*t-n- “to sound”

PMA tan “to sound” Sanskrit, also tantra “instrumental music” tana “musical note” VISW, SIG, IESSG Alternative form *t-n- pre-IndoEuropean-Semitic *t-n- “sound, thunder” Proto-IndoEuropean tánya-ti “sounds, rushes, thunders” Sanskrit tona:re “to thunder” Latin thunian “to thunder” Old English thunor “thunder” Old English donar “thunder” Old High German with s-preformative *st-n- Proto-IndoEuropean stána-ti “roars, thunders” Sanskrit stanáya-ti “roars, thunders” Sanskrit sténo: “pant” v. Greek stenù “pant” v. Lithuanian stenyã “pant” v. Old Church Slavonian stynja “pant” v. Old Norse *d-n- Proto-Semitic reduplicated dandana “it buzzed, made a buzzing sound” Arabic single redupl. danna “(a fly) emanated a buzzing sound, (a man) spoke in a soft tone, so that his speech was not understood” Arabic extended with -m- dannama “(the bow, bowl) emitted a ringing sound” Arabic : *T.-n- pre-IndoEuropean-Semitic *dh-n- “sound” Proto-IndoEuropean with w-infix *T.-w-n- pre-IndoEuropean-Semitic or w-preformative with metathesis *wdh- > *dhw- Proto-IndoEuropean dhvána-ti “sounds” Sanskrit dhvá:naya-ti caus. Sanskrit dhúni- “rushing” Sanskrit dyne, dyn “din” n. Old English dynnan “din” v. Old English dynja “din” v. Old Norse *t.-n- Semitic redupl. t.-nt.-n- Semitic t.ant.anatuN “the sound of the t.unbu:r (a kind of mandoline) and the like, such as the lute” Arabic single redupl. *t.-n-n- Semitic t.anna “it made a sound of a continued or reiterated kind, (the bowl) made a ringing sound, (the mosquito, fly) made a buzzing sound (the duck) quacked” Arabic t.ani:nuN “the sound of the flies (humming or buzzing) or the ear (ringing or tinkling)” Arabic = *dh-n- “die” Proto-IndoEuropean e-thanon Greek extended with -A2- *dh-na-, *dhná:- “die” Proto-IndoEuropean thné:-sko: Greek thne:-tós Greek reduced *dhna- Proto-IndoEuropean thána(thos) *t.-n- Arabic single redupl. *t.-n-n- Arabic t.anna “he died” Arabic (originally “made a gargling sound”, the same as t.anna above) t.unnuN “human corpse” extended with -A- t.-n-A- Arabic 'at.na'a “he suffered not to retain the last remains of life” Arabic t.in'aN “the last breath” Arabic EIEC *(s)tenH- “groan, thunder” tona:re / tonere “to thunder” Latin stynja “groan” Old Norse thórr “thunder” Old Norse stunian thunian stenan “groan” Old English thunor “thunder” Old English thunder English donar “thunder” Old High German stenù, stenéti “groan” Lithuanian stenjõ, stenatî “groan” Old Church Slavonian stón “groaning” Russian sténo: “thunder, sound, drone” Greek ténnei “to thunder” Greek (Hesychius) stanáyati / tányati “thunders” Sanskrit ??*tén-tlo-m “(that which is) pulled tight” sasin-tinclo “rabbit-snare” Old Prussian tinklas “net” Lithuanian *tanthra- > ta:r “thread, warp” New Persian tántra “warp, woven chain” Sanskrit VMPSIE: tan.i “cry” Tongan tânis “cry” Malay tan.is “cry” Tagalog SSIRG 1.4.a: tanaitnú “thundering, resounding” Vedic Sanskrit tányati “thunder” Vedic Sanskrit tátanat redupl. 3 sg Vedic Sanskrit tona:re “thunder” Latin tonitrus id. Latin donar id. Old High German þó,rr id. Old Norse ðunian, þunian “moan, roar, thunder” Old English ténno: “moan” Lasbian (Hesychios) *tenH2- > *tetH2- > tethi 3 sg “thunder” Hittite stanayitnú “thunder” Vedic Sanskrit stan- root Vedic Sanskrit stanátati causv. Vedic Sanskrit stan 3 sg ijv. Vedic Sanskrit asta:ni:t aor. id. Vedic Sanskrit stunian “groan” Old English stöhnen id. German sténo: “moan, lament, wail” Greek Stento:r lit. “roarer” Homeric name stenákho: “groan” Greek stenéti id. Lithuanian stenati id. Old Cghurch Slavonic stón “groan” Russian PMA tani- “to sound, instrument” Tahiti kani- “various sounds, humming, noises” Hawai'i tangi- “to make noise” Marquesas, Samoa, Tonga, Maori, Fiji dan- “sound, voice, song” Tai tun-og- “sound, timbre” Tagalog tangi- “to cry, moan” Anutan tangi-karanga- “to cry, shout, whoop, bark, call” Anutan Back