"TO HIS BELOVED WIFE
AND CHILDREN"

THE CIVIL WAR JOURNAL OF
ANDREW JACKSON NICKELL
(1828-1863)

Regimental Colors of the 114th OVI width=
Regimental Colors of the 114th O.V.I.
Courtesy Ohio History Connection - State Archives 4605 AV


“You must all cherish Old Glory; And its teachings pass along.
You must tell the world the story; When the boys in Blue are gone.”

―John Hendricks, Union Civil War Veteran

Best viewed in Full Screen. ― Please click on any image or link to learn more! ― Updated 25 Feb 2015
↓ ↓ Jump to:  Andrew's Scanned Handwritten Letters! ↓ ↓

IN LOVING TRIBUTE

My dear father, Thomas Andrew Nickell, passed 23 Sep 2009. Tom was the great-grandson of Civil War Andrew, and previous custodian of Andrew's Civil War Letters. Tom enjoyed a full and successful life of 88 years. He was a decorated combat veteran of both WWII and the Korean War, and served a long career as a respected human resources professional and labor negotiator. Most importantly he lived his strong Christian faith, and was a wonderful father and husband. He was truly a great man, and I miss him very much.

Andrew Jackson Nickell

AJN Tombstone

 WHO WAS ANDREW JACKSON NICKELL?

 Andrew Jackson Nickell (1828-1863) was a husband, father and farmer, who proudly served with the 114th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (O.V.I.), Company E during the Civil War. In his service for the Federal cause, Andrew participated in the Battle of Arkansas Post/Fort Hindman, the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou, the Vicksburg Campaign and the Siege of Vicksburg. Andrew is my 2x-great-grandfather.

 Andrew "put off this mortal life" aboard the Federal hospital ship U.S.S. D.A. January on 16 Jun 1863 just eighteen days before the fall of Vicksburg on 4 Jul  1863. Andrew left a widow, Isabelle Ramey Nickell, "Bell," and three (soon to be four) young children. Their oldest child, Elias Dolison "Doc" Nickell (1857-1935), is my great-grandfather.

 Bell saved roughly thirty of Andrew's Letters written during his service as a Union soldier. For 152 years, the Nickell Family has preserved Andrew's Letters, now in my custodianship. These priceless Letters represent a Federal soldier's first person account or Civil War Journal. This web site is created to honor Andrew, as well as Civil War veterans both Union and Confederate. These letters are also available in a comb-bound interpretive and narrative book available for distribution.

Andrew was the fifth generation of his Scots-Irish Nickell Family in America. Andrew's first American ancestor was "Papa John" Nickell (1720-1774) who emigrated from County Tyrone, Ulster, (Northern) Ireland (near Gortin) in the 1740's. John Nickell settled in the rugged western frontier of Augusta County, VA. His descendants moved on to settle Monroe and Greenbrier Counties of (West) Virginia prior to continuing their journey. The ancestors of Andrew's wife, Bell, made a similar pilgrimage from Virginia to Ohio, but their ancestry is French Hugenot (Ramey/Remy).

Three of Andrew's ancestors served in Lord Dunmore's War and at the Battle of Point Pleasant. This Battle served to end Native American resistance along the colonial frontier and in southern Ohio. Andrew's great-grandfather, Thomas Nickell/Nicholas and a 2x-great uncle, Joseph Nickell/Nicholas, served as boatmen and guides in the Battle. Another of Andrew's 2x-great-uncles, younger brother Isaac Nickell/Nichol, is recorded in Captain John Lewis' roster as an active combatant in the Battle. In 1908, Congress officially recognized the Battle of Point Pleasant as the first Battle of the American Revolution.

In the summer of 1755, the same Thomas Nickell/Nicholas, Andrew's great-grandfather, appears on the roster of a Virginia militia, serving under British General Edward Braddock and a 23-year-old George Washington. This unfortunate expedition against the French and Native Americans led to the Battle of Monongahela, and the death of General Braddock.

Andrew's parents, Robert Nickell and Nancy Ann Morehead were born and raised in the rugged frontier region of Monroe County, (West) Virginia. They relocated to Athens County, Ohio soon after the opening of the Northwest Territories in the 1820's. Robert and Nancy Ann initially purchased eighty acres of land in Elk Township, Athens County, OH. In 1850, the area became Vinton County, Ohio. The land remains in one line of the Nickell Family today.

Andrew was born in 1828 and raised in Vinton County, Ohio. Andrew and Bell were married 20 Nov 1856. After the birth of their first child in 1857 (Elias Dolison "Doc" Nickell, my great-grandfather) and prior to the Civil War they left their native Vinton County and relocated two counties west to Pickaway County, Ohio, south of Columbus. Family legend suggests that Andrew and his two older brothers, John Francis Nickell (1822-1880) and Robert Calvary Nickell/Nickle* (1826-1892), enlisted to support the Union. They were not Abolitionists. Their father, Robert, remained sympathetic to the Southern cause of "States rights."

Another family legend states that while training at Camp Marietta, Andrew traveled in uniform to McArthur, Vinton, Ohio to visit his parents and friends. Andrew’s father, Robert Nickell, refused to allow Andrew into the family home, “wearing that Yankee uniform.” Andrew’s mother, Nancy Ann, pled with Robert to allow their son to stay. Robert finally relented, with the condition that Andrew was gone by sunrise. Andrew and his mother talked all night.

Andrew's letters to Bell have been divided into seven chronological themes. These are presented below as seven chapters. Three additional chapters are included with supplemental interpretive information.

* Andrew's older brother Robert Calvary Nickle/Nickell settled in Madison County, Iowa about 1850 and prior to the Civil War. Robert enlisted in the 39th Iowa Infantry, Company F, and held the rank of Sergeant. Andrew and Bell must have thought well of Robert Calvary, as they gave that name to their second son (younger brother of my great-grandfather, Elias "Doc" Nickell).

114th O.V.I Monument at Vicksburg
  "TO HIS BELOVED WIFE AND CHILDREN"
  ― THE CIVIL WAR JOURNAL OF ANDREW JACKSON NICKELL

   (Please click on the links below to read the narrative and transcriptions or to view Andrew's handwritten letters)


  Chapter I.  Andrew Becomes A Soldier ― "One of the best there ever was!" ― Narrative and Transcription
      ― 17 Sep 1862 through 17 Nov 1862

      scanner Andrew's Scanned Handwritten Letters 1 through 7.




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|   I. Andrew Becomes a Soldier...  |   II. Headed South...  |   III. The First Fights...  |
|   IV. Laying In Camp...  |   V. Milliken's Bend  |   VI. Last Letters...  |   VII. Captain Abraham...  |
|   VIII. From An Unknown Writer...  |   IX. Epilogue...  |   X. Honoring Other Civil War Ancestors...  |

|   OLIVER BELDEN CULVER ― Illinois Abolitionist, Pioneer Farmer and Lincoln Neighbor  |
|   Lees Had Ties To The Land of Lincoln ― Squire Lee of Blount Township and General Lee Were 3rd Cousins  |
|   ABEL WILDER ESTABROOK ― Lovejoy Abolitionist, Pioneer Educator and Lincoln Teacher  |


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