Private King Anding - 6th Regiment, United States Colored Heavy Artillery

"My father went to war and was with the Federal Army. I never heard him say how he come to go to war. He came back when it was all over and we stayed on John Herrin's place till I was grown." Walter Homes, Ex-Slave of Arkansas

If Thou Enemy Thirst

Remembering King Anding aka King Anden
(1831 -1864)
Written by Linda Durr Rudd

King Anding was born about 1831 in Copiah County, Mississippi, to unknown slave parents. He was raised on the Martin Alexander Anding’s plantation near the village of Caseyville, Copiah County, Mississippi. After Martin’s death in 1854, King was allotted to Martin’s son, Benjamin Franklin Anding. On Martin’s 1854 inventory listing of his slaves, King was valued at $1300. King’s occupation on the plantation was laborer and farmer. King was described as being about 5 feet and 8 inches tall with a bright copper complexion and kinky hair.

In October 1862, King married Nancy Anding who was also a slave of B. F. Anding. They married on the Anding Plantation with the consent of their owner. Nancy was born about 1843 in Mississippi, parents unknown. Among Martin’s inventory listing of slaves, there is a Nancy listed as being valued at $900.

The Civil War captivated the attention of King. He escaped the plantation and left his pregnant wife to fight with the Union troops at Natchez, MS, in the winter of 1863 - 1864. He enlisted March 1, 1864 with the 6th Regiment, United States Colored Heavy Artillery, Company I. King’s military service was short lived. He contracted dysentery in the line of duty and was treated for dysentery on May 17, 1864 in Regimental Hospital in Natchez where he died of diphtheria, June 03, 1864.

Nancy Anding, King’s widow, gave birth to the couple’s only child Stephen Anding on September 06, 1864. B. F. Anding was present for the birth and his wife Mary served as midwife. After the Civil War, Nancy and her child remained on the home plantation until 1866 when she and her child moved to live with Mrs. Hannah Gilbert (widow of Webster Gilbert). Nancy may have known of King’s death or she may have given up hope of his return as on October 28, 1866, Nancy married Edward Johnson also known as Calvin Johnson in Copiah County. After the marriage, Nancy and Calvin moved to the neighboring David Buie’s plantation where they resided for many years.

Former slave owner B. F. and his wife Mary gave affidavits in Nancy’s pension case. The affidavits testified to Nancy's identity, her slave marriage with King, and to the identity of the couple’s son. Former neighborhood slaves John Magee, Edmund Lyons and W. H. Gibbs also gave affidavits on her behalf. John Magee was owned by Mrs. B. F. Anding’s father, Chester Magee.

After David Buie’s death in 1874, Nancy and Calvin Johnson remained on the Buie land with David’s son Prentiss Buie, sharecropping the land. Prentiss made application and was approved for orphan’s pension as the minor child Stephen Anding’s guardian. Nancy and her husband Calvin remained in the Caseyville area raising their family until their deaths.


Benjamin Franklin Anding was born October 10, 1833 in Mississippi, and died June 16, 1901. He was the son of Martin Alexander Anding and Mary Lambright. He married Mary Margaret Magee January 13, 1859 in Copiah County, Mississippi. Mary was born about 1847 in Mississippi, and died July 14, 1923 in Brookhaven, Lincoln County, MS. She was the daughter of Chester Magee and Rachel Thompson.

According to the 1860 Copiah County Slave Schedule, Benjamin Franklin Anding owned 5 slaves. King, Nancy and Milly were the names of three of his slaves.

Caseyville, MS, was a village located in Copiah County prior to 1870. After county lines were redrawn to form the new county of Lincoln, Caseyville became a part of Lincoln County.

Diseases in the Olden Days
Dysentery - inflammation of the colon with frequent passage of mucous and blood
Diphtheria - contagious disease of the throat

Census Data for King Anding’s Widow Nancy Anding Johnson
and their Son Stephen Anding

1870 Lincoln County, Page 90
Calvin Johnson, 23
N., 23
Jane, 8
Stephen, 6
P., 4
Mary, 4

1880 Lincoln County, Page 130, ED35
Calvin Johnson, 35
Nancy, wife, 35
Jane Johnson, daughter, 18
Stephin Anding, stepson, 16
Mary Johnson, daughter, 14
Eliza Johnson, daughter, 11
(Note: This is the last census for Calvin and Nancy. They probably died between 1880 - 1900. Death certificates were not found for the years 1912 - 1943.)

1900 Copiah County, Beat 3, V13-ED39-S8-L23
Stephen Anding, 30
Liza Anding, wife, 25
Clara Firman, stepdaughter, 8
Walter Anding, son, 6
Effie Anding, daughter, 5
(Note: Stephen married Eliza McDaniel. Eliza was the daughter of Alford McDaniel and Pattie Robinson.)

1910 Copiah County, ED51-S14
Steve Anding
Eliza, wife, 38
Walter, son, 17
Ethel, daughter, 15
Josie, daughter, 12
Jake, son, 10

1920 - Lincoln County, Page 10B, ED96
Steve Anding, 58
Liza, wife, 42
Thelma Lea Wilson, granddaughter, 3
(Note: Eliza Anding died June 12, 1928.)

1930 - Lincoln County, Page 13A, ED
Steve Anding, 60
Louisa, 59
Hence Trabb, lodger, 18


Federal Military Pension Record of King Anden
Copiah County Wills - Microfilm Number: 8178
1850 Copiah County, MS Slave Schedule
1860 Copiah County, MS Slave Schedule
1850 Copiah County, MS Federal Census
1860 Copiah County, MS Federal Census
1870 Lincoln County, MS Federal Census
1880 Lincoln County, MS Federal Census
1900 Lincoln County, MS Federal Census
1910 Lincoln County, MS Federal Census
1920 Lincoln County, MS Federal Census
1930 Lincoln County, MS Federal Census
Benjamin Franklin Anding's Genealogy Provided by Randy Kimbel
Eliza Anding's Death Certificate - #1928-12679
Mary M. Anding's Death Certificate - #1923-958

Remembering Their Names

Anding Family Bible Record - Slave Births

Mississippi Death Index - Anding