Note for Krav Maga practitioners: I am not a practitioner myself. This page is intended for use by players of Champions, a superhero role-playing game, and other games using the Hero System. I actually know fairly little about Krav Maga itself; however, links to two sites dealing with real-world Krav Maga can be found below.While the first chapter of Steven S. Long's The Ultimate Martial Artist was quite exhaustive in describing real-world martial arts (to say nothing of numerous fictional styles), there was one significant omission. This was Krav Maga. I've attempted to take what information I could find on this and write it up into a format similar to that found in TUMA. This write-up is what you see below.
Note that this document is, even more than my others, very much a work in progress. I'm still in the process of gathering much of the background information on Krav Maga, but it did seem to me that there's enough stuff here to give you a basic understanding of the art, at least for game purposes. If you have any additional information about it that might be useful to Hero gamers, please let me know, and if I agree I'll add it.
Note: Steve Long has indicated to me that Krav Maga will be included in the second edition of The Ultimate Martial Artist. Whether this write-up will be more or less copied in, or something written by Steve himself based on his own findings will be used, or something in between, remains to be seen.
This art is also taught in a few major cities in the United States (Denver, New York, Philadelphia, Washington, and several in the Los Angeles area) as well as Israel, Brazil, Finland, France, Norway, and Sweden). It's taught as a means of self-defense, as well as a sport. Indeed, it's particularly well-suited to purposes of self-defense; it's full of counterattacks and ways to repel and subdue an attacker, including a lot of action to sensitive areas of the body such as the eyes and groin.
Among law enforcement agencies in the United States that use Krav Maga are the FBI; the US Coast Guard Tactical Unit, Park Service, and Treasury Department; the Texas Department of Public Safety; the State Police Departments of Alabama, Connecticut, Illinois, and Pennsylvania; the Beverly Hills Police Department; and many others. Thus this is a good martial art for PCs and NPCs alike who are members of those outfits.
Krav Maga has an unusual philosophy about itself. It is one of the few fighting styles in the world which the adapts to the user rather than expecting the user to adapt to it; beginning students are taught to build on their natural reflexes. However, the style does include techniques utilized in Aikido, Boxing, Judo/Jujitsu, and Karate, as well as a number of less well-known styles. Emphasis is put on accuracy, coordination, endurance, speed, and strength, especially for intensive training.
For more in-depth and detailed information on Krav Maga, you can visit the Website for the Krav Maga Association of America.
|Bear Down||Joint Lock/Throw||4||+1||+0||Grab One Limb, 1d6 NND, Target Falls|
|Block||Martial Block||4||+2||+2||Block, Abort|
|Counterstrike||Counterstrike||4||+2||+2||STR +2d6, Must Follow Successful Block|
|Escape||Martial Escape||4||0||0||+15 STR vs Grabs|
|Gouge||Eye Gouge||4||-1||-1||2d6 Sight Group Flash|
|Groin Slap||Nerve Strike||4||-1||+1||2d6 NND|
|Kick||Offensive Strike||5||-2||+1||STR +4d6|
|Strike||Fast Strike||4||+2||0||STR +2d6|
|Takeaway||Takeaway||5||0||0||Grab Weapon, +10 STR to Take Weapon Away|
KS: Krav Maga
WF: Off Hand
WF: Small Arms
The Defense for the Bear Down is solid armor on the elbow or neck (depending on whether it's an arm or the head being Borne Down), having Resistance, or otherwise being immune to the pain of having a joint twisted (such as a rubbery body typical of Stretching characters). The defense for the Groin Slap (which may be performed with the knee as well as the hand) is having rigid solid armor over the groin area or Lack of Weakness, or being female. (I hope I don't have to spell out the reason for that last item.)
Special Abilities: Advanced students are taught to deal with multiple opponents. This may be represented with Defense Maneuver, or with Combat Skill Levels with the Limitation Only to Offset Multiple Attacker Penalties. Also, to reflect a Krav Maga practitioner's ability to fight for longer periods, STR may be bought to Half END Cost.
The Krav Maga Association of America, Inc.
This article is © 1996-2000 by Bob Greenwade. E-mail me if you have any comments or questions.