John Ogan; Edward Culver;
Robert E. Lee


John B. Ogan
John B. Ogan
JOHN OGAN (1836 OH-1915 OH) - My maternal 2x-great-grandfather was John Ogan from McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio. John was the third generation of his brick-making family in Ohio. John's grandparents, Evan Ogan and Susannah Fritter*, had moved north from Virginia to southern Ohio soon after the opening of the Northwest Territories. John enlisted in the 56th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company F at McArthur on November 8, 1861.

Like Andrew Jackson Nickell, John Ogan was an active combatant in the Vicksburg Campaign. As Grant's Army pressed westward from Jackson to Vicksburg, Mississippi on May 16, 1863, John was shot through the shoulder at the Battle of Champion Hills.

John Ogan survived his wound, and was mustered out with his regiment at New Orleans on November 14, 1864. He returned to Vinton County to start the highly successful McArthur Brickyard. John also made and played his own violins. He enjoyed a long and prosperous life in McArthur, and collected a veterans pension. John had nine children with three wives, and passed in 1915 at the age of seventy-nine. John is buried in Elk Cemetery north of McArthur, Ohio.

* Susannah's father, Moses Fritter (1755 VA-1835 KY), was present at Lord Cornwallis' surrender to General George Washington at Yorktown at the end of the American Revolution. Moses reported hearing the British band playing, "The World Turned Upside Down."

Civil War Ancestors
EDWARD HERRICK CULVER (1832 NY-1892 IL) - My wife's great-grandfather, Edward Herrick Culver, was a successful farmer and stock-raiser from Sweetwater, Menard County, Illinois. As an infant, Edward moved with his parents, Oliver Belden Culver and Betsey Holcomb, from St. Lawrence County, New York to Sangamon County, Illinois in the 1830's. It would become Menard County, Illinois in 1839.

OLIVER BELDEN CULVER, Abolitionist, Pioneer Farmer and Lincoln Neighbor Oliver was an active abolitionist and attended Elijah Lovejoy's Anti-Slavery Convention in October 1837. Farming northwest of Springfield, IL, Edward's pioneer family lived and worked near a young Abraham Lincoln. For three years (1850-1853), Edward's brother-in-law, Abel Wilder Estabrook, was the teacher of Abraham's eldest son, Robert Todd Lincoln (aged seven through nine).

Near the end of the Civil War, governors of the Northwestern states (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Iowa) called for a volunteer force of 85,000 "Hundred Dazers" or One-Hundred Day Men. The purpose of these recruits was to relieve veteran soldiers from guard duty at arsenals, forts and elsewhere. Edward responded to this call, enlisting in the 133rd Illinois Volunteers, Company I on May 5, 1864. He was mustered into service on May 31, 1864. On June 3, the 133rd was ordered to the Rock Island (IL) Barracks. There the regiment was assigned to guard Confederate prisoners of war. After completing his enlistment, Edward was mustered out of the service at Camp Butler east of Springfield, IL on September 24, 1864.

Edward returned to his family's Menard County farm. On February 3, 1881, Edward married Annie Mauns Johnson, a native of Sweden. Together Edward and Annie had five children. Their second child, Edward Herrick Culver, Jr., my wife's grandfather, was born in 1884, twenty years after his father's service with the 133rd Illinois. After chopping wood on a cold December day in 1892, the elder Edward caught pneumonia and passed at the age of sixty. Edward is buried in Indian Point Cemetery north of Athens, IL.

OLIVER BELDEN CULVER, Abolitionist, Pioneer Farmer and Lincoln Neighbor

Gen. R. E. Lee

Squire Edward Lee
Squire E. Lee

ROBERT E. LEE (1807 VA-1870 VA) - My most well-known Civil War ancestor was General Robert Edward Lee, the respected Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia. My maternal grandmother was a Lee, and her grandfather, Squire Edward Lee (1814 KY-1880 IL), my 2x-great-grandfather, was a direct descendant of the Virginia Lee family.

There is a persistent family legend that Squire Edward Lee was a third cousin and contemporary of General Robert Edward Lee. This family legend has not been proven. A Danville Commercial News article reports that Squire and Robert were third-cousins:

LEES HAD TIES TO LAND OF LINCOLN - Squire Lee of Blount Township, General Lee Were 3rd Cousins

Squire's father, William Henry Lee (1792 VA-1849 IL), was born in Virginia and first moved from Mercer County, Kentucky, then to Vermilion County, Illinois in 1829. There the father and son became successful Vermilion County farmers and landowners. Squire Edward Lee became a Lincoln man and strong Union supporter. During the Civil War, Squire reportedly viewed the Confederate General as a traitor. Squire is buried in Gordon Cemetery in Danville, IL, overlooking Lake Vermilion. My middle name "Lee" comes from this family, as well as a legendary relationship to the famous General.

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| I. Andrew Becomes a Soldier... | II. Headed South... | III. The First Fights... |
| IV. Laying In Camp... | V. Milliken's Bend | VI. Last Letters... | VII. Captain Abraham... |
| VIII. From An Unknown Writer... | IX. Epilogue... | X. Honoring Other Civil War Ancestors... |

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