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L'AIN FAMILY GENEOLOGY

May God hold ye in the palm of His hand!

Through my mother's father's father William Thomas Laughlin, the surname origin is the French spelling "L'Ain. The family history is as follows:

Father: William Andrew Laughlin
Born: July 22, 1872
Place: Uxbridge, Ontario, Canada
Married: 27 August 1914
Marriage Place: Storey, Nevada Died: 06 November 1930
Place of Death: Chatham, Ontario, Canada
Buried: Maple Leaf Cemetery, Chatham, Ontario, Canada
Father: William Thomas Laughlin
Mother: Mariane/Marian Lain/Lain-Nee Cuff

Mother: Emma Amelia (Amy) Laughlin
Born: 24 April 1880
Birth Place: Taratahi, Wellington, New Zealand
Married: 27 August 1914 in Storey, Nevada
Died: 12 April 1975
Place of Death: Ontario, Canada

The mother of William Andrew Laughlin was Mariane Lain (Nee: Cuff)
who was an only child.
Date of Birth:
1840
Place of Birth: Ireland
Burial Place:
Maple Leaf Cemetery, Chatham, Ontario; Canada
Deceased:
1933
Husband of Mariane Lain:
William Thomas Laughlin
His ancestry was of French and Scotch-Irish descent from the oral history. The Cannington, Ontario census records also confirm his French descent.

The 1881 Canadian census lists William Thomas Laughlin's son William Andrew Laughlin as 9 years old and residing with his parents in Cannington, Ontario North, Canada, and his ethnic origin as Scottish. The fact that William Andrew Laughlin was nine years old at the 1881 census bears out his being born in 1872. From the census then we see confirmed the ages and Cannington, Ontario residence of my great grandfather William Thomas Laughlin, my grandfather, William Andrew Laughlin, who was the son of William Thomas Laughlin who was born in 1848, and his ethnic origin is listed as Scottish in an 1881 Canadian census, where William Thomas was 33 years old at the time of the census.

The Nevada Observer (1913) has the following article for William Andrew laughlin: Virginia City.—The second church was organized at Virginia City in 1862. For several years their meetings were held in the District Court room and it was not until 1867 that a church was built. It is said that the funds for the erection of this building were obtained by the trustees through a successful mining operation. In 1881 there were 105 members and 200 Sunday-school pupils. In 1912, 19 members and 55 in the Sunday-school. W. A. Laughlin is pastor.

The census which lists William Thomas Laughlin as head of the house, lists him as "married," and Mary Ann (Mariane) Laughlin, (Lain) his wife as being of Irish descent. Mariane Lain was a descendant of Lady Harriet Montrose, AKA Lady Harriet St. George, upon whose husband was conferred the title of St. George.

My mother's notes on the Lain family, add the following information: James Russell Cuff had one sister, Ellen Cuff, who married Captain Montrose Lain. The Canadian census for 1881, which was taken at Cannington, Ontario, lists Ellen A Cuff as 55 years of age, with an estimated birth year of 1826. Her ethnicity is Irish. Head of the household was James R Cuff, her brother. James Russell Cuff died on 28 December 1902 at Brock, Ontario, Canada at 65 years of age.

Lady Jane Lain, daughter of Colonel Lain lived at Bromley House.

From the diary pages of Maude Nualla Laughlin

While spending a day together, my mother, whom we affectionately called Marmee, took some handwritten notes from her purse and handed them to me. She said that they contained information concerning her father, William Andrew Laughlin's family. And she wanted us to possess an understanding of this history. The following notes on the Lain-Russell-Cuff-Laughlin family are from her own hand.

My mother Maude Nualla Laughlin,
was born on June 17, 1917 in Chatham on Thames, Canada.

From childhood, she remembered the flashing dark eyes of her grandmother, Mariane Lain, a petite Irish born woman, that wore black taffeta skirts that rustled when she walked. Upstairs in the family's vintage brick home in Chatham on Thames, in a corner of the attic in an old trunk, she saw her grandmother kneeling on the wooden floor before the open chest which had held her grandmother's treasured possessions. She tenderly unwrapped the paper which bound two family tartans. One was the tartan of Clan Lachlain/LachlannAnd the other was the dress tartan of Graham of Montrose.

The origins of the surname Lain is derived from the Israeli "place name" name Ain. When Jews lived in France they settled in the region now known as the Dept of Ain. In our family, my great-grandmother used the surname Lain. Her son used a different spelling, of Laughlin. Thus the Laughlin surname is said by the Celts as Lain from the gaelic spelling of Lachlan. (MacLachlainn) I will cover this in more depth later in this article.

Mother also said that the Clan Graham tartan was ours! The history of both the L'ain's and the Marquis de Graham were living legends in our family. On the wall of the family home was historical artwork concerning these families.

From the Clan Graham comes the following information as to the de Graham origins.

"William de Graham was the youngest son of William de Tancarville of Danish descent, and Matilda d’Arques, direct descendent of the Anglo-Saxon and Danish kings. The father was a baron of Normandy, and went to England with William the Conqueror in 1066, and for his services received a great barony in Lincolnshire called Grantham. He also had great properties in Normandy. Eventually he turned his Norman properties over to his eldest son, Rabel, and moved to England where he later became Treasurer for King Henry I and Justice of England."

William de Graham was born about the time of the Norman invasion, whether in Normandy or in England is unknown, probably Normandy. As soon as he was old enough, he became Seneshal (business manager) for his father at the Barony of Grantham in Lincolnshire, England. He took the name William de Grantham which was soon shortened to William de Graham (sometimes written Graeme). The book, The Norman People says: "In all the early records of England, Graham means Grantham in Lincoln; and William de Graham settled in Scotland in the time of King David I, (1124-1153) and obtained Abercom and Dalkeith.

"The English branches of the de Tancarvilles were generally named Chamberlain. The banner of the Chamberlains of Lincoln bore three escallops, which also appear in the arms of de Graham or de Grantham, originally from Lincoln. (Sir John Graham of Dundaff carried a banner with three golden escallops on a field of black. The same three golden escallops are a part of the Montrose Coat of Arms.) From this family descended the famous Marquis of Montrose and the brave Viscount of Dundee; also Sir James Graham of Netherby, the eminent statesman."

Evidence from

Clan Graham Link

A SPRING OF POMAGRANATES

On origins of French surname "L'Ain, Wikipedia Encyclopedia states: that "It should be noted Ain is an uncommon surname that often (if not usually) suggests a Slavis/Judaic background. Ain also denotes "Son of, to give, and the descendant of the Son of the Holy One." A similar spelling with Germanic origina is that of Lein, meaning "line." It is said to be from the personal name Gelein, from French Ghi (s) laain, a latinization of a Germanic personal name built on the element "gisil" or "pledge." The personal German name Giesel can mean "pledge, hostage, or noble offspring." In ancient medieval Germanic society, the younger children of kings and princes were sometimes sent to be brought up at the court of a neighborning ruler, as a pledge of peace between two nations. Thus the name signifies both "pledge and noble offspring."

Descendants of my mother Maude Laughlin's family resided in France prior to the 10th century. (Heb. 'ain; i.e., "eye" of the water desert), a natural source of living water. It's translated as "fountain." Palestine was a "land of brooks of water, of fountains, and depths that spring out of valleys and hills" (Deuteronomy 8:7; 11:11).

One of the "uttermost cities" Judah, a Levitical city (Jos 21:16) in the Negeb. Located in the southern part of Judah, afterwards given to Simeon (Josh. 15:21, 32; 19:7; 1 Chronicles 4:32). In Josh. 15:32 Ain and Rimmon are mentioned separately, but in 19:7 and 1 Chr. 4:32 the two words are probably to be combined, as forming together the name of one place, Ain-Rimmon = "the spring of the pomegranate" (compare Nehemiah 11:29). It has been identified with Um er-Rumamin, about 13 miles south-west of Hebron. In Nehemiah 11:29 mentioned as reinhabited after the Captivity. En-rimmon (en-rim'un) [key], in the Bible, place, re occupied after the Exile.

The same is meant by Ain and Rimmon and Ain, Remmon in the Book of Joshua; by Ain, Rimmon in First Chronicles; and by Rimmon in Zechariah. It was near the border of Simeon. City of Judah, referred to in Neh. xi. 29. It is mentioned also in Josh. xix. 7 and I Chron. iv. 32, as is shown by the Septuagint readings "Eromoth" and "Eremmon" and by the "Erembon" of the "Onomasticon" of Eusebius, although in these passages the Hebrew text mentions Ain and Rimmon separately. According to Josh. xv. 32, the city was included in the territory of Judah, although Josh. xix. 7 places it in that of Simeon. In Zech. xiv. 10 it is designated, under the name of "Rimmon," as the southern limit of the mountain district.

The tribe of Benjamin has the wolf as symbol. Concerning my father's family, in France, the corresponding word loup was sometimes modified in Louis, maybe as an homage to our kings and Jewish families bear the names LOUIS or LOUY. Our family name LEWIS originally carried the French spelling of LOUY, in genealogical early records indicating it's French Origins. When the French fled in times of severe persecution, names were sometimes altered to correspond with the new locale. We have in family records the surname Wolf as well. In Germany the given name Wolf and the surnames WOLF or WOLFF are quite common among Jews. Another name peculiarity seen in Jewish names are among those that are not necessarily professional, or of geographical origin, but surnames seemingly arbitrarily given. In countries such as in Austro-Hungarian Empire, Jews were forced to take surnames with a German appearance and they could not select them. These names are formed with two German roots such as Morgenstein, Morgenstern. The Celtic name "deMorgan/Morgan" in my father Galen Hunt's family, perhaps reflects this name peculiarity. The name "Morgen" (literally meaning "Morning") is also prevalent in Germany and France deriving from the German for the amount of land that could be ploughed in a morning. The family lived in Wales at Glamorgan.

ORIGINS IN THE MOUNTAINOUS REGIONS OF THE FRENCH ALPS

Our family name of "Lachlainn" appears by some to be another place name. The surname is from Old French, and though it has a Celtic presence in Britain, originates in France prior to the Norman Conquest. The French designates it as a metonymic occupational name for a worker or dealer in wool, from Old French la(i)ne (Latin lana). This coincides with the oral history of our family member who was born in France, and also the French spelling of the name, Lain, from "L'ain, which my mother always used, rather than the Celtic spelling of Lane. The word AIN speaks of those that work with wool, thus of sheepherders. The names of the rivers Ain and Aisne sound alike when pronounced by English speakers. The Ain is the one which flows into the River Rhône. The Ain is a river in eastern France. In the Franco-Provençal language it is known as the En. At time of the Norman Conquest, Jews arrived in increasing numbers from Normandy to settle in London, and then spread in ever widening circles to York, Norwich, Oxford, Bristol, and Lincoln. The documented history of Jewish settlement in England dates from the Norman Conquest, although Jews were said to have arrived there soon after the conquest. They tended to settle in large towns and commercial centers, close to the royal castle for protection against the sheriff.

Under the reign of Louis XIII, the king decreed that all Jews must leave France within one month on pain of death.

Like the David/Davis branch of our family ancestors lived in France, they came to Britain with the Norman Conquest. Other family related Jewish surnames are Louy, Wolf, Whetstone/Wetzstein, Kuntz, Schantz. There is no record of Jews in Britain in Roman times, as against countries such as Spain, France and Germany. The earliest Jews arrived after the Norman Conquest in 1066. William of Normandy whose own father was born in Anjou, invited Jewish financiers from Rouen to come to England. William brought with him the techniques of land division learned in Normandy. He held one fifth of England, a greater estate than any French King. Interestingly enough, the Bayeux Tapestry, said to have been created by William the Conqueror's wife, Matilda, is now believed by historians to have been completed in Britain. The first documented Jewish presence in Britain dates from the early years after the Norman Conquest in 1066. For the most part these early communities lived, quite prosperously and peacefully at first, in what were then the major cities - Bristol, Gloucester, Lincoln, London, Norwich, York and the like.

A number of documents and objects have survived from this period, and recent archaeological excavations have uncovered remains of mediaeval Jewish buildings, such as the *mikvahs in both London and Gloucester. In Old French it means also "first-born." As a place name of the region of Ain. named after the Ain River on the eastern edge of France. The river Saone represents the western border of the Department of Ain. It is fed by three smaller rivers: the Reyssouze (76 km), the Veyle (68 km) and the Chalaronne (52 km). The river Rhône represents the departments border in the east and the south. Its main tributaries are the Seran (50 km) and notably the river Ain (190 km) which is fed itself by 118 small rivers and creeks. Being part of the region Rhone-Alpes and bordered by the rivers Saone and Rhone, the department of Ain enjoys a privileged geographic situation enroute to Lyon as well as Geneva. Lain, Laine, Layne, Lane, and the French spelling L'Aine are all varients of the name.

The boy's and girl's name Laine \la(i)-ne\ is pronounced layn. It's of English origin, and its meaning is "path, roadway"

Ellen (Eleanor) Lain also resided in Cannington, Ontario. _______________________________________________________

JAMES RUSSELL CUFF

Ellen Lain and James Russell Cuff, were siblings who were close in age, with an age difference of not more than a year or two. In 1891 Canadian census records, James Russell Cuff is termed the son of James Cuff, a gentleman. He was born in France in the estimated birth year of 1831. He entered Trinity College; University of Dublin; Dublin 2, Republic of Ireland on November 18, 1847 at age 17, which would seem to confirm his birthdate as 1830-31. In the 1891 CanadaCensus he was age 60, single and religion is listed as Church of England. Province, Ontario.

He resided at:Ballinrobe, County MayoGalway, Ireland in 1858. Ontario Deaths, 1869-1937 and Overseas Deaths, for James R Cuff states that James R Cuff died on 28 December 1902, in Brock, Ontario, Canada at age 65. Brock was an early name for Cannington Village. Thereafter James Russell Cuff, and his only sister Ellen (Eleanor) Lain/Lane who was born about 1828, as she is listed as a 61 year old widow in the 1891 census, and her daughter, Mary Ann Lain; emigrated to Canada, settling in Toronto, Ontario; where they lived on Jarvis Street. In 1873, a school existed on Jarvis Street which was called the Toronto Collegiate Institute on Jarvis Street, an indication of the wealth and sophistication of the neighborhood in which the family lived the turn of the century.

Internet info on James R Cuff where the census lists his birthdate as 1828 is located at the 1881 census of Cannington Village CUFF 1891 census @ca.on.100d family 037 @ca.on.ontario_county.cannington_village page 9 film T6357 lds1465782 electoral district of Ontario County North 9 CUFF James R. m 60 - - France Ire Ire CofE 10 LAIN Eleanor f 61 widow lodger Ire Ire Ire CofE

Forfarshire Website Father's (William Andrew Laughlin) great-grandmother was Lady Harriet St. George who lived in County Tyrone, Ireland and who died in 1832. Her husband had conferred upon him the title of St. George." Before this, she was Lady Harriet Montrose.

•Cuff - Sir James Cuff was granted the town and lands of Ballinrobe, barony of Kilmaine, county Mayo, under the Acts of Settlement, date of grant 1 Feb 1667. Under this grant he was given 1,872 acres in county Mayo which included lands in the baronies of Kilmaine and Carra and 1,963 acres in the county Galway baronies of Longford, Dunkellin, Clare and Ross. He also received a small parcel of land in county Clare. By a further grant dated 27 May 1669 he received smaller acreages in the baronies of Kilmaine and Tirawley, county Mayo and in the baronies of Longford and Ballymoe, county Galway. He also received grants of lands in the parish of Kilmainemore, barony of Kilmaine and in the parishes of Kilbelfad and Crossmolina, barony of Tirawley. His son Gerald Cuff, collector of quit rents, bought land from Colonel John Browne of Westport, near Belcarra, barony of Carra and built Elmhall. He was succeeded by James Cuff of Elmhall and Ballinrobe Castle, who married in 1731 Elizabeth sister of Arthur Gore, 1st Earl of Arran. It was their son James Cuff of Ballinrobe, who was created Baron Tyrawley of Ballinrobe in 1797. The Cuffs leased land in the barony of Tirawley from the Gores, mainly in the parishes of Ardagh, Crossmolina and Kilbelfad. The rest of their estates were in the parishes of Ballinrobe, barony of Kilmaine and Drum, barony of Carra. Most of the estates of Lord Tyrawley passed to his daughter Jane and her husband Colonel Charles Nesbitt Knox. His granddaughter Harriet Gardiner for a time claimed his Belcarra estate. From the early 18th century a branch of the Cuff family had an estate at Creagh, just outside Ballinrobe, but this eventually reverted to the Knoxes. In 1876 Colonel St George Cuff of Deel Castle owned 3,205 acres in county Mayo. Monuments in memory of family members are located in the Church of Ireland graveyard, Ballinrobe. A branch of this family resided at Ballymoe in the 18th century and intermarried with the Caulfields of Donamon and the Bagots of Aghrane.

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THE DUKE OF MONTROSE'S BELIEF IN SALVATION THROUGH THE SAVIOR'S OWN SHED BLOOD

Ephesians 1:3-14

3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: 4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: 5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. 7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace; 8 Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence; 9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself: 10 That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him: 11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will: 12 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ. 13 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, 14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.

(Maude Laughlin's) Grandmother was Elinor Montrose who lived in Forfarshire, Brechin, Scotland.

THE DISTINGUISHED ROYALIST COMMANDER
The Marquis de Graham

Grandmother Mariane Laughlin, (Nee: Lain's) ancestor was "James, 1st Marquess of Montrose" who was the illustrious Royalist commander, created Marquess of Montrose on May 6, 1644, and constituted Capt.-Gen. and C.-In-C. of all the forces to be raised in Scotland for the King's service. After the Civil War began in England he constantly pressed Charles to allow him to make a diversion in Scotland. Scotland's neutrality stood in the way of Charles's consent until 1644, when a Scottish army entered England to take part against the king. Montrose, now created a marquis, was at last allowed to try what he could do. He set out to invade his homeland with about 1000 men. But his followers deserted, and his condition appeared hopeless. Disguised as a groom, on 18 August he started with only two gentlemen to make his way to the Highlands.

Highlanders had never before been known to combine together, but Montrose knew that most of the clans, who were largely Catholic, detested Argyll, and the clans rallied to his summons. About 2000 disciplined Irish soldiers had crossed the sea to assist him. In two campaigns, distinguished by rapidity of movement, he met and defeated his opponents in six battles. At Tippermuir and Aberdeen he routed Covenanting levies; at Inverlochy he crushed the Campbells, at Auldearn, Alford and Kilsyth his victories were obtained over well-led and disciplined armies. At Dundee he extricated his army from the greatest peril, and actually called his men off from the sack that had begun -- a feat beyond the power of any other general in Europe.

The fiery enthusiasm of the Gordons and other clans often carried the day, but Montrose relied more upon the disciplined infantry from Ireland. His strategy at Dundee and Inverlochy, his tactics at Aberdeen, Auldearn and Kilsyth furnished models of the military art, but above all his daring and constancy marked him out as the greatest soldier of the war, Cromwell alone excepted. His career of victory was crowned by the great Battle of Kilsyth on 15 August 1645.

Now Montrose found himself apparently master of Scotland. In the name of the king, who now appointed him lord-lieutenant and captain-general of Scotland, he summoned a parliament to meet at Glasgow on 20 October, in which he no doubt hoped to reconcile loyal obedience to the king with the establishment of a non-political Presbyterian clergy. That parliament never met. Charles had been defeated at the Battle of Naseby on 14 June, and Montrose must come to his help if there was to be still a king to proclaim. David Leslie, the best of the Scottish generals, was promptly dispatched against Montrose to anticipate the invasion. On 12 September he came upon Montrose, deserted by his Highlanders and guarded only by a little group of followers, at Philiphaugh. He won an easy victory. Montrose cut his way through to the Highlands; but he failed to organize an army. In September 1646 he embarked for Norway.

Montrose was to appear once more on the stage of Scottish history. In June 1649, burning to revenge the death of the king, he was restored by the exiled Charles II to the now nominal lieutenancy of Scotland. Charles however did not scruple shortly afterwards to disavow his noblest supporter in order to become a king on terms dictated by Argyll and Argyll's adherents. In March 1650 Montrose landed in the Orkneys to take the command of a small force which he had sent on before him. Crossing to the mainland, he tried in vain to raise the clans, and on 27 April he was surprised and routed at Carbiesdale in Ross-shire. After wandering for some time he was surrendered by Macleod of Assynt, to whose protection, in ignorance of Macleod's political enmity, he had entrusted himself. He was brought a prisoner to Edinburgh, and led through the streets in a cart driven by the hangman. On the 10th of May sentenced to death by the parliament. Already under sentence of death for his campaign of 1644-5, Montrose was hanged at the Mercat Cross on 21 May 1650, protesting to the last that he was a true Covenanter as well as a loyal subject.

Montrose's head was fixed on a spike at the Tolbooth in Edinburgh, his legs and arms were fixed to the gates of Stirling, Glasgow, Perth and Aberdeen. His dismembered body was buried in Edinburgh, but Lady Jean Napier had it secretly disinterred. The heart was removed, embalmed, placed in a casket, and sent to Montrose's exiled son as a symbol of loyalty and martyrdom. After the Restoration, Montrose's embalmed heart and bones were buried at the High Kirk of St Giles in Edinburgh in an elaborate ceremony with fourteen noblemen bearing the coffin (11 May 1661). Montrose's son James was confirmed in the inheritance of the Montrose titles. The marquisate became a dukedom in 1707. To the last he protested that he was a real Covenanter and a loyal subject.

Let them bestow on ev'ry airth a limb; Open all my veins, that I may swim To Thee, my Saviour, in that crimson lake; Then place my parboil'd head upon a stake, Scatter my ashes, throw them in the air: Lord (since Thou know'st where all these atoms are) I'm hopeful once Thou'lt recollect my dust, And confident thou'lt raise me with the just.

Poem by the Marquis of Montrose upon hearing his sentence.

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William Andrew Laughlin, Alana Campbell's grandfather and the father of Alana's mother, Maude Nualla Laughlin, is in the lineage of Lady Harriet St. George who lived in County Tyrone, Ireland and died in 1832.

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