Understanding Brain Drain
By Mubarak Abdessalami
- Developed countries:"rich countries"
- Developing countries:underdeveloped, not developed, poor countries"
- Brain Drain:"the emigration of intelligent, well-educated individuals to somewhere for better pay or conditions, causing the place they came from to lose those skilled people" (Wikipedia)
- Brain Gain: reverse brain drain
- Low pay: collocation. low wage, low salary, meager income,
Understanding the phenomenon
What you should first understand is that "Brain Brain" is unlike "Mass Emigration". Brain Drain is the emigration of intellectual elite. It is referred to as "the human capital flight".
If you want to write an article about Brain Drain, you need to mention the following points.
- Positive effects
- Negative effects
- It can be defined as the emigration of skilled human resources.
- It is the emigration of highly trained or intelligent people from a particular country mostly more developed.
- It means the loss of skilled intellectual and technical labour elite through the movement of such skilled workers to more favourable geographic, economic, or professional environments.
- It refers to the migration of educated or talented people from less economically advanced areas to more economically advanced areas, especially from underdeveloped (third world) countries to developed countries.
- It designates the drift of intellectuals and professionals to richer countries
- Low pay
- lack of opportunities and necessary equipment.( inefficient working conditions)
- to get more experience
- Improvement of living conditions
- Health hazards / lack of health care.
- Insecurity (conflicts / civil wars)
- Search for more job opportunities.
- Lack of democracy, rights, freedom (political & religious)
- Expertise transfer
- Currency or money transfer
- Economic loss
- Weakening of the country
- slow or no development / progress
4. Recommended solutions
- Brain gain / How to get the skilled immigrants back.
- The motivation of workers financially and professionally
- The improvement of workforce financially and professionally
- Strengthening of health and education systems
- Provision of a better living conditions for workers.
- Creating more job opportunities
- Ameliorating work environment (security, rights etc)
- Immigrants investing in their home countries.
A student's paper (1)
Brain Drain is the human capital flight. Most countries suffer from this problem.
Write an article to your school magazine talking about the main causes of the problem.
A student's paper (2)
Related subject: Culture Shock
Ticket 2 English