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~P~

. Pa Chinese goddess of droughts.

Pabothkew, Paabothkew ”Our Grandmother,” Mother Earth, is considered omniscient—the Great Spirit and Creator. The Shawnee, East-Central United States

Pachacamac The supreme god of the coastal Indians was the son of the Sun and the Moon and the brother of Con who had created people. He was more powerful and drove out Con, transforming people into animals and birds, after which he created a new race as men presently are. He taught them the arts and crafts, and agriculture. Peru

Padma-sambhava T. kun-tu-bzang-po. Same as Samatabjadra. Universal Goodness; the supreme buddha. The Tibetan name ”was a title of the supreme being and one of the earliest p’ön-po adaptations.” The Tibetan Buddhists who based their traditions on Padma-sambhava adopted the Tibetan name, applying the same epithets to both; both are ”the supreme buddha-body. Thus all the tranquil and fierce divinities emanate as much from him as from Samantabhadra.” From the areas of the cosmic body emanate: the tranquil divinities, from the heart; the fierce divinities, from the head; Padma-Narteśvara (Lotus Lord of Dance) with his partner the Red Dākinî, from the throat; the Dākinî of Knowledge, from the navel; ”the fierce divinity Vajra-kumāra (Adamantine Youth) with his partner. He is the defender of all the other divinities” from the groin. Tibet

page abé The omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent god who created the universe, the animals, and the plants. His creating, fertilizing element is considered solar semen. He is the source of fertility, of heat, and of morals. The Desana, Colombia

Pah-ah The Great Spirit of the Paiute Indians. California

Pahatal and Pahatara Co-creators of all things except man. Pahatara created man and while doing so he left for materials. His wife Andin Bamban was convinced by Peres (a good-bad being) that man should be mortal and so joined him in finishing the creation. When Paharara returned he agreed. The Ot Danum, Borneo

Pahtumawas The Great Spirit of the Minsi, Lenape Indians, who taught them ceremonies and rituals. The East Coast United States

Paiva Finnish sun god.

Pakbangha The supreme being of the Chawte clan of the Old Kuki. Indonesia

Pakrokitat The ”beneficent creator…from whose left shoulder Kukitat, the evil creator…was born…finally Pakrokitat left the earth to his evil brother and retired to a world of his own to which people go after death.” The Serrano Indians, California

Pales Roman deity who was the guardian of flocks and sheep. Because the deity is worshipped as sometimes a god and sometimes a goddess, its true gender is unknown.

Pamulak Manobo The creator of the universe, of vegetation and of man. The Bagobo, Philippines

Pan Greek god of fertility and the woodlands. The Christian church later demonized him. He embodies love, lust, fertility, and the element of earth.
Io Pan! Io Pan Pan!
Pan Pan! Pan, I am a man:
Do as thou wilt, as a great god can,
O Pan! Io Pan! Io Pan! Io Pan Pan!
I am awake in the grip of the snake.
-"Hymn to Pan"
, Aleister Crowley

pan-a The goddess of heaven receives the souls of the dead, who are then reborn and returned to earth by the moon to become other humans or animals. The Padlermiut Eskimo, Canada

Panacea Roman goddess of health whose name means "heal-all". She is daughter of Aesculapius and sister of Hygeia.

P'an Chin Lien Chinese goddess of prostitutes.

Pangulili God of the ninth heaven, son of Ubnuling. The Bagobo, Philippines

P’an-ku From the primordial unformed mass of the universe came P’an-ku, and the mass divided into the heavens and the earth. When P’an-ku died, from his body came the various features of the universe and the earth: the sun and moon and stars, the winds, the clouds and rain and thunder, the mountains and rivers, and vegetation. Others simply name him as the creator who gave from to the universe. China

Papa The earth, wife of Rangi, the sky. They were brought into existence by Io as the ”primal parents” from whom all things originated. The Maori, New Zealand

Papa The creator god, also called Dioslele, who created his own wife as well. The San Blas Cuna, Panama

Papa-Ao The ”World-beneath”—the primary parents (with Papa-Uka or Papa-una, ”the World-above”) of the creation. Offspring: Atea, Aumia, Hakaoho, Kokioho, Mataoa, Mihi-toka, ‘Ono-tapu, Pahi, Tane, Te Kopupuaue, Ti ki, Toka-I-venau, Tonofiti, Tu, Tupua-I-hakaava, Tuuhiti. The Marquesas, Polynesia

Papas A Phrygian sky god. Asia Minor

Papatea The primordial pair with Lagatea. Mother of Tagaloa. Rotuma (Fiji), Melanesia

Para Brahma The supreme god of the monotheistic Siva Narayanis or Sio Naranis. Northwest India

Paramesvar The supreme being of the Chamars. Among the Doms he is vaguely so, benevolent as well as malevolent and ”stands for a number of deities”—among them Bhagwan, Narayana, Vishnu, Siva. India

Paramushela The beneficent and wise creator of the universe. The Konds, India

Pariacaca A falcon and the creator god, a god of wind and of waters. His four falcon brothers are the four winds. They were all hatched from ”five eggs on the mountain Condorcoto.” The Huarochiri Indians, Peru

Parikap and Parikut Brothers who were the creators of the world. The Arua, Bolivia

Parjanya The rain god is androgynous—male and female. ”Now he becomes sterile [F], now one who gives birth; he takes whatever body he wishes…[He is]…the bull and the cow; his rain is milk, seed, and his offspring, his calf. Thus he can give ‘milk’ (seed) to the mother, even as he can become pregnant though he is sterile.” India

Pase-Kamui The beneficent supreme god and creator who is the source of ”light and life, of health” and the judge of all after death. The Ainu, Japan

Pa Silong The beneficent supreme being of the Klemantans. Same as Laki Tenangan. Borneo

Pathel The supreme being and creator who is a sky god and is responsible for the weather. Same as Pathian. Bengal and Upper Burma

Pathen, Patheng The supreme being and creator, the ruler of the universe, who uses the weather to vent his displeasure. The Thado and the Thadon Kuki, India

Pathian The supreme being and creator, beneficent, but little interested in human affairs. The Lushei, the Kukis, and the Mizos, India ,BR>
Patol The chief god of the Tzental Indians whose wife is Alaghom Naom. Mexico

Pau-tere-fenua A god of the chaotic period of the creation. Society Islands, Polynesia

Pautiwa The sky god or sun. The Asa, Hopi Indians, Arizona

Peddo-Dodum The sky is the husband of Sitking-Kedding, the earth, and father of Doini and Pollo. The Bori (Adi), Northwest India

Pekujike The creator of the world is also an earthquake god, and a deity of the life after death ”with whom the ghost must strive in combat.” The Naga of Manipur, India

Pellervoinen Finnish god of fields, trees, and plants.

Penardun Daughter of Don and Beli and as such a sky goddess. Wife of Llr and mother of Manawyddan. Britons

Penkye Otu The beneficent chief god of the Effutu who protects their health and welfare, is also protective in war. Ghana

Perëndi A god of the sky with close functional associations with the Slavic Perunu. Albania

Peritnalik In a later version of their mythology a supreme and benevolent deity ”who created things good and useful and thenceforth took benevolent care of mankind” (in contrast to an earlier version with Kaloaraik). The Tobas, Argentina and Paraguay

Pertunda Italian goddess of sexual love.

Perunǔ A god of the heavens as well as a storm god. Russia

Phanes In Orphic cosmogony he was the creator of the ”sun and moon, mountains and towns.” An androgynous deity born out of the cosmic egg produced by Aether and Chaos and ”is said to be ‘woman and begetter and mighty god’.” Another name for Eros. Greece

Phan Ku Chinese creator god who formed the mountains, valleys, oceans, and rivers on the earth. When he died, his skull became the sky, his breath became the wind, his voice thunder, and his arms and legs the four cardinal direction, his flesh the soil, and his blood the rivers. Then the fleas in his hair became human beings.

The Phoenix As the symbol of androgyny it ”has both sexes, and receives the regenerating baptism of fire. Either one of these two traits would have been enough. The presence of both of them, with the symbolic beauty of the image—a bird flying out of the earthly pyre towards the Sun and the East—combined to make the Phoenix the symbol of the dogma of individual resurrection.” Greece, Egypt, Near East

Pietas Roman goddess of piety, respect, honor, and duty to the gods. Her symbol and totem animal is the stork.

Pi-Hsai Yuan Chin Chinese goddess of childbirth and labor; she brings health and good fortune to the newborn and protection to the mother.

Piietzo The creator god of the Zaparo. Peru and Ecuador

Pillan An omnipotent supreme being, ”the author of all things,” who is associated with ”catastrophic natural phenomena,” but also with crops and epidemics. The Mapuche-Huilliche and Araucanians, Chile

Pirman The creator of the world and of all visible things. The Benua, Malay Peninsula

Piyetao, Piyexoo The ”vague shape of a Supreme Being, bearing many titles,” who was a creator and sustainer of all. The Mizteca and Zapoteca, Mexico

Ple Creator of the earth and of mankind. The Semang, Malay Peninsula

Plutus Greek god of wealth. He was thought to be blind because wealth is given indiscriminately to both the good and the bad. Some stories say eventually he gains his sight back so he can give wealth to the deserving.

Poalleritillik A vengeful spirit who lives in the sky. The Copper Eskimo, Canada

Poee-mpalaboeroe, Poee-mpalaburu The Lord of the Sky. A sky god of the highest heaven who is the creator from whom ”all souls originate.” He arranges the path of the sun. The Toradja, Celebes, Indonesia

Po’ele ”Darkness”—the primordial female of the first pair of cosmogonic deities. With Kumulipo the ”parents of all hard-shelled things that came into being in the sea in the darkness and of all plant life.” Hawaii

Po’el’ele ”Dark-night”—the male of the third pair of the primordial deities. With Pohaha the ”parents of all tiny frail and flitting things which came into being in the ever-lessening night.” Hawaii

Pohaha ”Night-just-breaking-into-dawn”—With Po’el’ele the ”parents of all tiny frail and flitting things which came into being in the ever-lessening night.” Hawaii

Po-he’enaiu-mamao With Po-kinikini the eighth primordial pair, parents of mankind; the beginning of day. Hawaii

Po-hiolo ”Night-falling-away.” The male of the sixth pair of the primordial deities of the night period. With Po-ne’a-aku ”the parents of Pilo’i, the rat child.” Hawaii

Po-kanokano The ”Night digger”—the male of the fifth pair of deities of the primordial night. With Po-lalo-uli the parents of the pig, Kamapua’a. Hawaii

Po-kinikini With Po-he’enaiu-mamao the eighth primordial pair and parents of mankind. Hawaii

Pokoh A deity who ”made all things.” The Pallawonaps, California

Po-lalo-uli The female of the fifth pair of primordial deities. With Po-kanokano the parents of ” the pig child, Kamapua’a.” Hawaii

Polalowechi Goddess of the night/dawn period. With Popanopano the fourth pair and the parents of turtles, geckos and other creatures of the mud/water element. Hawaii

Polo God of the heavens. The Luo, Kenya

Pon The supreme god id ”a creative principle…of a most vague and indefinite character.” who directs and controls natural phenomena. Reindeer are sacrifices to him though he does not interfere with mankind. The Yukaghir, Siberia

Po-ne’a-aku ”Night-creeping-away”—the female of the sixth pair of primordial deities. With Po-hiolo ”the parents of Pilo’i, the rat child.” Hawaii

Po-ne’e-aku ”Night-receding”—With Po-neie-mai the seventh pair born in the primordial night. The parents of the dog and of the birth of light, of plant life. Hawaii

Po-neie-mai ”Pregnant-night”—With Po-ne’e-aku the seventh pair of primordial deities and parents of the dog, of the birth of light, of plant life. Hawaii

Ponomosor The supreme being and creator who destroyed mankind twice, by water and by fire, then let the survivors live and gave them grain. The Kharia, India

Ponphyoi A sky god who concerns himself with human affairs. The Kachins, Burma

Poon-Koo Wong ”From a great mundane egg, which divided in two, came Poon-Koo Wong, who made the sky out of the upper and earth out of the lower half. He also made the sun and moon.” China

Popanopano God of the night/dawn period of the primordial night period. With Polalowehi, the fourth pair, parents of turtles, geckos, and other creatures of the mud/water element. Hawaii

Poré The Supreme Being of the Surara is also the god of the moon, just and benevolent, yet can be punitive. Brazil

Poreskoro A hermaphroditic demon who causes epidemics and parasitical diseases. Child of Ana. The Gypsies, Transylvania

Porona Minari A supreme being and ruler over all. He gave the animals their places on earth. The Bare, Colombia

Poseidon Greek god of earthquakes and the sea. Symbolizes the elements air and water, can be invoked for the moon.

Pothos Greek deification of love, passion, and desire. Consort of Aphrodite.

Pouliuli ”Deep-profound-darkness”—the male of the second pair of primordial deities. With Powehiwehi the ”parents of all the fish and creatures of the ocean.” Hawaii

Powehiwehi ”Darkness-streaked-with-glimmering light”—the female of the second pair of primordial deities. With Pouliuli the ”parents of all the fish and creatures of the ocean.” Hawaii

Ppa hia The creator of all things whose wife is Mbache. The Yachi, Nigeria

Praba ”Breath”—the personification of creative power. India

Prah En The sky god rules the celestial sphere, wields the thunderbolt, and is ”regarded as the lord of the blessed.” Identified with Indra. Cambodia

Prah Prohm The pre-existent and uncreated ”being and non-being at one and the same time.” Cambodia

Prajāpati (Purusa) In the Brahamanas the supreme god, a creator, a progenitor. At times he is considered an individual god. The favorite creation myth makes him born from the golden egg in the primeval waters, of an androgynous character, and thereafter through him the creation of all things. At other times the name or term is used as an epithet applied to numerous of the other gods. In the later Vedas he is androgynous. Known as a male god he ”is suddenly endowed with a womb and breasts…[and also]…he is said to rub up milk and butter from himself and thus to propagate.” In the Upanishads Prajāpati (Purusa) is an explicit androgyne, a very large being encompassing male and female. He caused himself to separate into two, copulated with his female self-producing human beings. ”She became a cow; he a bull…and produced cattle. She became a mare; he a stallion….Thus were born all pairs.” India

Prakrti In Puranic mythology she is the female principle, the immanent and active power which animates and stimulates the ”latent powers” of the male principle, Purusa, though her powers are controlled and directed by the male (social force). India

Prometheus In Greek mythology, Prometheus was the titan who stole fire from the gods and gave it to humans, along with the arts and civilization. He was also often regarded as the creator of man from clay, the first human, and humanity's savior when Zeus threatened to kill all human beings. He greatly offended Zeus by his actions and was punished. There are different sources with different accounts of the legend. In Hesiod's version, Zeus' punishment was the creation of Pandora, the first woman, who was overtaken by temptation and opened a forbidden box thereby unleashing all the lamentations and evils of the world. In the Aeschylean version, Zeus had Prometheus chained to a rock on Mount Caucasus where an eagle ate away at his liver, starting all over each day after the liver had grown back during the night. Hercules eventually rescues him.

Proteus Greek sea god who served Poseidon. He was a shape shifter and changed form at will.

Protogonos In Orphic Cosmogony the same as Phanes, the creator of the universe. Greece

Ptah The Egyptian creator of the universe through intelligence and will—the ”architect of the universe.” In Memphis he created the cosmos and the bodies in which man's souls dwelt. Some legends say he created things as Thoth directed him to. It is also said that he created the elder deities. His is shown as a bald man, a scarab beetle, or a hawk. He can be invoked for stability. He was most prominently known as the god of artisans, of craftsmen. His wife is the lion goddess Sekhmet (Sekhet).

Pua, Pwa The remote god of the sky of the Bachama. Northern Nigeria

Pue di songi The supreme god of the Bare’s Toradja who is invoked for the souls of sick people and for good rice crops. Celebes, Indonesia

Pue mpalaburu The supreme being whose eye is the sun. He sees all and is punitive, is invoked in the taking of oaths. He is the creator of heaven and earth, of mankind. His wife is Indo i Tuladidi. The Toradja, Celebes, Indonesia

Puges A deity of the heavens invoked for children and for favorable childbirth. The Ostiaks, the Voguls, Siberia

Puirše The beneficent creator who was a protective spirit. The Cheremis, Russia

Pukwicemnimakin ”Giver of food to hunters.” One of the five names of the Caribou God—supreme deity of the Davis Inlet and Barren Ground bands. Labrador

Pulang Gana With Raja Sua The creators of heaven and earth. A god of the soil and of agriculture as well as a god of the land of the dead, who must be propitiated on the arrival of a new corpse. The Sea Dyaks, Borneo

Puluga The self-existent supreme god who lives in the sky, whose voice is the thunder, who is omniscient only by day. Roheim states that he created the world and all things except evil, while Radcliffe-Brown says only that he created his wife Cana Aulola. He is also judge of the dead. Andaman Islands

Pulyallana A supreme being and sky god who manifests his will through the thunderbolt. Australia

Puntan A pre-existent being from whose body, when he died, was formed the universe: ”the sky and earth” from his ”breast and back,” the sun and moon from his eyes, the rainbow from his eyebrows. The Chamorro, Guan, the Mariana’s, Micronesia

Pura The supreme being created people and animals, lives in the sky, controls all, and sends the rain. The Arikena (Carib), Guiana

Puru The supreme being and creator is a god of destinies, primarily benevolent but can be punitive, sending to each according to his conduct. The other gods of the pantheon are emanations of him and act as intercessors between man and Puru. The Saliva, Colombia

Purukupale The creator god, father of Jinini. Australia

Purusa The god of the universe, identical with it, ”yet is above and more than it.” From him all things exist. He is the male principle, the inert and spiritual counterpart of Prakrti, the female principle who represents pure power. She animates and stimulates his ”latent power.” His authority controls ”and shapes the life force that comes from her.” See also Prajāpati. India

Pythia Greek serpent and snake goddess, daughter of Gaia.

Pax Roman goddess of peace. See also Eirene.


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