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OLIVER BELDEN CULVER
-- Abolitionist, Pioneer Farmer and Lincoln Neighbor

OLIVER BELDEN CULVER (1791 VT - 1852 IL)
-- Abolitionist, Pioneer Farmer and Lincoln Neighbor

--- My wife's 2x-great-grandfather

OLIVER BELDEN CULVER

Oliver Belden Culver was a sergeant in the War of 1812. Oliver served in Captain Dorrance's Company, Colonel William Williams' Regiment of Detached Militia. He was in U.S. Service four months and twenty-nine days in 1812. First as a corporal, then as a sergeant.

Oliver Belden Culver was mentioned in 1816, 1817 and 1819 as a road overseer in the early records of the town of Stockholm, New York.

Oliver Belden Culver, his wife Betsy Holcomb and their young family moved from Stockholm, St. Lawrence County, New York to Sangamon County, Illinois about 1835. As a result of legislative actions by Abraham Lincoln and other Illinois Legislators, the area would become Menard County in 1839.

Farming northeast of Indian Point and about twenty miles north of Springfield, IL, Oliver's pioneer family lived and worked near a young Abraham Lincoln. Oliver reportedly took wheat to be ground at the New Salem Mill, where he would see the young Abe Lincoln.

Oliver and Betsy's daughter, Laura Stone Culver (1827-1881), married Abel Wilder Estabrook (1815-1905) on April 23, 1846. Abel, who earned his A.M. (masters) from Illinois College, owned the Springfield Academy, a private subscription school. Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln sent their eldest son, Robert Todd Lincoln to Abel Wilder Estabrook's Springfield Academy that was located on the west side of Fifth Street, between Monroe and Market (now Capitol) Streets. For three years (1850-1853), Abel was the teacher of Robert Todd Lincoln, Abraham and Mary's oldest son. Robert was aged 7 through 9.

Oliver Belden Culver was an active abolitionist, and a member of the Illinois Anti-Slavery Society. Oliver was also a member of the Springfield Anti-Slavery Society Constitution. Together with several family members, Oliver was one of the Springfield residents attending Alton's Elijah Lovejoy's Anti-Slavery Convention on October 26, 1837 (see signers below). A week later in early November 1837, Lovejoy was murdered by an angry mob.

Oliver was affiliated with both North Sangamon Presbyterian Church (Indian Point Presbyterian) and Second Presbyterian Church (Westminster Presbyterian). Second Presbyterian was originally known as the "abolitionist church." Oliver was one of the thirteen founding members of Second Prsbyterian.

Original Illinois Tract Farmland purchased by Oliver Belden Culver:

Name of Purchaser -- Legal - Sec - Twnsp - Rnge - Mer - Date --- County

CULVER OLIVER B - W2NE - 17 - 18N - 05W - 3 - 10/28/1836 - MENARD
CULVER OLIVER B - E2NW - 17 - 18N - 05W - 3 - 10/28/1836 - MENARD
CULVER OLIVER B - SWSE - 08 - 18N - 05W - 3 - 10/28/1836 - MENARD
CULVER OLIVER B - SESW - 08 - 18N - 05W - 3 - 10/28/1836 - MENARD

Illinois Anti-Slavery Society Organizational Convention & Constitution:

Elijah P. Lovejoy’s Call for Anti-Slavery Society Convention:

On September 27, 1837 (August 15, 1837), Elijah P. Lovejoy called for an Anti-Slavery Convention to be held at Upper Alton, Illinois on October 26, to discuss slavery and freedom of the press.

One month later on October 26, 1837, Elijah P. Lovejoy‘s call for a three-day Illinois Anti-Slavery Society Convention at Upper Alton was answered by 245 persons from ten Illinois counties. The list of those attending was the first public listing of Illinois abolitionists. The call was signed by 255 individuals including fifty-six men from Quincy, forty-two from Galesburg, thirty-two from Jacksonville, twenty-three from Alton, twenty-one from Springfield, seventeen from Farmington, five from Chatham and seventy-two from other places. It is significant hat no one south of Alton signed the Convention call. The list included the names of twenty residents of Springfield and thirteen members of the Second (Westminster) Presbyterian Church, the abolition church. The minutes of the convention are in the manuscript division of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, Springfield, Illinois.

"On Motion, Resolved, That the cause of Human rights, the liberty of speech & of the demands that the press of the Alton Observer be reestablished & located at Alton, with its present editors. And that with the assistance of our friends at Alton and elsewhere, and by the help of Almighty God we will take such measures as shall secure its reestablishment and Safety. Resolved, That we express our fraternal feelings towards the American Anti-slavery Society, and all others who are arising to promote the sacred cause of civil & religious liberty throughout the world, & engage to cooperate with them in all appropriate ways for the attainment of these great ends."

Transcription of the Lovejoy Broadside
Alton Observer -- Extra
Alton, September 28, 1837
STATE CONVENTION

The present aspect of the slavery question in this country, and especially in this State, is of commanding interest to us all. No question is, at the present time, exerting so strong an influence upon the public mind as this. The whole land is agitated by it. We cannot, nor would we remain indifferent spectators in the midst of developments so vitally interesting to us all, as those which are daily taking place in relation to the system of American Slavery.--We have duties to perform, as Christians and as Patriots, which call for united wisdom, counsel and energy of action.

The undersigned would, therefore, respectfully call a meeting of the friends of the slave and of free discussion in the State of Illinois, to meet in Convention at Upper Alton, on the last Thursday of October. It is intended that this Convention should consist of all those in the State who believe that the system of American Slavery is sinful and ought to be immediately abandoned, however diversified may be their views in other respects. It is desirable that the opponents in this State of Domestic Slavery--all who ardently long and pray to witness its immediate abolition, should co-operate together in their efforts to accomplish it. We therefore hope that all such will make it a point of duty to attend the Convention, not thereby feeling that they are pledged to any particular course of action, but that they may receive as well as impart the benefit of mutual counsel and advice.

It is earnestly to be hoped that there will be a full attendance at the Convention. Let all who feel deeply interested in this cause, not only attend themselves, but stir up their neighbors to attend also. And let each one remember that this call cannot be repeated. But for the destruction of the “Observer” press it would have been circulated some time since. It is hoped, that it will have some time to circulate in season to bring together a large number of our friends from all parts of the State.


Springfield, Sangamon County
Erastus Wright
Z. Hallock
E. (Eliphalet) B. Hawley
R. (Roswell) P. Abel
Roswell Abel
William M. Cowgill
Isaac Bancroft, Jr.
J. (Johnathan) C. Bancroft
Oliver B. Culver
J. (John) B. Watson
J. Stephenson
C. (Calvin) B. Francis
J. G. Rawson
Joseph Taney
Edmund R. Wiley
James Pratt
Josiah Francis
Elisha Taber
George N. Kendall
S. Conant
E. W. Thayer

Chatham, Sangamon County
L. N. Ransom
Josiah Porter
H. T. White
Cornelius Lyman
A. Stockwell

Farmington, Sangamon County
Peter Bates
Asahel Stone (Oliver B. Culver's brother-in-law)
Azel Lyman
Haroldus Estabrook (Oliver B. Culver's daughter's father-in-law)
Ezra Lyman
Bishop Seely
B. B. Moore
Jay Slater
H. P. Lyman
Oliver Bates
Stephen Child
O. L. Stone (Oliver B. Culver's nephew)
A. S. Lyman
Joel Buckman
John Lyman
T. Galt

Jacksonville, Morgan County
Abel W. Estabrook (Oliver B. Culver's son-in-law)
(Abel was a student at Illinois College, but his residence was at Farmington)

Children of Oliver Belden Culver and Betsey Holcomb:

  • Female Child, b. 05/02/1819 Stockholm, NY; d. 06/14/1819 Stockholm, NY.

  • Jonathon Segur Culver, b. 04/03/1821 Stockholm, NY; m. 08/17/1848, Elizabeth Shelton Brasfield; d. 01/09/1874 Indian Point, Menard County, IL; Buried: Indian Point Cemetery, Menard County, IL.

  • Ann Jane Culver, b. 05/26/1823 Stockholm, NY; m. 02/25/1841, John Grosvenor Paine; d. 01/19/1936 Springfield, IL; Buried: Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, IL. John G. Paine is listed in Springfield, IL's 1850 Census as a "chairmaker." In the 1850 Census, the Paine's and Estabrook's (below) are listed immediately next.

  • Sarah "Sally" Culver, b. 07/20/1825 Stockholm, NY; m. 02/15/1849, John Dillingham Brasfield; d. 07/24/1856 Indian Point, Menard County, IL; Buried: Indian Point Cemetery, Menard County, IL.

  • Laura Stone Culver, b. 11/24/1827 Stockholm, NY; m. 04/23/1846, Abel Wilder Estabrook; d. 12/28/1898 Springfield, IL; Abel Wilder Estabrook ran the subscription Springfield Academy. For three years (1850-1853), Abel was the teacher of Robert Todd Lincoln, the eldest son of Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln. Buried: Indian Point Cemetery, Menard County, IL.

  • Edward Herrick Culver, b. 01/02/1832 Stockholm, NY; m. 02/03/1881; Annie M. Johnson. d. 12/10/1892 Indian Point, Menard County, IL; Buried: Indian Point Cemetery, Menard County, IL. In 1864, Edward enlisted in the 133rd Illinois Volunteers, Company I as part of the "Hundred Dazers" or hundred day enlistments. He served guarding Confederate POW's at Rock Island, IL. Edward passed 12/1892 after he caught pneumonia from chopping wood.

    While Oliver Belden Culver chose to farm in central Illinois, his merchant brother, Zoroaster Culver, had four sons (Howard Zoroaster Culver, Belden Farrand Culver, Charles Eliakim Culver and George Newton Culver) who became business and civic leaders during Chicago's golden age. Belden Avenue in Chicago is named after Belden Farrand Culver (1829 NY-1902 IL), who was the nephew of Oliver Belden Culver.

    Oliver Belden Culver was named after his maternal grandfather, Captain Oliver Belden (1732 CT-1811 MA). Captain Oliver Belden was a Colonial Officer and Revolutionary Patriot. Captain Belden served under Colonel John Brown of Pittsfield in a Massachusetts Militia. Colonel John Brown is known as "the brave accuser of Benedict Arnold." One can assume that Captain Oliver Belden was close to that history.

    Thank you for visiting Oliver Belden Culver's web page. Please come back again and visit often!

    Sources:

  • http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/c/u/l/Doug-Culver/GENE4-0034.html Thank you Doug.

  • http://services.dar.org/public/dar_research/search_adb/default.cfm?Action=Search&Opt=&Last_Name=Belding&First_Name=oliver&P_ID=&ServiceState=&BirthState=&DeathState=&SpouseLastName=&SpouseFirstName=&Rank=&Live_County=&Live_City=&Live_District=&Live_State=&Pension_Number=&sortby=Last_Name
  • "Abel W. Estabrook: Robert Todd Lincoln's Abolitionist Teacher" by Richard E. Hart. Thank you Dick.




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