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 Deep Fritz (7.0) vs. GM V. Kramnik 
 "Man versus Machine/ 
 Brains in Bahrain" Match; (I) 
 (Game # 5) Manama, Bahrain; 2002. 

Deep Fritz (2650) - GM V. Kramnik (2807) 
Man vs. Machine Match
Manama, Bahrain (Game #5), 13.10.2002

[A.J. Goldsby I]

The Fifth (#5) game of the: "Man vs. Machine/Brains In Bahrain" Match. 

<< I think Kramnik was fine in this game, but did not play the most accurate move 
     at one point. Then he allowed the computer to put constant pressure on him. He 
     was on the verge of defending when he blundered horribly. >> 

Perhaps Kramnik was over-confident? Was he complacent, after dominating the program 
in the first half of the match? Did he get lost in thought, and simply forget about the time? 
Maybe. Maybe not. {It is all just guess work.} 
(And unless Kramnik himself writes a book on the match, we will never know!)  

Another thing that should be taken into account is the VERY deep preparation and changes 
made by the team of programmers during the halfway mark. The program's approach to the 
game prevented the World Champion from steering the game into the channels that were 
previously so successful for him. 

This is actually a good game by the World Champion. If not for the blunder, he may have 
defended easily, and won the match with no problems. 

Before the match, I assigned this program, (Deep Fritz 7.0) a rating of  2650. Several 
GM's on  ICC  told me this was too high! Yet at the end of the match, it would seem I 
was over 100 points ...  TOO  LOW!!! 

One cannot but help but be impressed by the machine's play here. I doubt Garry Kasparov - 
who was unable to defeat Kramnik even one time in their last match - could have handled 
the White pieces any more skillfully than the program did here. While this is NOT Kramnik's 
best game, it is truly a world-caliber performance by Deep Fritz in this game. 


  The comments that are contained within the brackets, ... << blah-blah-blah-blah >>   
  are from the short version of this game - that you can download from my web site.   


     I have also used several quotes from the ChessBase web site. 
     I urge all interested parties to check out his comments as well ... 
     for a completely different take on this game. 

Click  HERE  to see an explanation of the symbols I use. 

1.d4 Nf6;  {Diagram?} 
Kramnik threatens a King's Indian? 

(Maybe, maybe not. This is the most modern move order. 
 Black retains the greatest number of options.) 

     [ Kramnik also likes - very much - the Slav Defense to 1.d4. 
       For example:  1...d52.c4 c63.Nf3 Nf6; {Diagram?} 
       with a good game for Black. 

       See for example:  GM Victor Korchnoi - GM Vladimir Kramnik
       Tilburg (Fontys) / NED / 1998. (Black scored a sharp victory.) ].  

2.c4 e6;  {Diagram?} 
I keep hoping for a hot Benoni ... or a very complex Nimzo-Indian; 
but both sides seem bent on avoiding these openings. 


     [ Black could also play:  2...c5!?3.d5 b5!?4.cxb5 a6;  
d6; "~" {Diagram?} which is the Benko Gambit. 

       (There is almost ZERO chance of either side playing this line.) ].  


3.Nf3, {Diagram?} 
A simple straight-forward developing move. 
(Which accomplishes all four of the basic principles of opening play.) 

White also avoids the possibility of the doubled-pawn complex of 
Nimzovich's opening idea. 

     [ Both sides could also enter the vast complications of the line: 
        3.Nc3 Bb4!?; (counter-play)  {Diagram?} 
        which is the Nimzo-Indian Defense. ].  

3...d5; {Diagram?} 
<< Now we have transposed back to a Q.G.D. (Queen's Gambit Declined.) >> 

<< There seems to be lots of double-Queen Pawn openings in this match. 
      (Two games out of eight.) >> 
      {Six of the eight games started with the move, 1.d4.}  

Both sides continue to develop normally for this line.  
4.Nc3 Be75.Bg5 h6!?; {Diagram?}  
This is a departure from the main lines - I can only guess that both sides were 
engaged in a little game of 'cat and mouse.' 
(Both teams probably tried to prepare something new - especially Kramnik.) 

This move is designed to give Black more options, similar to  The "Morphy Defense" 
of the Ruy Lopez. (1. e4, e5; 2.Nf3, Nc6; 3.Bb5, a6!)  

This move is a prelude to certain variations of the Queen's Gambit Declined.  
(Lasker's line and the T.M.B. System.) 

     [ The most often used, and the most respected, {main} line 
       of the Q.G.D. occurs after the moves: 
6.e3 Nbd77.Rc1 c68.Bd3 dxc49.Bxc4, "+/=" {Diag?} etc. 
       Both sides have a good game. White maintains a slight edge. 
       (See game eight for something very similar to this.)  ].  

6.Bh4 0-07.e3 Ne4!?; {See the diagram just below.} 
<< This Knight leap - practically invented and refined by former World Champion, 
      Emmanuel Lasker - leads to exchanges and a paring down designed to {eventually} 
      yield Black equality. Of all modern GM's only Yusupov plays this system with any 
      real regularity. (It is slightly drawish.) >>  

<< This might have been something of a surprise to the Fritz team. But Kramnik has 
      used this a few times before. 
      [Vs. GM Sadler at Tilburg in '98, vs. GM Anand in a TV game, and vs. 
        GM J. Lautier in a Melody Amber (rapid) game.] >> 

  << Kramnik is also a huge specialist in the purely Classical Systems - in fact, he is    
        the greatest Classical (style) player since Capablanca - so his use of these   
        systems should not come as a big surprise. >>    

   Black plays the Lasker's Defense.  (kram-vs-df_rp5_pos1.jpg, 29 KB)

     [ Black can also play: 7...b6!?; {Diagram?} which is the line originated by  
        the great Tartakower. (The T.M.B. System.) ].  

8.Bxe7 Qxe79.cxd5!?, {Diagram?}  
Probably the main line. 

<< The computer program chooses one of the sharpest lines. It is no surprise that in 
      such a position, White has probably nearly a dozen completely different and 
      playable moves at this point in the game. >>  

I should also point out that Kramnik has been on the White side of this defense 
literally dozens of times! 


     [ White can also play:  9.Rc1, {Diagram?} with a good game. 

        Or  9.Qc2, {Diagram?} also with a very comfortable position for White. 

       (These are the two main lines White - besides cxd5.) {See MCO.} ].  


9...Nxc3; {Diagram?} 
<< This exchange was nearly forced. 
      (White was threatening to win Black's pawn on the d5-square.) >> 

This, (the exchange of minor pieces); is also a good idea for Black in purely general terms. 
Initially Black suffers from a very cramped position in the Q.G.D. Every exchange brings 
Black closer to equalizing the game. 

10.bxc3, {Diagram?} 
White must re-capture, he cannot think about winning pawns, as his Queen is hanging. 

     [ Interesting is: 10.d6!?; "~" with unclear results. ].  

10...exd511.Qb3 , ('!') {Diagram?} 
<< This is one of many playable moves in this position, in fact it is probably the main line. 
      It is also very sharp and immediately pressures Black's exposed pawn on d5. >> 

     [ White can also play: 11.Bd3, "~" {Diagram?}  with a very small advantage. ].  


<< White's 12th move is sharp and is designed to give him a preponderance of pawns 
       in the middle of the board. (Center domination.) >>  

11...Rd812.c4! dxc413.Bxc4 Nc614.Be2, {Diagram?} 
<< A strategic retreat, White does not want to allow 0-0, Na5. 
      (Picking off White's Bishop.) >>  

     [ 14.0-0!? ].  

14...b615.0-0 Bb7; {Diagram?} 
A very complex position that is also very unbalanced. Yet according to nearly all of 
the chess programs, the position offers both sides approximately equal chances. 

<< This position marks the end of the column in MCO. >>  

16.Rfc1, (TN?)  {Diagram?} 
<< A perfectly logical move, but a slight deviation from main line theory here. >>  

Actually, this is not a new position, but has been seen a few times before. 
The first example of this occurred in the encounter: 
GM Svetozar Gligoric - GM Paul Keres; (annual Dec.) Hastings Tournament. 
Hastings/ENG/1957-58. (White won a very long game.) 

     [  More commonly seen is the other Rook to c1 here, i.e.;  
        16.Rac1 Na5; 17.Qb2 Rac8; "=" {Diagram?} 
        and the position is fairly equal. (GM Nick de Firmian in MCO.) 
        GM Vladimir Kramnik - GM Chris Lutz; Germany, (Bundesliga?) 1994. 
        [ See MCO-14; page # 403, column # 31, and note # (f.). ]. ].  

<< In the next series of moves, Fritz plays very strongly ... increasing the pressure 
      and doubling on the c-file. >>  
16...Rac817.Qa4 Na518.Rc3 c519.Rac1, ('!') {Diagram?} 
For 19.Qa3, see Ivkov - Krogius; Belgrade, 1998. 

19...cxd4 20.Nxd4, "="   {See the diagram just below.}   
<< The correct re-capture. (Exchanging both sets of Rooks only helps Black.) >> 

The position is very close to equal. 
(At worst, White only has a very, very small advantage.) 

   The position - after White's 20th move - is very balanced.  (kram-vs-df_rp5_pos2.jpg, 28 KB)

     [ Slightly worse (for White) is:  20.Rxc8!? Rxc821.Rxc8+ Bxc8;  
Qe4, "=" {Diagram?} with a completely equal game. ].  

20...Rxc3; {Diagram?} 
Black - perhaps feeling the slight, but annoying pressure of the program here - decides 
to swap off some material. 

21.Rxc3, {Diagram?} 
<< The opening is over, and Black appears to have almost completely equalized. >>  

21...Rc8(Maybe - '!?')  {Diagram?} 
<< This looks extremely logical, but maybe Black is in too big of a hurry to swap off the Rooks. 
      (Kramnik - behind on the clock - probably wants to dump as much material as he can.) >> 

     [ << It seems that Black could do a little better with:  >= 21...Qe4!22.Bf1,   
             22...Rd6; "="  {Diagram?} and all the key squares are covered. >>  

            The same idea is seen with the move of:  >/=  21...Qg5!?; "~" {Diagram?} 
            putting a little pressure on the White King. ].  

22.Rxc8+, {Diagram?}  
<< This is probably the most precise. >> 

      [ The alternative line of:  22.Nf5!? Qf823.Rxc8 Bxc824.Bd3 Bxf5!?;  
g626.Be4 Qd6; "=" {Diagram?} 
         seems to lead nowhere ... but a very dead equality. ].  

22...Bxc823.h3, {Diagram?}  
<< White immediately gives his King some 'luft.' (The computer does not want to 
      worry about the possibility of a later check-mate on the first row.) >> 

     [ White could also play:  23.Bd3!?, {Diagram?} with a comfortable game.  

        It's a 'back-rank mate' after:  23.Bf3!? Qe524.Nc6?? Nxc625.Qxc6?,  
        25...Qa1+26.Qc1 Qxc1+27.Bd1 Qxd1#;  {Diagram?} 
        Variations like this serve to illustrate the usefulness of creating 
        an escape square for the King! ].  

23...g6; {Diagram?} 
<< Black needs some more room for his own monarch as well. >>  

The idea of 'luft' - or preventing any possible counter-play of a back-rank combination; 
is a very common theme in modern, GM chess. 

Note how BOTH players - before proceeding any further - both insure their Kings 
will not be in jeopardy on their home row. 

24.Bf3 Bd7!?; {Diagram?}  
<< This is interesting, and may well hold the balance, but might have ....Be6; 
      been just a little better. >> 

     [ << After the continuation:  24...Be625.Nxe6!? Qxe626.Kf1, "+/=" {Diagram?} 
             White has a slight advantage, but is Kramnik really in danger of losing this 
              position? >> (I don't think so!) ].  

25.Qc2 Qc5!;   {See the diagram just below.}   
The most active, Black offers to exchange Queens. (Something Fritz avoids.) 

Several strong computer programs confirm that this is probably the best line for 
Black in this position. 

   Black makes an offer to swap off the ladies. (kram-vs-df_rp5_pos3.jpg, 26 KB)

     [ A less savory alternative is:  25...Qg526.Qc7, "+/=" {Diagram?} 
        and White has a clear advantage here. ].  

26.Qe4!, {Diagram?} 
The exchange of Queens yields White little, ... in fact it only serves to give Black a 
dangerous passed pawn. 

(NOTE! See my pre-game comments about the many adjustments the Fritz team 
 made to the program during the half-way point.) 

     [ After the much inferior:  26.Qxc5 bxc527.Ne2 Kg7; "~" {Diagram?} 
       Black is fine, maybe even a little better here. ].  

26...Qc1+!?; {Diagram?}  
<< Maybe a little too impetuous? 
     {The Black Queen seemed very well situated on the c5-square.} >>   

<< (According to several sources, Kramnik was falling further and further behind 
       on the clock at this point in the game.) >>  

After over a month's worth of analysis, I am sure that this is a very doubtful idea. 
(Dubious or inferior. < '?!' > ) 

     [ << Maybe the more prudent: >/=  26...Kg7!, "=" {Diagram?} 
             was called for. >> 
       (This seems much, much better than what actually happened in the game.) ].  

27.Kh2 Qc7+; {Diagram?} 
This is the Queen's new post ... it hardly seems like an improvement over the c5-square.  

28.g3 Nc4!?;   (Maybe - '?!')  {Diagram?} 
<< Black wanted (desperately) to activate his long, sidelined Knight. While this is certainly 
      understandable, it is probably not the best defense. >>  

<< And this looks like the wrong approach to me. The computer evaluations immediately jump 
      up and begin giving White nearly 35-one-thousandths of a pawn (or more) advantage. >> 

     [  It seems Black could have completely kept the balance with the continuation of:  
         >/=  28...Bc829.Qe8+ Kg730.Bd5 a631.e4 Nc4; "=" {Diagram?}  
         (possibly heading for e5?) with a defensible position for Kramnik here, I believe. ].  

29.Be2 Ne530.Bb5 Bxb5; ('!?') {Diagram?} 
<< This looks like it allows White a lot of pressure or perhaps to win a pawn. >> 

     [ Was 30...Qd6!?; {Diagram?} a very small improvement? ].  

31.Nxb5 Qc532.Nxa7 Qa533.Kg2 Qxa2; {Diagram?} 
Black has done the best he can in the given circumstances. 

     [ 33...Qxa7!? - GM Danny King. (See his article in the Feb. 2003 'Chess Life.')  ]   

34.Nc8,   {See the diagram just below.}   
White has Black under a lot of pressure. 

   The position just before Black makes his 34th move.  (kram-vs-df_rp5_pos4.jpg, 24 KB)

34...Qc4??;  {Diagram?} 
<< Black drops a whole piece. >>  

<< A horrible blunder, perhaps the worst of Kramnik's whole career. 
     (He was very short of time on the clock.) >>  

If Kramnik had played  34...Nc4[];  I find it hard to believe Black would 
have lost this game. (34...Nd3!?, or 34...Qe6!?; - GM D. King.) 


     [ Black had to play: 34...Nc4[]; {Diagram?}  
       This is possibly the only good move for Black. 

       For example: 
       35.Ne7+ Kf8!?36.Nd5 Kg837.Qh4!, "+/=" {Diagram?} 
       and White has continuing pressure and may even win another pawn. 
       (But this is still better than dropping a whole piece.) 

        (White could also play:  37.Qf4!?, "+/=" {Diagram?}  
          with some advantage here.)   ].  


35.Ne7+, ("+/-") {Diagram?} Black Resigns. 

<< (After the King moves, White plays QxN/e5, winning a whole piece.) >> 

A completely un-necessary loss for the human side in this match. 

As ChessBase - and other sites as well - did not analyze this game in depth the way 
they did the first four games; I have analyzed this game very meticulously. I also felt 
it was extremely important to carefully and objectively determine exactly what 
happened in this game. (Kramnik's first loss.) 

   Please visit my web page(s) at: human_fan02/index.html   
   for a better look at this whole match. 
   (The Kramnik - Deep Fritz event has its own section.) 
   Every game is annotated in depth. 

   Copyright () A.J. Goldsby I.  Copyright (c)  A.J.G; 2002.  

    (Code initially)  Generated with  ChessBase 8.0  

  1 - 0  

I went to great pains to annotate this game ...  NOT  to benefit a master, but to make it possible 
for the average player to follow this game.  I also tried to make this a game a brief survey of the 
opening, for any aspiring player who is trying to learn - and might not have access to many books. 

Click  HERE  to return to the page for Kramnik vs. Deep Fritz, Game # 5. 

Click  HERE  to go to (or return to) the main (parent) page for the Kramnik vs. Deep Fritz Match. 

Click  HERE  to go to (or return to) my Main (home) page for this site. 

This is a game I annotated especially for these web pages. I plan to annotate - in a similar 
manner ... all of these games. (For your study and enjoyment.) 

If you would like a copy of this game to help you study,  contact me

Page first posted, late October, 2002.  Final revision:  Friday;  November 29th, 2002. 
 (Page last updated:  January 15th, 2003.)  

  Copyright (c) LM A.J. Goldsby I  

  Copyright () A.J. Goldsby, 2001-2005.

  Copyright (c) A.J. Goldsby, 2006. All rights reserved.