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See: Global Marijuana March. ~600 different cities since 1999. First Saturday in May. City lists: 1999 2000 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 2010. 11 ...Search them. Add city name to search.
With less than 5% of world population the USA has over 2.4 million of 9.8 million world prisoners! The majority of U.S. inmates are in due to the drug war.
Most Republican leaders oppose cheap universal healthcare. 45,000 uninsured Americans die each year due to lack of health insurance.
Incarceration Rates. USA. Charts. Timelines. 1920 to recent years. Prisons, jails, all inmates. Totals, percentages, and rates per 100,000 population. National and state numbers.
Mirrors 1. 2. Change mirror pages if problems.

*Table of Contents. After text loads, click topics below. Click TopLink, back button, or HomeKey to return here fast.

CHARTS:

*U.S. incarceration rate charts. Timelines.
*State-by-state U.S. incarceration rates.
*State-by-state adult incarceration rates.

*Drug War charts, and more.

U.S. Incarceration Rate Charts. Timelines. [TopLink]

Click the charts for more info, data sources, and larger versions of the charts.




[TopLink]

U.S. Incarceration Rates Timeline.
Number of prison and jail inmates per 100,000 population.
Midyear population. Rates slightly lower if yearend population.

TEXAS rates at the chart end:
1014 in 1999. 966 in 2001.

That is 1% of Texans imprisoned!

1925 to 1977 incarceration rates are estimates.
High*** and low** rates are shown for 1925-77.
See links and endnotes.
Year Incarceration
Rate.
Total
inmates
in prisons
and jails.
USA. Total
Midyear
Population.
















 
1925
1928
1932
1934
1939
1945
1950
1952
1961
1968
1969
1971
1972
1973
1974
1977
1978
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
119**
144
165***
164**
206***
147**
164***
162**
179***
141**
146***
143
140**
144
153
194
203
220
241
263
276
288
312
332
353
388
435
458
480
503
524
558
595
610
639
658
678
686
688
707
718
729
742
















452,790
501,886
555,114
610,767
645,713
681,282
742,939
799,171
856,906
949,659
1,076,670
1,146,401
1,216,664
1,292,347
1,364,881
1,469,947
1,585,586
1,646,020
1,743,643
1,816,931
1,893,115
1,937,482
1,961,247
2,033,022
2,085,620
2,135,901
2,193,798
















222,585,000
227,726,463
229,966,237
232,187,835
234,307,207
236,348,292
238,466,283
240,650,755
242,803,533
245,021,414
247,341,697
250,131,894
253,492,503
256,894,189
260,255,352
263,435,673
266,557,091
269,667,391
272,911,760
276,115,288
279,294,713
282,338,631
285,023,886
287,675,526
290,342,554
293,027,571
295,734,134
    +126,561 +4,327,569 Add in
126,561
inmates
(Juvenile,
U.S.
Territories,
etc.) to get
total
inmates.
   
2005 773 2,320,359 300,061,703
  Total
incarceration
rate per
100,000
population.
Total
inmates in
U.S.A.
and its
Territories
Total
population
of U.S.A.
and its
Territories
(4,327,569).
http://www.angelfire.com/rnb/y/rates.htm mirror page.
http://corporatism.tripod.com/rates.htm mirror page.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=912 - Prisoners in 2005.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/p05.pdf - Prisoners in 2005.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/press/pripropr.cfm - Prisoners in 2005 and Probation and Parole in the United States, 2005.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/glance/tables/corr2tab.cfm - Correctional Population Trends Chart.
http://www.angelfire.com/rnb/y/usaterr.htm
and
http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb - Population. International Data Base - U.S. Census Bureau.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=876 - Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 1999.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/pjim99.pdf -1999. State-by-state incarceration rates chart is Table 11.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=866 - Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2001.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/pjim01.pdf - 2001. State-by-state incarceration rates chart is Table 16. 2001 Federal rate of 49 can be calculated from Table 1.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/sheets/pjim01.zip - 2001. Spreadsheets. See tables 1 and 16. Use MS Excel, etc..
http://www.kcl.ac.uk/depsta/law/research/icps/worldbrief/?search=usastates
- state rates map. Click any U.S. state name on the map.
The last link above is a clickable U.S. map of
state-by-state incarceration rates.

The rates are for inmates per 100,000 state population.
Note that no state in the USA has a rate less than 200.
Bush was governor of Texas 1994-2000. His legacy:
Louisiana (1025)
and TEXAS (1014)
(under Bush) had the highest rates in 1999.
In 2001
(see the 4 links just above) it was
Louisiana (1013)
and
TEXAS (966)
that again had the highest incarceration rates with

1% of their populations imprisoned.
2001 Federal incarceration rate of 49 was NOT 
added in to those numbers.
In the USA it costs 
around $25,000 average per year for each inmate. 
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS):
"At midyear 2005,
nearly 4.7 percent of black males were in prison
or jail, compared to 1.9 percent of Hispanic males,
and 0.7 percent of white males. Among males in
their late 20s, nearly 12 percent of black males,
compared to 3.9 percent of Hispanic males and
1.7 percent of white males, were incarcerated"

Above BJS quote is from the link below:
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/newsroom/pressreleases/2006/BJS05212006.htm - Press release for Prison and Jail Inmates, Midyear 2005
*1925 to 1977 incarceration rates are estimates
based on prison rates from the Bureau of Justice
Statistics document NCJ 102494, State and
Federal Prisoners, 1925-85. Info is also in
NCJ 85861. The 1925-1977 jail rates are
estimated as 50% of prison rates. Prison rate plus
jail rate equals total incarceration rate. Sources:

http://www.nationalinstituteofcorrections.gov/Library/015837 - Many timelines.
http://www.albany.edu/sourcebook/pdf/t6282008.pdf - 1925-2008.
http://www.albany.edu/sourcebook/csv/t6282008.csv
http://www.ncjrs.gov/bjsonlineorders/feepubs.html
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/paperonly.cfm - Bureau of Justice Statistics. Paper Only Publications.
http://www.monthlyreview.org/0701fig1.pdf
http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/govpubs/sourcebook/1995/pdf/t6001.pdf
http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/govpubs/sourcebook/1995/pdf/t6002.pdf
http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/govpubs/sourcebook/1995/pdf/t6003.pdf
http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/govpubs/sourcebook/1995/pdf/t6004.pdf

http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v00/n1145/a06.html and
http://www.angelfire.com/rnb/y/gop.htm and
http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/dea/pubs/briefing/1_2.htm __

Note that in the 50 year period between 1928-78 the overall incarceration rate stayed within a narrow range of 140 to 206. Federal alcohol Prohibition was in effect from 1920 to 1933. Federal marijuana prohibition began in 1937. The U.S. incarceration rate has quintupled since 1971 when Republican President Richard Nixon declared the "War on Drugs." 1973 was the year Nixon's DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency) began.

------------------------------------

[TopLink]
State incarceration rates per 100,000 population.
State prisons and local jails.
Rates below do not include average federal
prison rate of 49 per 100,000 people.
2001. U.S. State
Incarceration Rates.
Descending order.
Followed by
alphabetical list.

1013 Louisiana
_966 Texas
_963 District of Columbia
_952 Georgia
_895 Delaware
_852 Mississippi
_812 Oklahoma
_792 Alabama
_772 Florida
_756 South Carolina
_734 Nevada
_720 Virginia
_720 Arizona
_697 California
_667 Alaska
_657 Maryland
_647 Tennessee
_644 Michigan
_623 Missouri
_613 Idaho
_605 Wisconsin
_605 New Mexico
_597 Colorado
_597 Arkansas
_569 Kentucky
_560 North Carolina
_558 Ohio
_546 New York
_545 Indiana
_533 Pennsylvania
_524 Connecticut
_521 Wyoming
_512 Illinois
_503 New Jersey
_501 South Dakota
_498 Oregon
_489 Kansas
_468 Montana
_457 Washington
_424 Utah
_416 Hawaii
_376 Iowa
_359 Massachusetts
_349 Nebraska
_339 West Virginia
_325 New Hampshire
_315 Rhode Island
_265 North Dakota
_226 Vermont
_225 Minnesota
_222 Maine



_792 Alabama
_667 Alaska
_720 Arizona
_597 Arkansas
_697 California
_597 Colorado
_524 Connecticut
_895 Delaware
_963 District of Columbia
_772 Florida
_952 Georgia
_416 Hawaii
_613 Idaho
_512 Illinois
_545 Indiana
_376 Iowa
_489 Kansas
_569 Kentucky
1013 Louisiana
_222 Maine
_657 Maryland
_359 Massachusetts
_644 Michigan
_225 Minnesota
_852 Mississippi
_623 Missouri
_468 Montana
_349 Nebraska
_734 Nevada
_325 New Hampshire
_503 New Jersey
_605 New Mexico
_546 New York
_560 North Carolina
_265 North Dakota
_558 Ohio
_812 Oklahoma
_498 Oregon
_533 Pennsylvania
_315 Rhode Island
_756 South Carolina
_501 South Dakota
_647 Tennessee
_966 Texas
_424 Utah
_226 Vermont
_720 Virginia
_457 Washington
_339 West Virginia
_605 Wisconsin
_521 Wyoming
U.S. state rates map. Click any state name on the map:
http://www.kcl.ac.uk/depsta/law/research/icps/worldbrief/?search=usastates
http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb - Population. International Data Base - U.S. Census Bureau.
http://www.angelfire.com/rnb/y/rates.htm USA rates.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=866 - Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2001.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/pjim01.pdf- 2001. USA state-by-state incarceration rates chart is Table 16 on page 13. 2001 federal prison rate of 49 is calculated from Table 1. State incarceration rates do not include federal prison rate. State rates are calculated from inmates in jails and state prisons.


--------------------------------------------

[TopLink]

2001. USA. By state.
Adult
incarceration rate
per 100,000 adults.
And percentage of adults incarcerated.
State and regional adult incarceration rates
do not include
average federal prison adult
incarceration rate of 70 per 100,000 adults.

On right side: Percentages of adults
imprisoned in jails and prisons.
In descending order.

______________________
1398 Louisiana 1.398%
1320
Texas 1.320%
1181 Mississippi 1.181%
1136 Delaware 1.136%
1087 Alabama 1.087%
1083 Oklahoma 1.083%
1013 South Carolina 1.013%
1000 Alaska 1.000%
_992 Florida 0.992%
_983 Arizona 0.983%
_962 Virginia 0.962%
_959 Nevada 0.959%
_935 California 0.935%
_875 Michigan 0.875%
_875 Maryland 0.875%
_864 Idaho 0.864%
_852 Tennessee 0.852%
_843 Missouri 0.843%
_832 Wisconsin 0.832%
_830 New Mexico 0.830%
_818 Arkansas 0.818%
_802 Colorado 0.802%
_746 North Carolina 0.746%
_744 Ohio 0.744%
_740 Indiana 0.740%
_728 Kentucky 0.728%
_711 New York 0.711%
_710 Pennsylvania 0.710%
_709 South Dakota 0.709%
_698 Wyoming 0.698%
_678 Illinois 0.678%
_677 Connecticut 0.677%
_669 Oregon 0.669%
_666 Kansas 0.666%
_666 New Jersey 0.666%
_651 Montana 0.651%
_623 Utah 0.623%
_609 Washington 0.609%
_598 District of Columbia 0.598%
_550 Hawaii 0.550%
_495 Iowa 0.495%
_476 Nebraska 0.476%
_464 Massachusetts 0.464%
_439 New Hampshire 0.439%
_431 West Virginia 0.431%
_415 Rhode Island 0.415%
_370 North Dakota 0.370%
_308 Minnesota 0.308%
_300 Vermont 0.300%
_288 Maine 0.288%
_--- Georgia -- Not calculated.

1052 South 1.052%
_857 West 0.857%
_708 Midwest 0.708%
_646 Northeast 0.646%

_852 State 0.852%

_+70 Federal 0.070%
______________________
=922 U.S. total 0.922%
______________________

http://www.angelfire.com/rnb/y/rates.htm mirror page.
http://corporatism.tripod.com/rates.htm mirror page.
http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb - Population. International Data Base - U.S. Census Bureau.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=1111 - Probation and Parole in the United States, 2001.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/ppus01.pdf - 2001. See Table 8 on page 7.
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/sheets/ppus01.zip - 2001. Spreadsheets.
Data from Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS).
Rates and percentages calculated from BJS
spreadsheet with filename: ppus0108.wk1 (from the
zip file link above). See Table 8: Total under
adult correctional supervision and number
supervised per 100,000 adult residents, by
jurisdiction, yearend 2001. BJS report title:
Probation and Parole in the United States, 2001.


--------------------------------


Drug War charts, and more. [TopLink]