The policy of the South African government from 1948-92. This was based on the belief that there are different races and that they should be separate. (Apartheid=separateness).

The policy was a continuation of the previous customs of segregation.

The underlying purpose of the policy was to maintain low wage rates for "non-whites". That is, those people designated as "non-white" were paid less for jobs which anyone could do and were restricted to mainly manual labor.

There is not a lot of difference from the condition of outright slavery. The situation could be interpreted as a system of collective slavery by which the "non-whites" were owned collectively by the "whites" .

It has come to an end. The laws enforcing it have been repealed: Group Areas Act; Population Registration Act. The agreements of 1992-3 were followed by a democratic system.

The regimes of other settler states with a large native population have some similarities, especially those in Latin America:

  • Bolivia,
  • Peru,
  • Guatemala.
  • In the former Yugoslavia, Kosovo was an example.
  • The attitude of the Serbs and Croats to Muslims in Bosnia may be another.
  • Israel's treatment of Palestinians follows a similar pattern.

    See also racism.

  • The relations of Hutus and Tutsis in Burundi and Rwanda has some similarities, though these are based more on class than race.
  • The Burakumin in Japan are a permanently hereditary inferior group.
  • The system of Caste in India has lasted much longer but seems to have the same kind of origin, when the invading Aryans enslaved the indigenous inhabitants.
For books see South Africa

Last revised 6/09/09


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