Therefore, early Jerusalem originated as a Canaanite settlement as the early Jebusites migrated 20 miles up the countryside from Hebron perhaps between 2350 BC and 2000 BC to found the city of Jebus that later became Jerusalem (not the traditional "Old City"). Thus, this ancient city existed for more than 1,500 years until King Nebuchadnezzar came and took its inhabitants captive to Babylon beginning in 3502 from Creation (i.e. 504 BC).
So, again, there should be ample signs of ancient gates, walls, houses, etc. Yes, Scripture cites that Jebus even had a castle, a fortress, eventually called The City of David ... contrary to what some pseudo archaeologists would like people to believe (See the pedantic diatribes against Dr. Steiner by Jane Cahill and Nadav Na'aman published in BAR Magazine, Vol. 24, No. 4). That is, because they and their cohorts look in the wrong places, they obviously did not find traces of any associated walls, gates, housing, castle, etc. Therefore, they conclude that such remnants never existed. But they persist in falsely proclaiming the phony traditional site to be the ancient City of David. Hummm! It might help to look in the right places and consider Measuring The City. (Also see: Four Rows Of Three).
Falsehoods Will Be Exposed: Indeed the traditional City of David is an obvious phony, a hoax, just like the phony temple mount, just like the phony claims by the Jewish State to the name and title "Israel," just like the phony Mount Sinai, just like the phony Noah's Ark site in Eastern Turkey, etc.
However, when people wake up: (1) There are two real Cities of David: One is West of the Hinnom where David dwelt in the castle or fortress (II Samuel 5:9; I Chronicles 11:5,7); The other is Hebron where David had been anointed King. That's where the tombs of the Kings reside atop Kob al Janib North Northwest of the modern quarry (II Chronicles 24:25; II Kings 12:21). (2) There are three separate Temple sites whose preserved remains await reentry; (3) There was a fourth Temple (Hadrian's pagan temple dismantled by Helena) which had been built beneath the phony traditional mount ... even the Roman East Gate, now well buried beneath the traditional East Gate, may be seen on The Madaba Map. The existence of that Roman East Gate was confirmed by James Fleming in 1971 and Fleming's confirmation was then kept secret for about 14 years; (4) There will be a true Israel identified before the Final 42 Year-Hour ends; (5) There is a true Mount Sinai situated about 200 miles North of the phony traditional site; (6) The remains of Noah's Ark will be unearthed North of Tayma', Saudi Arabia; and, (7) There are two Holy Arks being held captive by the occupation forces since 1985 (Zechariah 5:4). Smile!
Back To The Temples: Yes, the "experts" have been looking in the wrong places including Nehemiah who returned from the Babylonian captivity only to search in "darkness" (i.e. without knowledge nor understanding) and he didn't tell anyone he couldn't find it. As a result, a second Temple was built atop David's Tomb situated beneath what is now called the Western Hill. (Note: This site should not be confused with the phony tomb of David identified for tourists at the Southern tip of the Western Hill).
Thus, Nehemiah is the culprit, the fall guy, responsible for the relocation of the ancient City of Jerusalem upon Jewry's return from their Babylonian Exile.
Today, in the region of the Wailing Wall, one can see the West wall enclosing the phony traditional mount. A portion of the foundation of that wall should prove to be associated with Nehemiah's structures surrounding the Second Temple. That is, each Temple was erected within one quadrant of an amphitheatre called "The City" which was centered within the literal Levitical City.
Note: The Rabbis, following the Babylonian Exile, changed the basic wall construction criteria. That is, the Talmud establishes that instead of the walls being four-square, a wall may be pushed out here if it is pulled in there. Thus, unlike the four-square walls associated with the Solomonic Temple and the surrounding original Levitical City of the earlier era, the walls for Nehemiah's and, later, Herod's structures did not closely follow the basic four-square design criteria given Solomon. And neither of GOD'S two Holy Arks were ever placed within either of the second and third Temples.
O.K., the third Temple, Herod's Temple, was built under the authority of Herod The Great. Its preserved remains now reside under the modern Muslim Quarter (the mound just East of the Damascus Gate). Great pillars once part of the amphitheatre enclosing Herod's Temple are now part of a modern convent and are called the Fortress of Antonia. Remember, Jesus' last supper, His trial, crucifixion, death, burial, and resurrection ... all occurred within the great amphitheatre enclosing Herod's Temple.
Also, from within the preserved ruins of Herod's Temple, Bar Kochba and his followers came out by night and attacked Roman Emperor Hadrian (c. 134 AD). Earlier, while Hadrian was visiting Apollonius in Egypt, Bar Kochba had excavated the area now occupied by the phony traditional mount and heaped the earth atop the ruins of Herod's Temple, rebuilt walls, built housing atop the mound covering the Temple ruins, etc. All was done to conceal the Herodian Temple site from Hadrian. Apparently Jewish agents even murdered Apollonius to further delay Hadrian's return from Egypt. However, when Hadrian eventually returned, Hadrian was then told that the excavated area was the Temple site. Thus, Bar Kochba's ruse worked and Hadrian built his pagan temple on the phony site.
The problem that subsequently evolved is that Bar Kochba's ruse has persisted through the millennia even unto today. People have fought and killed one another over that phony site. And, even today, myriad people bow to and pray to the remnants of Hadrian's pagan temple while standing with their backs to the Solomonic Temple (Psalm 5:7; Jeremiah 19:2; Ezekiel 8:16-18).
Note: The Assyrian King Sennacherib certainly would not have set up his siege headquarters near Lachish (i.e. near the Lakhish River or Brook) if the City of Jerusalem were not West of the Hinnom (II Kings 18:13,17; 20:20; II Chronicles 32:3-4,9,30; Isaiah 36:1-2). That is, Hezekiah had stopped up the nearby water sources including the Sorek River in the middle, the Ajalon to the North, and the Elah to the South of the Sorek. All were far closer to early Jerusalem, Sennacherib's main objective, rather than the Lakhish River which was much farther to the South.
We'll get back to these water sources in a moment, but first consider preparations for the Solomonic Temple's destruction.
During Sennacherib's siege of the preExilic City, Sennacherib apparently mounded earth atop portions of the city, city walls, and about the Temple area using captive slave labor.
Speaking Of The Phony Gihon And The Falsely Identified Siloam Tunnel Purportedly Built By Hezekiah: John Rogerson and Philip R. Davies, Professors at the University of Sheffield in England wrote a joint paper published in the September 1996 issue (#59) of Biblical Archaeologist magazine published by the American Schools of Oriental Research. The Rogerson-Davies paper is titled: "Was The Siloam Tunnel Built By Hezekiah?" Therein, the authors questioned the validity of certain archaeological practices and proposed that the "use of the Siloam Inscription for dating other inscriptions should be abandoned." Rogerson and Davies strongly suggested that the Siloam Inscription (taken from the falsely identified tunnel) should be more properly dated in the second century BC. This created quite a stir amongst many pseudo experts as the Siloam Inscription has been a cornerstone of Hebrew paleography for six century script.
Common sense and the Scriptures point out that Rogerson and Davies may very well be correct.
Again, the City of Jebus required water and when Solomon built his Temple, the Solomonic Temple required lots of water too! So, where did it come from? Obviously not from the traditional (false) Gihon and not from the traditional (false) Hezekiah's Tunnel to the South of the traditional (false) temple mount and phony City of David.
Common sense says, the Jebusites, followed by King Saul, King David, King Solomon, and the many kings which came after Solomon ... everyone obviously didn't wait for King Hezekiah (about 1,500 years after the founding of Jebus) to bring water into the city. Furthermore, when the Solomonic Temple was built, there were great cisterns (reservoirs) including a complete water-sewer system under the Temple.
So, in reality, King Hezekiah simply blocked the excess waters from flowing into the Elah, the Sorek, and the Ajalon Rivers and allowed the needed waters to continue flowing into the existing tunnels that brought fresh waters into the city, the castle, and the Temple [II Kings 20:20; II Chronicles 32:3-4,30; Ben Sira (Ecclesiasticus) 48:17]. That's why King Sennacherib set up his siege headquarters near the Lakhish ... he needed water for his army when Hezekiah stopped up the adjacent water sources.
The 185,000 Sudden Deaths: (II Kings 19:35; Isaiah 37:36): Consider what happened when the available fresh water supply had been shut off from Sennacherib's forces outside the preExilic City while waters continued flowing into the City. Yes, as a result the sewer waters had to continue flowing out beyond the City walls. Meanwhile, Sennacherib's army and myriad captives from the 46 cities were busily building earthramps. An abundance of water was needed. So, did Sennacherib's waterbearers eventually fill their containers from the two or more sewer outflows? There was one East of the City and another on the West side. How convenient!
The sewer waters gushing forth appeared as natural springs, two Gihon's, but obviously both were quite deadly for Sennacherib's forces. And the more they retched the more water they wanted. Remember, the water bearers were undoubtedly conscripts from the 46 captured cities; so, those "fresh water" springs saved a lot of walking.
Centuries Of Darkness
Rutgers University Press
(1993) Page 5
Peter James in collaboration with
I.J. Thorpe, Nikos Kokkinos,
Robert Morkot, John Frankish.
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