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What is Governance?
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Deprivation & inequality is almost invariably rooted in poor governance.
(Planning Commission)


  • Governance is the manner in which the power is exercised in the management of a country's economic and social resources. There are three distinct aspects of governance- (a) the form of political regime; (b) the process by which authority is exercised in the management of a country's economic and social resources for development; (c) the capacity of governments to design, formulate and implement policies and discharge functions. 
    (World Bank)

  • Governance is the exercise of the political, economic and administrative authority in the management of a country's affairs at all levels. It comprises mechanisms, processes and institutions through which citizens and groups articulate their interests, exercise their legal rights, meet their obligations, and mediate their differences. 

  • Governance is the sum of the many ways individuals and institutions, public and private, manage their common affairs. It is a continuing process through which conflicting or diverse interests may be accommodated and cooperative actions may be taken. It includes formal institutions and regimes empowered to enforce compliance, as well as informal arrangements that people and institutions either have agreed to or perceive to be in their interests.
    (Commission on Global Governance)

  • Humane governance is governance dedicated to securing human development. It must enable the state, civil society and the private sector to help build capacities, which will meet the basic needs of all people, particularly women, children and the poor. It requires effective participation of people in state, civil society and private sector activities that are conducive to human development. 
    (Mahbub ul Haq Human Development Centre)

  • The concept of governance denotes the use of political authority and exercise of control in a society in relation to the management of its resources for social and economic development. This broad definition encompasses the role of public authorities in establishing the environment in which economic operators function and in determining the distribution of benefits, as well as the nature of the relationship between the ruler and the ruled. 

[All the above definitions have been adapted from The National Human Development Report, 2001]