*g-n- “get, create”

PMA janata “humankind, people”, Sanskrit, also janah “people” janaka “father” jani “mother” gna “divine wife, woman” Sanskrit IENH 275 : *k'[a|ë]n- “to get, acquire, possess, create” Proto-Nostratic > *k'(e|o)n- “to beget” Proto-IndoEuropean *k'[a|ë]n- “to get, acquire, possess, create” Proto-AfroAsiatic *kan- “to bear or bring forth, beget, bear children; (n.) young of various animals, young child” Proto-Dravidian gan “to bear, bring forth, give birth to” Sumerian IENH 347 : *k'w[a|ë]n- “to suckle, nurse, suck” Proto-Nostratic > *kwen-[e|a]- (> *k'wena:) “woman, wife, female” Proto-IndoEuropean *kw[a|ë]n- “to suckle, nurse, suck” Proto-AfroAsiatic *konk- “woman's breast” Proto-Kartvelian SIG, IESSG, VISW *G-n- Proto-IndoEuropean-AfroAsiatic *g-n- Proto-IndoEuropean zan- Avestan e-géne-to, aorist Greek jánati “gives birth to” Sanskrit genunt 3rd pl. “give birth to” Old Latin -to, participle e-genó-me:n Greek chind “child” Old High German kind “child” Old Low German redupl. present gigno: “give birth to” Latin gignomai “give birth to” Greek extended with -A- in *génâ- Proto-IndoEuropean jani- (-ta:, -tri:, -tra, -ma) Sanskrit geni- (-tor, -trix) Latin and in *gne:- Proto-IndoEuropean -guntos Greek o-grade *gno:- Proto-IndoEuropean kno:ds “genus” Gothic gno:tós “brother” Greek gno:té: “sister” Greek reduced gn:- (< gnA-) (g)na:tus “born” Latin (g)na:ta “daughter, child” Latin natio Latin extended with -y- Proto-IndoEuropean *gnyo-m > kuni “kin” Gothic kyn “kin” Old English genius Latin (lectus) genia:lis “nuptial (bed)” Latin *Z.1-n- Proto-AfroAsiatic *d.-n-' Arabic extended with -A- Proto-AfroAsiatic d.ana'a “it multiplied” (of cattle) Arabic d.ana'at f. “she brought forth, she was fruitful” Arabic d.in'un “origin, root, race” Arabic d.an'un “offspring, children” Arabic d.a:ni'un (of cattle) “having numerous offspring” Arabic d.a:ni'atun (of woman) “fertile” Arabic extended with -w- d.-n-w- (of woman) Arabic infixed with (presumably the same) -w- d.-w-n- (of man) d.a:na perf. “had copious offspring” Arabic extended with -s- *G.1-n-s- Pre-IndoEuropean-Semitic *g1énos Proto-IndoEuropean jánas “what is born” Sanskrit génos “what is born” Greek génus n. “what is born” Latin Z.-n-s- “be with child, pregnant” Proto-AfroAsiatic z.-n.s, z.ansa perf. “conceive, have conceived, be (become) pregnant” 'a-z.nasa II 1 “make pregnant” ta-z.ansa III 1 “be conceived” z.enu:s part. z.enst f. “pregnant” Arabic zinnis^-tu (s partially written z) “femina; womanhood” Assyrian zikru u sinnis^ “male and female” Assyrian : *g-n- Proto-AfroAsiatic > *z-n- Proto-AfroAsiatic *z-n-y- z-n-y- pa. “consorted with harlots” Aramaic z-n-y- pa. “consorted with harlots” Syriac z-n-y- “consorted with harlots” Arabic z-n-w-, z-m-w- (n > m before w) “commit adultery” Ethiopian za:na: (of woman) “commit adultery” Hebrew zana: “he committed fornication or adultery” (bi-ha:, “with her”) Arabic zinan “fornication, adultery” Arabic zenyat “shedding of semen” Ethiopian zånithå: “harlot, prostitute” Syriac zon(n)åyå: “fornicator” Syriac za:nin, participle “fornicator, adulterer” Arabic za:niyatun f. “fornicatress, adultress” Arabic EIEC *gwenH2 (gen. *gwnéH2s)“woman” ben (gen. mna:) “woman, wife” Old Irish *gweneH3-n- cwene “woman, female serf, prostitute” Old English quean English quena “wife” Old High German qino: “wife” Gothic genna “wife” Old Prussian zhená “wife” Old Church Slavonian guné “woman” Greek kin “wife” Armenian wanatti/unatti “women” Luvian gna: “wife of a god” Avestan gëna:-/jna:- “woman, wife” Avestan jaini- “woman” Avestan zan “woman” New Persian gná:- “goddess, divine female” Sanskrit jáni- “woman, wife” Sanskrit *gwen-eH2 säm “woman” TokharianA sana “woman” TokharianB gwe:ni-, lengthened grade : kvæn “wife” Old Norse cwe:n “woman; wife, consort” Old English queen English qe:ns “wife” Gothic ja:ni “wife” Avestan já:ni “wife” Sanskrit *gwnH2-H1en- with dissmilation of l..n > n..n kwli “woman” TokharianA kliye “woman” TokharianB gnata “daughter, girl” Latin gna-scor “be born, spring forth” Latin EIEC *genH1es- “family” genus “family” Latin génos “family” Greek cin “birth” Armenian jánas- “family” Sanskrit HSED 647: *dan- “family” dn.w.t “family” Egyptian (XVIII dynasty) *dan-H-/Ha-dan- “family, clan, people” West Chadic dangi “family, clan, people” Hausa dang “family, clan, people” Sura deng “family, clan, people” Angas Originally, *Ha- is a prefix. Cf. also *dan-H- “twins” Rift dangi “twins” Iraqw RCLF 42: *ken- “be born, young” Proto-IndoEuropean *kan- “give birth” Proto-Dravidian NS 60: *küni “wife, woman” Proto-Nostratic *qwEnV “woman” Sino-Caucasian *qVm- (~ x.-) Proto-Yeniseian *q(w)änV North Caucasian PMA (j > t > k > h > w) (n > m) kanaka- “man, humankind” Hawai'i tanata- “man, humankind” S. Polynesian zanaka “children, offspring” Malagasy hamata- “humankind” Siusauru kanau- “offspring” Efate janau- “man, male, humankind” Halmahera janawoe- “man, humankind” Galela anai- “child” Buru, Bank's Island ana- “man” Yava, Kaowerawedj Samarokena, Saberi Bank's Is. wana- “child” Niala hana- “child” Ngad'a qanak- “offspring, child” Kapampangan qungad- “offspring, child” Isneg qanake- “offspring, child” Tinguian dakanak- “offspring, children” Sambal anak- “children, offspring” West Austronesian natu “child, offspring” Indonesia, Proto-Oceanic nat- “person” Kehali, Lehalurup, Eton naat- “person” Bonga net- “person” Motlav nae- “person” Woraviu tanun “person” Mota, Meralava tinoni- “man” Vaturana, Florida Duke of York tane- “man, mankind” Aniwa, Futuna, Fila tanun- “mankind” Bank's Is. kane- “man, mankind” Hawai'i jame- “man, male” Ekagi, Kaupaku tene- “child” Nengone -jin?- “human, people suffix” Japanese geme “temple prostitute” Sumerian geni- “woman” Lau, Kwaio keni- “female, woman” Are'are ginang “married woman or widow” Tagalog gining “lady, elder woman of dignity” Tagalog geni- “wife, woman” Proto-Malaitan keni- “wife, woman” Saa, Ulawa ke-keni- “wife, woman” Mota a-gen- “wife” Dumut a-gan- “wife” Awyu gam=e- “widow” Pisa gamtu- “wife” Lakona Back