Ab God of grain. Egypt
Aba The beneficent Great Spirit of the Choctaw Indians. Created mankind and grasshoppers. Louisiana.
Abaangui A creator god and transformer, brother of Zaguaguayu. The Guarayu, Bolivia.
Ababbawon A sky god who meets the earthly spirits coming to the sky. The Isneg, Luzon, Philippines.
Ababinilli The ”Supreme Being…a composite force consisting of the Four Beloved Things Above, which were the Sun, Clouds, Clear Sky, and He that lives in the Clear Sky.” He created mankind: is manifest in the fire. The Chickasaw, northern Alabama and Mississippi to the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River.
A-ba-ch’I The ”Father in Heaven.” The Ch’iang, China.
Aba-Inka The supreme god of the Appalachian Choctaw Indians. Mississippi/Alabama.
Abassi The sky god of the Ekoi. Among the Efiks also considered the creator and supreme god. Nigeria.
Abellio Celtic god of the apple tree. Gaul
Abellio A solar god of Crete and of the Pyrenees. Known also in Gaul as Abelio, Abelionni.
Abentrot A deity of light, brother of Ecke and Vasat (Fasolt). Teutonic
Abhijit Goddess of fortune. India
Abi The jealous creator god of the Gio. Liberia.
Abira The creator god of the Antioquians. Columbia.
Ab Kin Xac God of war and poetry. Mayan
Abo The supreme being of the Kaffa whose name also means ”sun”, “father”. Ethiopia.
Abora The supreme being, a god of the heavens. Canary Islands.
Abradi The creator god of the Dilling who is invoked only in times of great trouble. Sudan.
Abrao Bisexual god of the planet Jupiter who dispenses the “kra” to the abosom born on Thursday—who “will become great heroes”. The Akan, Ghana.
Abwala The omniscient, omnipotent chief deity is beneficent and merciful, the creatress of all things. The Umundri, Nigeria.
Abyang A sky goddess of the Bisayan, sister of Suklangmalayon. Philippines.
Acat God of life, responsible for the development of children in the womb. Mayan
Achelous River god. Acheloüs, in the form of a bull, fought Hercules for Deianira. He lost and Hercules broke off one of his horns, which became the Cornucopia, or horn of plenty. Achelous is known for having fathered the sirens, also called the Acheloides. Eldest son of Oceanus and Tethys. Also known as Acheloos. Greece
Acek A name by which Nialic, the supreme being and creator, is also known. Acek may, however, be his female counterpart as this deity is concerned with fertility, pregnancy, childbirth, and with agricultural sowing of seed. The Padang Dinka, Sudan.
Achaman The supreme being and a god of the heavens. Tenerife, Canary Islands.
A-chi A deity of the Lolos who created the sky. China.
Achidong The supreme god of the Jukun ”controls the thunder and has charge of the souls of the dead.” Nigeria.
Achinoin A star believed “to be the cause of light rain and strong winds.” The Callinago, Lesser Antilles, West Indies.
Achitumetl A stellar god of Mexico.
Adad Fertility, air.
Adaheli The Sun. Now invoked as God. The Caribs, Surinam
Adaili The Sun. Haiti. Also the Arawaks of Guiana among whom, when he was on earth, his name was Arawidi.
Adar The planet Saturn was ”a god of hunting, was propitious to public affairs as well as to family life.” However, he also had an evil influence. As an Assyrian deity he was sometimes also called Nin-ip, and was ”a form of the Sun-god, originally denoting the scorching sun of mid-day.” In Babylonia he ”was the sun who issues forth from the shades of night…a solar hero who belongs to the darkness and not to the light.” Near East.
Adekagawaa The Sun. The Iroquois Indians, Eastern United States
Ade Sakti The creative ”primeval force” of the Madiga. India.
Adi-Buddha The ”Self-Existent…infinite, omniscient,…without beginning and without end.” A deity known by numerous names: Aisvarika, Svabhava, Vairocana, Vajrapani, Vajradhara, Vajrasattva, Samantabhadra, Adavaya, anghan burhan. About the 7th century A.D. ”He becomes the primordial god and creator,” the ultimate force from whom ”evolves, by meditation,” the five celestial Buddhas of Meditation (Dhyani Buddhas); they in turn, again through meditation, have lesser emanations of themselves, Bodhisattvas, who are the active, creative, and governing agents of the world, deriving their powers from the five Buddhas. Among the northern Buddhists, Vairocana is considered the Adi-Buddha; the reformed sects of Lamas call him Vajradhara; ”while the unreformed sects consider him to be Samantabhadra.” Tibet.
Aditi She ”is the cosmic origin of space itself.” She brings into being that which has been Unmanifest out of the immensity of the Vastness of Space. Aditi is the female principle which makes manifest Divine Truth. She is unlimited by time, is omnipresent, needing no vehicle as do the other gods. Yet she is a personal deity, approachable, and the mother of the sky gods. ”In Sanskrit, go means at once the cow and the ray. This double entendre of the word led the Rishis to treat the physical cow as a symbol of light.” (She is not the physical cow but the Cow of Light). India.
Aditya The sun, representing particularly the heat of the sun. As the Adityas, a group of the Asura, sons of Aditi, they represent the universal laws, the various aspects of the sun as well as ”celestial” light beyond and behind the natural phenomenon of light, and the laws of social order. They are benevolent, yet punish sin. They are given sometimes as eight, sometimes as twelve: Mitra, Aryaman, Bhaga, Varuna, Daksa, Amsa, Tvastr, Pusan, Savitr, Vivasvat, Sakra, and Vishnu. India
Adityak A solar deity—”the eclipse of the sun, is the homage rendered by Po Adityak to Po Jata.” The Chams, Annam/Cambodia
ădŏ-dŭchŏ The god of heaven, a supreme being who ”resides in and above the clouds” and rules over the other spirits. The Akha, China.
Adonis Vegetation god and consort of Aphrodite. He was actually a Phoenician god who was later adopted by the Greeks as a mortal consort to Aphrodite. He was killed by a wild boar, and Aphrodite caused the plant anemone to grow from him when she discovered his body. Symbolizes element of earth, love, fertility, and health. Phoenicia then Greece
Adosheba The supreme deity of the Gardulla, but he ”has rather the characteristics of a bush spirit.” Ethiopia.
Adota The sun is, in one myth, said to be the father of Bamballe who is the supreme being. The Konso, Ethiopia
Adro, Adroa, Adronga The omnipotent and omnipresent supreme being is the creator of mankind. In his remote, celestial aspect, considered beneficent and understanding, he is known as Adro ‘bua. In his immanent aspect he is evil, fearful, and associated with death, and known as Adro onzi. Adronga is, as well, a name applied to the spirits in general. Congo, Sudan, and Uganda.
Adung, Dung The supreme being, also the sun. The Kir, Nigeria.
Advaya The primordial principle from whom were ”evolved the Buddhas, gods, and world of phenomena.” Java.
Aed A name of the sun god. He ”was not only the god of lightning and thunder; he was also the lord of the Other world, and the ancestor (or maker) of mankind.” Other names Eochaid Ollathair, Goll, Balar, Dagda. Celtic Ireland
Aega Daughter of Paresis and Helios—a goddess of dazzling brightness. Mother of Aegipan by Zeus. Greece
Aelkap-anai The ”nailed star”--The Polar Star. The Koryak, Siberia.
Aegir The primary Norse (Scandinavian) god of the sea. He was a deification of the ocean, both in the calm, beautiful aspects, and in the torrential, destructive aspects. Storms were caused by his anger and it was said that a ship, which had wrecked went into "Aegir's wide jaws". Sailors feared Aegir, and thought he would come up to destroy ships. Because of this it is believed that early Anglo-Saxons made human sacrifices to a god of the sea, most likely Aegir, to prevent him from wrecking their ships.
Aelquntam The pre-existent ”chief of all supernatural beings.” The Bella Coola Indians, British Columbia.
Aeolos Greek god of wind and air. Aeolos lived on an island near Sicily where he guarded the caves where he kept the winds. He would let out he wind only as the gods of Olympus instructed, whether in gusts, gales, or breezes. One day, Odysseus visited Aeolos on the island. He was warmly welcomed, and when he left, Aeolos gave him a bag containing all the dangerous and threatening winds, so that Odysseus would have a safe travel back to Ithaca without worrying about bad weather. Odysseus did as Aeolos bid him, but once his homeland was in sight, he laid down to sleep knowing he needn't worry about poor weather. But as he slept, one of his men curiously opened the bag, freeing all the fierce winds and blowing the little ship off course. Greece
Af, Afu The dead sun god, the sun of the night, travels through Tuat. Egypt
Afekan The creatress lived with men in the beginning to teach them ”how to live in strength and dignity”; the secrets and rituals of men. She also created taro, pigs, and cultural things. The Tifalmin, New Guinea.
!agash The sun god is the bestower of rain and fertility, and of health. The Sandawe, Tanzania
Agdistis, Agditis A hermaphroditic creature born of the Agdos rock (Mother Earth), impregnated by the seed of Zeus. He was of evil and violent nature; was feared and castrated by the gods. From his blood on the ground grew a tree whose fruit impregnated the daughter of Sangarios. She became the mother of Attis. Among the Galli (priests) Agdistis was worshipped as a maternal figure, like Misa. Phrygia, Near East.
Agni Agni became pregnant through ”drinking Siva’s seed…[considered perversion] (cool liquid semen placed in the fiery female, as the oblation is places in fire); but then Agni places this seed in the Ganges (fiery semen placed in the cool liquid female).” Therefore ”Skanda is said to be the child of Agni, [and Ganges] then the child of Siva and finally the child of Agni and Siva.” Fire and water have androgynous natures functioning ”in tandem, one changing in response to the other, adjusting in response to context in order to maintain an overall balance of qualities; ”in his own right, Agni is an androgynous figure, a serial androgyne who varies according to the ritual context.” India.
‘agojo so’jo The morning star, a male deity of the Tewa. New Mexico.
Agroi God of turnips and twin births. Finland
Agrotes Near Eastern god of agriculture. Phoenicia
agudar, agurur The principle god and creator whose functions are “concerned with hunting luck, protection from harm, and the reincarnation of souls.” The Aleutian Eskimo, Alaska.
Agugux’ The benevolent supreme deity and creator god. The Aleuts, Alaska.
Agunowei The moon, the supreme being of a hinterland clan—the Bioloforn dialect. Nigeria.
Agunua The supreme god and creator who was a serpent manifestation. San Cristoval, Melanesia.
Agwa pan The high god in Zaria Province. Nigeria.
Agwantana The remote creator deity who is ”the source of light and of all life, and who is approached only in major disasters.” The Bassa-Komo, Nigeria.
Ah Ahzah Cab Venus as the morning star. Yucatec and Lacandon Maya, Mexico.
Ahana The goddess of the dawn, daughter of Dyaus. Vedic India
Ahau Chamahez God of medicine and health. Mayan
Ah Chembekur A Mayan god of ”the highest of the seven heavens,…which is in complete darkness.” The Lacandon, Mexico and Guatemala
Ah Hadz’en Caan Chac The god of the sky and of rain also makes the thunder. Mayan, Guatemala and Mexico
Ahi Serpent god who was slain by Indra with a thunderbolt. India
Ahisham One of the star people, transformed into the tropical bird, was the first to arrive in the black night sky. He became the planet Mars. The Makiritare, Venezuela.
Ah-lelem-caan-chaac A Mayan sky god is one of the Chacs, rain gods, and ”produces the lightning.” Mexico and Guatemala
Ah Kinchil God of the sun. Mayan
Ahnt ahs po-mee-kay The god ”Who Rules Earth and Sky.” The Seris, Sonora, Mexico.
Ahone The beneficent great god, the source of all good, is the creator of the sun, moon, and stars, and ”governed the world.” There is no need to propitiate him. The Huron, the Powhatan, Virginia.
Ah Puch God of death. Mayan
Ahpuc God of death, associated with suicide, death by hanging, beheading, and human sacrifice. Mayan
Ahto Chief god of waters and seas. Finland
Ahul, Ahula The sun god is also the sky god, as well as god of germs and of the afterworld. The Katchina clan, Hopi Indians. Arizona.
Ahulane War god sometimes called "The Archer". Mayan
Ahura-Mazda, Auramazda (old Persian), Auharmazd (Pahlavi), Ohrmazd The beneficent supreme god of the gods—an abstract concept—perfect light, truth, goodness—is also the omniscient creator god. The various Ameša Spentas are personifications of his various aspects. He has nine wives: Īžā, Yaošti, Ferašti, Armaiti, Aši, Iš, Azūiti, Frasasti, and Pārendi. Iran.
Aija Another name for the supreme god Ukko. Finland.
Aijo, Aije The supreme god of the Lapps. It is also the name of the god of thunder. He is worshipped in the forms of nature—mountains, rocks, and lakes. Northern Norway, Sweden, Finland, Kola Peninsula.
Aine A Celtic sun goddess whose name means ”brightness, radiance.” Others variously give her associations as with water, fertility, love, the moon. Ireland
Aiomun Kondi The supreme high god and creator. The Arawaks, Guiana.
Aine of Knockaine Celtic goddess of love and fertility, later known as the fairy queen. Goddess related to the moon, crops, and farms or cattle. Aine is revered among Irish herbalists and is said to be responsible for the body's life force. Ireland
Aireskouy Soutanditnr A primordial being, the source of all things, who is invoked for all need, in hunting, in war, etc. The Huron Indians, Eastern United States.
Airmid A healing goddess of the Celtic order of Tuatha de Danann, goddess of medicinal plants and keeper of the spring. Regenerates, or brings the dead to life again.
Airyaman An early solar and healing god. Iran
Ai Toyon The supreme being and creator god is represented by the eagle. The Yakut, Siberia.
Aiwamdzu A creator god and an ancestry deity. The Shavante, Brazil.
Aizu A sky goddess, daughter of Mawu and Lisa, and with Akazu the guardian of the treasures. Dahomey.
Aja A Babylonian goddess of light as well as of war with whom Ishtar was identified. Near East
Ajok The omnipresent and omniscient supreme being and creator god was also the god of rain. Sacrifices were offered him at the harvest festivals as well as for success in hunting and fishing. The Lotuko, Sudan.
Ajy The creator god. Among his names are Yryn-Ajy ”White Creator,” Aihyt-Aga Creator Father.” The Yakut, Siberia.
Aizen Myoo God of love. Was worshipped by prostitutes, singers, musicians, and landlords. Japan
Akambep The sun taught the white men all their magic and prosperity before he ascended into the sky. The Sepik River area. Papua, New Guinea
Akasadhatvisvari ”Lady of the Sphere of Space,” one of the names of the goddess who is partner to Vairocana. Tibet.
Akasagarbha A Dhyani-Bodhisttva--”(Essence of the Void Space above)…whose essence is ether.” Buddhism. Also Nam-k’ahi’ñin-po, ”The matrix of the sky,” (Tibet), oqtarghui-in jiruken (Mongolia), Hsuk’ung-tsang (China), Kokuzo (Japan).
Ak Ayas ”White Light,” the sky or heaven god of the Tatars of the Altai, Siberia.
Akazu A sky goddess, daughter of Mawu and Lisa, with Aizu a guardian of treasures. Dahomey
Akbatekdia The supreme being of the Crow Indians. Other names—Eehtreshbohedish and Bahkoore-Mahishtsedah. Montana
Ake Antak The guardian of heaven. The Orang Lom in Banka, Indonesia
Akeb-ur ”The god of the celestial waters, Akeb-ur, the fashioner of the gods and the guide of the Henmemet beings.” Egypt
Akhbath t-dia The sun god of the Crow Indians. Montana
Akka Earth mother and goddess of the harvest and female sexuality. Wife and consort of the supreme sky God Ukko. She symbolizes love, agriculture, and womanliness. Finland
Akongo The all-powerful, yet approachable, supreme being. The Ngombe, Congo
Akou The priest consults the Sun to find out who will die. The Nabaloi of Northern Luzon, Philippines
Akponanara The supreme being of a hinterland clan, of the Bioloforn dialect. Nigeria
Aktunowihio Cheyenne native earth god, the soul of the earth.
Aku The bisexual god of the planet Mercury, patron deity of Wednesday, is the one from whom those born on this day receive their ”kra” and will be wise. The Akan, Ghana.
Akuj An omnipotent high god who, through remote, does sometimes punish by sending disaster, as well as benevolently controlling the rain, curing disease, and prophesying through diviners. Among the Karamojong, Jie, and Dodos he is more generally beneficent. The Turkana, the Karamojong, Kenya/Uganda
Akycha The sun. The Eskimo of Alaska
Ala Ibo earth mother, goddess of justice, protection, laws. Protectress of the harvest. She took the dead in her pocket.
Alaliwot A god of the Sky world who punishes infractions of enemy taboos with illness. The Ifugao, Philippines
Alapay Mishupashup, ‘Alapayashup The Upper World, ”supported by a giant eagle whose wing movements caused the phases of the moon, and perhaps also solar eclipses” is occupied by supernatural—the Sun, Moon, etc. The Chumash, California
Alata’ala, Hatalla The omnipotent and omniscient supreme being. The Maanjan (Dyaks), Borneo, Indonesia
Alaxpaca A sky god of the Aymara, Bolivia
Alcoran, Acoran The supreme being, a god of the heavens. Gran Canaria, Canary Islands
Alcyone A Greek stellar goddess, one of the Pleiades, is the daughter of Pleione and Atlas and wife of Poseidon, mother of Aethusa.
Alaisiagae Norse war goddess. Scandinavia
Aleskoui The god of war is also a sun god. The Iroquois, Eastern United States
Alhou The omniscient, omnipotent, and omnipresent supreme deity and creator is usually, but not always beneficent, though otiose. The Sema Nagas, India
A-li The creator of the earth. The Lolos, China
Ali A self-existent, all-powerful and invisible god whose ”essence is the light.” The Nusairis, Asia Minor
Alinga, Ochirka The sun goddess. The Arunta, Central Australia
Aliu-Lap ”The Creator or Supreme Being.” His wife is Semiligoror. Father of Luke-e-lang and Olevat. Lamotrek, Caroline Islands, Micronesia
Alkuntam The great sky god, of equal importance to Senx, and with him associated in the creation of mankind. The Bella Coola, British Columbia
Allah Muslim name for the Supreme Being. The term is a contraction of the Arabic al-lah ,"the God." Both the idea and the word existed in pre-Islamic Arabian tradition, in which some evidence of a primitive monotheism can also be found. Although they recognized other, lesser gods, the pre-Islamic Arabs recognized Allah as the supreme God. The Qur'an (Koran), the holy book of Islam, asserts that Allah is the creator and the one who rewards and punishes; that he is unique and can only be one; that he is eternal, omniscient, omnipotent, and all-merciful. The core of the religion is submission to the will of Allah; people must abandon themselves entirely to God's sovereignty. Although as creator Allah is utterly transcendent and not to be compared to any of his creatures, he is nevertheless a personal god, a fair judge, merciful and benevolent. Each chapter of the Qur'an begins with "Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate," and before fulfilling religious obligations the Muslim recites, "In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate." Islam does not admit of any mediator between Allah and humans; a person approaches Allah directly in personal prayer and in reciting the Qur'an, which is considered literally the speech of Allah. The prophets, who conveyed the word of Allah, are not considered in any way divine.
Alla Tualla The principle god of the tribes of Pasummah Lebar and Pasummah Ulu Manna. Sumatra, Indonesia
Allat A goddess of fate in her associations with the planet Venus. As the ”morning star she is goddess of War…and as evening star patroness of love and harlotry.” Near East.
Allola A creator god, but not worshipped. The Anyi, Ghana
‘Alnahyit ‘i‘akiwi The Morning Star (Venus, male) plays on the team with Shnilemun in the nightly peon game against the Sun and Slo’w. From this it can be assumed he is benevolent, possibly brings rain. The Chumash, California.
Alom One of the four regent gods of the quarters of the cosmos, of directions, with Tzakol, Bitol, Cajolom. Through their mediation they brought about ”the birth of light”—material and spiritual. He is an Hypostasis of Cabahuil as creator god-Seven. The Quiché, Guatemala
Along, Phy-Ra-Ta-Ra The creator god. The Ahom, Tai
Alow The creator god of the Kachari. Assam/Burma
Alpheios River god. He became infatuated with a nymph named Arethusa. He pursued her to incessantly that she eventually prayed to Artemis for help. Artemis answered her by making the stream Arethusa inhabited and represent run underground, thereby eluding the persistent Alpheios. Greece
Alphito Goddess of barley flour, destiny, and the moon. Greece
Alqol ti Mani t’aix ”A sun-dog that appears westward from the sun…when it drops down to our earth, it causes epidemics.” The Bella Coola Indians, British Columbia
Alquntam, Aelquntam The supreme and chief god, though not all-powerful, inhabits the sky and sometimes the sun; controls the movements of the sun and moon. He was the creator of men and animals and of the ”four supernatural Carpenters” who formed the world and populated it. One of his ”principle functions is that of acting as leader of the kusiut dances of the supernatural beings.” With his advisers he determines for the coming year ”who shall be made a kusiut, who shall be born, who shall die.” He is also called Senxälotla, Smaiaikila, Smaialotla, Snuselkäls, Menakais, Tätä, Ixilqotlam, Nonodjonostem, Sitlemsta, Nuxekmälsaix, O tlok di Stältemx. The Bella Coola Indians, British Columbia
Altjerra The benevolent supreme deity of the Arunndta. His name at Fowler’s Bay—Nyege; among the Aluridja—Tukura. Australia
Altjira iliinka The beneficent supreme god of the Aranda. Among the Aranda Tjoritja he is malevolent. Australia
Altjira Tukura The sky divinity of the Arunta and Loritja. Australia
Aluberi The remote supreme god of the Arawak. Among some also the creator, ”their highest conception of a first cause.” Guiana
Aluelap, Aluelob, Analap The remote supreme sky god and creator, father of Lugelung, to whom he leaves the affairs of the world. Ifaluk, the Carolines, Micronesia
Alunsina The all-powerful goddess of Ibabawnon, the Upper World. The Sulod. Among the Bisayan, a sky goddess. Panay, Philippines
Alwani Thunder, sometimes confused with Wan-Aisa. They are considered creators of the world and mankind. The Mosquito, Nicaragua/Honduras
Amabias The supreme deity of the Bakumu. Congo.
Amade Onhia, Amad’ongha The supreme deity and god of thunder and rain. His wife is Ale, the earth goddess. The Etche Ibo, Nigeria
Amaduwakadi The Morning Star, one of the star people of the Makiritare. Venezuela.
Amaethon Celtic god of agriculture, husbandry, and luck. Wales
Amamikyu A goddess who, with the god Shinerikyu is credited with the creation. Okinawa, the Ryuky Islands
Amane The sun god. Abyssinia
Ama-no-Minakanushi-no-kami A god of the stars. Japan.
Ama-No Uzume Fertility goddess, used for good crops. Japan
Ama-Terasu "Great Shining Heaven". Sun goddess, guardian of the Japanese people and ruler of all deities. One of her tasks was to weave sacred robes for the gods. When Amaterasu's troublesome brother Susanowo wreaked havoc on her land, she had to hide in a cave to escape the misery. He destroyed the forests, rice paddies, and the Heavenly Weaving Hall, killing Ama-Terasu's favorite weaving maiden. He sealed the cave that Amaterasu was hiding in so that no sunlight could reach the earth. The gods worriedly met to plan a way to free her. After many failures to induce her to leave the cave, the lewd dancer Uzume stepped forth. She danced so that the gods all were delighted and laughed so much that the cave shook. Amaterasu opened the door of the cave a bit to see what was going on, and asked why they would laugh in such a grim time. Uzume said that they were happy because a new, better, more beautiful sun goddess has come to replace her. Amaterasu immediately demanded to see this goddess, and was shown a mirror. She was startled and spellbound by her own reflection long enough for the gods to drag her from the cave, and so the world was light again and there was much rejoicing. Amaterasu symbolizes warmth, harvest, love, fertility, goodness, wisdom, peace, light, sun, and compassion. Japan
Amaterasu-Omikami The sun goddess, born of Izanagi’s left eye, represents the beneficence of the sun. She taught man the cultivation of food and silkworms; is the ancestress of the Japanese Imperial Family.
Amatsu Mikaboshi God of evil, darkness. Japan
Amaunet, Ament With Amun (Amen), one of the initial primeval pairs representing the air and invisibility. Egypt
Ambara The sky god—charioteer of Candra, the moon. Nepal
Ambrosia A Greek Stellar goddess, one of the Hyades, harbingers of rain and storm when rising with the sun. Daughter of Aethra and Atlas.
Amen The bisexual god of the planet Saturn who dispenses the ”kra to the abosom born on Saturday. Their character will be ”experienced and seasoned.” The Akran, Ghana
Ame-no-tanabata-hime-no-mikoto A star god ”identified with the Pole-star, is believed to guard the land and to prevent disasters, and more particularly to cure eye-diseases.” Japan.
Ame-no-Minaka-Nushi-no Mikoto The ”Deity-of-the-August-Center-of-Heaven.” One of the three creating deities—with Takami-Musubi-no-Mikoto and Kammi-Musubi-no-Mikoto. Japan
Ame-no-toko-tachi-no-kami A heavenly deity, the fifth deity formed, who is interpreted as ”Eternal Law, which is formless, but acts upon existing matter.” Japan
Amenti Goddess of the underworld and fertility. Egypt
Amen-ur Amen the elder, a god of light, with whom Heru-ur was identified. Egypt
Amida-Nyorai God of the paradise realm, the Japanese people turned to him at their moment of death. Japan
Amma The creator of the universe and their High God, ”all the relatives on the father’s side are Amma (God), on the mother’s side—Nommo (the universe).” The Dogon, the Mande, the Habe, Mali/Upper Volta/Nigeria
Ammon The sun and the supreme god of the desert tribes—the setting sun. The ram-god. Originally an oracular sky and fertility god who later became the great supreme god of the Berber. Libya
Amon God of wind, fertility, generation and secrets. Had thousands of children including Bast, Neith, Hapi, and Khons. Amon is often shown with the large, curving horns of a ram unique to the Nile Valley. Also shown as the sphinx. Often referred to as Amon-Ra, a combination of Amon and Ra the sun-god at Thebes. Egypt
Amotken, Amotquen The beneficent supreme god and creator of heaven, earth, and mankind. The Flathead, the Coeur d’Alene (Salishan tribes), Idaho and Washington
Amowia A deity of Akan—”Giver of light or sun.” Ghana
Amphityonis Goddess of wine, friendships and relationships between nations. Greece
Amphitrite Goddess of the sea. She took care of all the creatures of the ocean. Wife of Poseidon, daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. Greece
Ampual A god of the Skyworld from whom the Ifugao received many things which he obtained from his brother Napuagan in the underworld. Philippines
Amra The sun goddess was invoked for fertility—a part of Ayt’ar. The Abkhasians, Caucasus
Amsa A minor solar god, one of the Adityas. He is primarily a god of fate, of each individual’s allotment in life. India
Amtalao A god of the Skyworld and a god of omens. The Ifugao, Philippines
Amun, Amen With Amaunet (Ament), one of the initial primeval pairs representing air. ”The Invisible One”. Egypt
An, Anu, Ana Sumerian, Assyro/Babylonian god of the sky, the heaven, who rules supreme in the universe. His wife was Ki, the earth. With Enlil (or Bel) he was the god of the first month Nisan (Semitic), Nisannu (Sumerian), and with Papsukal, god of the tenth month. As a Hittite/Hurrian deity he was the second king of heaven, supplicating his father, Alalu, and in turn being supplanted by his son Kumarbi. Chaldeans
An, Antum Wife of An. A sky goddess from whose breasts or udder, ”since she was usually envisaged in cow shape,” flowed the rain. Near East
Ana The Akkadian sky god, the chief deity and creator of the universe at Erech. He becomes the Semitic Anu. Near East
Anâ-heuheu-pô ”Al Fard or Cor Hydra…a red star that flies in the open space south, is the lower pillar [of the sky], the pillar to debate by.” Tahiti, Polynesia.
Anâ-iva A star deity--”Phaet in Columbia…the pillar of exit.” Tahiti, Polynesia.
Anala One of several Hindu attendant gods. Associated with the element fire. India
Anâ-mua ”Antares in Scorpio…is the entrance pillar of the dome of the sky.” Tahiti, Polynesia.
Anâ-muri The ”god of bonito and albacore fishers (Aldebaran in Taurus), is the pillar to blacken or tattoo by>” Tahiti, Polynesia.
Anania God of the North Star, one of the ”pillars of the sky…the pillar to fish by.” Society Islands, Polynesia.
Anapurna Goddess of food. India
Anâ roto ”Spica in Virgo…is the pillar of perfect purity.” Tahiti, Polynesia.
Ananse The Spider who created the sun, the moon, the stars and mankind. But it was Nyame who gave man life. Ghana
Anan-vairgin The supreme being of the Chuckchee. Siberia
Anâ-Tahu`a-Ta`ata-Metua ”Arcuturus in Bootis…is the pillar to stand by.” Tahiti, Polynesia.
Anâ-tahu’a-vahine-o-toa-te-manava ”Procyon in Canis minor…the pillar for elocution.” Tahiti, Polynesia.
Anath "Lady Of The Mountain". Near Eastern goddess of the earth, grain, and sacrifice. She is often portrayed as a bloodthirsty maiden. The strength of life. Symbolizes element of earth and fertility. Syria
Anâ-tipû ”(Deviating-aster, Dubbhe in Ursa major) is the upper side pillar, the pillar to guard by.” Tahiti, Polynesia.
Anatole ”Sunrise,” one of the Horae. Greece
Anavaru A god identified with Betelgeuse, a ”pillar of the sky…the pillar to sit by.” Tahiti, Polynesia.
An Alai Chotoun A goddess of the earth who is also the creator. Associated with Urun (urung) Ai (Toyon). The Yakut, Siberia
An’ an, Etyny The creator of the universe and of mankind. The Koryak, Siberia
Anγra Raocah A deity of light—”Light without Beginning.” Iran
Ancerika The sun god. The Tapirape, Brazil
An Chiu Hsing Chün A malignant star god. China.
Anchochinchay A star which was protective of the animals, other than tigers, lions, and bears. The Chimu, Peru.
Andaw The sun is guardian of the earth. The Bagobo, Philippines
Ande The sun is invoked to make things grow. The Vandeke, the Deng glagu, New Guinea
Andin Bamban The wife of Ranying Pahatara in the creation myth. While he was away she agreed with Peres (Jata) that man should die and return again, and helped him with the creation of this kind of man, which Ranying Pahatara agreed with on his return. The Ngaju, Borneo
Andraste Celtic; the moon, divination, rabbit magic. England
Andriamanitra The creator of the universe and all therein to whom offerings of the first fruits are made. He instituted Vintana which is the power which is destiny. The Malagasy, Madagascar
Anenagi tayapiwa’ciga A celestial being, a Manitou of the smoke-hole of the lodge, who represents the sky. The Fox Indians, Wisconsin
Angamunggi The rainbow serpent who is described as the ”primeval father of men, the giver of life…[but] they suggest that he had a womb.” Australia
Angana-Nzambi The supreme deity of certain Bantu peoples of Central Brazil.
Angana-Nzambi The supreme deity of certain Bantu peoples of Central Brazil.
Angiki e Ha The wrathful supreme god. Rennell Island, Polynesia
anghan burhan The Adi-Buddha. Mongolia.
Angus Og Celtic god of beauty, love, and youth. His name means "son of the young". He is a Gaelic Eros known for his physical beauty and golden hair; his kisses become birds. Ireland
Anguta The supreme being who created ”the earth, sea, and heavenly bodies” carries the dead to his daughter Sidne (Sedna) in Adlivun where they remain for one year before going to other afterworlds. The Nugumuit of Frobisher Bay, Canada
Anhur God of the power of the sun. He was depicted as a warrior wearing a headdress with four tall, straight plumes. Elements are air and fire. Egypt
Anit A solar goddess, mother of Heru-Shu-p-khart (Harpo-crates). Egypt
’Ani-motua The Sky-father, a variant of Rangi-matua. Polynesia
Aninito ad Angachal A god of the Skyworld. The Mayawyaw, Luzon, Philippines
’ańl’tani Corn beetle, ”the symbols of female generative power, may be represented as male or female.” The Navaho Indians, Arizona and New Mexico
Anna The omniscient supreme being. The Kunama, Ethiopia
Anp Shan, to appease Maka for not being a separate being but always attached to Inyan, ”created ‘Anp’ who is not a thing for he is only the red of light,” and placed him on the world providing light. Anp-etu, the daylight. The Lakota and Oglala, Plains Indians
Anpao The dawn. The Dakota, northern Plains Indians
Ansa A minor sun god. India
Anshar With Kishar the second primeval pair—”two aspects of ‘the horizon’.” Born of La(k)hmu and La(k)hamu and parents of Anu. Assyro/Babylonian
Antaboga ”Through meditation, the world serpent Antaboga created the turtle Bedawang, on whom lie coiled two snakes as the foundation of the world.” Bali, Indonesia
Anteros Roman god of love and passion. He was, specifically, the god of mutual love and would punish those who did not return love. Italy
Anti The sun, a deity—but ”probably seasonal only.” Chile
Antsnga The sun god is invoked at the time of naming the newborn for its prosperity. New Guinea
Antswa The chief deity of the Abkhasians. The name is in the plural as he is considered multiform—of many parts. Caucasus
antu fucha and antu kushe ”god and goddess of the sun.” The Mapuche, Chile
Anu Manifestation magic, moon, air, fertility, prosperity. Celtic goddess of plenty. Mother earth goddess and maiden aspect of Morrigu. Ireland
Anu In one of the Akkadian creation myths he created the heavens while Enlil created the earth. Near East
Anu Space, with Tangae the primeval pair of the evolutionary creation myth. The Marquesas, Polynesia
Anuanima The ruler of a race of sky beings who have human form when there but otherwise have that of birds. The Arawak, Guiana
Anubis, Ano-Oobist, Anpu ”Golden Dawn. God of orphans, travelers, and the lost. Guide of the dead. Son of Asar and Nebt Het. Anpu is shown as a dark-skinned man with the head of a jackal or sometimes as a black jackal. Egypt
Anulap The sky god whose wife or daughter is Ligoububfanu. Truk, the Carolines, Micronesia
Anu-mate A god of space, child of Rangi and Pokoharua-te-po. ”Space of Cold Death” who was the source of death. Also named as the son of Anu-whaka-toro. The Maori, New Zealand
Anuto A beneficent deity who created the sky, the earth, and mankind. The Tami Islanders, New Guinea
Anu-whakarere A god of space--”Space of Extreme Cold.” Son of Rangi or of Amu-matao, and father of Anu-whaka-toro. The Maori, New Zealand
Anu-whaka-toro A god of space--”Cold Space creeping on>” Son of Rangi or of Anu-whakarere, and father of Anu-mate. The Maori, New Zealand
Anyambi, Anyambia, Any-ambye The supreme being and the creator god who is not wholly benevolent as he is capricious. The Mpongwe, Gabon
Anyangu, Anyanwu, Anyanu The sun who is an intermediary with Chuku is invoked for good crops and good fortune. The Ibo, the Igbo, Nigeria
Anyangwu A god who forms a triad with Chuku and Agbala, sometimes inter-identified. Seems to mean the supreme being, the sun. The Umundri at Awaka, Niger Basin
Anyara The supreme being of the Ndoro, associated with the sun. Nigeria
Ao God of rain and sea. China
Ao-marama Daylight, child of Te Ao, light. South Island, New Zealand
Aondo The sky in all of its manifestations and power. The Tiv, Nigeria
Ao Ping God of the star Hua-kai. A son of Ao Kuang. China.
Ao-tahi ”the first light,” “the sacred star”--one of those who guided the priests and chiefs in their discussions and understandings. New Zealand.
Ao-tu-roa ”long-standing sunlight,’ Child of Ao-marama in the creation myth. Parent of Kore-te-whiwhia. South Island, New Zealand
Ap’alani A sky spirit who knows more than any of the other spirits. The Aymara, Peru
Apam Napat God of fresh water. India
Apantrod Teutonic god of the evening.
Apeliotes God of the southeastern winds. Greece
Apep Serpent in Egyptian lore that tried to destroy the sun every day. Egypt
Aphrodite Greek Goddess of passion and sexual love, and womanly beauty. She is considered the epitome of beauty and femininity. Said to have been born of sea-foam. She is kind to those she liked, but can be cruel and merciless to those who displease her. She married Hephaestos, had an affair with Ares, and was caught. Aphrodite is the daughter of Zeus and Dione, and mother of Eros. Her animal totems are the dove, sparrow, swan, and swallow. Plants sacred to her are myrtle, poppy, rose, and apple. She symbolizes feminine prowess, sexuality, and relationships, flower magic. Greece
Aphrodite, Aphroditos On Cyprus and androgynous Aphrodite was worshipped-- “a bearded Aphrodite, called Aphroditos.” She/he was also known in Pamphylia as a bisexual deity—body and clothes of a woman, but beard and sexual organs of a man”
A phyi gung rgyal A variant name is gNam phyi gung rgyal. She is the Bon Goddess of Heavenly Space, the first-born female being of Shangs po and Chu Icam Icam. She is also as ”Srid pa’I sman…resides on Ti se, Mt. Kailasa.” Her consort is gNam gyi Iha rgod pa, a god of heaven. Tibet
Apistotoke The creator god who was both beneficent and malignant. The Blackfoot, Plains Indians
Apna-Apha The primeval pair, a dual deity—Mother Earth, Apna, and Father Sky, Apha. Also called Uru-Wadu, ”Moon-Sun.” Kisar Island, Indonesia
Apo The Sun seems to correspond to the Great Spirit (who resides ”in the sun, in the fire, and in the earth.”) The people appeal to him through the shaman for vegetable and animal life for food. The Shoshoni, Wyoming, Utah, and Idaho
Apolake God of the sun and of warriors. Son of Anagolay and Dumakulem. His sister is Dian Masalanta. The Tagalog, Philippines
Apollo God of the sun, light, music, prophecy, song, medicine, and healing. Patron of herdsmen. Apollo's mother Leto (Latona) was forced to run from Hera, the jealous wife of Zeus (Jupiter). She went to the Island of Delos and delivered her two children- the twins, Apollo and Artemis (Diana). Though the god of light, Apollo had a dark side. Under the name of Carneios, he is seen as a god of death. He and Artemis slew all of their mother Leto's children when Niobe, their grandmother, claimed all of Leto's children were more beautiful than the gods. Apollo was worshipped at the oracle of Delphi, where a priestess who give forth his predictions. The Greeks believed that the Egyptian God Heru and Apollo were the same deities. He is the twin brother of Artemis. Apollo's minor associations include black magic, blessing, justice, divination, oracles, prophecy, creativity, fertility, productivity, and success. An Oscan variant of his name is Apellu. Greece
Apoyan Tachu The sky father. The Zuni Indians, New Mexico
Apsetch An Egyptian star god.
Apsu The ”primal male Apsu, personifying the ‘sweet waters’ of the abyss, mingled with his consort Tiamat, the salt-water of the ocean, to produce a son Mummu, representing the mists and clouds arising from the watery chaos.” Also parents of Lahmu and Lahamu. Akkadian/Babylonian
A-p’u-gga-sa The creator god of the Lolos. China
Apu-o-te-Ra’I A star goddess, wife of Maunu-‘ura (Mars) and mother of Ta’urua (Fomalhaut). Tahiti, Polynesia.
Apuwenonu The planet Venus was formerly a cultural hero who taught the Tapirape agriculture and spinning. Brazil.
Ara Primeval creator god, in the form of a bird, who created the heavens , and with Irik, created mankind from clay. The Sea Dyaks of Sarawak, Borneo
Ara’a A star of great magnitude, child of Atutahi. Tahiti, Polynesia.
Ara’aara’a Also a star of great magnitude and child of Atutahi. Tahiti, Polynesia
Arachne Spider goddess, weaver of fate and destiny. Greece
Aradia Witch goddess. She came to earth to teach her mother Diana's magic. Symbolizes the air element, the moon. Italy
Arama The god of light whose wife is the rainbow. The Moxos, South America
Aramazd The benevolent and most powerful supreme god is the creator of the heavens and the earth, the giver of abundance and prosperity. He is the father of all the gods and forms a triad with Anahit and Vahagn. Named Ahura Mazda in Iran. Armenia
Aramfe The god and creator of the heavens. He sent his sons Oduwa and Orisha ”to create the world and to people it.” In early days he was also the god of thunder. The Yoruba, Nigeria
Aranyani Woodland goddess. India
Arwidi The name of the sun when on earth, when he battled with the alligator and gave him his indented head and notched tail. The Arawak, Guiana
Arawn Celtic god of the underworld, terror, revenge, and ware. Invoke during element of earth. Wales
Arawotja A sky deity who while on earth made the watercourses. The Dieri, Australia
Arayriqui A star god who was the tutelary deity of the Mojo and Baure, Bolivia.
Arca-kercis A beneficent sky god. Southern Alacaluf, Tierra del Fuego.
Arcas The son of Jupiter (Zeus) and Callisto. Callisto was transformed into a bear by the jealous Juno (Hera), and to prevent their son Arcas from killing his mother unwittingly, Zeus placed them in the sky as the constellations of the Great Bear and the Little Bear. Greece and Italy.
Ardhanarisvara An androgynous figure comprised of a combination of Shiva and Parvati. Nepal
Ardinis Vannic sun god who forms a triad with Khaldis and Theispas. Armenia
Ardra Goddess of misfortune. India
Areop-Enap He existed in a mussel shell in the primordial sea. He ”changed the little snail into the moon” and had the worm that was there separate the upper and lower shells of the mussel to make the sky and the earth. The worm died and made the salty sea. The large snail became the sun. The Nauru, Micrnesia
Ares War god of storms and hurricanes, also considered a father of the gods. Undoubtedly the most fierce and vicious of the gods within the Greek pantheon. He had a passion for mass slaughter. Son of Zeus and Hera. Greece
Arianrhod "The Silver Wheel", "High Fruitful Mother". Celtic goddess, the sister of Gwydion and wife of Don. Deity of element of Air, reincarnation, full moons, time, karma, retribution. Wales
Ariki A star goddess, daughter of Puaka and Taku-rua. New Zealand.
Ariki-tu-te-rangi A god of the sky. Kapingamarangi, Polynesia
Arikuagnon The creator of the world whose wife was Pananmakoza, and whose son was Arikapaua. The Amniapa and Guaratagaja, Bolivia and Brazil
Arinna With her husband, Im or U, the primeval pair—she, the earth, the ”queen of the lands,” and he, the sky, the ”god of storm.” Hittite
Armaiti An androgynous being but more female than male, the patron(ess) of the earth. Iran
Arnam Kethe Their great god is a house god who lives in heaven. Offerings of a pig are made to him every three years unless there is reason for more frequent sacrifice. The Mikirs, Assam and India
Aro A star of great magnitude, child of Atu-tahi. Tahiti, Polynesia.
Arsa, Arsu At Palmyra she is the goddess of Venus as the evening star, and a goddess of fate. Also considered as beneficent twins—Azizu and Arsu. Syria.
Artemis Goddess of the moon and the hunt. She is also one of the virgin goddesses, and she protects women in labor, small children and wild animals. She, Hestia, and Athena are not affected by Aphrodite's manipulations. Artemis may be thought of as the "silver goddess." She wore silver sandals, rode a silver chariot in the silver moonlight, and kills with silver arrows shot from a silver bow. In fact, many dying women, as well as women in childbirth, went to Artemis to ask for a quick, painless death from Her silver arrows. Artemis was very beautiful and had many suitors, but would not marry until she found someone as wild and free and herself. Her nymphs, as well, vowed to not marry. But one day, seven of the nymphs were in the woods when they saw the strong and handsome hunter Orion. Because of their promise to shun men, they fled. But he saw them and pursued. Though swift and lithe, the nymphs grew weary. They called out to Artemis for help. Hearing their prayer, she turned them into pigeons, which flew up into the sky and because the stars called the Pleiades. Orion turned away to hunt elsewhere, but soon met Artemis herself. Sharing a passion for hunting and the woodlands, they became good friends. Apollo worried that she would marry Orion and break her vow. He knew that Orion received the ability to walk on water from his father Poseidon and was often out on the sea. So, he went to his sister and left her to the sea. Provoking her with his great accomplishments, he dared her to try to hit a distant target at sea. Unaware that it was Orion, she shot an arrow precisely and hit the target. The waves lifted Orion's body to the short. Artemis grieved her loss, then she placed him among the stars, with the Pleiades and his dog Sirius. Artemis is the twin sister of Apollo, and the daughter of Leto and Zeus. Also symbolizes health, love, charms, shape shifting. Sacred to Artemis are deer/stags, geese, wild dogs, fish, goats, bees, bears, and trees. Greece
Artinis The sun god of the Urartians forms a triad with Khaldi and Theispas. Armenia
Artio Celtic wildlife goddess.
Art Toyon Aga, Aar Toyon A god of light and life, a celestial god whose symbol is the sun. Chief of the sky gods, benevolent but remote, powerful yet inactive. His voice is the thunder. The Yakut, Siberia
Aruna God of the dawn and charioteer of the sun. Son of Kasyapa. India
Arundhati An astral goddess. India
Arungquiltha A malignant spirit who is believed to cause solar eclipses. The Arunta, Central Australia
Aruru Earth and mother goddess and creator of man. Babylon
Asai, Ishai The supreme being of the Logoli. Kenya
Asan, Asman An Iranian god who ”represents the physical sky…bestowing all skill and wealth.” Near East
Asare God of Kappa Orionis in the constellation of Orion, a god of thirst, of the arid season. His thirst caused his brothers to dig a well from which burst forth all the waters, eventually creating the sea. The Sherente, Brazil.
Asase Yaa A goddess of the earth. She is also identified with the underworld and with the planet Jupiter. The Akan, Ghana.
Asgaya Gigagei A thunder god who is apparently androgynous ”as in one of the formulae for rheumatism he is addressed both as ‘Red Man’ and as ‘Red Woman’, his sex name to be applied…as the sex of the patient varies.” If male, Red Woman, if female, Red Man. The Cherokee, Southeastern United States
Ashira-o One of the Nijuhachi-bushu, a constellation deity. Japanese Buddhism.
Ashtar The Arabian god of the morning and evening stars is associated also with life and death. Possibly originally an androgynous deity.
Ashur The great god of the city of Ashur was the supreme deity and god of war and fertility. His wife was Ninlil. Assyria
Asi(ti) A Palestinian goddess of the heavens. Near East
Asis The god of the sun of the Nandi, the Suk, the Dorobo, The Elgeyo is among some the younger brother of Tororut. The Kamsia believe the sun is female and the wife of Tororut, the sky. Kenya
Asista The sun (the Ndorobo) and the sky god (the bright sky) of the Nabdi is the supreme being and creator of men and animals. Beneficent. Kenya
’Aska’ Among the Chumash there are two supernatural Coyotes. “Aska”, Coyote of the Middle World, often visited the Upper World where he is possibly identified with Aldebaran, as he was between the Juaneño and Luiseño. Sky Coyote is Schnilemun, identified with Polaris. California.
Aslesa A goddess of misfortune. India
Asobёe The supreme deity of the Wabendu. Congo
Asopos A minor river god. Greece
Assanut-li-je An Apache god who created the Milky Way. Southwestern United States.
Assiss Apparently a variant spelling of Asis—the supreme being and the sun, benevolent and omnipotent. The Elgeyo, Kenya
’Astar The Semitic sky god who forms a triad with Beher and Medr. Ethiopia
Astarte A goddess of fate in her associations with the planet Venus. ”As the morning star she is goddess of war…and as the evening star patroness of love and harlotry.” Near East.
Asterope One of the Pleiades, a daughter of Atlas. Greece.
Astraea, Astria Goddess of truth and justice. Italy
Astraeus The Greek god of starlight, of the night sky, is the husband of Eros, father of Eosphorus, the morning star, Astraia, Virgo, and the winds.
Astraia A daughter of Eros and Astraeus. She lived during the golden period as Dike, a goddess of justice, of innocence, of purity; later retired to the skies as the constellation Virgo. Greece.
Astamatara A group of mother goddesses. India
Astrik A goddess identified with the planet Venus, one of the seven chief deities in Armenia.
Asvayujau The Epic and Puranic Hindu goddess of fortune. India
Asvins Nasatya and Dasra Twin brothers, gods of the dawn, of the morning, are the sons of Surya and Sanjna or of Vivaswat and Saranyu. They are the physicians of the gods and of men, bestowers of health and fecundity; the husbands of Suryā. They represent the morning and evening stars. India
Ata The sun, the principle deity of the Kwakiutl, is also called Kanskiyi, Kansnola, Amiaeket, Gyikamae. His son is Kanikilak. British Columbia
Atabei A mother goddess, the ”First-in-Existence.” The Taino, West Indies
Ataensic North American Indian sky woman and creator goddess.
Ataguju The creator god—of the heavens, the earth, and all therein. The Quechua
Ataguju Among the Huamachuco Indians the creator of everything as well as two servants known variously as Sagradzabra and Vaungrabad, Sugaddcabra and Uciozgrabad, or as Uvigaicho and Vustiqui, who were considered as intercessors by the people. Peru
Ata-hiku-rangi The god of ”full day” is the son of Rangi and Atutahi according to one genealogical legend. Polynesia
Atahocan The Great Spirit who created the heavens and the earth and all things. The Montagnais, Labrador/Quebec
Ataksak A sky god and god of joy who always responds to the invocation of the shaman. The Eskimo, Baffin Land
Atala The supreme deity who lives in the heavens. South Borneo
Atanua Goddess of the dawn and wife of Atea. The Marquesas, Mangareva, Polynesia
Atarapa Or ”day-dawn,” a child of Rangi and Atutahi. Polynesia
Atargatis Near Eastern mother goddess who symbolizes the moon, love, and fertility. She was most often portrayed as half-woman and half-fish. Her sacred animals were the dove and fish. Syria
Atar-samayin In Northern Arabia the morning star. Same as Athtar.
Atavish The primordial female--”empty,” sister of Kyuvish. She became successively Yamai, ”not in existence;” Harurai Chatutai, ”boring lowering;” Tamayowut, ”earth.” The Luiseño Indians, California
Atchet Goddess who nurses children. Egypt
Ate Goddess of obsession, guilty, infatuation, and mischief. She was a trickster who would lead men into actions that would be their demise. Greece
Atea The male principle. With Hakahotu, the primary parents. Tongareva, Polynesia
Atea-ta’o-nui A star goddess, wife of Rua-tupua-nui and mother of the heavenly bodies. Tahiti, Polynesia
Atehle The sun, with Wamutsini, created people and gave them culture. The Trumai, Central Brazil
Aten The disk of the sun. Became the supreme deity during the 18th dynasty. Egypt
Atete Goddess of fertility of men and animals, and also of childbirth. According to some she also created the world giving to men and women their working tools. The Galla, Ethiopia
Aterat The sun goddess, mother of Attar by Il Il. South Arabia
Atgezual The Great Spirit of the Puelche. Argentina
Athena Goddess of war and wisdom. She is the daughter of Zeus, born by springing forth fully-grown from his forehead. It is believed that she was conceived to carry out deeds that Zeus could not do but would want to. Her name, "Pallas Athene", is representative of her dual nature. She can be seen as "Pallas", goddess of storms, courage, strength, battle, war, chivalry, and victory. She can also be "Athene", the goddess of peace, beauty, wisdom, creativity, education, science, and the arts. She was responsible for teaching mortals natal care and healing. She also invented the flute, created the olive tree, and showed men how to train horses. Athena is the patron of craftsmen and the protector of cities. Her animal symbols are the cock, snake, owl, and olive tree.
I begin to sing of Pallas Athena, the glorious Goddess, bright-eyed,
inventive, unbending of heart,
pure virgin, saviour of cities,
courageous, Tritogeneia. Wise Zeus himself bore her
from his awful head, arrayed in warlike arms
of flashing gold, and awe seized all the gods as they gazed.
But Athena sprang quickly from the immortal head
and stood before Zeus who holds the aegis,
shaking a sharp spear: great Olympus began to reel horribly
at the might of the bright-eyed Goddess,
and earth round about cried fearfully,
and the sea was moved and tossed with dark waves,
while foam burst forth suddenly:
the bright Son of Hyperion stopped his swift-footed horses a long while,
until the maiden Pallas Athena had stripped the heavenly armour from her immortal shoulders.
And wise Zeus was glad.
And so hail to you, daughter of Zeus who holds the aegis!
-Homeric Hymn #28.
Athor Goddess of light. Daughter of Ra. Egypt
Athtar, Attar The god of the planet Venus is also associated with irrigation. Arabia and Canaan
Ati The highest goddess of the Ica of the Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta. She inhabits their heaven and dominates their life and death. Columbia
Atira ”Vault-of-the-Sky” is the wife of Tirawa. She is also Mother Corn and the leader of the Hako ceremony, which is for children, longevity, abundance, and happiness. The Pawnee Indians, Nebraska
Atius Tirawa The beneficent omnipotent and omnipresent chief god creator of the features of the earth. He determines and controls man’s good or bad fortune. The Pawnee, Nebraska
Atl God of water. Aztec
Atnatu The primordial god, self-existent, who lives in the sky. He had many sons and daughters, some of whom for disobedience he placed on the earth where they are men. He provided then with all necessary things. The Kaitish, Central Australia
Atthar An Arabian sun goddess.
Attr, Attar Venus, the morning star, is of androgynous nature which ”is shown by two personal names (Atr’ab, ‘Atr is father,’ and Atr’um, ‘Atr is mother.’…He has no wife, probably because of his androgynous nature.” South Arabia
Atua I Kafika The supreme god invoked to bring prosperity and to suppress winds and prevent storms. He is worshipped in the preparation of turmeric, ”his perfume.” Tikopia. Polynesia
Atum Egyptian solar god as the setting sun and represented as an eel-god with human head. In some creation myths he is the creator of the universe as he was creator of the gods as well as living things. Sometimes regarded as bisexual as the parent of Shu and Tefnut. Astrologically related to the Leo sign of the zodiac. Egypt
Atungaki Twin/husband of Maimoa’alongona, the second primal pair born of Touiafutuna, and parents of Vele-lahi. The Tongans, Polynesia
Atutahi Given both as a god and a goddess of the star Canopus. The Maori, New Zealand. In Tahiti a constellation god--”Single Bonito, Piscis Australis.” Polynesia. Invoked with other deities for abundant harvests. Mother of the moon by Rangi.
Atymnos A Cretan solar god. Greece
Auahi-turoa A personification of comets, son of Tamu-nui-te-ra. Also called Upoko-roa. The Maori, New Zealand.
Auf See Afu Aumia A god of the creation deities known only because he is mentioned in the sacred chants. The Marquesas, Polynesia
Aura Goddess of the morning wind. See also Aurora. Greece
Auramazda In the Achaemenian dynasty he was the variation of Ahura Mazda as the creator god. Persia
Aurora The Roman goddess of the dawning morning, equivalent to Eos. She gave birth to the morning star and the winds (Zephyrus, Boreas, Notos, and Euros) by Astraeos, the god of starlight.
Auseklis Latvian goddess of the ”morning star and goddess of the Dawn.”
Ausrine, Auszrine Lithuanian goddess of Venus, the morning star, and of the dawn.
Auszra The dawn. Litu-Prussian
Avya The god of the sun as well as the moon. In the day he gives light and heat, at night less in quantity. He ”causes women to menstruate.” The Cubeo, Southeastern Colombia
awe’sus Ursa Major, an anthropomorphic supernatural being. The Penobscot Indians, Maine.
Awo The bisexual planet moon is the dispenser of ”kra” to those born on Monday, represented as ”Calm, peaceful, cool and protective.” The Akan, Ghana.
Awonawilona The self-created god of the beginning, the Sun Father, and Yaonan, the Moon Mother, a bisexual power and the ”initiator of life…created clouds and the great waters of the world.” The Zuñi Indians, New Mexico
Awondo The sky and creator god who controlled ”all natural phenomena…the author of good and evil.” The Munshi, Nigeria
Awundu, Aondo The omniscient supreme being, a sky god and creator, is manifest in and controls the natural forces The Tiv, Nigeria
Awusi, Ayisi The sun, a bisexual god and the patron deity of Sunday, dispenses the ”kra” to the abosom born on Sunday, whose character ”will be pure, immaculate and generous.” The Akan, Ghana
Ayeba The creator goddess was also the supreme deity. The Nembe, Niger Delta, Africa
Ayenanara, Ayibu The name of the supreme being among some of the Iduwini people. Nigeria
Ayi Toyon The supreme god of the Ayi who created the world and rules the universe, is the giver of children, and of vegetable and cattle fertility. The Yakut, Siberia
Ayo-Caddi-Aymay Their only god who created all things. The Caddo, Plains Indians
Ayyappan God of growth. India
Azer-ava A Finno-Ugrian sky goddess and goddess of fruitfulness is the bringer of rain and corn. Oaths are taken in her name. The Mordvins, Russia
Azizos, Azizu The Venus star considered as twins—Azizos and Monimos at Edessa, Azizu and Arsu at Palmyra. Near East.
Azmaz The chief deity of the Iberians. A local aspect of Aramazd. Caucasus