent use.
Along the roads they built warehouses called Tambos (Tampu). In these buildings were stored food, clothing, and weapons. The overseer of the Tambo would supply goods and lodging to the imperial officials who were traveling throughout the empire.
In some parts of the Andes the Incas found a network of roads built by pre-Inca civilizations. These roads were included in their system, many not needing additional construction.
In other areas they had to build their own routes, because there were no formal roads or because the local routes did not go where the people wanted to go. The construction of the road varied according to the composition of the ground. the topography, the utilization of the land, the amount of traffic, and the effects of rain and snow.
In some parts the royal road was between three and eight meters wide, being more narrow in steep places. There were places with stairs, stone-paved stretches, and a variety of retaining walls that were part of the roads. In the deserts of Perú the roads were marked by sticks and by rock piles.
The hanging bridges in the road were also famous, made of plant material forming strong ropes across great canyons like the ones found crossing the Pampas and the Apurimac river. Some other bridges were made of rock. These usually crossed small streams.
This network of roads was used primarily to keep open the communication within the Tawantinsuyo. The imperial army used the roads continuously as did the Imperial officials and the Chasquis, who were the messengers of the empire. These runners, the Chasquis, were able to take messages from Cusco to Quito in a week or less. To control the flow of the people using these roads, there were sentry posts in strategic places, mostly near bridges.
The principal roads were mainly in the Andes in Peru, running from Cusco to Quito; on the coast they ran from Nasca to Tumbes. Also the roads continued throughout Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina and Chile.

Huari - Chacas Trail

CATEGORY: Moderate Level Hike
TIME LINE: 05 Days.
For further information on the program, follow the link.

Huari - Yauya Trail

CATEGORY: Moderate Level Hike
TIME LINE: 06 Days.
For further information on the program, follow the link.

Machu Picchu Inca Trail

CATEGORY: Moderate Level Trek
TIME LINE: 04 Days.
For further information on the program, follow the link.

Welcome to Peru - Have your great Adventure with us, in the Land of the Incas