Rhodes is already known in the Greek mythology. One of the myths tells us that the god Zeus divided the world amongst the gods, but forgot to give a part to the sungod Helios. Than the island of Rhodes rose from the sea, and it belonged to Helios.
In the Greek times Rhodes was a center for hellenic culture and in the year 70 it became a part of Rome. At this time the island became less important.
Through the centuries the island was raided by the Goths, Persians, Arabs and others and finally in 1522 it was occupied by the Turks and it became a part of the Ottoman empire. After this it was part of Italy for a while, before it became a part of Greece again. Buildings in Italian architectural style remember these times.