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VOLUME  3,     issue 1


  S.B. Karavashkin and O.N. Karavashkina. NOTES ON PHYSICAL ABSOLUTE

Published on 26.01.2003

Basing on the analysis of theoretical construction and experimental results, this paper shows that Mach's debunking the Newtonian "Absolute" originated the new Einsteinian "absolute" in the form of Minkowski 4D space-time metric which has caused only the primitivism in physics and impeded its development.

In fact, relation between the Absolute and Relative is determined by the permanently moving edge of our knowledge and necessity in some basic reference frame which would allow us to generalise in the utmost correct way our particular results of studying the physical phenomena. So at every stage of physics development, the concept of the absolute reference frame reflects the highest level of knowledge of the stage. At the today level it would be quite admissible to use, as an approach to the absolute reference system, some system related to the aether in the surrounding us near space.

Keywords: Philosophy of physics, theoretical physics, relativity, absolute reference frame.

Classification by PASC 2001: 01.70.+w; 04.20.-q; 04.20.Cv; 04.20.Gz

Full text: / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 /
English  Full text Russian Full text
Discussion with Mr A. Chepik on clocks synchronisation
English  / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / Russian / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 /


Published on 8.02.2003

We compare the experimental characteristics of the near field of transversal dynamic acoustic and EM fields. Grounding on the comparison, we conclude that in both dynamic fields the near region is separated into three sub-regions having the salient features inherent in both fields.

We establish that in the near of both fields the delay phase does not vanish but depends in a complex way on the distance from the source. With it in the second region of the near field, where the wave propagation velocity is minimal, the value of delay phase exceeds the related value for the far field.

This analysis fully lifts the contradiction between the properties of gas-like aether and those of transversal acoustic wave.

Keywords: Acoustics, radio waves propagation; near field of radiation; acoustic-electromagnetis analogy.

Classification by MSC 2000: 76-05; 76-99; 76A02; 78A02; 78A25; 78A40

Classification by PASC 2001: 03.50.-z; 03.50.De; 41.20.Jb; 43.20.+g; 43.38.+n; 43.58.+z; 43.90.+v; 43.20.Hq; 43.20.Tb; 46.25.Cc; 46.40.Cd.

Full text (English): / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 /

Russian - Full text



Published on 28.02.2003

In the first chapter we carry out a brief analysis, how the idea of structure, formation and evolution of the Solar system and the Earth developed from the deep antiquity up to the modern conceptions by Schmidt, Atsukovsky, Ambartsumyan, Hayashi. We deduce that the principal problems of conceptions are insufficient substantiation of factors predetermining the origin and formation of planet and planet system and incomplete analysis of conditions of its evolution. We conclude necessary to carry out more rigorous and covering substantiation of phenomenology of origin and formation of protoplanet nebula on the basis of conventional knowledge of the stellar matter evolution in metagalaxy.

Keywords: cosmogony, cosmology, history of science.

Classification by PASC: 01.30.Rr; 01.65.+g; 91.35.Cb; 96.10.+i.

Full text: / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 /

S.B. Karavashkin and O.N. Karavashkina. ON THE NATURE OF RED SHIFT OF METAGALAXY

Published on 28.03.2003

This paper is devoted to the deepen phenomenological and math-physical analysis of the conventional interpretations of the Hubble law, and on their basis - to the sought of the physically consistent substantiation of the mechanism of metagalactic red shift.

In the course of this analysis we established that the assumption of red shift Doppler nature causes the appearance of immediate connection between the Hubble law and the growing velocities and accelerations of the source and observer from some centre of Metagalaxy, in which the material substance has to be permanently produced. Should it be so, such peculiar region of Metagalaxy would be highlighted, but we observe nothing of that kind. Furthermore, the growing to the periphery acceleration of the galactic scattering contradicts the nature of expansion of such large gravitating mass.

The alternative theory of the quanta ageing also cannot provide the necessary rigour of the red shift substantiation, since, on one hand, it contradicts the postulates of photon hypothesis, and on the other hand, it is unable to substantiate the consistent mechanism of ageing. The mechanism suggested by Atsukovsky (grounded on the viscosity of the aether) does not provide the regularity of the shift of light frequency with the growing distance from the source.

In the course of additional analysis of the properties of interstellar medium, we have revealed the necessary and sufficient conditions of spontaneous radio luminescence excitation at the metastable level of the atom of hydrogen providing the luminescence at the band 21 cm and the 'transit' of exciting radiation with the falling frequency. In this way we substantiated the mechanism of permanent spatial transformation of the flow of high-frequency radiation into the scattered heat energy of the interstellar gas. The revealed mechanism fully corresponds to the regularities of red shift with the light propagation in the interstellar medium, given the anisotropy in the region near the observer. This last is caused by the inhomogeneity of the interstellar gas and weak average of the frequency shift factor in the near to the observer regions of Metagalaxy.

On the basis of the revealed mechanism of spontaneous radio luminescence, we consider the regularity of the frequency of light falling with the distance. It has the exponential pattern fully consistent with the Sleipher- Hubble law, both in linear and most general nonlinear form with the quadratic correction.

One of important corollaries of the presented physical interpretation is the proof that the processes in Metagalaxy are isotropic and the conditions of all processes in time are equal for all galactic structures of Meatagalaxy.

Keywords: metagalactic red shift; Doppler effect; ageing of quanta; spontaneous luminescence; optic properties of the interstellar medium.

Classification by MSC 2000: 78A40; 85A25; 85A40.

Classification by PASC 2001: 42.25.Dd; 42.65.Sf; 51.70.+f; 95.30.-k; 95.30.Gv; 95.30.Jx; 95.30.Ky; 98.70.Vc; 98.80.Es.

Full text (English): / 32 / 33 / 34 / 35 / 36 / 37 / 38 / 39 / 40 / 41 / 42 / 43 / 44 / 45 / 46 / 47 / 48 / 49 / 50 / 51 / 52 /

Full text (Russian): / 32 / 33 / 34 / 35 / 36 / 37 / 38 / 39 / 40 / 41 / 42 / 43 / 44 / 45 / 46 / 47 / 48 / 49 / 50 / 51 / 52 /



Published on 15.05.2003

This notice is our respond to a challenge for mathematicians presented on : to find and prove the general solution for the Fermat last theorem Ax + By = Cz (where A, B, C and x, y, z are whole numbers). By the very approach to the search of solution which we can trace on this web site, we see that the hosts represent their problem rather as a school conundrum than as a serious study in the number theory. This is why as a first step towards the solution, we suggested them to consider the very possibility of general solution, since the problem multiply branches, as it is typical for the number theory. We reflected it in the below notice. However it looks like it is much easier to challenge than to be responsible in mathematics. As we see, the authors of challenge decided the best simply "to be not delivered" our proof than to lose so dear illusion that if they shut their eyes, it will be dark for all us around. So we decided to publish this notice in our journal, thinking that our prompt of approach will enable those not many scientists, for whom the knowledge development means more than their arrogance, to progress in their search of solution for the power-type equation A x + B y = C z. Finally, this progress in knowledge is actually the responsibility of everyone involved in scientific research.

Classification by MSC 2000: 11D41; 11D61; 11D72

Keywords: number theory; power-type functions; Fermat last theorem.

Full text (English): / 53 / 54 /



Published on 04.11.2003

In the first part of Chapter 2 we select a circle of questions that are necessary to be studied for correct understanding, at which conditions the protoplanet clouds form around stars, and analyse some peculiarities of formation of protostars and young stars structure.

We show after Shklovsky that the protostar formation occurs due to gravity compression in clouds of interstellar gas. It heats the central region of protostar up to the temperature of first thermonuclear reactor flashing. The heating causes intensive thermoemission of electrons that produces the exterior electron cocoon and form the spherical electric dipole whose boundaries much exceed the observed boundaries of star.

The considered radial current is very intensive at the initial stage of protostar. It causes the protostar substance rotating and forms its complex structure consisting of positively charged core of future star, vacuum insulating layer and exterior electrically negative dense envelope.

In its turn, rotating mass of protostar together with forming electric dipole creates the conditions for the magnetic field of future star; at early stages of evolution it has a complex structure of magnetic field of envelope and enclosed field of core.

The charge separation and produced circulation currents between the layer of core thermoconvection and envelope promotes the compaction of core and envelope and creates the conditions for infra-low-frequency oscillations in the core and envelope.

Keywords: cosmogony, cosmology, electric field of young star, formation of magnetic field of star, formation of the star structure, mechanism of star rotation, mechanism of infra-low-frequency oscillations in the star.

Classification by PASC: 97.10.Bt, 97.10.Cv, 97.10.Fy, 97.10.Kc, 97.10.Ld, 98.35.Ac, 98.35.Df, 98.35.Eg.

Full text:


English: / 55 /

Russian: / 55 /

2.1. Choosing the model of protostar formation:

English: / 56 / 57 / 58 /

Russian: / 56 / 57 / 58 /

2.2. Protostar formation:

English: / 59 / 60 / 61 / 62 /

Russian: / 59 / 60 / 61 / 62 /

2.3. Electric field of hot body :

English: / 63 / 64 / 65 / 66 /

Russian: / 63 / 64 / 65 / 66 /

2.4. Magnetic field of a star:

English: / 67 / 68 / 69 / 70 /

Russian: / 67 / 68 / 69 / 70 /


English: / 71 /

Russian: / 71 /



Published on 13.11.2003

We substantiate three sets of experiments studying EM induction, describe and present their results. These experiments corroborate that the lines of force of dynamic magnetic field are open, as well as that the phenomenology of process of mutual induction is true if based on the direct interaction of parallel sections of primary and secondary loops. Additional theoretical calculations on the basis of this phenomenology well coincide with the experimental results.

Keywords: electromagnetic theory, dynamical magnetic field, dynamical electric field, electromagnetic induction, induction in a single conductor.

Classnames by PASC 2001: 03.50.-z; 03.50.De; 41.20.Gz; 85.30.Tv; 85.70.-w; 85.70.Ay; 85.80.Jm.

Full text:

1. Introduction

English: / 72 /

Russian: / 72 /

2. Experimental study of phase characteristics of induced emf in the air-core transformer

2.1. Substantiation of the experimental study

English: / 73 / 74 / 75 /

Russian: / 73 / 74 / 75 /

2.2. Description of experimental device

English: / 76 /

Russian:/ 76 /

2.3. Results of experimental study

English: / 77 /

Russian: / 77 /

3. Experimental study of the process of energy transmission by dynamic magnetic field

3.1. Substantiation of the experimental study

English: / 78 /

Russian: / 78 /

3.2. Description of experimental device

English: / 79 /

Russian: / 79 /

3.3. Results of experimental study

English: / 80 /

Russian: / 80 /

4. Experimental check of direct induction interaction between the parallel elements of primary and secondary loops

4.1. Substantiation of the experimental study

English: / 81 /

Russian: / 81 /

4.2. Description of experimental device

English: / 82 /

Russian: / 82 /

4.3. Results of experimental study

English: / 83 / 84 /

Russian: / 83 / 84 /

4.4. Brief theoretical analysis of yielded experimental results

English: / 85 / 86 / 87 / 88 /

Russian: / 85 / 86 / 87 / 88 /


English: / 89 /

Russian: / 89 /


English: / 90 /

Russian: / 90 /

Interesting questions on this paper asked by Bob Brown

English       Russian

Two questions asked by Harald van Lintel

English         Russian

Harald van Lintel's objection

English         Russian

Additional explanations for Harald van Lintel

English         Russian