NIRVANA

"Heart-Shaped Box"


SHORT BIOGRAPHY:

Kurt Cobain (vocals, guitar) met Chris Novoselic (bass) in 1985 in Aberdeen, a small town 100 miles away from Seattle. Novoselic, like Cobain, was very much into punk-music. The duo decided to form a band called the Stiff Woodies, with Cobain on drums, Novoselic on bass, and a rotating cast of guitarists and vocalists. The group went through name changes as quickly as guitarists, before deciding that Cobain would play guitar and sing. Renamed Skid Row, the new trio featured drummer Aaron Burkhart, who left the band by the end of 1986 and was replaced by Chad Channing. By 1987, the band was called Nirvana.

Nirvana began playing parties in Olympia, gaining a cult following. During 1987, the band made ten demos with producer Jack Endino, who played the recordings to Jonathan Poneman, one of the founders of the Seattle-based indie label Sub Pop. Poneman signed Nirvana, and in December of 1988, the band released their first single, a cover of Shocking Blue's "Love Buzz." While "Love Buzz" was fairly well-received, the band's debut album, Bleach, was what began the ball rolling. Recorded for just over 600 dollars and released in the spring of 1989, Bleach slowly became a hit on college radio, due to the group's consistent touring. Though Jason Everman was credited as a second guitarist on the sleeve of Bleach, he didn't appear on the record; he only toured in support of the album before leaving the band at the end of the year to join Soundgarden and then Mindfunk. Bleach sold 35,000 copies and Nirvana became favorites of college radio, the British weekly music press, and Sonic Youth, Mudhoney, and Dinosaur Jr., which was enough to attract the attention of major labels.

During the summer, Nirvana released "Sliver"/"Dive," which was recorded with Mudhoney's Dan Peters on drums and produced by Butch Vig. The band also made a six-song demo with Vig, which was shopped to major labels, who soon began competing to sign the group. By the end of the summer, Dave Grohl, formerly of the D.C.-based hardcore band Scream, had become Nirvana's drummer and the band signed with DGC for $287,000. Nirvana recorded their second album with Vig, completing the record in the summer. Following a European tour supporting Sonic Youth in the late summer, Nevermind was released in September, supported by a quick American tour. While DGC was expecting a moderately successful release, in the neighborhood of 100,000 copies, Nevermind immediately became a smash hit, quickly selling out its initial shipment of 50,000 copies and creating a shortage across America. What helped the record become a success was "Smells Like Teen Spirit," a blistering four-chord rocker that was accompanied by a video that shot into heavy MTV rotation. By the beginning of 1992, "Smells Like Teen Spirit" had climbed into the American Top Ten and Nevermind bumped Michael Jackson's much-touted comeback album Dangerous off the top of the album charts; it reached the British Top Ten shortly afterward.

Nirvana's success took the music industry by surprise, Nirvana included. It soon become apparent that the band wasn't quite sure how to handle their success. Around the time of Nevermind's release, the band was into baiting their audience -- Cobain appeared on MTV's Headbanger's Ball in drag, the group mocked the tradition of miming on the BBC's Top of the Pops by Novoselic constantly throwing his bass into the air and Cobain singing his live vocals in the style of Ian Curtis, and their traditional live destruction of instruments was immortalized on a Saturday Night Live performance that ended with Novoselic and Grohl sharing a kiss -- but by the spring, questions had begun to arise about the band's stability. Cobain married Courtney Love, the leader of the indie rock/foxcore band Hole, in February of 1992, announcing that the couple was expecting a child in the fall. Shortly after the marriage, rumors that the couple were heavy heroin users began to circulate and the strength of the rumors only increased when Nirvana canceled several summer concerts and refused to mount a full-scale American tour during the summer.

Since Cobain was going through such well-documented personal problems, Nirvana was unable to record a follow-up to Nevermind until the spring of 1993. In the meantime, DGC released the odds-and-ends compilation Incesticide late in 1992; the album reached number 39 in the U.S. and number 14 U.K. As the group prepared to make their third album, they released "Oh, the Guilt" as a split-single with the Jesus Lizard on Touch & Go Records. Choosing Steve Albini (Pixies, the Breeders, Big Black, the Jesus Lizard) as their producer, Nirvana recorded their third album, In Utero, in two weeks during the spring of 1993. Following its completion, controversy began to surround Nirvana again. Cobain suffered a heroin overdose on May 2, but the event was hidden from the press. Prior to debuting In Utero material during the New Music Seminar at New York's Roseland Ballroom in July, Cobain had another covered-up overdose. By that time, reports began to circulate, including an article in Newsweek, that DGC was unhappy with the forthcoming album, accusing that the band deliberately made an uncommercial record. Both the band and the label denied such allegations. Deciding that Albini's production was too flat, Nirvana decided to remaster the album with R.E.M.'s producer, Scott Litt.

In Utero was released in September of 1993 to positive reviews and strong initial sales, debuting at the top of the U.S. and U.K. charts. Nirvana supported it with a fall American tour, hiring former Germs member Pat Smear as an auxiliary guitarist. While the album and the tour were both successful, sales weren't quite as strong as expected, with several shows not selling out until the week of the concert. As a result, the group agreed to play MTV's acoustic Unplugged show at the end of the year, and sales of In Utero picked up after its December airing. After wrapping up the U.S. tour on January 8, 1994, with a show at Center Arena in Seattle, Nirvana embarked on a European tour in February. Following a concert in Munich on February 29, Cobain stayed in Rome to vacation with Love. On March 4, she awakened to find that Cobain had attempted suicide by overdosing on the tranquilizer Rohypnol and drinking champagne. While the attempt was initially reported as an accidental overdose, it was known within the Nirvana camp that the vocalist had left behind a suicide note.

Cobain returned to Seattle within a week of his hospitalization and his mental illness began to grow. On March 18, the police had to again talk the singer out of suicide after he locked himself in a room threatening to kill himself. Love and Nirvana's management organized an intervention program that resulted in Cobain's admission to the Exodus Recovery Center in L.A. on March 30, but he escaped from the clinic on April 1, returning to Seattle. His mother filed a missing persons report on April 4. The following day, Cobain shot himself in the head at his Seattle home. His body wasn't discovered until April 8, when an electrician contracted to install an alarm system at the Cobain house stumbled upon the body.

Novoselic and Grohl planned to release a double-disc live album at the end of 1994, but sorting through the tapes proved to be too painful, so MTV Unplugged in New York appeared in its place. The album debuted at the top of the British and American charts, as a home video comprised of live performances and interviews from the band's Nevermind-era, titled Live! Tonight! Sold Out!, was issued at the same time.

In 1996 From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah, was released, debuting at the top of the U.S. charts. Following Cobain's death, Grohl formed the Foo Fighters. Novoselic formed the trio Sweet 75, releasing their debut in the spring of 1997, and also appeared along with former Dead Kennedys' frontman Jello Biafra and former Soundgarden guitarist Kim Thayil on the 2000 live set Live From the Battle in Seattle under the name the No W.T.O. Combo.

source: All Music Guide

Band Members:

Kurt Cobain: Born 1967. Composer, vocals, guitar. Cobain was the leader of the band. Numerous books have been issued about his life and death

Chris Novoselic: Born 1965. Bass. Founder member and featured on all Nirvana releases.

Dave Grohl: Born 1969. Drums and harmony vocals . Grohl is a brilliant drummer and also a fine singer which can be enjoyed on the unplugged album, as well on all the Foo Fighters records; the band he formed after the death of Cobain

Chad Channing: Drums. Left the band in , and is only featured on their first album

Dan Peters: Drums. Only featured on few recordings a.o. "Sliver"

Pat Smear: Guitar. Smear is featured on the "Unplugged" album. He was never a permanent member



Discography:


1. Bleach - Sub Pop 1989

Tracks:
1. Blew / 2. Floyd The Barber / 3. About A Girl / 4. School / 5. Love Buzz / 6. Paper Cuts / 7. Negative Creep / 8. Scoff / 9. Swap Meet / 10. Mr. Moustache / 11. Sifting / 12. Big Cheese / 13. Downer
Rating : 4


2. Nevermind - Geffen 1991

Tracks:
1. Smells Like Teen Spirit / 2. In Bloom / 3. Come As You Are / 4. Breed / 5. Lithium / 6. Polly / 7. Territorial Pissings / 8. Drain You / 9. Lounge Act / 10. Stay Away / 11. On A Plain / 12. Something In The Way
Rating : 8


3. Incesticide - Geffen 1992

Tracks:
1. Dive / 2. Sliver / 3. Stain / 4. Been A Son / 5. Turnaround / 6. Molly's Lips / 7. Son Of A Gun / 8. (New Wave) Polly / 9. Beeswax / 10. Downer/ 11. Mexican Seafood / 12. Hairspray Queen / 13. Aero Zeppelin / 14. Big Long Now / 15. Aneurysm
Rating : 5


4. In Utero - Geffen 1993

Tracks:
1. Serve The Servants / 2. Scentless Apprentice / 3. Heart-Shaped Box / 4. Rape Me / 5. Frances Farmer Will Have Her Revenge On Seattle / 6. Dumb / 7. Very Ape / 8. Milk It / 9. Pennyroyal Tea / 10. Radio Friendly Unit Shifter / 11. Tourette's / 12. All Apologies
Rating : 8


5. Unplugged in New York - Geffen 1994

Tracks:
1. About A Girl / 2. Come As You Are / 3. Jesus Doesn't Want Me For A Sunbeam / 4. The Man Who Sold The World / 5. Pennyroyal Tea / 6. Dumb / 7. Polly / 8. On A Plain / 9. Something In The Way / 10. Plateau / 11. Oh Me / 12. Lake Of Fire / 13. All Apologies / 14. Where Did You Sleep Last Night
Rating : 9


6. From the Muddy Banks of The Wishkah [LIVE] - Geffen 1996

Tracks:
1. Intro / 2. School / 3. Drain You / 4. Aneurysm / 5. Smells Like Teen Spirit / 6. Been A Son / 7. Lithium / 8. Sliver / 9. Spank Thru / 10. Scentless Apprentice / 11. Heart-Shaped Box / 12. Milk It / 13. Negative Creep / 14. Polly / 15. Breed / 16. Tourette's / 17. Blew
Rating : 5


7. Nirvana (Comp.) - Interscope 2002

Tracks:
1. You Know You're Right / 2. About A Girl / 3. Been A Son / 4. Sliver / 5. Smells Like Teen Spirit / 6. Come As You Are / 7. Lithium / 8. In Bloom / 9. Heart-Shaped Box / 10. Pennyroyal Tea / 11. Rape Me / 12. Dumb / 13. All Apologies / 14. The Man Who Sold The World
Rating : 7


8. With the Lights Out - Box set - Geffen 2004

Tracks:
1. Heartbreaker (Live, 1987) / 2. Anorexorcist (Radio Performance, 1987) / 3. White Lace And Strange (Radio Performance, 1987) / 4. Help Me I'm Hungry (Radio Performance, 1987) / 5. Mrs. Butterworth / 6. If You Must / 7. Pen Cap Chew / 8. Downer (Live, 1988) / 9. Floyd The Barber (Live, 1988) / 10. Raunchola/Moby Dick (Live, 1988) / 11. Beans (Solo Acoustic, 1988) / 12. Don't Want It All / 13. Clean Up Before She Comes / 14. Polly / 15. About A Girl / 16. Blandest / 17. Dive / 18. They Hung Him On A Cross / 19. Grey Goose / 20. Ain't It A Shame / 21. Token Eastern Song / 22. Even In His Youth / 23. Polly // 1. Opinion / 2. Lithium / 3. Been A Son / 4. Sliver / 5. Where Did You Sleep Last Night / 6. Pay To Play / 7. Here She Comes Now / 8. Drain You / 9. Aneurysm / 10. Smells Like Teen Spirit / 11. Breed / 12. Verse Chorus Verse / 13. Old Age / 14. Endless, Nameless / 15. Dumb / 16. D-7 / 17. Oh The Guilt / 18. Curmudgeon / 19. Return Of The Rat / 20. Smells Like Teen Spirit //1. Rape Me / 2. Rape Me / 3. Scentless Apprentice / 4. Heart Shaped Box / 5. I Hate Myself And I Want To Die / 6. Milk It / 7. M.V. / 8. Gallons Of Rubbing Alcohol Flow Through The Strip / 9. The Other Improv / 10. Serve The Servants / 11. Very Ape / 12. Pennyroyal Tea / 13. Marigold / 14. Sappy / 15. Jesus Doesn't Want Me For A Sunbeam / 16. Do Re Mi / 17. You Know You're Right / 18. All Apologies
Rating : 7


9. Sliver: The Best of the Box ( Comp.) - Geffen 2005

Tracks:
1. Spank Thru (1985 Fecal Matter Demo) / 2. Heartbreaker (Live) / 3. Mrs. Buttersworth (Rehearsal Demo) / 4. Floyd The Barber (Live) / 5. Clean Up Before She Comes (Home Demo) / 6. About A Girl (Home Demo) / 7. Blandest (Studio Demo) / 8. Ain't It A Shame (Studio Demo) / 9. Sappy (1990 Studio Demo) / 10. Opinion (Solo Acoustic Radio Appearance) / 11. Lithium (Solo Acoustic Radio Appearance) / 12. Sliver (Home Demo) / 13. Smells Like Teen Spirit (Boom Box Version) / 14. Come As You Are (Boom Box Version) / 15. Old Age (Nevermind Outtake) / 16. Oh The Guilt / 17. Rape Me (Home Demo) / 18. Rape Me (Band Demo) / 19. Heart Shaped Box (Band Demo) / 20. Do Re Mi (Home Demo) / 21. You Know You're Right (Home Demo) / 22. All Apologies (Home Demo)
Rating : 5


Essential Albums!

Original albums as listed and rated on “Rate Your Music” - December 25 - 2005

3 Unplugged in New York - 1994
8 Nevermind - 1991
9 In Utero - 1993
63 Bleach - 1989
179 From the Muddy Banks of The Wishkah - 1996
Check and Rate Here!

February 26 - 2006 - "rateyourmusic.com"


My Suggestion For a 80 minutes (app.) Best Of Compilation
( Only Autumn Recordings!):


1. Love Buzz ( Van Leuween ) Bleach
2. About a Girl ( Cobain ) Bleach
3. Sliver ( Cobain ) Incesticide
4. Smells Like Teen Spirit ( Cobain ) Nevermind
5. In Bloom ( Cobain ) Nevermind
6. Come as You Are ( Cobain ) Nevermind
7. Lithium ( Cobain ) Nevermind
8. Polly ( Cobain ) Nevermind
9. On a Plain ( Cobain ) Nevermind
10. Something in the Way ( Cobain ) Nevermind
11. Serve the Servants ( Cobain ) In Utero
12. Heart Shaped Box ( Cobain ) In Utero
13. Rape Me ( Cobain ) In Utero
14. Dumb ( Cobain ) In Utero
15. Pennyroyal Tea ( Cobain ) In Utero
16. All Apologies ( Cobain ) In Utero
17. Jesus Doesn´t Want Me For a Sunbeam ( Vaselines ) Unplugged in New York
18. The Man Who Sold the World ( Bowie ) Unplugged in New York
19. Plateau ( Meat Puppets ) Unplugged in New York
20. You Know You're Right ( Cobain ) Nirvana
21. Do Re Mi ( Cobain ) With the Lights Out

LINKS:

Robert´s Nirvana Pages

Matt´s Nirvana Pages

Ray´s Nirvana Pages


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Morten Vindberg

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