Beat the heat
people look forward to summer.
Follow these pointers to beat the heat:
fatigue, flushed skin, and a dry mouth are all symptoms of dehydration.
you're dizzy, weak, or lethargic you've lost about 3% of your body fluid.
When it's really steamy, you should be consuming a pint of water every 30 minutes or so.
salty and revitalizing snacks such as nuts,
your body a chance to cool down.
person with heat
stroke will have a high body
temperature and their body goes into shock.
seek immediate medical attention.
babies out of direct sunlight.
kids up with plenty of water
sun is the main cause of skin cancer, and skin cancer is the most
YOU'RE AT GREATEST RISK IF . . .
you work or play for long periods outdoors
you are a blond or redhead who burns easily
Fair skinned people don't have enough color pigment in their skin to stop the sun's burning rays.
These are a preventative.
you are burned, drink plenty of liquids and cool the skin with
water, gels or creams.
Look for a sunscreen with an SPF factor of 15 or high and one that will block both UV-A and UV-B rays. Apply sunscreen evenly to all exposed areas 20 minutes before you go out. Reapply every two hours, or after each swim.
SPF (sunscreen protection factor) tells you how much longer you can stay in the sun, before burning, than you can without using a sunscreen. For example, SPF 15 (the minimum recommended) means that you can stay in the sun 15 times longer than you could without protection, before burning. SPF 15 will filter out UVB light (the most dangerous) and at least some UVA light (primarily causes premature aging and wrinkles, but with enough exposure can contribute to cancer).
higher the SPF number the greater the protection.
sun screen absorbs all the sun's rays.
reflected from water or snow can also be dangerous.
The most important factor is to apply sunscreen liberally and reapply often, especially after you swim or sweat. It also helps to stay out of the sun between 10 and 2 when the rays are the strongest and wear opaque, tightly woven clothing and a wide-brimmed hat. Children are particularly susceptible and one or more severe, blistering sunburns in childhood or adolescence can double the risk of melanoma (a type of skin cancer) later in life.
Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide deflect light rays, but should be combined with screening ingredients. There are colorful zinc oxide creams and transparent zinc oxide (Z-Cote) is now found in many moisturizers and foundations. Paba is an ingredient that some find a skin irritant. To improve water and sweat repellency of the formulas, some products use oils that repel moisture and others are absorbed into the skin and then "time released".
Certain drugs, such as antihistamines, oral contraceptives, anti-inflammatory drugs, tranquilizers, oral anti-diabetics, diuretics, some antidepressants, and some dandruff shampoos can increase your sensitivity to light, raising the chance of an adverse reaction to the sun.
Another weapon in the war against the cancerous and aging effects of the sun is clothing made from special fabrics that block 95-99% of the UVA and UVB rays. As a comparison, the average tee shirt blocks 50% of harmful UVB rays when dry (10-20% when wet).
Available for adults and kids, there are pants, shirts and jackets on the market.
Take a Dive
you have the option of
Wear a hat
Protect yourself both summer and winter by following the above suggestions.
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