Real Name: Baal-Hadad (Hadad is his Sumerian name.)
Occupation: God of rain and storm, god of the east wind, former King of Sumer
Legal Status: Citizen of Ancient Sumeria
Identity: The general populace of Earth is unaware of the existence of Baal except as a mythological character.
Other Aliases: Adad (Babylonian), Iskur (Akkadian Name), Teshub (Hittite name), Tesup (Hurrian name), Mr. Rider (mortal name)
Place of Birth: Nippur, Sumeria (now part of modern Iraq)
Marital Status: Married
Known Relatives: Anu (father), (father), Asherah (mother), Anath (wife), Ninkasi, Zintuki (daughters), Telepinu (son); Hupasiyas (son-in-law, deceased), Dagon, Ninurta, Martu (brothers); Nergal, Nusku, Kinyras, Gibil (half-brothers); Ningal, Zarpandit, Ninlil, Gatumdug, Gula (half-sisters); Ea (uncle), Mami, Damkina, Eriskegal (aunts); Shamash, Nanna, Ullikummis (nephews); Marduk (cousin);
Group Affiliation: The Gods of Mesopotamia, possible member of an unnamed cabal of underworld gods
Base of Operations: Allatum, formerly Mount Saphon (modern Jabal al-Aqra) in Hattia (now part of modern Turkey), formerly Nippur, Sumeria (now part of modern Iraq),
First Appearance: (historical) “Pantheons of the Megaverse” by C.J. Carella, (modern) Wolverine II #11
History: Hadad is a member of an other-dimensional race of beings known as the Anunnaki, who were worshipped as gods by the Ancient Sumerians and Babylonians, and considered the oldest race of gods known on Earth with the possible exception of the Egyptian Gods. Hadad was the son of Anu, ruler of the Mesopotamian Gods, and Asherah, the mother of the gods. He was one of four gods of storm who along with his brothers Enlil, Ninurta and Martu represented the four cardinal points of Earth and controlled the weather with the center of worship at Ur, now part of modern Iraq.
During the early Sumerian Empire, Hadad and his fellow gods once lived on Earth among mortals
with Anu as one of the original kings of Ancient Sumer. However, Anu was
overthrown as ruler by Enlil, the god of storm. Anu departed Earth for
extra-dimensional realm of Dilmun while Enlil replaced him in the role of ruler and
father of the gods. During his rule, Enlil acquired the name, Dagon, possibly in
an effort to usurp the worshippers of the older Hyborian god. Hadad did not care
for his brother’s rule and covertly sought a way to overthrow him. He
consulted Ea, the god of the
sea for help in
overthrowing Enlil, but in order to do so, Hadad had to slay Apsu, the older god
of the sea in his place. In gratitude to the young god, Ea offered Hadad his
loyalty and support him in overthrowing
Enlil. Remaining true to his promise to help him dethrone Enlil, Ea gave Hadad
the necessary weapons to oust Enlil and force him into exile. However, once
Hadad overthrew Enlil, he seized the throne for himself instead of restoring Anu
to power. As ruler of Sumer, Hadad added the title of Baal to
his name to prove his sovereignty and became ruler of the Anunnaki. (It is entirely possible that Baal was also the name of another older
forgotten god from the Hyborian Age.)
As ruler of Sumeria, Baal-Hadad was a beneficent and just ruler to his rulers and worshippers. In time, he became known as just Baal. Anath, the sun-goddess, however, began slaughtering many of Baal’s worshippers and demanded the secret of lightning from him for herself, establishing herself as a war-goddess in the process. Anath persuaded Ea to have a house created for Baal at the top of Mount Saphon to live apart from mortals. Once the artisan-god Kinyras completed the house, she presented herself to Baal as his wife and equal and became Queen of the Gods. Anath bore him a number of children including Telepinu, the water-god, and Ninkasi and Zintuki, goddesses of wine and food. Hadad eventually sought out to slay the dragon, Illuyankas. Unable to slay the dragon, Hadad was instead taken capture and had his eyes removed to insure his captivity. Ninkasi and Zintuki afterward created a great feast for Illuyankas and her progeny to consume in a rescue attempt of their father. Once Illuyankas and her children were in a weakened state, Zintuki had her mortal husband, Hupasiyas, tie up Illuyankas while Telepinu rescued Hadad and restored his eyes to him. Once his vision was restored, Hadad slew Illuyankas and her children.
Despite his exile from Sumer, Dagon plotted to once again seize the throne from Hadad. He fathered Ullikummis, a giant warrior, to lead an army against Ur, but Shamash, the sun god, saw them approaching from a far and warned Baal. Baal briefly abdicated the throne to Dagon rather than face him and once again returned to Ea-sarra to consult with Ea for advice on how to defeat Ullikummis. Remembering his debt of honor to Baal, Ea surrendered Baal a scythe with mystical properties to rend through the flesh of Ullikummis. Returning to Ur, Baal used it to rend through Ullikummis’s ankles. Wounding the giant enough to be able to kill him, Baal then once more overthrew Dagon and exiled him to the underworld, regaining the throne.
Baal eventually sought out the secrets of life and death in order to prevent death for mortals and traveled to Allatum, the Mesopotamian underworld, and met with Namtar, the god of death, who served as vizier to Eriskegal, Queen of the Underworld and goddess of the dead. Explaining he had come for the secrets of life and death, Baal was invited by Namtar to eat off the table of the dead while he went to retrieve Eriskegal. The two underworld-gods then revealed to him that since he had eaten from the table of the dead that he could not leave Allatum as a result. When Anath learned the truth, she challenged Namtar, ordering him to restore Baal to life. Baal, however, opted to stay in the underworld, and Anath slew Namtar as a result.
In Baal's absence, worship of the Sumerian gods eventually waned, and Sumeria was eventually conquered by the Babylonian Empire who worshipped Marduk as their patron god. Several of the Annunaki who still retained their worship rights under new names became members the Igigi, the Gods of Babylon, while the older gods of Sumeria remained as the Anunnaki. In rewriting the old Sumerian stories into their texts, the early Hebrews might have assigned angelic roles to the former gods as members of the Elohim ( archangels) in order to mask their original forms. Baal, meanwhile, became a god of the afterlife, receiving the souls of his worshippers after death.
Meanwhile, on Earth, worship of the Sumerian and Babylonian gods continued to wane; many of them ending up getting denounced as demons by the Hebrews and Early Christian Church. By time the Greeks and Romans invaded Phoenicia and Canaan, bringing worship of their Olympian gods with them, many of the Anunnaki had departed Earth for Celestial Dilmun. Baal and many of the Mesopotamian gods remained hostile to the Olympian Gods afterward until the Third Host of the Celestials when Anu made a pact with Zeus, the chieftain of the Olympian Gods. As a result, the Anunnaki and the Igigi no longer traffic with mortals and mo longer seek worshippers.
Although Baal has not appeared on Earth in millennia, several beings with
demonic attributes have appeared on Earth claiming to be him or other members of the Anunnaki.
A cult of devil worshippers calling
themselves the Brotherhood of Baal came into existence worshipping Baal as a
demonic entity. Destroyed by the Frankenstein Monster, they returned a few years
later calling themselves the Followers of Baal and began seeking the fragments
of the Gehenna Stone. They used it to successfully bring Baal to Earth, but it
is uncertain if this was the true Baal or merely a demon claiming to be him. A member of the X-Men,
Wolverine destroyed the
stone, seemingly exiling the demon from Earth as a result. In later years, a warlock
named Aleister Creel attempted to bring a demon to earth and released an entity
calling itself Baal. Whether this Baal is the same Baal whose followers were
dispersed by the Frankenstein monster is unknown, but this being was driven back
to the underworld through the activities of Etrigan and the Batman.
A short time later, this same Baal or a third one was brought to Earth by a University student named Darryl Licht experimenting with a Native American ritual. This Baal made an attempt to corrupt the soul of Johnny Blaze by kidnapping his children but was defeated by the Native American spirit known as the Wendigo attracted by Licht’s ritual.
In recent years, Ahriman, the Persian god of evil, seemingly helped free Baal from the underworld in order to seduce Superman into an agent of evil. Assisted by other underworld gods, they bequeathed his wife, Lois, with godly powers to help sway him, but Lois realized their true guises from behind their facades and actually helped to defeat them. Baal and Ahriman were forced from earth, stripping Lois of her godly powers in the process, and driving the former deities back to their perspective underworlds.
It is not sure if this Baal was the true Baal or any of the known previous demons with this name. It is known that the alien Oan race impersonated many of the Anunnaki in prehistory (just as the Eternals impersonated the Olympian Gods and the K'un-L'un's impersonated the Xian of China) and it could have just as easily been one of then. It is unknown if any of these later entities were the true Baal-Hadad of the Mesopotamians in disguise or if they were all the same demon. At least one of them could be the aforementioned Elder God Baal once worshipped in the Hyborian Age whose worshippers were usurped by Baal-Hadad. Any distinction between these beings is unrevealed.
Height: 6' 7"
Weight: 410 lbs.
Strength Level: Baal possesses superhuman strength superior to the majority of the Mesopotamian gods, enabling him to lift (press) possibly 100 tons under optimal conditions.
Known Superhuman Powers: Baal possesses the conventional physical attributes of the Mesopotamian Gods. Like all of the Anunnaki, he is exceptionally long-lived, but he is not immortal like the Gods of Olympus. He has not aged since reaching adulthood and cannot die by any known conventional means. He is immune to all known terrestrial diseases and is invulnerable to conventional injury. If wounded, his godly life force would enable him to recover with superhuman speed. It would take an injury of such magnitude that it dispersed a major portion of his bodily molecules to cause him a physical death. Even then, it might be possible for Anu, Ea or a number of gods of equal power working together to revive him. Baal-Hadad does have some superhuman strength and his own Anunnaki metabolism gives him far greater than human endurance in all physical activities. (Anunnaki flesh and bone is about three times as dense as similar human tissue, contributing to the superhuman strength and weight of the Mesopotamian Gods).
Baal also possessed the ability to tap into and manipulate both elemental and ambient mystical energies in the universe. Equal in power to gods as Enlil or Ninurta, his extent of power was nearly on the level of gods as Anu or Zeus. He can command the forces of weather and could command the wind, create rain and conjure thunderstorms of near hurricane proportions. He could throw lightning bolts and fire beams of electrical force capable of shattering mountains and destroying cities. He could create windstorms of extra-ordinary fury capable of leaving wakes of destruction.
Baal is also physically stronger, faster and invulnerable to injury than the majority of the Mesopotamian gods with the possible exception of his brothers, Ninurta, Enlil and Martu, and Anu and Ea themselves. He is virtually tireless and his stamina allows him to perform at top levels without tiring.
Baal could also tap into the mystical forces of the universe such as erecting shields and teleporting across dimensional barriers. His level of control over the forces of magic were no where close to figures such as Anu, Zeus or Odin, but by merging elemental energies with his spells, he could create atmospheric conditions even Dagon could not control. He could fire invisible projections of concussive force and levitate mass in the range of several thousand tons. He has limited precognitive ability; he is only able to perceive events and occurrences directly connected to himself.
Pets: Baal-Hadad owns two bulls of extra-ordinary power named Seris (“day”) and Hurris (“night”). They can pull his chariot through the air with a semblance of flying.
Comments: This bio involves Baal-Hadad as he appears in the Marvel and DC Universes.
Technically, "baal" is the Semitic word for "lord" or "god." It was frequently added to many of the gods worshipped in Canaan, such as Baal-Hammon and Baal-Athirat. Its female form was "Bel," such as Beletseri. Similarly, during the Assyrian Empire, the Assyrians used "nin"in the name of several of their gods, such as Nin-Girsu, Nin-Karrak and Ninhursag (a name for Mother Earth/Gaea).
The Hebrews really hated this figure, but then they never cared much for any of the old Sumerian or Babylonian gods, even denouncing many of these figures as demonic entities regardless of their importance to the Hittites and Phoenicians.
family tree here is based on a combination of the Hurrian/Hittite and Sumerian
family trees for the Anunnaki.
Several of the aspects of Baal’s life later turn up in other myths, namely Osiris slain by Seth and trapped in the afterlife, Cronus getting overthrown by Zeus, Persephone trapped in the underworld after eating the food of the dead, Zeus captured by Typhon and rescued by the Fates and (where Ullikummis is concerned) Achilles’ weakness in his ankles. In some texts, it has been theorized that that myths of the Greeks were actually handed down versions of the Sumerians.
The Sumerians are considered the oldest of all human empires, although the Egyptians are just as ancient. The Sumerians were overthrown by the Babylonians and then by the Assyrians. There was then an interim as several races kept preventing each other from developing an empire as great as the previous rules. This includes the Hittites, Hurrians, Canaanites, Phoenicians, and Philistines. The Greeks and the resulting Roman Empire subjugated them all and made the region part of what later became the Byzantine Empire, later conquered by the Turks as part of the Ottoman Empire now known as Iraq.
Clarifications: Baal is possibly not to be confused with:
Last updated: 03/15/16
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