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Understanding Our Celtic Forefathers OF Montgomeryshire Wales
The World Gen Web Organization of Ireland Research Our Welsh Forefathers Research our Our Scottish Forefathers More Resources To Our Pennsylvania Forefathers Irish Resources by VU Fianna
The World Gen Web Organization of Ireland
Research Our Welsh Forefathers
Research our Our Scottish Forefathers
More Resources To Our Pennsylvania Forefathers
Irish Resources by VU Fianna
Your Genealogy Conference 1997
Josie Hennessy Bullock
Note: By Georgene Humphries (firstname.lastname@example.org)This is from the Syllabus from the 1997 Conference. I can recommend these references, since I have used them at the Main Library in Salt Lake City. You will note the Reference numbers are to that Library. Some of these could be borrowed from other libraries through your local Library. (Interlibr. Loan not available from FHL_SLC)
Josie Bullock is a former resident of Co. T, Ireland, with ancestors who have so far proved to be all Irish. She is Pres. Of the "IRISH CHAPTER". Of the Utah Genealogical Society. (No Web Page available)and works as consultant on the British floor of the FHL in SLC, Utah. (Permission for publication on this page given to Georgene Humphries, 3 Dec 1997, from Josie Bullock)
A major source for the vital records of Irish families is the civil government registration of births, marriages and deaths in Ireland for all persons commencing in 1864. Protestant marriages were registered with the civil authorities from 1845. There are available annual surname indexes to these records. The given names are listed alphabetically within the surname. The index gives the district name in which the event was registered and volume and page number of the entry. A certificate of the required event may be obtained by sending the full information as obtained from the indexes with a request to The General Register Office of Ireland, Joyce House, 8-11 Lombard Street East, Dublin 2, Ireland.
The office does not do research. An international money order for the required amount plus postage should be included. Northern Ireland established a General Register Office in 1922. It is located at Oxford House, 49-55 Chichester Street, Belfast BT1 4HL, Northern Ireland. The Family History Library Catalog contains call numbers for the annual general indexes.
Once you know the name of the civil parish of the town or townland, it is possible to look for existing church registers within that parish. If you know the denomination to which the ancestor belonged you can narrow your search at this point. A useful book for finding the available register is A Guide to Irish Parish Registers by Brian Mitchell (FHL 941.5 K23m). This publication gives the date of commencement of the available registers of the several denominations in Ireland. Of course, all registers have not survived the rigors of time. Some, but not all by any means, have been lost to fire, water, rodents and human carelessness. There are county Family Heritage Centers who have indexes to the registers and will do a search for a fee. In 1992 The Irish Family History Society printed a Directory of Parish Registers Indexed in Ireland (FHL Ref. 941.5 K23d). The records of smaller denominations may be kept at their individual church headquarters. The National Library of Ireland has filmed all the Roman Catholic registers. Most of them begin in the very late 1700 s or the first part of the 1800 s. A few Catholic diocese still require that you request permission from the diocesan authority before a search can be made. Irish Church Records edited by James Ryan (FHL 941.5 K27rj) is a guide to existing registers in each county for each denomination and gives information regarding availability.
The Irish Census is unfortunately a lost record until 1901. A few scraps remain of earlier census returns for some northern counties and these are precious indeed. Early censuses of 1831 exist as fragments for three Baronies and the City of Londonderry. The 1841 census was used as evidence of birth and a some copies of returns are found in applications for Old Age Pensions in the early part of the twentieth century. County Antrim has some returns for the 1851 census. The first census to survive in complete form is that of 1901. The 1911 census of Ireland is also available to the public. A Register of film numbers for the 1901 is available at the Family History Library. The census of 1911 is being prepared for library use with counties A to C already available.
THE REGISTRY OF DEEDS
A Registry of Deeds (FHL 941.5 R23c) was commenced in 1708 and continues to the present time. There are both surname and county indexes. It can be used to localize surnames in Ireland. Until Catholic Emancipation in 1829 the deeds were mainly those of Protestant land holding families since Catholics were not allowed to own land. The deeds have been found to contain marriage settlements, leases and mortgages and a few wills. (FHL 941.5 P22e). Registry of Deeds, Abstracts of Wills by Beryl Eustace (FHL 941.5 P22e).
The Church of Ireland required that couples who wished to be married in that church obtain a marriage license from their Bishop or from the Archbishop of Armagh. The other alternative was to have their local minister announce their intended union in their parish church for three consecutive weeks. The Banns have not survived but the marriage license indexes still exist. When obtaining a license an Allegation was made which named the couple and gave their ages as well as the place where the marriage was to take place. A Bond was then made. A diocesan index has survived the centuries between 1629 and 1864.
MANUSCRIPTS AND GENEALOGICAL COLLECTIONS
It is well to become acquainted with Hayes Manuscript Sources for the History of Irish Civilization (FHiL REF Q 941.5 ASh). It is an eleven volume series with a supplement of three volumes. The volumes are divided into sections for Persons, Subjects and Places. The manuscripts named in this work are found in over thirty countries as well as in Ireland. See Guide to Irish and Scotch-Irish Ancestral Research by Margaret Dickson Falley for information about other collections. A Card Index to Collections in the Genealogical Office is a surname index to various family names in Ireland, includes pedigrees. A Card Index to Collections in The Public Record Office ofNorthern Ireland is by name and subject from widely varied sources.
When the sought after ancestor can be identified with a place of origin such as a town or towniand, it may be obvious that spelling has been fractured. An Index to the Baronies, Parishes, Towns and Townlands of Ireland (FHL 941.5 K22g) should be consulted. This index will put the place-name into the correct county, barony, civil parish and poor law union. Since Irish place-names have usually been interpreted as heard by the recorder this index is essential. A Gaelic place-name will be different from the Anglo-Irish version. When you have correctly identified the place-name you can proceed to search for relevant records for the right civil and/or ecclesiastical parish. If a place-name cannot be found in family records, then U.S. sources must be exhausted in an effort to find a residence in Ireland. A New Genealogical Atlas of Ireland by Brian Mitchell (FHL 941.5 E7m) gives maps for the several divisions in each county.
The probates suffered greatly in the Civil War of 1922. The building in which they were stored was blown up and papers scattered throughout Dublin. The indexes to the wills has survived and some abstracts that were made previously are now of great value. Will Abstracts by Sir William Betham and Sir Arthur Vicars are among those available at the Family History Library. An index to 7,500 wills in the Genealogical Office was compiled by Beryl Eustace (FHL 941.5 P 22eu). Sir Bernard Burke compiled will abstracts into pedigrees. Wealthy families had their wills proved in The Prerogative Court of Armagh or in an English court. There were twenty-eight diocesan courts and parishes were assigned to a particular court. In 1858 the system of probating wills was changed from an ecclesiastical to a government system. The Principal Probate court was set up in Dublin and eleven district courts were made available throughout Ireland. The will copies for Dublin & Kildare were lost in 1922 but copies at the other registries have been collected and deposited in the P.R.O. A Calendar of the Grants of Probate and Letters of Administrations Made in the Principal Registry and Several District Court Registries is the general index to these wills. The Calendar and The London Inland Revenue indexes and wills have been filmed. They are available at The Family History Library.
There are lesser known records that can assist the researcher in searching out Irish sources. The National Schools of Ireland opened in the early 1900 s. Registers were kept for boys, girls and infants. Their names were recorded along with the name of the mother or father of the pupil. The Public Record Office of Northern Ireland has made available A Guide to Educational Records. This publication lists the name of the schools and the years covered by the records. (The Family History Library has them on film). In the Irish Free State, efforts have been made to collect the registers into the Public Record Office. In time they will be put on film and will be made available. The school registers provide interesting clues to the lifestyle of the people in different districts and parts of the country. For more information on school records see an article of mine entitled The National Schools of Ireland, The Irish at Home and Abroad, Volume 3, Number 2. 1995/1996. See The National School System, 1831-1924, facsimile documents/compiled by Ken Hannigan (FHL 941.5 J2ns).
MEMORIALS OF THE DEAD
The Journal of the Association for the Preservation of the Memorials of the Dead has published Memorials from 1888 to 1897 and they are available on 18 microfiche. (FHL #6342711, 6342712,6342713). They are arranged by years. The Committee of the Irish National War Memorial compiled.Ireland s Memorial Records 19 14-1918 with the names of Irish soldiers who died in the First World War (FHL #1279333).
The records of those who emigrated to America, Australia and elsewhere are mostly found in the records of the adopted country. The Poor Law Unlon records of Irish counties contain some information for those whose passage was paid by the Union. Those Estate owners who participated in emigration schemes recorded the names of tenants who emigrated. Some Estate Papers are still in private hands.,
Return To The Scottish Undertakers of Ulster
Lenaghen Family of Tipparary and Down
Colonal Clarks Regiment of Tipparary
Celtic Family Aitchison and other Irish Helps