Facts and Figures on Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Facts and Figures  |  Islamabad  |  Karachi  |  Lahore  |  Peshawar  |  Northern Areas


Resolution Day: 23rd March 1940
Independence Day: 14th August 1947
Father of the Nation: Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah [1876-1948]
President - Head of the State: General Pervez Musharraf
Prime Minister - Head of Government: Shaukat Aziz
Capital: Islamabad
  • National Anthem of Pakistan.
    This is the Official Government of Pakistan Version performed by The Pakistan Army Band. .

  • CIA Factbook on Pakistan
  • Federal Tourism Ministry
  • Tourism Development Corporation of Punjab
  • Tourist Spots in Punjab
  • Sarhad Tourism Corporation
  • Karachi City


    The Islamic Republic of Pakistan became an independent state on August 14th 1947, and until December 1971 it included the province of East Pakistan; now Bangladesh.

    Nationality: noun: Pakistani(s) ; adjective: Pakistani
    The official National language of Pakistan is Urdu. English is the administrative language and is also widely spoken and understood. While the regional languages of Pakistan are Punjabi, Sindhi, Saraiki, Pushto, Balochi, Kashmiri, Hindko, Brahui, Balti.
    Ethnic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Kashmiri, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)
    Constitution: 10 April 1973, suspended 5 July 1977, restored with amendments 30 December 1985; suspended 15 October 1999, restored on 31 December 2002 with several amendments
    Legal system: based on English common law with provisions to accommodate Pakistan's status as an Islamic state; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
    Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal; joint electorates and reserved parliamentary seats for women and non-Muslims


    Area: 796,096 Sq. km.
    Punjab: 205,344
    Sindh: 140,914
    North West Frontier Province: 74,521
    Balochistan: 347,190
    Federally Administered Tribal Areas: 27,220
    Islamabad Capital Territory: 906

    Population: 150,694,740 (July 2003 est.)
    Population Growth rate 2.01% (2003 est.)
    Ethnic composition 97% Muslims(Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), 3% Christian, Hindu and others
    National Anthem Approved in June, 1954
    Duration: 80 seconds
    National Flower: Jasmine
    National Bird: Dove
    National Animal: Markhor
    Flora: Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
    Fauna: The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buk, Neelgai, Markhor, Marcopolo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Water Fowls
    National Game: Hockey
    Games Cricket, Snooker, Squash, Tennis, Wrestling, Volleyball, Football, Sailing

    Major crops are cotton, wheat, rice and sugarcane
    Total cropped area 22.14 million hectares

    Per capita income US$ 700
    Currency Pak Rupee
    Foreign Reserves US$ 7b
    Total Foreign Debt US$ 32.3 billion (2002 est.)
    Exports Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, fruits, handicrafts, Sea Food (Fisheries)
    Imports Industrial equipment, electronics, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil
    Industries Textiles, sports goods, carpets, cement, fertiliser, steel, sugar, electric goods, shipbuilding, shipbreaking, defence products
    Energy Major sources: Oil, Coal, Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear and Liquid Petroleum Gas
    WAPDA's total installed power generating capacity: 11,246 MW
    Oil - production: 62,870 bbl/day (2001 est.)
    Oil - consumption: 365,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
    Oil - proved reserves: 297.1 million bbl (37257)
    Gas - production: 23.4 billion cu m (2001 est.)
    Gas - consumption: 23.4 billion cu m (2001 est.)
    Gas - proved reserves: 695.6 billion cu m (37257)
    Exports - partners: US 24.5%, UAE 8.5%, UK 7.2%, Germany 4.9%, Hong Kong 4.8% (2002)
    Imports - partners: UAE 11.7%, Saudi Arabia 11.7%, Kuwait 6.7%, US 6.4%, China 6.2%, Japan 6%, Malaysia 4.5%, Germany 4.4% (2002)

    Total Labour force: 40.4 million
    Agriculture sector: 44%
    Industry: 17%
    Services: 39% (1999 est.)
    Unemployment rate: 7.8% plus substantial underemployment (2002 est.)
    Industrial production growth rate: 7.8% (FY04/05 est.)

    Health Hospitals: 920
    Beds: 88,921
    Doctors(registered): 92,300
    Dentists(registered): 6,380
    Nurses(registered: 24,250
    Life Expectancy at birth: 62.2 years
    HIV/AIDS prevalence: 0.1% (2001 est.)
    HIV/AIDS cases: 78,000 (2001 est.)
    HIV/AIDS deaths: 4,500 (2001 est.)

    Literacy rate: 45.7% ;
    male: 59.8%,female: 30.6% (2003 est.)
    Education Primary schools: 152,230
    Middle schools: 18,950
    High schools: 10,180
    Arts & science colleges: 928
    Professional colleges: 184
    Universities: 46 plus 35 in Private sector

    Transport & Communications:
    Length of roads: 254,410 km
    Railway network: 8,163 km
    Railway stations: 781
    Airports: 124 (2002)
    Heliports: 23 (2002)
    Pakistan International Airlines: Covers 55 international and 38 domestic stations
    Major Airports: 5 - Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar
    Seaports International : 3 - Karachi, Gwadar and Bin Qasim
    Domestic: 5 - Pasni, Ormara, Jiwani, Somniani, Manora

    Post Offices: 17,110
    Telephone connections: 2.861 million (Mar 1999)
    Mobile connections: over 10 million (2004)
    Mobile operators: 6 (2005)
    Public Call Offices: 19,200
    Telegraph offices: 480
    Internet country code: .pk
    Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 43 (2002)
    Internet users: 2.1 million (2002)

    Dailies: 531
    Weeklies: 720
    Fortnightlies: 112
    Monthlies: 558
    TV covering 92%
    Registered TV sets: 2,823,800
    Viewership: 115 million
    Radio coverage 96%
    TV stations (GOV): 4
    TV stations (PVT): 23 (2004)
    FM stations: 33 (2004)

    Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Civil Armed Forces, National Guard
    manpower - military age: 17 years of age (2003 est.)
    expenditures: $2.964 billion (FY02)

    Famous Mountain Peaks:

    K-2 (Mt. Godwin Austin): 28,250 ft./8611 m (2nd in World)
    Nanga Parbat (Killer Mountain): 26,660 ft./8126 m (8th in World)
    Gasherbrum-I: 26,470 ft./8068 m (11th in World)

    Mountain Passes:
    Khyber Pass [NWFP]
    Kurram Pass [NWFP]
    Tochi Pass [NWFP]
    Gomal Pass [BALOCHISTAN]
    Bolan Pass [BALOCHISTAN]
    Lowari Pass [NWFP]
    Khunjrab Pass [NORTHERN AREAS]

    The Indus 2896 km
    Jhelum 825 km
    Chenab 1242 km
    Ravi 901 km
    Sutlej 1551 km
    Beas (tributary of Sutlej) 398 km

    Famous Glaciers:
    Siachin 75 km
    Batura 55 km
    Baltoro 62 km
    Saltoro 34 km

    Thar: Sindh
    Cholistan: Punjab
    Thal: Punjab
    Dasht: Baluchistan

    Manchar [Sindh]
    Keenjar [Sindh]
    Hanna [Balochistan]
    Saif-ul-Maluk [NWFP]
    Satpara [Northern Areas]
    Kachura [Northern Areas]

    Major Dams:
    Mangla Dam [Punjab]
    Tarbela Dam [NWFP]
    Warsak Dam [NWFP]

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  • Islamabad:
    The capital of Pakistan, is in the north of the country; on the Potwar Plateau, near Rawalpindi.
    The site of Islamabad was chosen to replace Karachi as the capital of Pakistan in 1959. Urban planners set to work, and the new city became the official capital in 1967.
    A lot of the construction work wasn't completed until the mid-1970s though.
    Of the modern buildings in Islamabad, the most notable are the ones lining the Constitution Avenue like the National Assembly Building, the President House known as "Aiwan-e-Sadar", the Supreme Court of Pakistan, and the New PM Secretariat Building. The hub of commercial activity in the capital, the Blue Area is also lined by dozens of grand plazas and some skyscrapers too.
  • Rawalpindi:
    The Twin City of Islamabd, this small town has flourished under the Modern developments of Islamabad and keeping its old traditions, the Headquarters of Pakistan Army, having one of the Most Beautiful Cantonments of Pakistan and a traditional Punjabi City with a Potohari touch, Rawalpindi today is an extravagant blend of Traditional and Modern.
    Rawalpindi was used as the provisional capital of Pakistan from 1959 to 1967, while construction was being completed in Islamabad.
    Places Of Interest:
    The Faisal Mosque, built in 1985, was designed to look like a desert tent. Its four surrounding minarets are all about 90 m high.
    Margalla Hills; Daman-e-Koh and Pir Sohawa presents a breathtaking view of the Twin Cities. You can see most prominently the Parliament House, Aiwan-e-Sadar,the Supreme Court of Pakistan and the Grand Buildings of the Constitution Avenue ,Faisal Mosque,the Rawal Lake, towering plazas at the Shahrah-e-QuaideAzam,Blue Area, the Capital Park, all Lit luxuriously at night.
    Eatouts: Islamabad has a long list of resturants specializing in foods from the world over owing to the huge diplomatic presence in the city. Best ones include Dynasty- Chinese, Mezzo- French, The Royal Elephant- Thai, Papasallis- Italian, Serena- Moroccan, Melody Food Park- Pakistani.
    Murree, the queen of  Hills, Malk-e-Kohsar as it is called, is 2 hours drive from Islamabad. The greatest Tourist Attraction presenting Lush Green hills and valleys which are geographically the Foothills of Himalayas.
    Preferred Hotels:
    Marriott, Holiday Inn, Pearl Continental, Serena, Best Western
    Ruins of the Gandhara civilisation and Bhuddist sites including one large stupa are near the small town of Taxila, about 38 km northwest of Islamabad.

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  • Karachi:
    Karachi is Pakistan's largest city, located on the Arabian Sea. The port, centred on the island of Kiamari, also serves as an outlet for landlocked Afghanistan.The City of Lights never sleeps, with a population of about 16 Million, Karachi is one of the Mega Cities of Asia and an Emerging Economic Metropolitan.
    Karachi was a small fishing and trading centre when the British captured it in 1839. Karachi grew in importance under the British; for the export of cotton and grain from the Indus Valley.
    There is a long beach in Karachi, but it is rather dirty and better suited to camels. It can get busy on a Sunday.
    After independence many Muslim refugees from India settled in Karachi, and in recent years the former capital has seen bombings and riots between rival political, religious, and ethnic groups.
    Places Of Interest:
    The tomb of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan, is in Karachi. His sister Mohterma Fatima Jinnah's mansion,the Mohatta Palace has now been restored completely and is a must visit site for all art lovers. Karachi has a bustling social scene with dozens of art galleries and theatre groups and musical concerts almost every day. Clubs including DHA Club, Marina Club and Creek Club offer health and family activites.
    The only Commercial Beach of Pakistan, Clifton,SeaFood Restaurants, go to the Manorra Island if u like fishing,Scuba,advenrure! Latest addition being the huge supermarket called Park Towers
    The Zamzama Lane on Tariq Road- posh Boutiques to Exotic Pakistani Foods and just everything this world has to offer! Shop for latest stuff at best prices in Dolmen Center.
    Grand Five Star Hotels include Sheraton, Holiday Inn, Marriott, Pearl Continental, Avari Towers, Regent Plaza and Beach Luxury hotel.

    Indus Valley civilizations:
    The National Museum of Pakistan displays important materials from the Indus Valley civilizations -- one of the world's first great civilizations, similar to the Bronze Age cultures of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Crete.
    Mohenjo-daro Ruins:
    The Indus Valley ruins of the ancient city, Mohenjo-daro -- in the southern province of Sind, south of Sukkur --, date back to 2500 BC.

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  • Lahore:
    Lahore was probably at its greatest during the time of the Mughal Empire (1526- 1707). There are many architecturally significant buildings and monuments from this time including Shahi Mosque, Shalimar Garden, Jahangir's Tomb, Lahore Fort, Sheesh Mahal, Old Walled City and many others.
    Places Of Interest:
    The 17th century Badshahi Mosque, made by Moughal Emperor Jahangir, is in Lahore. At the Eastern Gate is the Tomb of The
    Visualisor of Pakistan, Poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal. Just across the road is the Iqbal Park with a tower named Minar-e-Pakistan or Pakistan Tower,
    built in commemoration of the 1940 Resolution passed by All India Muslim League.
    Lahore also has the credit of being the city of Exotic and Spicy Foods, you'll find all around the city especially on The Main Boulevard,Gulberg and Liberty
    For a more traditional treat, go to Old Walled City of Lahore, Anarkali, Bano Bazar-specializing in women's shopping, and the many shopping plazas at The Mall and Defence Lahore can provide you with everything you could eat, latest addition are the sumptous delights of Food Street, an old city street lined with BarBQ shops and desi snacks.. Happy Eating!
    Lahore hold many festivals annually, best one being the Basant Bahar Spring Festival featuring kite flying mania all across the city. People from all over Punjab come for the Basant in Lahore, as it is one thing worth not missing.

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  • Peshawar:
    You're entering another world when you come to the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan; it's almost Afghanistan.
    The religion of Islam is so strong here, that even the three-wheeler motorbike taxis have covers on the passenger sections to hide the women from view. Women's faces are seldom seen over here, and head-to-toe Burqa clad women are a common sight in the bazars.
    Near the entrance to the Khyber Pass, this ancient trading settlement was known as Purushapure. Today there are many gun shops in Peshawar, and they do a roaring trade with their neighbours.
    The Peshawar Museum houses an important collection of sculpture from the ancient Gandhara civilization.The Qissa Khawani Bazar is one of the historical places in the city, also the Balahissar Fort and the Mohabbat Khan Mosque are worth visiting sites in the city.
    Khyber Pass:
    This is the most important pass connecting Afghanistan and Pakistan; Peshawar to Kabul.
    For centuries the Khyber Pass was used by aggressors heading to India.
    During the Afghan Wars, in the 19th century, there were many skirmishes here between the armies of the British Raj and native Afghans.
    In January 1842, about 16,000 British and Indian troops were killed.In 1964, Bab-e-Khyber, the famous Khyber Gate was built nearby the Jamrud Fort.
    In the 1980s, when Afghanistan was occupied by the Soviets, the Khyber Pass was a major supply route to the Afghan guerrillas.
    The Khyber Steam Safari is a major tourist attraction as the only train with twin steam engines from the British era running twice a week to the end of the line near border with Afghanistan through the Khyber Pass. Usually the service is pretty full so you need to book in advance by a week or two the trip.

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  • Northern Areas
    The Karakorum mountain range is in the Himalayas, between the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, and north-western Pakistan. The range includes K2 (8,611 m), the second highest peak in the world.
    Chitral and Kalash:
    This region of the north has protected and preserved the Kalash tribes and their rich Greek culture for centuries ever since Alexander the Great passed through these mountains. This area is renowned for its lush green valleys and rocky Hindu Kush mountains extending through parts of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Tajikistan. Over twenty peaks exceed 7,000 m. The highest point, Tirich Mir (7,690 m) and Nanga Parbet (8,126 m) are in Pakistan making it a heaven for Trekking, Mountaineering and Rock climbing. White Water Rafting is also picking up in rivers like Indus, Chitral, Swat and Neelum.Mallam Jabba Skiing Resort is the only one in the country.
    Best time to visit are the Summers as roads are cleared early June till late August.After that its usually dangerous and snowy.Arranged tours to the Mountains are getting increasingly popular both with locals and Foreigners.

    The Kashmir border area between Pakistan and India had been the scene of snowy gun-battles between the two disputing neighbours but for quite a while now the guns have silenced and major highways open for tourists particularly the infamous Korakoram Highway [KKH] which is popular amongst trekkers and cyclists.

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    PLEASE NOTE: Facts and Figures are updates with Official Statistics and hence updated on yearly basis. General Information regarding various cities of Pakistan is regularly updated every three months. Please note that this information is gathered from various sources and is meant for tourism promotion in Pakistan. hPK Online shall not be held responsible for any damages caused emotionally, mentally, physically or by any other means or case under any circumstances.



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