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MİLLİ KÜME


First national leagues in Turkey was played during the Amateur Era.
Top four clubs from İstanbul, top two clubs from Ankara and İzmir regional leagues made up the league roster.
All Ankara matches were played at 19 Mayıs Stadium, all İstanbul matches were played at Taksim Stadium, and all İzmir matches were played at Alsancak Stadium.
The visiting clubs played two matches - one on Saturday and another on Sunday, in order to lower the cost of travel.

Fazlı Güleç, the governeor of İzmir at the time, asked the İzmir clubs merge and make two new clubs, so that they can compete better in the competitions.Altay, Altınordu, Buca merged under the name Üçok and Göztepe, İzmirspor, Yün Pamuk Mensucat merged under the name Doğanspor.

A win is awarded three points, a draw is awarded two points and a loss is awarded one point.
If a game is awarded, then the winner gets three points and 3 goals for as if the score is 3-0.
The loser gets 0 points, 0 goals for and 0 goal against.
The tie breaker is the average goals scored for each goals allowed - That is goals score for divided by goals allowed (scored against).


1937


The dates : 21/03 to 11/07

The clubs : (In the order of their finish at their own leagues)
Ankara : Ankaragücü, Gençlerbirliği
İstanbul : Fenerbahçe, Güneş, Galatasaray, Beşiktaş
İzmir : Üçok, Doğanspor

  P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Fenerbahçe 36 36   14 10 2 2 34 16  
Galatasaray 34 34   14 8 4 2 39 24  
Beşiktaş 29 29   14 5 5 4 22 19  
Güneş 28 28   14 5 4 5 33 27  
Gençlerbirliği 26 26   14 5 2 7 25 28 0.89
Ankaragücü 26 26   14 5 2 7 30 34 0.88
Doğanspor 24 24   14 4 2 8 28 48  
Üçok 21 21   14 2 3 9 26 41  


1938


The dates : 13/02 to 05/06

Fenerbahçe wanted to play the home games at their own stadium, but TFF refused this. Fenerbahçe claimed that their travel expenses were not paid in full and withdrew from the competition after their 4th match.
The clubs merging into Üçok in İzmir were not happy - they had finished last in 1937. Altay left the Üçok and played as Alsancak this year.

The clubs :
Ankara : Harbiye, Muhafızgücü
İstanbul : Güneş, Fenerbahçe, Beşiktaş, Galatasaray
İzmir : Üçok, Alsancak

  P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Güneş 41 41   14 13 1 0 42 9  
Beşiktaş 34 34   14 9 2 3 37 14  
Galatasaray 30 30   14 8 0 6 28 29  
Üçok 28 28   14 7 0 7 34 34  
Muhafızgücü 26 26   14 5 2 7 23 30  
Harbiye 25 25   14 5 1 8 22 24  
Alsancak 21 21   14 4 0 10 19 37  
Fenerbahçe 8 8   14 1 2 11 12 7  


1939


The dates : 19/03 to 99/07

Doğanspor couldn't finish in the top two last year and İzmirspor left Doğanspor. For political reasons they played as Ateşspor instead of using the name İzmirspor.

Galatasaray had on awarded game against them and collected 35 points instead of 36. Ankara Demirspor also finished with 35 points. Who should be the champion? This was discussed a lot and eventually TFF decided that two clubs should play each other twice once at home and the other away.
During the first match, Ankara Demirspor goalkeeper - the captain of the team as well - fisted the referee and the match is awarded to Galatasaray and Galatasaray was announced the champion.
The decision was discussed a lot agaişn. They even asked help from FIFA. FIFA decided it was an internal matter and the problem should be solved using the regulations of the competition as declared by TFF. Finally, Beden Terbiyesi Genel Müdürlüğü, the authority above TFF, ruled that the average should decide the winner. Galatasaray having the better average was declared the champion.

The clubs :
Ankara : Demirspor, Ankaragücü
İstanbul : Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray, Vefa
İzmir : Doğanspor, Ateşspor

  P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Galatasaray 35 35   14 11 0 3 43 19 2.26
Ankara Demirspor 35 35   14 9 3 2 35 16 2.19
Ankaragücü 33 33   14 9 1 4 34 21  
Beşiktaş 32 32   14 8 2 4 37 17  
Fenerbahçe 28 28   14 6 2 6 31 26  
Vefa 22 22   14 3 2 9 28 36  
Doğanspor 21 21   14 3 1 10 13 49  
Ateşspor 17 17   14 1 1 12 9 43  


1940


The dates : 31/03 to 07/07

Clubs started visiting other cities together with another club from their city.

The Clubs :
Ankara : Gençlerbirliği, Muhafızgücü
İstanbul : Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray, Vefa
İzmir : Altınordu, Altay

  P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Fenerbahçe 38 38   14 11 2 1 49 17  
Galatasaray 34 34   14 9 2 3 45 19  
Muhafızgücü 28 28   14 6 2 6 35 30 1.17
Gençlerbirliği 28 28   14 7 0 7 31 27 1.15
Beşiktaş 27 27   14 5 3 6 37 40  
Altay 26 26   14 4 4 6 24 42  
Altınordu 23 23   14 4 1 9 23 44  
Vefa 20 20   14 2 2 10 20 45  


1941


The dates : 30/03 to 16/07

Türkiye Birinciliği winner Eskişehir Demirspor and a third club from Ankara are added to the league roster.
Eskişehir Demirspor played their home games in Ankara

The Clubs :
Türkiye Birinciliği : Eskişehir Demirspor
Ankara : Harbokulu, Maskespor, Gençlerbirliği
İstanbul : Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray, İstanbulspor
İzmir : Altay, Altınordu

  P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Beşiktaş 50 50   18 14 4 0 51 21  
Galatasaray 46 46   18 12 4 2 45 20 2.25
Fenerbahçe 46 46   18 13 2 3 51 24 2.13
Harbokulu 34 34   18 6 4 8 33 34  
Altay 33 33   18 7 1 10 28 37  
İstanbulspor 31 31   18 5 3 10 34 50 0.68
Altınordu 31 31   18 5 3 10 32 56 0.57
Eskişehir Demirspor 30 30   18 4 4 10 29 39 0.74
Maskespor 30 30   18 2 8 8 32 44 0.73
Gençlerbirliği 29 29   18 5 1 12 26 36  


1942


İstanbul regional league couldn't be completed on time because of the postponements due to weather and some international events.
Milli Küme is cancelled for 1942.


1943 - as Maarif Mükafatı


Dates : 14/03 to 19/05

The name of the competition was changed to Maarif Mükafatı.
The league is back to 8 clubs as the orginal set up.

Awarded point system was changed and a win gets 2, a draw 1, a loss 0 points.

The Clubs :
Ankara : Demirspor, Gençlerbirliği
İstanbul : Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray, Vefa
İzmir : Göztepe, Altınordu

  P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Fenerbahçe 24 24   14 11 2 1 30 6  
Galatasaray 23 23   14 11 1 2 32 7  
Beşiktaş 18 18   14 9 0 5 47 20  
Ankara Demirspor 16 16   14 7 2 5 29 29  
Vefa 11 11   14 5 1 8 23 35  
Gençlerbirliği 9 9   14 4 1 9 23 31  
Göztepe 9 9   14 3 3 8 12 35  
Altınordu 2 2   14 1 0 13 16 49  


1944 - as Maarif Mükafatı


Dates : 12/03 to 19/05

The Clubs :
Ankara : Harbokulu, Ankaragücü
İstanbul : Fenerbahçe, Beşiktaş, Vefa, İstanbul
İzmir : Göztepe, Karşıyaka

Galatasaray, third at İstanbul league, was not eccepted because of their awarded losses in İstanbul League

  P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Beşiktaş 25 25   14 12 1 1 50 11  
Fenerbahçe 21 21   14 10 1 3 26 11  
Göztepe 15 15   14 5 5 4 23 22  
Harbokulu 13 13   14 6 1 7 22 26  
Ankaragücü 12 12   14 6 0 8 23 24 0.96
Vefa 12 12   14 5 2 7 16 27 0.59
İstanbulspor 7 7   14 2 3 9 16 33  
Karşıyaka 7 7   14 3 1 10 13 35  


1945 - as Milli Eğitim Kupası


Dates : 11/03 TO 20/05

Name and point system were changed again. A win gets 3, a draw gets 2, a loss gets 1, an awarded loss gets 0 points.
Ankara champion Harbokulu didn't want to participate and was replaced by Ankara Demirspor.

The Clubs :
Ankara : Uçaksavar, Ankara Demirspor
İstanbul : Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray, Beykoz
İzmir ; Altınordu, Karşıyaka

  P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Fenerbahçe 37 37   14 10 3 1 42 17  
Beşiktaş 34 34   14 8 4 2 39 19  
Galatasaray 32 32   14 7 4 3 33 13  
Ankara Demirspor 31 31   14 7 3 4 23 23  
Uçaksavar 26 26   14 5 2 7 24 30  
Beykoz 23 23   14 3 3 8 16 28  
Altınordu 21 21   14 3 1 10 14 33  
Karşıyaka 20 20   14 1 4 9 13 41  


1946 - as Milli Eğitim Kupası


Dates : 06/04 TO 12/05

İstanbul was represented by two clubs, just like Ankara and İzmir.
Top four in İstanbul played a mini league to decide the two clubs to play at Milli Eğitim Kupası.

The clubs :
Ankara : Gençlerbirliği, Muhafızgücü
İstanbul : Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe
İzmir : Göztepe, Kayagücü

  P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Fenerbahçe 28 28   10 9 0 1 30 7  
Beşiktaş 25 25   10 7 1 2 32 15  
Kayagücü 19 19   10 4 1 5 19 28  
Muhafızgücü 16 16   10 3 0 7 24 31 0.77
Göztepe 16 16   10 2 2 6 18 27 0.67
Gençlerbirliği 16 16   10 3 0 7 15 30 0.50


1947 - as Milli Eğitim Kupası


Dates : 22/03 TO 25/05

İstanbul was represented by four clubs, again.

The clubs :
Ankara : Ankara Demirspor, Gençlerbirliği
İstanbul : Fenerbahçe, Vefa, Beşiktaş, Galatasaray
İzmirspor : Altınordu, Altay

Kayagücü, İzmir champion, didn't want to participate.

  P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Beşiktaş 37 37   14 10 3 1 39 12 3.25
Fenerbahçe 35 35   14 9 3 2 41 21 1.95
Galatasaray 31 31   14 6 5 3 32 20 1.60
Vefa 30 30   14 6 4 4 29 23 1.26
Ankara Demirspor 29 29   14 6 3 5 28 25 1.12
Gençlerbirliği 23 23   14 2 5 7 19 32 0.59
Altınordu 20 20   14 2 2 10 18 38 0.47
Altay 19 19   14 2 1 11 18 53 0.34


1948 - as Milli Eğitim Kupası


Not held because the Olympic Games


1949 - as Milli Eğitim Kupası


Not held because of the Mediterranean Games


1950 - as Milli Eğitim Kupası


The dates : 18/03 to 21/05

The clubs :
Ankara : Gençlerbirliği, Ankara Demirspor
İstanbul : Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray, Vefa
İzmir: Göztepe, Altay

  P MX   O G B M A Y AVE
Fenerbahçe 35 35   14 8 5 1 35 9 3.89
Galatasaray 35 35   14 7 7 0 19 5 3.80
Beşiktaş 34 34   14 8 4 2 31 16  
Vefa 32 32   14 7 4 3 29 16  
Ankara Demirspor 27 27   14 4 5 5 28 27  
Gençlerbirliği 24 24   14 3 4 7 18 35  
Altay 20 20   14 2 2 10 16 33  
Göztepe 17 17   14 1 1 12 11 46  

This edition was edition of the competition.
The professionalism in football was accepted in September 1951.
The first professional league started at second half of 1951-52 season in İstanbul.
It took four years for Ankara and İzmir regional leagues to become professional.