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So far you have been exposed to the elements of video - cameras - tripods - audio - light, now you will start thinking of planning your shoot.

Just in case your not too sure what you are going to encounter, this page will discuss a few sample scripts. These are common things that you may shoot. Most but not all of these will be discussed in this section. For ease I may refer to any of these as an event. Some of the events I will group together because they will all be covered in a similar manner.
(((note to proof - this list is out of order)))
1. Weddings or Funerals
2. Party's
3. Anniversaries and Reunions
4. Church Sermons
5. Meetings
6. Classroom lectures
7. After Dinner Speakers
8. Bands
9. Recitals - Music and Voice
10. Dance Recitals
11. Plays
12. Animals
13. Press conferences
14. Fairs and Outdoor Celebrations
15. Products - demonstration and sales
16. Training Videos
17. Safety Videos
18. Sports - (sports will have many subsections)
19. Promotional Videos and PSAs (Public Service Announcements)
20. trips and travel documentarys
21. Historical Documentaries
22. Short Stories
23. Film Style Video Movies (this will be an entire section itself)
With all of these remember to shoot a number of establishing shots for later editing purposes.
..a. the location exterior
..b. the interior wide
..c. identifying signs and posters

Lets get right into it with the list, remember these are general things that are likely to occur, what to expect, and what to be sure to do.


Always keep in mind the wedding video and the photos are for the Bride. This sample script is for 4 or more cameras shooting continuously through the ceremony, but one camera can capture much of the script. This footage will be edited for a smooth fast video. The ceremony will be the slowest pace of the tape.
the introduction will be medium fast, the ceremony will be the pace it is, and the procession up the Isle after the ceremony will start picking the pace up until the dash for the Limo and the drive off. The Bride is your main character, try to catch every emotion she expresses. Also identify the parents and grandparents, they are important and you should have many different nice shots of them.

The video begins with a wide pretty shot of the exterior of the church. this can be video or a still. You will superimpose your title over this scene/still "The Wedding of (names) - the place and the date" The introductory portion of the video may have any or all of the following short scenes.

1. Flower arrangements showing cards
2. The signing of the guest book - close up of hands and signature
3. close Friends or Family entering the Church Lobby
4. dissolves to Preparation by the Bride and Maids cuts back and forth to groom and party
5. The ushers Seating guests from various angles
6. Close up of floral arrangements zooming out to reveal the Alter.
7. Shot from the Alter looking at the guests wide
8. The opening of the door and procession of the bride various angles
9. Many close-up and other shots which will show bride from back to reveal the groom and the minister waiting at the alter.
10. The father handing the bride to the groom
11. Here starts the Ceremony - side shots of bride and groom turning to the minister/priest. Cut to back camera, which will zoom into a 3-shot close enough to easily see the face of the minister/priest
12. If you have 4 cameras available, one may be mounted high and behind the minister, this camera sees the bride and groom, this is a default shot and will not change.
13. There will be a camera on each side, and slightly in front of the bride and groom at about a 30-degree angle - then both cameras can see all of the bride and groom and a profile of the minister.
14. Head and shoulder shots of the "I Do's.
15. Close up of the rings and hands
16. AT any point the Bride may cry -- have a close up and try to see the tears -- Tears Rings and Lips are the three Extreme Close up shots
*note* Grooms will have their emotions repressed - hidden - Grooms passing out or throwing up is common. If the groom begins to roll his eyes or starts swaying this will be your shot - dont try to help him - catch the action.
17. If your camera is not the one for a ECU - have an appropriate HS shot
18. The back camera will widen out to a head to toe shot of B&G as they turn to leave the church.
19. Both side cameras will go mobile as the B&G exit. one will catch their backs as they step from the altar
20. During the Ceremony look to see who is crying of the guests, be sure to get medium shots groups of 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 people - hold on them long enough for inserts.
21. Have many shots of the crowd showing their reactions as the bride passes
22. With the exit from the bride up the isle you will cut to exterior shots
23. Find a close up of a woman crying if possible and pan to reveal the front doors of the church and groups of people
24. the exit and throwing of the rice various angles.
25. Camera positioned to catch the entry into the limo
26. cuts to "cans" which are dragged camera pans up to reveal the limo leaving.
27. cuts to looking in the windows at them close up as possible
28. Cuts to individuals waving - reacting
29. cuts to limo disappearing and fade to black.
30. Go to the photo session and tape everyone and everything the other camera people and the guests. Of course get some really pretty pictures of the Bride and Groom and the wedding party.

There are many different shots you can capture at a wedding, try to make all of the shots as pretty as possible. Well-framed pictures should be the rule. Reflections in Glassware, or Silver, foreground with flowers framing the main shot, These are things of opportunity, which you will have to look for and record.

That description was for many cameras, the individual only using one will have to do as many of the shots/scenes as possible and of course it will be impossible to capture all of them. For a one-camera operation your concentration must be on the bride.

If you speak to all of the people who come to the wedding with video cameras you can create a multiple camera shoot on the spot. Have this list and discuss how and what each person will shoot during the ceremony - the video each will capture before and after the cermony will be shots of opportunity.
Read the section on making Hi-lite and recruiting tapes for a simple method of editing all of the footage together.. You will want to the cameras which were used for the shots, when you edit - most people will loan them to you.
The reason for this is of the different formats people shoot with (ie. VHS, VHS-c, SVHS, SVHS-c, 8MM, HI-8, Digital 8, mini-DV) if they will loan you their cameras you can edit all the good footage together.

Use only the best shots when you have a lot of footage.


This is Party time and people will change from the formality of the Wedding and the Church. Now you can have some fun with your video.
1. Wide shot of Exterior
2. wide shot of interior from different angles
3. Close up of the cake
4. the flower toss
5. Dad and Daughter dance
6. Mom and Son dance
7. throwing of the garter
8. cutting of the cake - and sharing
9. interviews -- you will get some funny ones -
10. Leave early before people get drunk, but stay long enough to get the main shots and a few cute interviews from well wishers. 11. Ask yourself did everyone at the wedding appear in the video somewhere



If you do a lot of taping some day you may be asked to tape a Funeral. This tape will be for the family and friends. One camera will be plenty for this type of event. Try to be invisible, anything can upset the guests.
1. Arrive early at the Parlor and take Portrait Shots of the Deceased and the Arraignments.
2. Set the camera for the sermon and comments of the guests. 3. Have the camera on a tripod semi hidden and ask if anyone would like to make a farewell statement on video. Have a tape mark for them to stand on, don't fuss with the camera they will want to get their speech over with quickly. 4. Shoot group shots and then zoom in for head and shoulder shots 5. This tape is for the survivors, these friend will want to see each other 6. The wake - You can be much less formal here. Mingle with the group and be relaxed. A good place for interviews. 7. Shots of all the food and decorations.

Churchs and Sermons

((note this equipment list would serve for anyone who wishes to build a studio, the links page has most of these companys listed - and that list is growing.))

If you are setting up a church for their first time of using video, You are lucky you can choose the equipment. The common method for doing this is to have a professional supplier pick what is needed. After all no one in the church will have a clue, or the confidence to make any choices. As a result the equipment is always expensive and always obsolete. Sounds funny, well having toured a few of the "State of the Art Church Setups", that's my opinion.

If you have read this section previously, you are know that I have removed quite a bit of material, here - The section on "EQUIPMENT LISTS FOR A MINIMAL START-UP FOR PUBLIC ACCESS" should be studied. All of the information necessary for building a television set-up in the Church may be found there.

Parties - Anniversaries - Reunions

These are all similar in coverage, and the idea is to capture everyone having a good time. One person or group usually is the central focus of these occasions and you should have many shots of them individually and in groups.
1. Setting the camera on the tripod overlooking the gathering, you can use a wireless hand held mike in the hands of a guest. this person can circulate and you can capture good candid stories and interviews. This technique is a good one where the camera is too intimidating up close.
2. the food table before anyone gets to it is important.
3. the barbecue being prepared is a good set of shots for an open title area.
4. Have one or more people tell the camera why this event is being held.
5. Birthdays - the blowing of the candles, the song
6. Any gifts - get the display - and shots of them being opened
7. Toasts - find out if someone is going to make one - there will usually be a number happen after the first one
8. The oldest people there - be sure to have some interview with them --
9. Children - Give a child the mike and let them go around and talk with people. You will get good comments.


To make an interesting video of these events have this shot list
Introduction - and title area.
1. wide shot of location
2. Interior shot of groups before the event
3. Wide shot which pans the room and centers on the podium at the end - you will dissolve to the event speaker(s) from there.
Body of the Video
4. There will be more than one speaker. the Camera will make a series of shot changes using the zoom function.
...a. Start with a wide shot that slowly zooms in to the first speaker
...b. Hold on one shot and both follow and lead the speaker if he moves - do not go closer than a head and shoulder shot, and wider if the speaker is a walker.
...c. When the speaker changes - you will get the cue from the introduction - Widen out to pick up the new speaker - then zoom back in to a good shot of that speaker.
...d. You will not change the shot often - but - when you do let the camera stay on that shot for a while. You are not trying to make an interesting video with lots of camera movement - you are documenting a speaker and the message.
...e. Lighting - seldom will you have the ability to set lights, and you will have to deal with the existing light set ups - refer to the section on in camera manual controls.
5. If you have a second camera - have it at the front of the room and shoot cutaways of the crowd reacting to insert for interest.(you will have an assistant shoot them)

You will want to take a few shots of the main speaker talking with the groups after the event and you will run the final credits over this section.
You may be asked to make one of these event videos into a complete program. You will build that program by listening to the speaker and shooting video, which illustrates the speaker's message. This video will be inserted over the delivery. If you are requested to perform this type of work remember it will be very time consuming, and will be difficult to project the finish time or the expense required.
Some considerations for these projects:
1. transcribe the speaker's delivery.
2. Make a shot list - from the speaker's clues
3. the inserts may interrupt the delivery and have its own sound
4. shoot many more scenes than you think you will need. you will want them.
5. Ask for photos that you can copy to insert into the video.
6. Video Documents for interest.
7. Books displayed attractively - close up on the titles

The techniques for editing will be discussed in the editing sections


I am not going to be very encouraging on this topic, I'm sure you will understand why as you read this.
Taping a Band, is as a difficult a process as you will ever encounter. You will find there are no harder clients to please than these are. The audio will seldom please them, and editing one of these projects can be a forever project. Lighting will usually be difficult to deal with and to compensate for.

Before you begin one of these projects - determine how the video will be used.

The most time consuming project will be the song which you illustrate. You may have to shoot the band and singers in many locations, they may change costumes, you may have many close ups. You may have to stage an entire story with Actors. The cameras may be moving, be located at strange angles and tilts. The list of variables may go on and on. You will have countless hours in pre-production planning, Actual taping, and post production re-shooting and editing. Think $$$$$$$, and dont take this on, just to prove you can do it. Its easy for the band to dream up their perfect video, but this video may be so time consuming that it will not be cost effective. If its a labor of love - well of course thats different. You will absolutely need to learn Non-lineal editing (computer editing). The pages on Adobe Premere will help you.

A band Demo can be one of the easiest projects. For a Demo use one camera, set on a tripod, place the tripod at the "sweet spot" for the sound in the room. This tape is supposed to show the band the way the audience will see and hear them. One to three songs are recorded.
1. have the camera high enough to see all the band members
2. Find the spot where the sound is the best, when picked up by the on camera mikes or place a set of crossed microphones and feed them into the camera.
3. If there is an audience, speak to them and make sure they realize you are making a DEMO. no yelling, during the piece, don't block the shots, don't bump the camera position, no loud talking.
4. In editing Title each song, you will have many options. 5. Use smooth pans, tilts, and zooms and show each member during their leads.
6. Be sure that you are in a place where you can see the drummer - of all the band members the drummer is most often neglected on videos.

The next situation when you are shooting bands is the on line edit. You will have one or more cameras, more the better. You can both live switch the songs and record tape in the camera for later editing. The more cameras you have and use in this situation the better. Music videos are fast pace and you may be superimposing one picture over another, the piece will determine the style of shooting.
1. leave the camera on for a complete song.
2. Shoot lots of cut aways of the crowd.
3. Watch MTV - country music - in general all the variations, and see the way the cameras move for the various shots
4. Shoot lots of hands and instruments close up
5. have a number of wide shots to default to - from different angles - these will be so far back that they can fit almost anywhere in the song -

Last is the produced music video, this will be the most edit intensive of all. you may shoot the same song over and over and will have to sync the lips and movements to a studio produced music track. The band may wish many of the shots produced which illustrate the lyrics. This type of production will be subject to many revisions. These are a lot of work but will make you proud when you finish them.


A recital will take place in an auditorium or hall normally, It is best to find a spot in the room and set up a tripod where you can see the performer enter and exit. Natural Sound will be the most usual way to record the audio - but - you may patch into the house or mike a loudspeaker, depending on the circumstances.
1. make all the zooms, pans and tilts smooth.
2. place the camera so you can frame a number of pretty pictures of the performer
3. the camera moves very little


When you shoot a dance recital, arrive early and shoot a lot of the warm up and dressing room close-up of make-up applied - shoes tied and such. You should attend the rehearsal and memorize the entrances and exits. These will be placed in the introduction to the performance. I prefer to shoot the performance with one camera. The reason for this is, dance recitals normally have a group on stage. You should always have all of the dancers in the picture, Unless there is a solo and the remainder of the troupe is not moving.


3. Room sound is usually fine - use the camera mike.
4. In editing - I usually find one frame in the dance which will serve for a title for the video and freeze it and put the title of the dance and roll the performers names over it
5. Start the camera before the curtain opens - while the house is dark.
6. The time between -acts- will never be regular - it is better to let the camera run with out stopping from the start to the intermission. Then if you are using one-hour tapes -- change tapes --
7. You never have time to change tapes between acts - plan ahead. 8. Get a copy of the program. and copy it. Make sure everyone gets credit. 9. Lighting - in most recitals the lights will change from one - act - to the next. You will have to use the manual settings on your camera to get a good picture. The exposure reset for each performance and often in the middle of one.
10. If possible set the focus manually - because with changing lighting conditions the focus on automatic may misbehave. You zoom into the far point on the stage and focus, then when you zoom back everything should remain in focus. This is - in the end - a judgement call.


Plays, have many challenges and are difficult to tape with one camera, actually are difficult with many cameras. If you can convince the company to allow you to shoot the play "FILM STYLE" the production will be the very best. Refer to the page on FILM STYLE production for more information.

ONE CAMERA, productions will be the most common application for you. You will want to attend rehearsals and try to memorize the action on the stage. The camera work will be similar to that of the Dance recitals and you will always be moving and changing the shot.
You may want to attend more than one performance and shoot the play from different angles. If you shoot one performance from the back and high, then review the tape, you can go back for other performances and set the camera to catch the delivery of specific lines. These shots can be edited into the final video, and will appear normal.
Lighting will be a major consideration.


You have two kind of animals, wild and tame. A rule of thumb for animal videos - people are interested in everything a wild animal does, but unless the tame animal does something special they don't care.

Of course this is not strictly true, but just true enough you should remember it!

When you tape wild animals there are two situations, one you have a small area your are taping and expect the animal to come to that "blind", where you can tape it. Two you are taking shots of opportunity as you travel. With the first you can control the light and the sound. You can have all of the equipment you need at that location. For this type of shooting you will have extensive planning. You can determine a really nice series of shots from a well-placed blind. Your location should have a number of really nice pictures, which would be interesting by themselves. When these pictures have action from the animals within them you will have a successful scene. You will have to hunt and find the location, pack in all of the equipment and build a blind. You will probably live in a nearby camp. Days, weeks, or months may be required to capture a good story.

Shots of opportunity, are like hunting trophies, you will be more likely to have a number of fleeting shots, than hours of footage.

TAME ANIMALS, include domestic and tamed wild animals, These animals are predictable and controllable. They can be trained. All aspects of shooting can and should be controlled when shooting them. Why? because you can, and when you do the video looks and sounds better.

There are many different uses for tapes of tame animals.
1. Sales - To sell the animal
2. Documentaries of Shows
3. Performance
4. Inventory
5. Feature Films and Short stories
..a. as stars
..b. as extras
6. Commercials - using animals to sell products
7. Personal pet portraits - for owners

One simple hint -- get the camera on the same level with the animal. Now then all the techniques for taping people apply to animals.


The two types of PRESS CONFRENCES, are formal and informal. Formal Press conferences will have a podium, occasionally audio breakout boxes are supplied, seats for reporters and areas for the camera crews determined. Informal Press conferences will be totally different experience, with every reporter, photographer, and videographer trying to get in the best position. You may have to handhold the camera just to get the shot. For most press conferences the footage will be used as a sound bite if you are shooting for a television news program.

To learn more about press conferences, attend a few, and observe the working press.


These events are really fun, shoot everything - get lots of strange angles - shoot from the rides - get close ups -

Before you take your camera out of the bag. and with nothing in your hands walk around the area and look, get a complete idea of what is going on. A story of the event may come to your mind. With that story in mind then start shooting.

Keep in mind you are telling a story, you could start the video with a picture of the main entrance or a poster. It will help a lot to have a reporter with you - someone who will speak and talk about the event in this way you can put together the final video as a much more exciting presentation.


Here we are entering commercial videography, this is a very interesting and profitable aspect of the business.

All of the production skills you can apply should be used here, before you attempt this study every aspect of camera operation, equipment use, lighting, audio, and scripting.

Your assignment with these projects will be to help the client produce a video, which - is clear and understandable - is convincing - is attractive - and especially people remember the product.

When you demonstrate the use of the product, the viewer should be thinking, "I can use that", and hopefully "I want that!"

This manual will help you on your way to becoming a professional, keep reading and studying.


There is a very simple way to do these videos, and avoid the entire scripting phase. Business which need these videos, need them because, they have a large turnover of personnel and need consistent training materials. These tapes save money for the business by protecting the employs and customers. There is less unit cost for training the new employ, plus that employ is better trained by the tape.

You can produce this tape, by attending the training of one or more new employs and taping the sessions. You can then edit them together.
You view this tape with the client, and discuss every part of it. Always the QUESTION is, ??HAVE YOU LEFT ANYTHING OUT,

Producing these videos it really helps to have a small crew. One person to handle a boom mike and another to take care of the light, Or just one person to do both. You will be making shots/scenes of opportunity, every location at the business potentially may be the area you are taping. The extra expense of these two helpers will be more than made up in the final quality of the tape. The extra freedom for the trainers and will allow them to be more natural.
Have a work jacket or the same outfit for them to wear every time you tape. Then you will have continuity throughout the tape.


Please refer to the Sports chapter, this subject has so many variables it is better discussed in its own section. Sports are one of the best areas for the cameraman to begin learning. You will learn to be an intuitive cameraman with experience in this field.

Promotional Videos and PSAs

The need of Non-Profit organizations for Public Service Announcements and Promotional Videos is never met. Your organization is in constant need of funds and you have many obligations. Videos are the perfect medium for outreach. Your projects can be shown rather than simply being described to prospective donors. Your services can be shown and the message widely known. Your group can gain so much with a well thought out and prepared video.

The average PSA will be from 15 to 60 seconds in length. Informational videos may be of any length. Although they may be as long as you want them you should keep in mind the attention span of the average television viewer is roughly 10 minutes. This may be conditioning, by the networks, who insert their commericals. The shorter PSA, is much easier to produce, because a simple message is being presented. The date of an event, and appeal for help would be the normal PSA content. These may be as simple as writing a script, and choosing a location, setting up your equipment and shooting it. Or as complicated as rehearsing performers, building sets, with elaborate lighting, or haveing many locations to travel and shoot in. Of course you see the variability possible.

The other pages of this manual will suggest many alternatives to you for the method of production, the equipment, scriptwriting, and editing. You are story telling in both the short and long PSA, If you will view commericals and record them you can break down the number of cuts in editing and count the scene setups, analize the use of music and sound effects. You can turn the sound off and see how the storys are told visually, and you can listen with your eyes closed and learn the use of the audio.

A PSA is an important promotional tool for any orginaziation, if you do it well you will achieve results.

But your problem is compounded or relieved because of the rule of committee, which represents your group. I personally favor a single executive producer, who has the final authority over all the decisions, you may not have this luxury and must initate a committee approach.

If you utilize the group, for the preparation of the script, and engage the group in all of the pre-planning and organization, then you will start with a brainstorming session. You will accept every idea the group presents and attempt to integrate them into a tentative script. This script will then be rewritten eliminating portions, which simply don't work. You finalize the script, and detail all of the needs. You then delegate your members to the various needs described in the script -
1. locations, 2. make-up, 3. Costuming, 4. performing, 5. audio, 6. camera, 7. lighing, 8. set design, 9. posters or titles, -- this list of assignments can go on and on.
On other pages I will have a list of the crewmembers of some films - as an example of the various individuals hired for specific jobs.
The point of this is to emphasize how important the team function can be. A non-profit can accomplish this because you already have a chain of command, an organization.

I have a certain cynicism about volunteer groups - you usually have a core of workers, and a bunch of hanger-on's who try and grab your glory, and credit, and you have another group who are prestigious, but useless and are your show pieces. The worse individual in the group is the critic, who will find problems, prompt arguements and discord, and will be unable to supply solutions for their perceved problems. Sorry to say there are too many groups that fit this description. If yours is one of them - and its going to be left to a tiny group to accomplish this big project - don't start. Do the work of your organization and let this idea go. But if you have a cohesive group try it.


For this type of footage, you will have only a simple list of the type of shots that you will take. If you have been to these locations, you will have an idea and can list those shots in advance, these shots will form the beginning of your documentary and you should look for the other interesting scenes, details which you may not remember yet will add body and interest to your final video.
Traveling even vacations can be stressful, I hope you can relax and enjoy the experience. Stress and being rushed will show up on your video, so take your time and have fun with the video.
Talk about what you are shooting, with your companion while you tour the site. Dont just start shooting, walk around and see what scenes you want to record. The reason for this is so you can plan the story of the site you are visiting. If you are shooting for personal use this will allow you to do in-camera editing saving you from having to edit later.
If this is for professional use you will be shooting scenes in a different manner, you will hold on any given scene for a longer period, and you will shoot many more detail/cut-away shots. If this is your first experience making a professional documentary, I want to remind you now to keep an accurate and complete shot sheet. When the day is over review your footage and make more notes on the shot sheet. You may decide you need more footage, if this is so try to shoot at the same time of day trying to duplicate the lighting conditions of your first set of shots. Of course you may see that the lighting was all wrong and be replacing those original shots. Remember If you do your job you will save yourself much time when it comes to the editing process.
Remember in both situations to make all your camera movements smooth and precise - you are going from one 'pretty/interesting' picture to another.
I want to stress this point again - FORGET YOU ARE USING A VIDEO CAMERA AND THINK OF IT AS A STILL PHOTOGRAPH - when you look in the viewfinder make sure you have a good picture. Make sure it is square and level. Make sure you know where you are going to go when you pan or tilt or zoom the camera. The catch phrase is "MAKE A PRETTY PICTURE AND LET THE ACTION HAPPEN IN THE FRAME"

On site narration, can be as easy or difficult as you want to make it. If you are taping yourself or another as the speaker, knowing what the speech/delivery will be is all important. Don't just try to wing it and be cute and glib, instead be friendly and informative. Practice the delivery and know what you are talking about, you dont have to have an exact script, you do have to know what you mean. You or your talent even after practicing may change the delivery as you are doing it. This is ok. It doesnt hurt a thing to do the scene over, but dont erase the first one.

You remember the movies, where you see a movie being made, and the little guy runs infront of the camera with a clap board and shows it to the camera and "Clacks" it. That is an easy way to keep track of the scenes, and if you will work out a way of doing it yourself, you will help yourself or the editor save time.
When you are recording narration, use a clap board or a paper with enough information to help you in editing to find the shot you want. I like to use the childrens - marker pad that you lift the plastic and the writing goes away - I ccan list such things as -take number - site location - talent names (spelled correctly)- date - time of day - and starting time-code number -



You may not consider current events as historical, yet in truth they are. After all by the time you view any tape, it is a historical document.

You can consider every orgainized event historical, but on the other hand unplanned circumstances may be of historical significance. Disasters always fit this discription, many unplanned things happen every day. These are opportunitys, and you may have little or no time to prepare for them, you may have to be there already to capture them. The hints given on other pages about your equipment, and being ready at all times to pick up and go will serve you well. Life in general has more unexpected events than planned ones. I will stress here - once more - the skill you can gain by shooting sports will hone your skills and prepare you. Sports videography will give you the ability to capture the unplanned opportunity. You may also include unplanned opportunitys as a sub-set of the orgainized event. By being alert, you may see and shoot or be positioned to capture the speech of someone, and that footage will be far more significant than the planned event.

The visits of famous individuals are all historical events, and every thing they do may have significance in the future. The events which take place in a community are also important. You may believe with so many cameras around that everything is well covered, just the opposite is true. At best one small portion of the event will recieve through or adequate coverage, and the rest will go unremarked.
Few individuals will think of telling the whole story. You can with just a little study and planning produce a wonderful tape of any event you attend. The event will have spokes-persons which will be happy to be interviewed, You should have done your homework and have questions prepared, but if you didn't, tell them so before the interview, and discuss what you will talk about. Let the spokes-person help you with the details, and tell you the important questions to ask.

A common complaint of people who have been interviewed is, 1. everyone asks the same questions, 2. no one asks what is important. You will be unique if you remember this, and the interviews will become much more informative. You will recieve a lot of help as a result of your consideration. Tips on what to shoot and when. You may recieve advice on other people to interview. A wealth of possibilities will open up for you with an approach such as this.


With a short story you have a completely different discipline than the documentary. Here you will want to read and re-read the story and do some serious visulation, Your first step is to try to tell the story with no dialogue,

impossible -no- difficult -perhaps- a challange -you bet-

Now then remember some movies - can you remember the times where the camera was simply telling the story and no one was speaking?. Using a combination of no-dialogue and dialogue is very important. Here the addage, one picture is worth a 1000 words, can take on some real meaning. It is your job to tell that story.

This is as good a time as any to introduce FILM STYLE SHOOTING.

You will have to make a series of scripts.
A shooting script. Here you will list each and every shot you need to take and order the list by set-ups. For example you have one setup for shooting each actor in a scene. all of one actors lines will be taped at the same time - and all the reactions to other actors. Then the setup will be redone and all of the lines for a second actor shot. I will take one scene from a script and give it to you the way the actors study it, and the way you will shoot it. (make href= here ) click this link for a scene from (play ).Refer also to the pages on scripting and go through the links. The study of film style shooting is pretty well documented.

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