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Important Kitchen Herbs




If there is one thing I have found I don't have,.it is a lot of spare time.  Spare is a luxury. I love gardening, but the last thing I want to do is spend a lot of time replanting and tending to my gardens. I want to be able to enjoy my gardens. rudbeckia.jpg (16532 bytes)

When I learned what perennials were, I knew I had been truely blessed. What an awakening. Just when I only thought there were only one kind of plants, annuals, i.e. celosia, marigolds, zinnia, vinca, impatiens, etc. These are great for long lasting flushes of color, fillers
and should never be left out of any garden. But they have to be  planted annually.

And as I expanded my gardens, this became a time consuming chore.  Whereas, many perennials only have to be planted once, give year after year of enjoyment, are carefree, require little attention, and have become standard baselines for all my gardens.

Because there are a number of perennials now available on the market, one must educate oneself in order to make the right choices.  Which will be the best for your garden, disease resistant, drought tolerant, etc.  In the end these questions have to be dealt with.  Perennials are wonderful, just so long as they are adaptable to your locale. These can be an expensive lessons to learn, as perennials (now hot items in the nursery trade) are becoming the most popular plant in the garden.

Lupines and alpine perennials as well as other exotic are beautiful, but they tend to perish under the Southern sun and humidity. They are not impossible to cultivate, but can be time consuming in the attention they need. I searched and read and searched and read some more.  My ultimate conclusion through trial and error was that usually native perennials were the best choice.  They live here (once widespread naturally), they tolerate the climate, and even some tolerate the extremes that can be associated with the South.

Perennials For Dry Soils and Hot Dry Conditions

Achfllea Yarrow Amsonia tabernaemontana Willow Amsonia
Anaphalis triplinervis Pearly Everlasting Anchusa Alkanet, Bugloss
Antennaria Pussy-toes Anthemis Golden Marguerite
Arabis Rock Cress Armeria maritima Thrift, Sea Pink
Arrhenatherum elatius var. bulbosum  Tuber Oat Grass Artemisia Wormwood
Aurinia saxatilis Basket-of-gold Baptisia tinctoria Yellow False Indigo
Campanula poscharskyana Serbian Bellflower ' Catananche Cupid's-dart
Cerastium tomentosum Snow-in-Summer Ceratostigma plumbaginoides Leadwort
Chamaemetum nobile Roman Chamomile Chrysanthemum parthenium Feverfew
Chrysanthemum X superbum Shasta Daisy Coreopsis verticillata Threadleaf Coreopsis
Coronilla varia Crown Vetch Cortaderia selloana Pampas Grass
Dianthus Pink, Carnation Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower
Echinops Globe Thistle Elymus arenarius Lyme Grass
Erigeron Fleabane Eryngium Sea Holly
Euphorbia (some) Spurge Festuca Fescue
Gaillardia Xgrandiflora Blanketflower Geranium (some) Cranesbill
Gypsophila paniculata Baby's-breath Helianthemum Sun Rose
Helictotrichon sempervirens Blue Oat Grass Hemerocallis Daylily
Iris (some) Kniphofia uvaria Torch Lily
Lavandula angustifolia English Lavender Leontopodium alpinum (C) Edelweiss
Liatris Gay-feather Linum Flax
Lychnis viscaria German Catchfly Malva Mallow
Miscanthus Silver Grass Nepeta Catmint
Oenothera (some) Evening Primrose, Sundrops Penstemon Beard-tongue
Petrorhagia saxifraga Tunic Flower Phlox subulata Moss Pink
Platycodon grandiflorus Balloon Flower Potentifla Cinquefoil
Rudbeckia Coneflower Salvia Sage
Santolina Lavender Cotton Saponaria ocymoides Rock Soapwort
Sedum Stonecrop (not all tolerate heat) Sempervivum Hen-and-chickens
Solidago Goldenrod Stachys byzantina Lamb's-ears
Thermopsis False Lupine Tradescantia Spiderwort
Verbena Yucca Adam's-needle, Soapwort

Perennials For Shade - consistent moisture

Acanthus Bear's-breech Aconitum Monkshood
Adenophora Ladybells Aegopodium (S) Bishop's Weed
Ajuga Bugleweed Atchemilla Lady's-mande
Anemone Wildflower Aquilegia Columbine
Arenaria Sandwort Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit
Arrhenatherum elatius var. bulbosum Tuber Oat Grass Artermisia lactiflora White Mugwort
Aruncus Goatsbeard Asarum Wild Ginger
Astithe False Spirea Athyrium Mix-femina Lady Fern
Brunnera macrophylia Heartleaf Brunnera Campanula Bellflower
Chelone lyonii Turtlehead Chrysogonum Coldenstar
Cimicifuga Bugbane Convallaria maialis Lily-of-the-valley
Dicentra Bleeding-heart Digitalis Foxglove
Epimedium Barrenwort Erythronium Dog-tooth Violet
Filipendula Meadowsweet Galeobdolon luteum Golden Deadnettle
Gaura lindheimeri White Gaura Gentiana Gentian
Hakonechloa macra Hedera Ivy
Helleborus Christmas/Lenten Rose Heuchera Coralbelis
Hosta Plantain Lily Imperata, ica 'Rubra, Japanese Blood Grass
Liriope  Lilyturf Lysimachia punctata Yellow Loosestrife
Mertensia virginica Monarda Wild Bergamot
Myosotis Forget-me-not  Virginia Bluebells Osmunda claytoniana Interrupted Fern
Pachysandra terminalis Japanese Spurge Phlox divaricata Wild Blue Phlox
Polemonium Jacob's-ladder Polygonatum  Solomon's-seal
Primula Primrose Pulmonaria Lungwort
Pulsatilia vulgaris European Pasqueflower Ranunculus repens Creeping Buttercup
Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodroot Symphytum caucasicum Blue Comfrey
Thalictrum Meadow Rue Tiarelia (S) False Miterwort
Trillium Wake-robin Trollius Globeflower
Vinca Periwinkle Viola Pansy, Violet
Waidsteinia Barren Strawberry  

Perennials For Shade - dry conditions

Adonis amurensis Amur Adonis Anaphalis triplinervis Pearly Everlasting
Convallaria majalis Lily-of-the-valley Epimedium Barrenwort
Geranium (some) Cranesbill Hosta Plantain Lily
Lamium maculatum Spotted Deadnettle Pachysandra terminalis Japanese Spurge
Pulmonaria saccharata Bethlehem Sage Stachys byzantina Lamb's-ears
Symphytum grandiflorum Large-flowered Comfrey Vinca Periwinkle

Groundcover Perennials

Achiffea tomentosa Woolly Yarrow Aegopodium Bishop's weed
Ajuga Bugleweed Alchemilla alpina  Mountain Lady's-mantle
Antennaria Pussy-toes Arabis Rock Cress
Arenaria ;Sandwort Armeria maritima Thrift, Sea Pink
Artemisia schmidtiana  Silver Mound Artemisia Asarum Wild Ginger
Aubrieta deltoidea Purple Rock Cress Bergenia cordifolia Heardeaf Bergenia
Cerastium tomentosum Snow-in-summer Ceratostigma plumbaginoides Leadwort
Chamaemelum nobile Roman Chamomile Clematis paniculata  Sweet Autumn Clematis
Convallaria majalis Lily-of-the-valley Coronilla varia Crown Vetch
Dianthus (some) Pinks Dicentra (some) Bleeding-heart
Duchesnea indica Mock Strawberry Epimedium Barrenwort
Euonymus fortunei 'Colorata'  Purpleleaf Wintercreeper Galeobdolon luteum Golden Deadnettle
Galium odoratum Sweet Woodruff Geranium (some) Cranesbill
Gypsophila repens  Creeping Baby's-breath Hedera Ivy
Hosta Plantain Lily Houttuynia cordata Chameleon Plant
Hypericum calycinum St.-John's-wort lberis Candytuft
Lamium maculatum Spotted Deadnettle Lathyrus latifolius Everlasting Pea
Liriope Lilyturf Lysimachia nummularia Creeping Jennie
Mentha pulegium Pennyroyal Nepeta Catmint
Oenothera missouriensis Ozark Sundrops Pachysandra terminalis Japanese Spurge
Papaver nudicaule Iceland Poppy Petrorhagia saxifraga Tunic Flower
Phlox (some) Polemonium reptans Creeping Jacob's-ladder
Polygonum Knotweed Potentilla tabernaemontani  Spring Cinquefoil
Ranunculus repens Creeping Buttercup Santolina Lavender Cotton
Saponaria ocymoides Rock Soapwort Sedum (some) Stonecrop
Stachys byzantina Lamb's-ears Symphytum grandiflorum  Large-flowered Comfrey
Thymus Thyme Tiarella False Miterwort
Verbena (some) Veronica (some) Speedwell
Vinca Periwinkle Viola odorata Sweet Viola

Perennials For Rock Gardens

Acaena microphylia New Zealand Bur Achillea tomentosa Woolly Yarrow
Adonis Aethionema Stonecress
Ajuga genevensis Geneva Bugleweed Antennaria Pussy-toes
Anthemis marschalliana  Marshall Camomile Aquilegia flabellata Fan Columbine
Arabis Rock Cress Arnaria Sandwort
Armeria marftima Thrift, Sea Pink Aruncus aethusifolius  Miniature Goatsbeard
Aster alpinus Alpine Aster Aubrieta deltoidea Purple Rock Cress
Aurinia saxatilis Basket-of-gold Bellis perennis English Daisy
Bergenia cordifolia Heartleaf Bergenia Campanula (some) Beliflower
Cerastiuin totnentosum Snow-in-summer Ceratostigma plumbaginoides Leadwort
Cheiranthus cheiri English Wallflower Chrysogonum virginianum  Green-and-gold
Coreopsis auriculata 'Nana'  Dwarf Mouse Ear Coreopsis Corydalis lutea Yellow Corydalis
Dianthus Pink, Carnation, Sweet William Dicentra Bleeding-heart
Erigeron Fleabane Euonymus fortunei 'Kewensis'  Wintercreeper
Euphorbia myrsinites Myrtle Euphorbia Festuca Fescue
Gentiana Gentian Geranium (dwarf forms) Cranesbill
Geum X borisii Boris Avens Helianthemum Sun Rose
Herniaria glabra Herniary Hypericum calycinum St.-John's-wort
Iberis Candytuft Imperata cylindrica 'Rubra  Japanese Blood Grass
Incarvillea delavayi Hardy Gloxinia Inula ensifolia Swordleaf InulaIris (some)
Leontopodium alpinum Edelweiss Linum Flax
Myosotis alpestris Alpine Forget-me-not Nierembergia repens White Cupflower
Phlox stolonifera Creeping Phlox Phlox subulata Moss Phlox
Platycodon grandiflorus var. mariesii  Dwarf Balloon Flower Potentilla Cinquefoil
Primula Primrose Pulsatilla vulgaris European Pasqueflower
Saponaria ocymoides Rock Soapwort Sedum Stonecrop
Sempervivum Hen-and-chickens Thymus Thyme
Tricyrtis Toad Lily  

Moisture Tolerant Perennials

Aconitum Monkshood Aegopodium Bishop's Weed
Aquilegia Columbine Arenaria montana Mountain Sandwort
Aruncus Goatsbeard Asarum Wild Ginger
Astilbe False Spirea Baptisia australia Blue False Indigo
Bergenia cordifolia Heartleaf Bergenia Boltonia asteroides White Boltonia
Brunnera macrophylla Heardeaf Brunnera Calamagrostis Reed Grass
Caltha palustris Marsh Marigold Campanula Bellflower
Chelone lyonii Turtlehead Cimifuga Bugbane
Coreopsis rosea Rose Coreposis Deschampsia caespitosa Tufted Hair Grass
Digitalis Foxglove Epimedium Barrenwort
Eupatorium (some) Boneset Euphorbia griffithii Griffith's Spurge
Filipendula Meadowsweet Gentiana Gentian
Geranium sanguineum Blood-red Cranesbill Glyceria maxima 'Variegata' Manna Grass
Helenium Sneezeweed Hemerocallis Daylily
Hosta Plantain Lily Houttuynia cordata Chameleon Plant
lberis Candytuft Inula ensifolia Swordleaf Inula
Iris (some) Liatris Gay-feather
Liriope Lilyturf Lobelia cardinalis Blue Cardinal Flower
Lysimachia Loosestrife Lythrum Loosestrife
Mentha Mint Mertensia virginica Virginia Bluebells
Monarda Wild Bergamot Myosotis scorpioides Water Forget-me-not
Nepeta Catmint Osmunda claytoniana Interrupted Fern
Paeonia suffruticosa Tree Peony Phalaris arundinacea var. picta Ribbon Grass
Phlox (some) Physostegia virginiana Obedience
Polemonium Jacob's-ladder Polygonatum Solomon's-seal
Polygonum Knotweed Primula japonica Japanese Primrose
Pulmonaria Lungwort Ranunculus repens Buttercup
Rodgersia aesculifolia Fingerleaf Rodgersia Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodroot
Sanguisorba Burnet Symphytum Comfrey
Thalictrum Meadow Rue Tiarelia False Miterwort
Tradescantia Spiderwort Trillium Wake-robin
Trollius Globeflower  

Woodland Gardens

Aquilegia canadensis Wild Columbine Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit
Aruncus dioicus Goatsbeard Chrysogonum virginianum Green-and-gold
Cimicifuga Bugbane Dicentra Bleeding-heart
Epimedium Barrenwort Erythronium Dog-tooth Violet
Gentiana Gentian Geranium (some) Geranium, Cranesbill
Helleborus Christmas/Lenten Rose Heuchera Coralbells
Iris (some) Liriope Lilyturf
Mertensia virginica Virginia Bluebells Myosotis sylvatica Woodland Forget-me-not
Phlox (some) Polemonium Jacob's4adder
Polygonatum Solomon's-seal Primula Primrose (needs moist soil in hot regions)
Pulmonaria Lungwort Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodroot
Tradescantia Spiderwort Trillium Wake Robin
Viola Pansy, Violet  

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